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John Adams
John Adams
II (July 4, 1803 – October 23, 1834) was an American government functionary and businessman. The second son of President John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
and Louisa Adams, he is usually called John Adams
John Adams
II to distinguish him from President John Adams, his famous grandfather.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Death 3 Family tree 4 Notes

Biography[edit] John Adams
John Adams
II was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, on July 4, 1803.[1] He studied at Harvard University, but was expelled during his senior year for participating in the 1823 student rebellion to protest the curriculum and living conditions at the university.[2] He then studied law under his father, and when John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
became President, his son served as his private secretary.[3] (In 1873 most of the students who took part in the 1823 incident, including John Adams
John Adams
II, were designated "Bachelor of Arts as of 1823" and admitted to Harvard's Roll of Graduates.)[4] At a White House
White House
reception during the John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
presidency, Russell Jarvis, an anti-Adams reporter for the Washington Daily Telegraph, believed that President Adams publicly insulted Mrs. Jarvis. Since the President was considered to be immune from a dueling challenge, Jarvis attempted to initiate a duel with John Adams
John Adams
II, who had been at the reception. Jarvis's effort to provoke an incident led to a highly publicized fistfight in the Capitol Rotunda, with Jarvis pulling the nose of and slapping Adams, and Adams refusing to retaliate. An investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives determined that Jarvis had initiated the attack, but took no other action.[5] Louisa Adams
Louisa Adams
always believed that the negative press generated by this incident, with John Adams
John Adams
II being accused of cowardice by newspaper editors who supported Andrew Jackson, led to Adams' early demise.[6] John Adams
John Adams
II, his older brother George and his younger brother Charles were all rivals for the same woman, their cousin Mary Catherine Hellen, who lived with the John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
family after the death of her parents. In 1828 John married Mary Hellen at a ceremony in the White House, and both his brothers refused to attend. John Adams
John Adams
II and Mary Hellen were the parents of two daughters, Mary Louisa (December 2, 1828 - July 16, 1859) and Georgiana Frances (September 10, 1830 - November 20, 1839).[7] Death[edit] After his father left the White House, John attempted a career in business, including operating a Washington flour mill owned by his father. His lack of success and despondency over his brother George's alcoholism and 1829 suicide led to John's own descent into alcoholism.[8] He died in Washington, D.C. on October 23, 1834 and is buried in Quincy's Hancock Cemetery.[9] Mary Hellen Adams continued to reside with John Quincy
John Quincy
and Louisa Adams and helped care for them in their old age.[10] She died in Bethlehem, New Hampshire
Bethlehem, New Hampshire
on August 31, 1870. Family tree[edit]

v t e

Adams family tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Adams (1735–1826)

 

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
(née Smith) (1744–1818)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Stephens Smith (1755–1815)

 

Abigail Amelia Adams Smith (1765–1813)

 

John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams (1767–1848)

 

Louisa Catherine Adams (née Johnson) (1775–1852)

 

Charles Adams (1770–1800)

 

Thomas Boylston Adams (1772–1832)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Washington
George Washington
Adams (1801–1829)

 

John Adams
John Adams
II (1803–1834)

 

Charles Francis Adams Sr. (1807–1886)

 

Abigail Brown Adams (née Brooks) (1808–1889)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frances Cadwalader Crowninshield (1839–1911)

 

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
II (1833–1894)

 

Charles Francis Adams Jr. (1835–1915)

 

Henry Brooks Adams (1838–1918)

 

Marian Hooper Adams (1843–1885)

 

Peter Chardon Brooks Adams (1848–1927)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Casper Adams (1863–1900)

 

Charles Francis Adams III (1866–1954)

 

Frances Adams (née Lovering) (1869–1956)

 

 

 

 

John Adams (1875–1964)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charles Francis Adams IV (1910–1999)

 

Catherine Lovering Adams Morgan (1902–1988)

 

Henry Sturgis Morgan (1900–1982)

 

Thomas Boylston Adams (1910–1997)

 

Notes:

Notes[edit]

^ Lewis L. Gould, American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy, 2001, page 48 ^ Hugh Brogan, Charles Mosley, American Presidential Families, 1993, page 280 ^ Lynn Hudson Parson, John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams, 1998, pages 155 to 156 ^ Samuel Eliot Morison, Three Centuries of Harvard, 1636-1936, 1936, pages 230 to 231 ^ Atlantic Monthly, Reminiscences of Washington, March, 1880, pages 288 to 291 ^ Sandra L. Quinn-Musgrove Sanford Kanter, America's Royalty: All the Presidents' Children, pages 33 to 35 ^ Paul C. Nagel, The Adams Women: Abigail and Louisa Adams, Their Sisters and Daughters, 1999, pages 236 to 238 ^ Charles Francis Adams, Diary of Charles Francis Adams: July 1825 - September 1829, 1964, page xxvi ^ Paul C. Nagel, Descent from Glory: Four Generations of the John Adams Family, 1999, page 173 ^ Doug Wead, All the Presidents' Children, 2004, pages 226 to 227

v t e

John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams

United States House of Representatives, 1831–1848 6th President of the United States, 1825–1829 8th U.S. Secretary of State, 1817–1825 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1814–1817 1st U.S. Minister to Russia, 1809–1814 Massachusetts State Senate, 1803–1808 U.S. Minister to Prussia, 1797–1801 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1794–1797

Presidency

Inauguration American System Internal improvements Tariff of 1828 First Treaty of Prairie du Chien Treaty of Fond du Lac Treaty of Limits United States Naval Observatory Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori State of the Union Address, 1825 1827 1828 Federal judiciary appointments

Other events

Monroe Doctrine, author Treaty of Ghent Adams–Onís Treaty Treaty of 1818 Smithsonian Institution United States v. The Amistad

Mendi Bible

President, American Academy of Arts and Sciences President, Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences

Writings

Lifelong diary Massachusetts Historical Society holdings

Adams Papers Editorial Project

Life and homes

Early life Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Cairn John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
and abolitionism Adams National Historical Park

Birthplace and family home Peacefield Presidential Library

United First Parish Church and gravesite

Elections

United States presidential election, 1824

Corrupt Bargain

United States presidential election, 1828

Legacy

Adams Memorial Adams House at Harvard University U.S. Postage stamps Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
Centennial half dollar

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1957 book 1965 television series) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Mutiny on the Amistad
Mutiny on the Amistad
(1987 book) Amistad (1997 film) John Adams
John Adams
(2001 book 2008 miniseries)

Adams family Quincy family

Louisa Adams
Louisa Adams
(wife) George W. Adams (son) Charles Adams Sr. (son) John Adams
John Adams
II (son) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(grandson) Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(grandson) John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
II (grandson) John Adams

father presidency

Abigail Adams

mother First Lady Quincy family

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Smith (sister) Charles Adams (brother) Thomas Boylston Adams (brother) John Adams
John Adams
Sr. (paternal grandfather) Susanna Boylston (paternal grandmother) Elihu Adams (paternal uncle) John Quincy
John Quincy
(great-grandfather)

Related

National Republican Party Republicanism Quincy Patriot

← James Monroe Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson

Category

v t e

John Adams

2nd President of the United States, 1797–1801 1st Vice President of the United States, 1789–1797 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1785–1788 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1782–1788 Delegate, Second Continental Congress, 1775–1778 Delegate, First Continental Congress, 1774

Founding of the United States

Braintree Instructions (1765) Boston Massacre defense Continental Association Novanglus; A History of the Dispute with America, From Its Origin in 1754 to the Present Time (1775) Thoughts on Government
Thoughts on Government
(1776) Declaration of Independence

May 15 preamble Committee of Five

Model Treaty

Treaty of Amity and Commerce Treaty of Alliance

Board of War Chairman of the Marine Committee, 1775-1779

Continental Navy

Staten Island Peace Conference

Conference House

Constitution of Massachusetts (1780) Treaty of Paris, 1783

Presidency

Inauguration Quasi War with France

XYZ Affair Commerce Protection Act United States Marine Corps Convention of 1800

Alien and Sedition Acts

Naturalization Act of 1798

Navy Department Library Treaty of Tellico Treaty of Tripoli Midnight Judges Act

Marbury v. Madison

State of the Union Address (1797 1798 1799 1800) Cabinet Federal judiciary appointments

Other writings

Massachusetts Historical Society holdings

Adams Papers Editorial Project

Life and homes

Early life and education Adams National Historical Park

John Adams
John Adams
Birthplace Family home and John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
birthplace Peacefield Presidential Library

Massachusetts Hall, Harvard University Presidents House, Philadelphia Co-founder and second president, American Academy of Arts and Sciences United First Parish Church and gravesite

Elections

United States presidential election 1788–1789 1792 1796 1800

Legacy

Adams House at Harvard University John Adams
John Adams
Building U.S. Postage stamps Adams Memorial

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1964 series) American Primitive (1969 play) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) John Adams
John Adams
(2001 book 2008 miniseries) Sons of Liberty (2015 miniseries)

Related

"Adams and Liberty" campaign song Adams' personal library American Enlightenment Congress Hall Federalist Party

Federalist Era First Party System republicanism

American Philosophical Society Gazette of the United States The American Museum American Revolution

patriots

Family

Abigail Adams

wife Quincy family

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Smith (daughter) John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams

son presidency

Charles Adams (son) Thomas Boylston Adams (son) George W. Adams (grandson) Charles Adams Sr. (grandson) John Adams
John Adams
II (grandson) John Q. Adams (great-grandson) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(great-grandson) Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(great-grandson) John Adams
John Adams
Sr. (father) Susanna Boylston (mother) Elihu Adams (brother) Samuel Adams
Samuel Adams
(second cousin) Louisa Adams

daughter-in-law First Lady

← George Washington Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson

.