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The Info List - Johann Niemann


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JOHANN NIEMANN (4 August 1913 – 14 October 1943) was a German SS - Untersturmführer (Second Lieutenant) and deputy commandant of Sobibór extermination camp
Sobibór extermination camp
. Niemann directly perpetrated the genocide of Jews
Jews
and other peoples at Sobibór during the Operation Reinhard phase of The Holocaust
The Holocaust
.

Niemann joined the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in 1931 as member number 753,836 and the SS in 1934 as member number 270,600. He first served at Bełżec extermination camp , at the rank of SS-Oberscharführer
SS-Oberscharführer
(Staff Sergeant), where he commanded Camp II, the extermination area. He then was transferred to Sobibór extermination camp
Sobibór extermination camp
. Niemann was deputy commander of Sobibór on various occasions in 1942 before being given the position permanently in early 1943. After Heinrich Himmler 's visit to Sobibór on 12 February 1943, Niemann was promoted to SS- Untersturmführer .

Karl Frenzel , also a commandant at Sobibór , recalled how Niemann handled a particular threat of prisoner revolt within the camp:

A Polish Kapo told me that some Dutch Jews
Jews
were organizing an escape, so I relayed it to Deputy Commandant Niemann. He ordered the seventy-two Jews
Jews
to be executed.

On 14 October 1943, a prisoner uprising took place at the Sobibór camp. Niemann was the highest-ranking SS officer who was on duty that day, and so he was the first person targeted to be assassinated by the prisoners. Niemann was killed in the tailor's barracks with an axe to his head by Alexander Shubayev, a Jewish Red Army soldier imprisoned at Sobibór as Sonderkommando
Sonderkommando
slave labourer.

REFERENCES

* ^ Sobibor - The Forgotten Revolt Archived 2008-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Yitzhak Arad (1987). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pg. 28. * ^ Sobibor Interviews: Biographies of SS-men, sobiborinterviews.nl; accessed 23 December 2014. * ^ Thomas Blatt (1997). From the Ashes of Sobibor, pp. 235-242. Northwestern University Press. * ^ Karl Frenzel interview Archived 2007-10-26 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Yitzhak Arad (1987), Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pg. 326. ISBN 0253342937 .

* v * t * e

Sobibór extermination camp
Sobibór extermination camp

CAMP ORGANIZERS

* Odilo Lotario Globocnik * Hermann Julius Höfle * Richard Wolfgang Thomalla * Erwin Hermann Lambert * Karl Steubl * Christian Wirth

COMMANDANT

* Franz Paul Stangl a * Franz Karl Reichleitner b

DEPUTIES

* Karl August Wilhelm Frenzel * Hermann Michel * Johann Niemann * Gustav Franz Wagner

Gas chamber executioners

* Hermann Erich Bauer * Heinz Kurt Bolender

OTHER OFFICERS

* Rudolf Beckmann * Paul Bredow * Herbert Floss * Erich Fritz Erhard Fuchs * Siegfried Graetschus * Lorenz Hackenholt
Lorenz Hackenholt
* Josef "Sepp" Hirtreiter * Jakob Alfred Ittner
Alfred Ittner
* Erich Gustav Willie Lachmann * Willi Mentz * Paul Rost * Ernst Stengelin * Ernst Zierke * Heinrich Barbl

GUARDS

UKRAINIANS

* Ivan Demjanjuk * " Trawnikis
Trawnikis
" c * Volksdeutsche
Volksdeutsche

PROMINENT VICTIMS

* Helga Deen * Anna Dresden-Polak * Emanuel Lodewijk Elte * Else Feldmann * Isidore Goudeket * Jakob van Hoddis * Han Hollander * Gerrit Kleerekoper * Pati Kremer * Kurt Lilien * Juan Luria * Messaoud El Mediouni * Helena Nordheim * Abraham de Oliveira * Emanuel Querido * Jud Simons * Philip Slier * Leo Smit * Max van Dam * Michel Velleman
Michel Velleman

* Resistance * Survivors

SURVIVORS

* Philip Bialowitz * Thomas Blatt * Selma Engel-Wijnberg * Leon Feldhendler * Dov Freiberg * Alexander Pechersky * Jules Schelvis * Joseph Serchuk

NAZI ORGANIZATIONS

* General Government * SS-Totenkopfverbände
SS-Totenkopfverbände

* Planning * Methods

* Documents * Evidence

* Operation Reinhard
Operation Reinhard

* Höfle Telegram

* Aftermath * Memorials

* Sobibór trial * Sobibór Museum

RELATED TOPICS

* The Holocaust
The Holocaust
* Operation Reinhard
Operation Reinhard
* Nazi concentration camps
Nazi concentration camps
* Extermination camp