Johannesburg city centre
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The Central Business District, commonly called Johannesburg CBD, is one of the main business centres of
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in , classified as a , and is . According to , the Johannesburg-Pretoria urban area (combined because of strong transpor ...

Johannesburg
,
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South Africa
. It is the densest collection of
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s in
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, however, due to
white flight White flight or white exodus is the sudden or gradual large-scale migration of from areas becoming more racially or ethnoculturally diverse. Starting in the 1950s and 1960s, the terms became popular in the . They referred to the large-scale mi ...
and
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urban blight
, many of the buildings are unoccupied as tenants have left for more secure locations in the
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, in particular
Sandton Sandton is an affluent area in the Gauteng Province, South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the ...

Sandton
and Rosebank. There are significant movements to revive the area.


History

The area that is currently the Central Business District has been the central area of Johannesburg nearly since its inception. Its central location in the city as well as careful planning led to it being chosen as the best location for residential and commercial development, especially during the economically prosperous 1960s and 1970s. Many large commercial products were completed in this period, such as the
Carlton Centre The Carlton Centre is a 50 story skyscraper and shopping centre located in downtown Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city ...
, which is the second-tallest building in Africa, after The Leonardo. Under apartheid, the Central Business District was classified as a whites-only area, meaning that black people were allowed to work and shop there but could not live there. Application of the Group Areas Act became very lax in the 1980s, among other things because courts were not able to handle all the cases, and when the Act was abolished even more disadvantaged black people moved into the City Centre, often taking over whole buildings by overfilling them with people that the previous middle-class white tenants found unacceptable neighbours. This is not only true of previously established residential areas such as Hillbrow on the periphery of the CBD but also of former office blocks in the heart of the CBD, that were converted to residential accommodation as businesses fled the centre in the late-1980s and 1990s. A crime, crime wave swept through the city as businesses left the CBD, which made walking around the area dangerous. Many businesses and people fled the Central Business District and surrounding areas such as Braamfontein, Hillbrow, and Yeoville for more secured houses or offices in the Northern Suburbs. By the late 1990s, the Central Business District was a no-go zone and a virtual ghost town. All its former glory was lost, and the city was shattered by the loss of the Carlton Hotel (Johannesburg), Carlton Hotel. The situation has improved since. The provincial government of Gauteng is based in the CBD as are several large banks.


Gentrification

There have been significant movements to redevelop the city centre. The City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, Johannesburg city government installed Closed-circuit television, CCTV cameras all over the Central Business District, which decreased crime dramatically. Several historical buildings have also been developed and turned into condominiums, which developers hope will draw new residents to the area. The process of gentrification and redevelopment is ongoing as of 2016.


References

{{reflist


External links


Johannesburg Central Business District Redevelopment Plan
Suburbs of Johannesburg, Central Business District Johannesburg Region F Central business districts of South Africa, Johannesburg