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Johann Niemann
Johann Niemann
(4 August 1913 – 14 October 1943) was a German SS- Untersturmführer
Untersturmführer
(Second Lieutenant) and deputy commandant of Sobibór
Sobibór
extermination camp. Niemann directly perpetrated the genocide of Jews
Jews
and other peoples at Sobibór
Sobibór
during the Operation Reinhard phase of The Holocaust.[1] Niemann joined the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in 1931 as member number 753,836 and the SS in 1934 as member number 270,600. He first served at Bełżec extermination camp, at the rank of SS-Oberscharführer
SS-Oberscharführer
(Staff Sergeant), where he commanded Camp II, the extermination area.[2] He then was transferred to Sobibór
Sobibór
extermination camp. Niemann was deputy commander of Sobibór
Sobibór
on various occasions in 1942 before being given the position permanently in early 1943. After Heinrich Himmler's visit to Sobibór
Sobibór
on 12 February 1943, Niemann was promoted to SS-Untersturmführer.[3] Karl Frenzel, also a commandant at Sobibór, recalled how Niemann handled a particular threat of prisoner revolt within the camp:[4][5]

A Polish Kapo told me that some Dutch Jews
Jews
were organizing an escape, so I relayed it to Deputy Commandant Niemann. He ordered the seventy-two Jews
Jews
to be executed.

On 14 October 1943, a prisoner uprising took place at the Sobibór camp. Niemann was the highest-ranking SS officer who was on duty that day, and so he was the first person targeted to be assassinated by the prisoners. Niemann was killed in the tailor's barracks with an axe to his head by Alexander Shubayev, a Jewish Red Army soldier imprisoned at Sobibór
Sobibór
as Sonderkommando
Sonderkommando
slave labourer.[6] References[edit]

^ Sobibor - The Forgotten Revolt Archived 2008-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Yitzhak Arad
Yitzhak Arad
(1987). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pg. 28. ^ Sobibor Interviews: Biographies of SS-men, sobiborinterviews.nl; accessed 23 December 2014. ^ Thomas Blatt
Thomas Blatt
(1997). From the Ashes of Sobibor, pp. 235-242. Northwestern University Press. ^ Karl Frenzel
Karl Frenzel
interview Archived 2007-10-26 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Yitzhak Arad
Yitzhak Arad
(1987), Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pg. 326. ISBN 0253342937.

v t e

Sobibór
Sobibór
extermination camp

Camp organizers

Odilo Lotario Globocnik Hermann Julius Höfle Richard Wolfgang Thomalla Erwin Hermann Lambert Karl Steubl Christian Wirth

Commandant

Franz Paul Stangl a Franz Karl Reichleitner b

Deputies

Karl August Wilhelm Frenzel Hermann Michel Johann Niemann Gustav Franz Wagner

Gas chamber executioners

Hermann Erich Bauer Heinz Kurt Bolender

Other officers

Rudolf Beckmann Paul Bredow Herbert Floss Erich Fritz Erhard Fuchs Siegfried Graetschus Lorenz Hackenholt Josef "Sepp" Hirtreiter Jakob Alfred Ittner Erich Gustav Willie Lachmann Willi Mentz Paul Rost Ernst Stengelin Ernst Zierke Heinrich Barbl

Guards

Ukrainians

Ivan Demjanjuk "Trawnikis" c Volksdeutsche

Prominent victims

Helga Deen Anna Dresden-Polak Emanuel Lodewijk Elte Else Feldmann Isidore Goudeket Jakob van Hoddis Han Hollander Gerrit Kleerekoper Pati Kremer Kurt Lilien Juan Luria Messaoud El Mediouni Helena Nordheim Abraham de Oliveira Emanuel Querido Jud Simons Philip Slier Leo Smit Max van Dam Michel Velleman

Resistance Survivors

Survivors

Philip Bialowitz Thomas Blatt Selma Engel-Wijnberg Leon Feldhendler Dov Freiberg Alexander Pechersky Jules Schelvis Joseph Serchuk Stanislaw Szmajzner

Nazi organizations

General Government SS-Totenkopfverbände

Planning Methods

Documents Evidence

Operation Reinhard

Höfle Telegram

Aftermath Memorials

Sobibór
Sobibór
trial Sobibór
Sobibór
Museum

Related topics

The Holocaust Operation Reinhard Nazi concentration camps Extermination camp

a 28 April to 30 August 1942 b 1 September 1942 to 17 October 1943 c Up to 200

Death camps: Auschwitz-Birkenau Bełżec Chełmno Jasenovac Majdanek Maly Trostenets Sajmište Sobibór Treblinka

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 3004015

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