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Joseph Vincent Paterno (/pəˈtɜːrnoʊ/; December 21, 1926 – January 22, 2012), sometimes referred to as JoePa, was an American college football player, athletic director, and coach. He was the head coach of the Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
from 1966 to 2011. With 409 victories, Paterno is the most victorious coach in NCAA
NCAA
FBS history. His career ended with his dismissal from the team in November 2011 as a result of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal.[1][2][3] Paterno was born in Brooklyn, New York. He attended Brown University, where he played football both ways as the quarterback and a cornerback. He had originally planned on going to law school, but he was instead hired in 1950 as an assistant football coach at Penn State. He was persuaded to do this by his college coach Rip Engle, who had taken over as Penn State's head coach. In 1966, Paterno was named as Engle's successor. He soon coached the team to two undefeated regular seasons in 1968 and 1969. The team won two national championships—in 1982 and 1986. Paterno coached five undefeated teams that won major bowl games, and in 2007 he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
College Football Hall of Fame
as a coach. During his career, he led the Nittany Lions to 37 bowl appearances with 24 wins while turning down offers to coach National Football League
National Football League
(NFL) teams that included the Pittsburgh Steelers
Pittsburgh Steelers
and the New England Patriots. After the child sex abuse scandal involving his former defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky broke in full in November 2011, Paterno announced that he would retire at the end of the season. However, on November 9, the Penn State Board of Trustees rejected this disclosure and immediately terminated his contract.[4] An investigation conducted by former FBI director Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
concluded in July 2012 that Paterno concealed information relating to Sandusky's sexual abuse of young boys.[5][6] The investigation also uncovered information that Paterno may have persuaded university officials not to report Sandusky to authorities in 2001.[7][8][9] A critique of the Freeh report composed by Dick Thornburgh, a former U.S. attorney general and Pennsylvania governor, of the law firm King & Spalding, which was commissioned by the Paterno family, disputed Paterno's involvement in the alleged cover-up and accused Freeh of making unsupported conclusions.[10] Freeh called the critique a "self-serving report" that "does not change the facts."[11][12] On July 23, 2012, the NCAA
NCAA
vacated all of Penn State's wins from 1998 through 2011 as part of its punishment for the child sex abuse scandal. The association eliminated 111 of the games Paterno had coached and won, which dropped him from first to 12th on the list of winningest NCAA
NCAA
football coaches.[13] In January 2013, State senator Jake Corman
Jake Corman
and state treasurer Rob McCord
Rob McCord
launched a lawsuit against the NCAA
NCAA
to overturn the sanctions on Penn State on the basis that Freeh had been actively collaborating with the NCAA
NCAA
and that due process had not been followed. As part of the settlement, the NCAA reversed its decision on January 16, 2015, and restored the 111 wins to Paterno's record.[14][15] Paterno died of complications from lung cancer at age 85 on January 22, 2012, only two months after being fired by the university.[16]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Coaching history

2.1 Bowls and championships 2.2 Awards and honors

3 Child sex abuse scandal and dismissal

3.1 Posthumous findings 3.2 Response to the Freeh Report

4 Views on college football issues

4.1 Officiating and instant replay

5 Outside of football

5.1 Philanthropy and education 5.2 Political interests 5.3 Personal life

6 Deteriorating health and death 7 Head coaching record 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Early life Paterno was born December 21, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Florence de LaSalle Cafiero, a homemaker, and Angelo Lafayette Paterno, a law clerk.[17] His family was of Italian ancestry. He spoke throughout his life with a marked Brooklyn
Brooklyn
accent. In 1944, Paterno graduated from Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Preparatory School. Six weeks later he was drafted into the Army during World War II. Paterno spent a year in the Army before being discharged in time to start the 1946 school year at Brown University
Brown University
where his tuition was paid by Busy Arnold.[18][19] In college Paterno was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon
Delta Kappa Epsilon
fraternity (Upsilon chapter).[20] He played quarterback and cornerback for the Brown Bears, and he shares the career record for interceptions with Greg Parker at 14.[21] Paterno graduated as an English literature major in 1950[22] and had been accepted into Boston University School of Law, which he had planned to attend before deciding to coach at Penn State.[23] Although his father asked, "For God's sake, what did you go to college for?" after hearing of his career choice,[24] Paterno joined Rip Engle
Rip Engle
as an assistant coach at Penn State in 1950; Engle had coached five seasons, 1944–1949, at Brown. Paterno was promoted to associate coach, the top assistant, in June 1964,[25] and when Engle announced his retirement in February 1966,[26] Paterno was named his successor the next day.[27] Coaching history Paterno had one Heisman Trophy winner, John Cappelletti, who earned the award in 1973. Paterno's abbreviated 2011 season was his 62nd on the Penn State coaching staff, which gave him the record for most seasons for any football coach at a single university. The 2009 season was Paterno's 44th as head coach of the Nittany Lions, passing Amos Alonzo Stagg
Amos Alonzo Stagg
for the most years as head coach at a single institution in Division I.[28] Paterno was known for his gameday image—thick glasses, rolled-up dress slacks (by his admission, to save on cleaning bills), white socks and Brooklyn-tinged speech.[29] Reflecting the growth in Penn State's stature during his tenure, Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
was expanded six times during his tenure, increasing in size from 46,284 in 1966 to 106,572 in 2001. In 1995, Paterno apologized for a tirade directed at Rutgers head coach Doug Graber at the end of a nationally televised game.[30] Paterno was accused of "making light of sexual assault" in 2006 by the National Organization for Women
National Organization for Women
which called for his resignation, though Penn State later categorized this incident as being "taken out of context" and never seriously considered asking for Paterno's resignation.[31] Penn State football struggled from 2000 to 2004, with an overall 26–33 record in those years and Paterno became the target of criticism from some Penn State faithful. Many in the media attributed Penn State's struggles to Paterno's advancing age. He had no apparent plans to retire, and contingents of fans and alumni began calling for him to step down. Paterno rebuffed all of this and stated he would fulfill his contract until it expired 2008.[32] During a speech in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
on May 12, 2005, Paterno announced that he would consider retirement if the 2005 football team had a disappointing season. "If we don't win some games, I've got to get my rear end out of here", Paterno said in a speech at the Duquesne Club. "Simple as that".[33] Penn State finished the season with a record of 11–1 and were champions of the Big Ten
Big Ten
in 2005. They defeated Florida State
Florida State
26–23 in triple overtime in the 2006 Orange Bowl. Penn State faced a litany of football players' off-the-field legal problems, which included 46 Penn State football players facing 163 criminal charges dating back to 2002. A total of 118 of those charges were dismissed or not proven, according to an ESPN
ESPN
analysis of Pennsylvania court records and reports.[34] In 2008, ESPN
ESPN
questioned the control that Paterno and the university exerted over the Penn State football program. ESPN
ESPN
produced and aired an ESPN
ESPN
feature Outside the Lines
Outside the Lines
that covered the subject.[35] Paterno was criticized for his response when he dismissed the allegations as a "witch hunt" and chided reporters for asking about problems.[36] The Pennsylvania State Employees' Retirement System (SERS) revealed Paterno's salary in November 2007: $512,664. He was paid $490,638 in 2006.[37] "I'm paid well, I'm not overpaid," Paterno said during an interview with reporters Wednesday before the salary disclosure. "I got all the money I need".[38] Bowls and championships

Paterno runs out with his team before the start of a game, September 2007

Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
holds an official NCAA
NCAA
total of 18 bowl victories. He holds the NCAA
NCAA
record for total bowl appearances with 37.[39] He had a bowl record of 24 wins, 12 losses, and 1 tie following a defeat in the 2011 Outback Bowl. Paterno was the first coach with the distinction of having won each of the four major bowls—Rose, Orange, Fiesta, and Sugar—as well as the Cotton Bowl Classic, at least once. Penn State won at least 3 bowl games in each of the 4 decades that Paterno coached the entire decade, from 1970 thru 2009. Paterno led Penn State to two national championships (1982 and 1986) and five undefeated, untied seasons (1968, 1969, 1973, 1986, and 1994). Four of his unbeaten teams (1968, 1969, 1973, and 1994) won major bowl games and were not awarded a national championship. Under Paterno, Penn State won the Orange Bowl (1968, 1969, 1973 and 2005), the Cotton Bowl (1972 and 1974), the Fiesta Bowl (1977, 1980, 1981, 1986, 1991, and 1996), the Liberty Bowl (1979), the Sugar Bowl (1982), the Aloha Bowl (1983), the Holiday Bowl (1989), the Citrus Bowl (1993 and 2010), the Rose Bowl (1994), the Outback Bowl (1995, 1998 and 2006) and the Alamo Bowl (1999 and 2007). After Penn State joined the Big Ten
Big Ten
Conference in 1993, the Nittany Lions under Paterno won the Big Ten
Big Ten
championship three times (1994, 2005 and 2008), with the last two of those still awaiting official restoration to the record. Paterno had 29 finishes in the Top 10 national rankings. Awards and honors

Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Sportsman of the Year – 1986 Amos Alonzo Stagg
Amos Alonzo Stagg
Coaching Award (United States Sports Academy (USSA)) – 1989, 2001[40] Amos Alonzo Stagg Award (AFCA) – 2002 AFCA Coach of the Year – 1968, 1978, 1982, 1986, 2005 Associated Press College Football Coach of the Year Award – 2005 Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year Award – 1981, 2005 Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year – 1978, 1982, 1986 George Munger Award (Div. I Coach of the Year) – 1990, 1994, 2005 Paul "Bear" Bryant Award – 1986 Sporting News College Football Coach of the Year – 2005 The Home Depot Coach of the Year Award – 2005 Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award – 1972, 1994, 2005 Dave McClain Big Ten
Big Ten
Conference Coach of the Year – 1994, 2005, 2008 NCAA
NCAA
Gerald R. Ford
Gerald R. Ford
Award – 2011[41] (revoked by NCAA)[42]

On May 16, 2006, Paterno was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame after the National Football Foundation decided to change its rules and allow any coach over the age of 75 to be eligible for the Hall of Fame instead of having to wait until retirement.[43] However, on November 4, 2006, he was injured during a sideline collision during a game against Wisconsin. As a result of his injuries, he was unable to travel to the induction ceremonies in New York City and the National Football Foundation announced that he would instead be inducted as a part of the Hall of Fame class of 2007.[44] Paterno was inducted on December 4, 2007,[45] and officially enshrined in a ceremony held July 19, 2008.[46] In 2009, Paterno was named to Sporting News' list of the 50 greatest coaches of all time (MLB, NBA, NFL, NHL, college basketball, and college football). He is listed in position 13.[47] In 2010, the Maxwell Football Club of Philadelphia established the Joseph V. Paterno Award, to be awarded annually to the college football coach "who has made a positive impact on his university, his players and his community."[48] Following the breaking of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal the following year, the award was discontinued by the club.[49] Also in 2010, the Big Ten
Big Ten
Conference established the Stagg-Paterno Championship Trophy as the annual trophy to be awarded to the winner of the conference football championship.[50] However, on November 14, 2011, the trophy name was changed to the Stagg Championship Trophy
Stagg Championship Trophy
in light of the Sandusky child abuse scandal.[51] Paterno was also nominated for the Presidential Medal of Freedom. However, in light of the Sandusky child abuse scandal, United States Senators Pat Toomey
Pat Toomey
and Bob Casey, Jr., as well as Representative Glenn Thompson withdrew their support of Paterno receiving the honor.[52][53][54] Child sex abuse scandal and dismissal Main article: Penn State child sex abuse scandal

"My name, I have spent my whole life trying to make that name mean something. And now it's gone."

—Joe Paterno, following his termination[55]

On November 5, 2011, former Penn State defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky was arrested on 52 counts of child sexual abuse occurring between 1994 and 2009, including allegations of incidents on the Penn State campus.[56] A 2011 grand jury investigation reported that then-graduate assistant Mike McQueary
Mike McQueary
told Paterno in 2002 (prosecutors later amended the date to 2001)[57] that he had seen Sandusky abusing a 10-year-old boy in Penn State football's shower facilities.[58][59] According to the report, Paterno notified Athletic Director Tim Curley about the incident, and later notified Gary Schultz, Vice President of Finance and Business,[60] to whom the University Police directly reported.[61] Paterno said McQueary informed him that "he had witnessed an incident in the shower... but he at no time related to me the very specific actions contained in the grand jury report."[62] In his grand jury testimony, Paterno stated that McQueary had described Sandusky "fondling" a young boy in an act he described of a "sexual nature," but stopped short of the rape to which McQueary would later testify.[63][64][65] Despite the nature of the 2001 incident and that it later became clear that Curley and other university officials had not reported the allegations to police, Paterno did not then notify police either.[66][67] Instead, two weeks later, Curley reported that Sandusky's keys to the locker room had been taken away and that the incident was reported to The Second Mile charity. Sandusky was also banned from bringing children onto the Penn State campus.[68] While the prosecutors did not accuse Paterno of any wrongdoing, he was criticized for his failure to follow up on his report to his boss about McQueary's statements.[69] Pennsylvania Attorney General Linda Kelly said that Paterno was cooperative with prosecutors and that he met his statutory responsibility to report the 2001 incident to school administrators.[70] Under Pennsylvania state law at the time, any state employee who learned about suspected child abuse was required to report the incident to his immediate supervisor.[71] In the case of the 2001 incident, McQueary reported the incident to his immediate supervisor, Paterno. In turn, Paterno reported the incident to his immediate supervisor, Athletic Director Tim Curley, who then reported it to Gary Schultz, former Senior Vice President for Business and Finance, a position to which the University Police Department directly reported. (Schultz failed to notify his subordinate, the Director of University Police.) For these reasons, Paterno did not come under criminal suspicion.[71][72][73] Pennsylvania State Police
Pennsylvania State Police
Commissioner Frank Noonan, however, criticized Paterno for not doing enough to stop Sandusky's crimes. Noonan stated that while Paterno may have done what he was legally required to do, anyone with knowledge of possible sexual abuse against minors had "moral requirements" to notify police.[67] On the night of November 8, hundreds of students gathered in front on Paterno's home in support of the beleaguered coach. Paterno thanked the crowd and said, "The kids who were victims or whatever they want to say, I think we all ought to say a prayer for them. It's a tough life when people do certain things to you."[74][75] As Paterno began walking back into his home with the crowd chanting "Let Joe Stay," he turned around to instead lead the crowd in "We are Penn State" cheers,[76] which unnamed members of the Penn State Board of Trustees viewed as insensitive.[2] Within days of the scandal breaking in full, speculation was rife that Paterno would not be allowed to return as head coach. On November 9, Paterno announced that he would retire at the end of the season, stating:

. . . I have decided to announce my retirement effective at the end of this season. At this moment the Board of Trustees should not spend a single minute discussing my status. They have far more important matters to address. I want to make this as easy for them as I possibly can.[77][78]

Later that evening, however, the Board of Trustees voted to terminate Paterno's contract, effective immediately.[2][79] They considered but ultimately rejected the idea of letting Paterno finish out the season, saying that growing outrage at the situation would have made it impossible for him to be effective as coach.[2][80][81] Unable to reach Paterno personally due to the crowd around his house and not wanting Paterno to find out through the media, the board notified him of their decision over the telephone.[82][83] Tom Bradley, Sandusky's successor as defensive coordinator, was named interim head coach for the remainder of the 2011 season. At the same meeting, university president Graham Spanier
Graham Spanier
resigned rather than face being fired as well.[84][85][86][87] That night, several thousand Penn State students chanting Paterno's name rioted in the streets, hurling rocks, tearing down street signs, and overturning a news van.[88] Paterno supporters and family members continued to harshly criticize the board's actions in the months following his death, prompting the board to release an additional statement explaining their decision. In it, the board said that "his decision to do his minimum legal duty and not to do more to follow up constituted a failure of leadership by Coach Paterno."[82][83] The board had earlier said there were three key reasons for his firing: his failure to do more when told about a suspected sexual assault by Jerry Sandusky; what the Board of Trustees regarded as his questioning of the board's authority in the days after Sandusky’s arrest; and what the board determined to be his inability to effectively continue coaching in the face of continuing questions surrounding the program.[2] Posthumous findings Former FBI director Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
and his firm, including a team of former federal prosecutors and FBI agents, were hired by the Penn State Board of Trustees to conduct an independent investigation into the scandal.[89] In the opinion of writer Michael Sokolove, the mission Freeh was given seemed to presuppose that Sandusky's crimes were not his alone and that people who had reason to suspect him had looked away.[90] After interviewing over 400 people and reviewing over 3.5 million documents,[dubious – discuss] the investigation team reported that Paterno, Spanier, Curley, and Schultz concealed Sandusky's actions in order to protect the publicity surrounding Penn State's celebrated football program.[5][6][91] Freeh's firm's investigation found that by their actions, the four men "failed to protect against a child sexual predator harming children for over a decade." The report concluded that Paterno, along with Schultz, Spanier, and Curley "concealed Sandusky's activities from the Board of Trustees, the University community and authorities."[92] Email uncovered by Freeh's investigators included an email chain between Curley and Schultz regarding a previous incident between Sandusky and another child in 1998 that the district attorney declined to prosecute after an investigation by State College police and an evaluation by the department of public welfare. On May 13, 1998, in an email captioned "Jerry," Curley asked Schultz, "Anything new in this department? Coach is anxious to know where it stands." Curley testified more than nineteen years later in the 2017 criminal trial against Spanier that the "coach" who wanted to know where it stands was Paterno.[93][94][95] Before a grand jury in 2011, Paterno had testified that he was unaware of any possible child abuse by Sandusky prior to 2001.[96] When Paterno was asked, other than the 2001 incident that Mike McQueary
Mike McQueary
reported to him, whether he knew of any other inappropriate sexual conduct by Sandusky with young boys, Paterno testified: "I do not know of anything else that Jerry would be involved in of that nature, no. I do not know of it. You did mention — I think you said something about a rumor. It may have been discussed in my presence, something else about somebody. I don't know. I don't remember, and I could not honestly say I heard a rumor."[97] Freeh's team also discovered a 2001 email from Curley about the subsequent 2001 incident in which McQueary witnessed Sandusky with a boy in the Penn State showers. On February 25, Curley, Schultz, and Spanier decided to have Curley report McQueary's information to the state Department of Public Welfare. On February 26, Curley had a conversation with Paterno. (Curley testified in 2017, "I don't recall the specific conversation or what his [Paterno's] reaction was.") On February 27, Curley emailed Spanier and Schultz that he was "having trouble with going to everyone, but the person involved". (In 2017 he testified that was his opinion. "I wanted the first step to be a meeting with Jerry Sandusky.") Curley, Schultz and Spanier then agreed to report the incident to both the Department of Public Welfare and the Second Mile if Sandusky did not cooperate and get professional help (i.e., rather than not reporting the incident to authorities outside the university, reporting to the Department of Public Welfare was still part of the plan).[92]:Exh 2F In his press release, Freeh wrote to the contrary that "the only known, intervening factor between the decision made on February 25, 2001 by Messrs. Spanier, Curley and Schulz to report the incident to the Department of Public Welfare, and then agreeing not to do so on February 27th, was Mr. Paterno's February 26th conversation with Mr. Curley." This was widely inferred by the press to mean that Paterno had persuaded Curley (and Schultz and Spanier) not to report the incident to authorities outside the university.[7][8][9] In addition, the Freeh report said that even after Sandusky's retirement in 1999, Paterno, Schultz, Spanier, and Curley "empowered Sandusky to attract potential victims to the campus and football events by allowing him to have continued, unrestricted and unsupervised access to the University's facilities and affiliation with the University's prominent football program."[92]:14–15 Sandusky's access was part of the retirement agreement between the University and Sandusky: "The university will permit you to use, at no charge, a locker, weight rooms, fitness facilities and training room in the East Area locker room complex. This benefit will continue for the balance of your lifetime," and "For a period of ten years commencing July 1, 1999 and subject to renewal upon concurrence of both parties you will be given an office and a phone in the East Area Locker room complex ..." The agreement was signed by Curley and Schultz along with Sandusky on June 29, 1999.[92]:Exh 3H Following the release of the Freeh report, Nike, Inc.
Nike, Inc.
removed Paterno's name from the Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
Child Development Center, a child care facility at the company's headquarters in Beaverton, Oregon.[98][99] Brown University, Paterno's alma mater, announced that it would remove Paterno's name from its annual award honoring outstanding male freshman athletes and stated his status in the Brown Athletic Hall of Fame would be placed under review.[100]

Joe Paterno statue
Joe Paterno statue
that formerly stood in front of Penn State's Beaver Stadium. The statue was removed by the university on July 22, 2012, and placed in secure storage inside the stadium.

On July 14, 2012, The New York Times
The New York Times
reported that in January 2011, Paterno opened "surprise" negotiations to prematurely end his contract with an additional $3 million early retirement payout, prior to public knowledge of the scandal. Although his contract was not up for negotiation until the end of 2011, Paterno initiated negotiations with his superiors to amend his contract in January 2011, the same month he was notified of the police investigation. By August 2011, Paterno and his attorneys had reached a deal with the PSU Board for a total package worth $5.5 million including: a $3 million cash payout, forgiveness of a $350,000 interest-free loan issued by the university, and the use of a private box at Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
and a private jet for 25 years, if he agreed the 2011 season would be his last. Ultimately, the board rejected Paterno's offer to resign at the end of the 2011 season, but faced with hate mail and a threat of a defamation lawsuit by Paterno's family, it agreed to give Paterno and his family the $5.5 million package, which included additional perks for the family, including the use of the athletic department's hydrotherapy facilities by his widow. A lawyer for the family claimed that the retirement package was proposed by Penn State.[101] After the Freeh report's release, critics called for the removal of the Joe Paterno statue
Joe Paterno statue
outside Beaver Stadium. A small plane towed a banner over campus, reading Take the Statue Down or We Will.[102] After some days of mixed messages,[103][104][105] the school removed the statue on Sunday, July 22, in front of a crowd of student onlookers.[106] The statue was reportedly put in storage.[107] Spanier's successor as president, Rodney Erickson, said the statue had become "a source of division and an obstacle to healing" but made a distinction between it and the Paterno Library, also on campus.[108] On July 23, two weeks after the release of the Freeh report, the NCAA punished Penn State with some of the most severe sanctions ever handed down in the history of collegiate athletics.[109] Penn State was fined $60 million, stripped of 40 total scholarships from 2013 to 2017, banned from postseason play until 2016, and vacated all 112 of its wins dating back to 1998. This included the removal of Paterno's last 111 wins at Penn State, dropping him from first to 12th on the all-time wins list. (In early 2015 the wins were restored.)[110] The NCAA
NCAA
reported that "Penn State's leadership failed to value and uphold institutional integrity, breaching both the NCAA
NCAA
Constitution and Division I rules", and that the NCAA
NCAA
"intended to remediate the 'sports is king' culture that led to failures in leadership".[111] The NCAA
NCAA
report harshly criticized Paterno for his role in an alleged cover-up of Sandusky's crimes, saying that Paterno, Spanier, Schultz, and Curley had demonstrated "a failure of institutional and individual integrity". Although this action was outside the normal process for investigating major violations, the NCAA
NCAA
said this action was merited because the alleged cover-up violated basic principles of intercollegiate athletics that were over and above specific policies.[112][113][114] In a September 2013 interview with the CBS show 60 Minutes, Sandusky prosecutor Frank Fina was asked if he believed Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
was involved in the alleged cover-up. Fina stated, "I do not. And I'm viewing this strictly on the evidence, not any kind of fealty to anybody. I did not find that evidence."[115] Pennsylvania state senator Jake Corman
Jake Corman
and state Treasurer Rob McCord filed suit against the NCAA
NCAA
in January 2013, arguing that the $60 million fine should be kept to assist victims of child sexual abuse in Pennsylvania, instead of allowing to be spread to programs beyond the state's boundaries. On January 16, 2015, the NCAA
NCAA
agreed to a settlement, removing the probationary period imposed on Penn State and restoring Paterno's 111 wins between 1998 and 2011. Corman proclaimed, "Today is a victory for due process which was not afforded in this case. Today is a victory for the people of Pennsylvania. Today is a victory for Penn State nation."[116] Response to the Freeh Report On September 13, 2012, a group of alumni and supporters called Penn Staters for Responsible Stewardship released a review of the Freeh Report that was critical of the Freeh Group's investigation and conclusions.[117] In February 2013, Paterno's family released a report written by Dick Thornburgh, a former U.S. attorney general and Pennsylvania governor, disputing Freeh's investigative methods and the portrayal of Paterno in his findings, calling the Freeh report a "rush to injustice".[118] Thornburgh concluded that the Freeh report was "seriously flawed, both with respect to the process of [its] investigation and its findings related to Mr. Paterno".[119] In response, Freeh called the Paterno family's report "self-serving" and said that it did not change the facts and findings of his initial investigation.[11] NBC sportscaster Bob Costas
Bob Costas
said, "What Freeh did was not only gather facts but he reached a conclusion which is at least debatable from those facts and then he assigned a motivation, not only to Curley and Schultz and Spanier, but he specifically assigned a very dark motivation to Joe Paterno, which seems like it might be quite a leap. ... A reasonable person will conclude that there is some doubt here and that the other side of the story deserves to be heard."[120] Similarly Todd Blackledge, ESPN
ESPN
college football analyst and former Penn State quarterback, noted on the media coverage, "it felt like the media felt at liberty to just connect the all those dots, whether they had facts. Based on whatever information they had, they were going to connect the dots and tell a story. And it had tremendous momentum. Because of the serious and horrendous nature of the allegations against Jerry, that narrative went pretty much unopposed."[121] In 2014 NCAA
NCAA
internal emails revealed that the NCAA
NCAA
worked closely with Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
in his investigation of the Sandusky scandal.[122] In addition, emails revealed that many in the NCAA
NCAA
questioned whether they had the authority to sanction Penn State and that some officials wanted to "bluff" Penn State's leadership into accepting a severe punishment, because they believed that they did not have the authority to punish Penn State.[123] On the day the Freeh Report was released, Oregon State president Ed Ray, chairman of the NCAA's Executive Committee, sent an e-mail to NCAA
NCAA
president Mark Emmert, his deputy, and the former enforcement head of the NCAA
NCAA
that directed them to come up with a way to sanction Penn State.[124][125] Freeh had maintained publicly that his investigation was entirely independent and would include "no favoritism". This was criticized by Pennsylvania state Senator Jake Corman, who claimed, "There clearly is a significant amount of communication between Freeh and the NCAA
NCAA
that goes way beyond merely providing information. I'd call it coordination ... Clearly, Freeh went way past his mandate. He was the enforcement person for the NCAA. That's what it looks like. I don't know how you can look at it any other way. It's almost like the NCAA
NCAA
hired him to do their enforcement investigation on Penn State. At a minimum, it is inappropriate. At a maximum, these were two parties working together to get an outcome that was predetermined."[12] NCAA
NCAA
Vice President of Academic and Membership Affairs Kevin Lennon wrote in another email from July 14 that the NCAA
NCAA
was "banking on the fact the school is so embarrassed they will do anything" before interim Penn State president Rodney Erickson signed the consent decree.[15] Senator Corman and state treasurer Rob McCord
Rob McCord
used the Freeh report as a basis of their lawsuit against the NCAA.[126] On May 30, 2013, the Paterno family and members of the Penn State community (though not the university itself) filed a lawsuit in the Centre County Court of Common Pleas in an attempt to overturn sanctions against the school. The lawsuit asserts that the NCAA
NCAA
and the other defendants breached their contractual obligations, violated their duties of good faith and fair dealing, intentionally interfered with contractual relations, and defamed and/or commercially disparaged the individuals filing the lawsuit.[127] A year after the report's issuance, the chairman of the Penn State Board of Trustees, which had originally commissioned the report, said that Freeh's conclusions amounted to "speculation."[128] In a January 2015 interview with the Associated Press, Penn State President Eric Barron said, "I have to say, I'm not a fan of the report. There's no doubt in my mind, Freeh steered everything as if he were a prosecutor trying to convince a court to take the case."[129] Views on college football issues

Paterno in 2003

Paterno was a long-time advocate for some type of college football playoff system. The question was posed to him frequently over the years, as only one of his five undefeated teams was voted national champion.[130][131][132] Paterno believed that scholarship college athletes should receive a modest stipend, so that they have some spending money. As justification, Paterno pointed out that many scholarship athletes came from poor families and that other students had time to hold down a part-time job, whereas busy practice and conditioning schedules prevented college athletes from working during the school year.[133] Paterno initially preferred not to play true freshmen, but later in his career he did play redshirts in order to refrain from being at a competitive disadvantage. Some Penn State recruits, like recruits at many other schools, now graduate from high school a semester early so that they can enroll in college during the spring semester and participate in spring practice. Several team members from the recruiting class of 2005, including Justin King, Anthony Scirrotto, and Derrick Williams, received considerable playing time as true freshmen during the 2005–2006 season.[134] In 2010, Paterno and former Chicago Bears
Chicago Bears
head coach Mike Ditka suggested that concussions and other injuries in the NFL and college football might be reduced if face masks were eliminated.[135] Penn State's football players were twice recognized for outstanding academic performance by the New America Foundation's Academic Bowl Championship Series while under the leadership of Paterno.[136] The team was ranked number one out of the top 25 ranked BCS teams in 2009 and 2011. The criteria in the rankings include the graduation rate of the team as compared to the rest of university, the difference between the graduation rate of African-American players and the rest of the squad as well as the same statistics for the rest of the students at Penn State, and the graduation rate differences between the African American players and students.[136] Officiating and instant replay In 2002, 76-year-old Paterno chased down referee Dick Honig in a dead sprint following a 42–35 overtime home loss to Iowa. Paterno saw Tony Johnson catch a pass for a first down with both feet in bounds on the stadium's video replay board, but the play was ruled an incompletion. This being after Penn State had rallied from a 35–13 deficit with 9 minutes left in the game to tie the score at 35, and were driving on their first possession in overtime (a touchdown would have tied the game at 42). Penn State failed on fourth down and Iowa held on for the win.[137] Just weeks later, in the final minute of the Michigan game, the same wide receiver, Johnson, made a catch that would have given Penn State a first down and put them in range for a game-winning field goal. Although Johnson was ruled out of bounds, replays clearly showed that Johnson had both feet in bounds and the catch should have been ruled complete.[138] In 2004, the Big Ten
Big Ten
Conference became the first college football conference to adopt a form of instant replay. The previous two incidents, along with Paterno's public objections, and the Big Ten's Clockgate controversy, are often cited as catalysts for its adoption.[139] Within the next year, almost all of the Division I-A conferences adopted a form of instant replay based on the Big Ten model.[140] Outside of football Philanthropy and education

The East wing of the Pattee Library
Pattee Library
(center) is connected to the Paterno Library
Paterno Library
(to right, not seen) at Penn State University.

After the announcement of his appointment as head coach in 1966, Paterno set out to conduct what he called a "Grand Experiment" in melding athletics and academics in the collegiate environment, an idea that he had learned during his years at Brown.[141] As a result, Penn State's players have consistently demonstrated above-average academic success compared to Division I-A schools nationwide. According to the NCAA's 2008 Graduation Rates Report, Penn State's four-year Graduation Success Rate of 78% easily exceeds the 67% Division I average, second to only Northwestern among Big Ten
Big Ten
institutions.[142] In 2011, Penn State football players had an 80% graduation rate and showed no achievement gap between its black and white players, which is extremely rare for Division I football teams.[143] The New American Foundation ranked Penn State No. 1 in its 2011 Academic Bowl Championship Series.[144] Paterno was also renowned for his charitable contributions to academics at Penn State. He and his wife Sue have contributed over $4 million towards various departments and colleges, including support for the Penn State All-Sports Museum, which opened in 2002, and the Pasquerilla Spiritual Center, which opened in 2003.[145] After helping raise over $13.5 million in funds for the 1997 expansion of Pattee Library, the university named the expansion Paterno Library
Paterno Library
in their honor.[146] In 2007, former player Franco Harris
Franco Harris
and his company R Super Foods honored Paterno for his contributions to Penn State by featuring his story and picture on boxes of Super Donuts and Super Buns in Central PA. A portion of the sales will be donated to an endowment fund for the university library that bears his name.[147] Paterno also attended the annual Penn State Dance Marathon, a popular weekend-long charity event and the largest student-run philanthropy in the world (it raised over $10 million in 2012), every year to raise money for kids with cancer. Political interests

Paterno wishes good luck to FIU Coach Mario Cristobal in September 2007.

Paterno was a political conservative and a personal friend of President George H. W. Bush.[141] He campaigned for Bush door-to-door in the 1988 New Hampshire primary, and seconded his nomination at the Republican National Convention.[148] Paterno was also a close friend of President Gerald R. Ford,[149] and introduced President George W. Bush at a campaign rally before the 2004 presidential election.[150] Before the 1974 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, a group of Pennsylvania Republican Party leaders briefly considered Paterno for Andrew Lewis' ticket as the candidate for lieutenant governor.[151] In 2004, his son Scott Paterno, an attorney, won the Republican primary for Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district
Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district
but lost in the November general election to Democratic incumbent Tim Holden.[152] "I brought my kids up to think for themselves since day one," Joe Paterno said in 2008. "I got a son who's a Republican, who ran for Congress, Scott. I'm a Republican. I've got a son, Jay, who's for Obama. I've got a daughter, who I'm pretty sure she's going to be for Hillary [Clinton]. So God bless America."[153] Personal life While serving as an assistant coach, Paterno met freshman coed Suzanne Pohland at the campus library;[154] she was a Latrobe native 13 years his junior and an English literature honors student. They married in 1962, the year she graduated. They had five children: Diana, Joseph Jr. "Jay", Mary Kay, David, and Scott. All of their children are Penn State graduates, and Jay Paterno was the quarterbacks coach at Penn State until his departure following the hiring of new head coach Bill O'Brien on January 7, 2012. The Paternos had 17 grandchildren. Paterno was a longtime summer resident of Avalon, New Jersey.[155] Paterno and his wife co-authored the children's book We Are Penn State!,[156] which takes place during a typical Penn State homecoming weekend.

Deteriorating health and death

Thousands of Penn State students and faculty came together to honor Paterno at a candlelight vigil at Old Main when he died on January 22, 2012.

In November 2006, Paterno was involved in a sideline collision during a game against Wisconsin. He was unable to avoid the play and was struck in the knee by Badgers linebacker DeAndre Levy's helmet. Paterno, then 79 years old, suffered a fractured shin bone and damage to knee ligaments.[157] He coached the 2007 Outback Bowl from the press box before making a full recovery.[158][159] In November 2008, Paterno had successful hip replacement surgery after spraining his leg while trying to demonstrate onside kicks during a practice session.[160] While recovering, he coached the remainder of the season and the 2009 Rose Bowl
2009 Rose Bowl
from the press box.[161] After sustaining these injuries, he made use of a golf cart to move around the field during practices. Paterno was injured again in August 2011, after colliding with a player during practice. He sustained hairline fractures to his hip and shoulder. No surgery was required, but Paterno began the 2011 regular season schedule in a wheelchair. In November 2011, Scott Paterno reported that his father had a treatable form of lung cancer.[162] On January 13, 2012, Paterno was hospitalized in State College for complications relating to his cancer treatment, and he remained there until his death nine days later on January 22, 2012.[163][164] His death resulted in tributes from prominent leaders in the U.S., including former President George H. W. Bush, who called Paterno "an outstanding American who was respected not only on the field of play but in life generally—and he was, without a doubt, a true icon in the world of sports."[165] Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett
Tom Corbett
said of Paterno, "His legacy as the winningest coach in major college football and his generosity to Penn State as an institution and to his players, stand as monuments to his life. ... His place in our state's history is secure."[165] On January 23, Corbett ordered all state flags to be lowered to half mast in Paterno's honor.[166] At the time of his death, Penn State was still finalizing Paterno's retirement package.[80] Paterno's funeral was held in State College on January 25, 2012.[167] About 750 mourners attended the private ceremony, after which thousands of mourners lined the route of the funeral procession.[168] Paterno was buried in Spring Creek Presbyterian Cemetery just outside the town.[169] Approximately 12,000 people attended a public memorial service that was held at the Bryce Jordan Center
Bryce Jordan Center
on January 26, 2012.[170][171] Head coaching record At the time of his death, Paterno had accumulated a record of 409 wins, 136 losses, and 3 ties. However, on July 23, 2012, the NCAA officially vacated 111 of Paterno's wins based on the findings of the Freeh report regarding his involvement in the Penn State sex abuse scandal. All wins dating back to 1998 were vacated, the year Paterno was first informed of Sandusky's suspected child abuse.[172][173] Based on the criteria used by the NCAA, Paterno no longer held the record for most victories by an NCAA
NCAA
Division I football coach. Former Florida State
Florida State
coach Bobby Bowden
Bobby Bowden
held the NCAA
NCAA
major college record for wins at 377, while for NCAA
NCAA
Division I schools, Grambling State University coach Eddie Robinson's 408 victories stood as the official record.[174] The 111 wins were restored on January 16, 2015, as a part of a settlement between the NCAA
NCAA
and Penn State, once again making him the most victorious coach in FBS NCAA
NCAA
football history.[175][176]

Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs Coaches# AP°

Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
( NCAA
NCAA
University Division / Division I / Division I-A independent) (1966–1992)

1966 Penn State 5–5

1967 Penn State 8–2–1

T Gator 11 10

1968 Penn State 11–0

W Orange 3 2

1969 Penn State 11–0

W Orange 2 2

1970 Penn State 7–3

19 18

1971 Penn State 11–1

W Cotton 11 5

1972 Penn State 10–2

L Sugar 8 10

1973 Penn State 12–0

W Orange 5 5

1974 Penn State 10–2

W Cotton 7 7

1975 Penn State 9–3

L Sugar 10 10

1976 Penn State 7–5

L Gator

1977 Penn State 11–1

W Fiesta 4 5

1978 Penn State 11–1

L Sugar 4 4

1979 Penn State 8–4

W Liberty 18 20

1980 Penn State 10–2

W Fiesta 8 8

1981 Penn State 10–2

W Fiesta 3 3

1982 Penn State 11–1

W Sugar 1 1

1983 Penn State 8–4–1

W Aloha 17

1984 Penn State 6–5

1985 Penn State 11–1

L Orange 3 3

1986 Penn State 12–0

W Fiesta 1 1

1987 Penn State 8–4

L Florida Citrus

1988 Penn State 5–6

1989 Penn State 8–3–1

W Holiday 14 15

1990 Penn State 9–3

L Blockbuster 10 11

1991 Penn State 11–2

W Fiesta 3 3

1992 Penn State 7–5

L Blockbuster† 24

Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
( Big Ten
Big Ten
Conference) (1993–2011)

1993 Penn State 10–2 6–2 3rd W Florida Citrus 7 8

1994 Penn State 12–0 8–0 1st W Rose 2 2

1995 Penn State 9–3 5–3 T–3rd W Outback 12 13

1996 Penn State 11–2 6–2 T–3rd W Fiesta† 7 7

1997 Penn State 9–3 6–2 T–2nd L Florida Citrus 17 16

1998 Penn State 9–3 5–3 5th W Outback 15 17

1999 Penn State 10–3 5–3 T–4th W Alamo 11 11

2000 Penn State 5–7 4–4 T–6th

2001 Penn State 5–6 4–4 T–4th

2002 Penn State 9–4 5–3 11th 4th L Capital One 15 16

2003 Penn State 3–9 1–7 T–8th

2004 Penn State 4–7 2–6 9th

2005 Penn State 11–1 7–1 T–1st W Orange† 3 3

2006 Penn State 9–4 5–3 T–4th W Outback 25 24

2007 Penn State 9–4 4–4 T–5th W Alamo 25

2008 Penn State 11–2 7–1 T–1st L Rose† 8 8

2009 Penn State 11–2 6–2 T–2nd W Capital One 8 9

2010 Penn State 7–6 4–4 T–4th L Outback

2011 Penn State 8–1[n 1] 5–0 [n 1] (Leaders)[n 1]

Penn State: 409–136–3 95–54

Total: 409–136–3

      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title or championship game berth

†Indicates Bowl Coalition, Bowl Alliance or BCS bowl. #Rankings from final Coaches Poll. °Rankings from final AP Poll.

See also

American football
American football
portal Biography portal College football
College football
portal History portal Pennsylvania portal

List of college football coaches with 200 wins List of college football coaches with 30 seasons List of College Football Hall of Fame
College Football Hall of Fame
inductees (coaches)

Notes

^ a b c Paterno coached the first nine games of the season before he was fired on November 9. Tom Bradley was named interim head coach to replace him. Penn State credits the first nine games to Paterno, and the final four to Bradley.

References

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1926—2012: He was the winningest coach in major college football, an advocate for blending sports and academics to create the true student-athlete, and an iconic American sports figure—until an error in judgment clouded his legacy". Sports Illustrated. SI.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.  ^ a b c d e Thamel, Pete; Viera, Mark (January 19, 2012). "Penn State's Trustees Recount Painful Decision to Fire Paterno". The New York Times. p. B15. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012.  ^ "Outgoing Penn State trustee regrets how Joe Paterno
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Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 19, 2011.  ^ a b Johnson, Kevin; Marklein, Mary Beth (July 13, 2012). "Freeh report blasts culture of Penn State". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012.  ^ a b "REMARKS OF LOUIS FREEH IN CONJUNCTION WITH ANNOUNCEMENT OF PUBLICATION OF REPORT REGARDING THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY" (Press release). Kekst and Company. July 12, 2012. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Although concern to treat the child abuser humanely was expressly stated, no such sentiments were ever expressed by them for Sandusky's victims.  ^ a b Ken Belson, "Abuse Scandal Inquiry Damns Paterno and Penn State", New York Times, July 13, 2012. ^ a b " Joe Paterno
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staffers and Freeh’s team that prompted some alumni to theorize Freeh catered his report — which, by including Paterno, put the case squarely in the NCAA’s crosshairs — to appeal to a desired client. ... In a deposition, a Freeh investigator acknowledged the firm had identified the NCAA
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NCAA
leadership is extremely image conscious, and if they conclude that pursuing allegations against PSU would enhance the association’s standing with the public, then an infractions case could follow.' ... Matthew Haverstick, attorney for state Sen. Jake Corman (R): 'Our read of the evidence was that the NCAA
NCAA
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NCAA
C-suite executives," Haverstick said. "They had wildly different understandings about what was happening around them at that time.'  ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. Jay Paterno (Joe Paterno's son and new alumni trustee) 'adamantly maintains his father didn’t know the truth about Sandusky, pointing to the only piece of evidence he thinks matters: His father allowed his children and his grandchildren to spend time around Sandusky until months before his arrest.'  ^ "Paterno, Joseph Vincent ("Joe")". Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ Joe Paterno
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Nomination" (Press release). Representative Glenn Thompson, United States House of Representatives. November 11, 2011. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-22.  ^ "Sens. Toomey And Casey Rescind Support For Medal Of Freedom Nomination For Joe Paterno" (Press release). Pat Toomey, Senator for Pennsylvania. November 10, 2011. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2012.  ^ " Joe Paterno
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distraught after firing". Associated Press. August 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-16.  ^ Viera, Mark (November 5, 2011). "Former Coach at Penn State Is Charged With Abuse". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-11-06.  ^ "Most Popular E-mail Newsletter". USA Today. May 8, 2012.  ^ Stanmyre, Matthew (November 11, 2011). "Penn State puts Mike McQueary, witness to alleged attack, on administrative lead". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. Retrieved 2011-11-12.  ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. [Dr. Jonathan] Dranov, a mandatory reporter of abuse because he’s a doctor, has testified repeatedly that McQueary never said he witnessed a sex act. Instead, according to Dranov, McQueary described seeing a boy appear around a shower wall and an arm pull the boy back.  ^ "Schultz returns to fill interim senior VP post; nominations sought". Archived from the original on January 16, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2012.  ^ Taylor, John (November 5, 2011). "Penn State prez offers unconditional support to AD". NBC Sports. Retrieved 2011-11-06.  ^ Rittenberg, Adam; Bennett, Brian (November 6, 2011). "Joe Paterno statement on Sandusky case". ESPN. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011.  ^ Wogenrich, Mark; McGill, Andrew (November 15, 2011). "Penn State's Mike McQueary
Mike McQueary
says he told police of alleged rape". LA Times.  ^ Ganim, Sara (December 16, 2011). "Former Penn State coach Joe Paterno's full grand jury testimony on Jerry Sandusky sex-abuse case read into the record at hearing". The Patriot News.  ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. Prosecutors, in charging documents, implied McQueary reported "anal intercourse" to Paterno; McQueary has testified he never would have used such explicit terms with Paterno, though he made clear he witnessed something sexual. In an email McQueary sent prosecutors, released years later, he wrote, 'I feel my words were slightly twisted.'  ^ O'keefe, Michael (January 22, 2012). "JoePa: A look back at the sex abuse scandal". NY Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 17, 2012. Paterno did not face criminal charges for failing to notify police...  ^ a b "Police official: Paterno didn't do enough to stop abuse". CBSSports.com. November 7, 2011. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2011.  ^ Chappell, Bill (June 21, 2012). "Penn State Abuse Scandal: A Guide And Timeline". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "Penn State's Joe Paterno
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Says He Will Retire at End of Season". Fox News. November 9, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-09.  ^ Olson, Laura (November 7, 2011). "Pa. attorney general says Paterno followed reporting statute". Pittsburgh
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hires criminal defense lawyer J. Sedgwick Sellers. ABC News, November 11, 2011. ^ Hansen, Marc (November 9, 2011). "Hansen: For Paterno, the bare minimum was never enough – until this moral oversight". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on November 10, 2011.  ^ Auerbach, Nicole (November 9, 2011). "Penn State students cheer for Paterno". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on November 10, 2011.  ^ Matt Terl (November 9, 2011). " Joe Paterno
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and Graham Spanier". Boston Herald. Retrieved 2011-12-04. [dead link] ^ Schweber, Nate (November 10, 2011). "Penn State Students Clash With Police in Unrest After Announcement". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-11-13.  ^ Former FBI director Freeh to conduct independent investigation Archived November 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Penn State Live, November 21, 2011. ^ "The Trials of Graham Spanier, Penn State's Ousted President". The New York Times. July 20, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ "Penn State's Part". The New York Times. July 12, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.  ^ a b c d Freeh Sporkin & Sullivan, LLP (July 12, 2012). "Report of the Special
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Investigative Counsel Regarding the Pennsylvania State University Related to the Child Sexual Abuse Committed by Gerald A. Sandusky" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "'Coach is anxious:' Tim Curley takes the stand at Graham Spanier's trial".  ^ "In verdict for ex-Penn State president, all sides hear what they want to hear".  ^ Walker, Carter. "Curley, Schultz regret not acting sooner in Sandusky case".  ^ Ken Belson (2012-07-12). "Abuse Scandal Inquiry Damns Paterno and Penn State". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-13.  ^ Transcript of Paterno's Grand Jury Testimony, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.  ^ "Paterno's name off child care center". FOX Sports. Retrieved July 12, 2012.  ^ "Joe Paterno's Name Removed From Child Development Center at Nike Headquarters". NESN.com. Retrieved July 12, 2012.  ^ "University reviews honors named for Joe Paterno". Brown University. Retrieved July 17, 2012.  ^ Becker, Jo (July 14, 2012). "Paterno Won Sweeter Deal Even as Scandal Played Out". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2012.  ^ "Airborne banner: Take down Paterno statue". CNN. July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.  ^ Thomas, Taylor, "Penn State to remove Paterno Statue this weekend", MarketWatch, July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-20. ^ Cosentino, Dom, "Penn State Trustee Denies Reports That Vote Was Taken To Remove The Paterno Statue", Deadspin.org, July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-21. ^ Schackner, Bill, "Trustee: Penn State president Erickson to decide on Paterno statue", Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette, July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-21. ^ "Paterno statue removed at Penn St". Associated Press. CNN. July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.  ^ "Penn State removes Paterno statue: reports", MarketWatch, July 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-23. ^ Carroll, Matt, "Penn State removes Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
statue, says library name won't change" Archived July 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Centre Daily Times (State College, Pa.) via mcclatchydc.com, July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-23. ^ " NCAA
NCAA
Hits Penn State With Unprecedented Penalties". Retrieved July 24, 2012.  ^ Sharon Terlep (January 16, 2015). " NCAA
NCAA
Proposes Reinstating Penn State Football Wins, Paterno Record - WSJ". WSJ. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2017.  ^ "Consent decree between Penn State and NCAA" (PDF).  ^ NCAA
NCAA
FAQs on Penn State sanctions Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. No one was convicted of a conspiracy," said alumni trustee Alice Pope, a psychology professor at St. John’s University. "So there was no coverup.  ^ Dawson, Mike (Sep 4, 2013). "Sandusky prosecutor: No evidence Paterno involved in cover-up". The Morning Call. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ "Sen. Jake Corman
Jake Corman
declares victory over NCAA
NCAA
with repeal of its sanctions on Penn State". PennLive.com. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ Ganim, Sara (September 13, 2012). "Penn State alumni group releases analysis critical of Freeh report". The Patriot-News. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
family to sue NCAA". ESPN.com. May 30, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-01.  ^ " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
family report calls Freeh report on Sandusky scandal a total failure - ESPN". ESPN.com.  ^ Horne, Kevin (March 12, 2012). " Bob Costas
Bob Costas
Talks Freeh Report, NCAA, and Paterno". Onward State.  ^ "themorningcall.com: Nittany Lines Blog". Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ Van Natta, Don (Nov 12, 2014). "Docs: NCAA, Freeh worked together". espn.com. ESPN. Retrieved Dec 3, 2017.  ^ "Emails show NCAA
NCAA
uncertainty about Penn State case". USA TODAY. Nov 5, 2014.  ^ Wolken, Dan (Nov 5, 2014). "NCAA's Penn State email trouble starts in presidents' outboxes". USA TODAY.  ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. Emails showed Oregon State President Ed Ray, NCAA
NCAA
executive committee chair, urged Emmert to act quickly on the Freeh Report, and Emmert expressed a desire to "leverage the moment." Ray acknowledged he never actually read the report because he was vacationing in Hawaii at the time.  ^ "Emails show NCAA
NCAA
worked with Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
in Penn State investigation". Yahoo Sports. November 12, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ "Paterno family and others file lawsuit against NCAA". CNN.com. May 29, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-01.  ^ Johnson, Kevin (July 16, 2013). "Penn State leaders don't endorse Sandusky coverup findings". USA Today. Retrieved July 6, 2015.  ^ Associated Press (Jan 28, 2015). "Penn State president on Freeh investigation: 'I'm not a fan of the report'".  ^ Zeise, Paul (December 4, 2006). "Outback Bowl matches Penn State with Tennessee". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ Gorman, Kevin (November 2, 1994). "Paterno mum on poll puzzle, supports playoffs". The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ Gorman, Kevin (September 9, 1995). "Penn State's title hopes bowled over; no playoff in sight". The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on March 29, 2001. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ Sampsell, Steve (April 26, 1988). "College athletes: To pay or not to pay?". The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ DiSalvo, Pat (October 7, 2005). "National Notebook - Freshmen Williams, King lead Nittany Lions back to national prominence". The Daily Orange. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2008.  ^ "Paterno and Ditka: NFL Should Get Rid Of Facemasks". NBC4 Washington. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ a b Angert, Alexander (December 7, 2011). "Penn State football program ranks No. 1 in New America Foundation's Academic Bowl Championship Series". The Patriot-News. Retrieved December 7, 2011.  ^ Fittipaldo, Ray (October 2, 2002). "Paterno says no apology needed". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-09-20.  ^ Frantz, Jeff (October 19, 2002). "Coaches critical after botched calls". The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ Pointer, Michael (August 4, 2004). " Big Ten
Big Ten
reveals instant replay details". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ "Instant Replay rundown for the 2005 season". fanblogs.com. August 29, 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-26.  ^ a b Fittipaldo, Ray (May 23, 2005). "When we say JoePa YOU SAY . ." Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on November 14, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  ^ "Penn State Football Student-Athletes Earn No. 2 Graduation Rate Among AP Top 25 Teams". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. October 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-31.  ^ "Paterno's Payback? Penn State Football No. 1 in Academics – TIME Ideas – TIME.com". Time. December 7, 2011.  ^ The 2011 Academic Bowl Championship Series
Bowl Championship Series
NewAmerica.net Archived April 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Joe Paterno". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  ^ "Paterno Library: 150 Years: Penn State Sesquicentennial". Centre Daily Times. February 22, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-30. [dead link] ^ "Franco Harris' bakery honors Paterno on boxes of doughnuts, buns". The Times-Tribune. January 26, 2007. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  ^ Drachler, Stephen; Higham, Scott J. (August 16, 1988). "Penn State buttons have Pa. delegates rooting for Paterno". The Morning Call. Allentown, PA. p. A4. Retrieved May 7, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Fernandez, Bernard (January 3, 2007). "Forward thinking: Paterno on board with players' great 2007 expectations". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved 2007-01-30. [dead link] ^ Joyce, Tom (July 10, 2004). "Thousands cheer Bush". York Daily Record. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.  ^ "Paterno Touted For Governorship". Associated Press. January 17, 1974.  ^ "U.S. House of Representatives – Pennsylvania 17th". 2004 Election Results. CNN. November 23, 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  ^ Pickel, Janet (March 29, 2008). "Republican JoePa's son backs Obama". The Patriot-News. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ Armas, Genaro C. (2009-08-30). " Sue Paterno
Sue Paterno
more than coach's wife". The Reporter. Retrieved 2012-01-25.  ^ Nark, Jason. "Paterno's place of peace: In Avalon, he's just a 'regular Joe'", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 11, 2011. Accessed August 23, 2015. "This town's motto is 'Cooler by a Mile,' and for 25 years Paterno and his family have traveled more than 250 miles to chill out inside a comparatively modest two-story house nestled between certifiable mansions on the dunes." ^ We Are Penn State! by Joe and Sue Paterno. Mascot Books (August 1, 2007). ISBN 978-1-932888-49-2 ^ Fittipaldo, Ray (November 5, 2006). "Paterno leaves field after taking hit". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ "Paterno says he likes coaching from press box". ESPN. August 1, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2011.  ^ "Penn State stifles Tennessee in Outback". NBC Sports. January 1, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2011.  ^ Flounders, Bob (November 23, 2008). "Paterno has hip replacement surgery". The Patriot-News. Retrieved December 9, 2010.  ^ Knoll, Cornina (December 31, 2008). " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
will coach from press box during Rose Bowl". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 9, 2010.  ^ " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
has lung cancer, son says". CBS News. November 18, 2011.  ^ "Legendary Penn State coach Paterno dead at 85". CNN. January 22, 2012.  ^ "Joe Paterno, 85, dies in State College". ESPN. January 22, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2012.  ^ a b "Statements on the death of Joe Paterno". Fox News. January 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-22.  ^ Associated Press (January 23, 2012). "Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett orders flags to half-staff for Penn State coach Joe Paterno". PennLive. Retrieved February 5, 2013.  ^ Erik Brady, Thousands gather for Paterno funeral and procession, USA Today (January 25, 2012). Retrieved on July 12, 2012. ^ Id. ^ Jan Murphy, Joe Paterno's grave site is drawing longtime fans back to State College to pay their respects, Patriot-News (February 9, 2012). Retrieved on July 12, 2012. ^ Erik Brady, Penn State pays tribute to Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
at memorial service, USA Today
USA Today
(January 26, 2012). Retrieved on July 12, 2012. ^ Ivan Maisel, Memorial brings Penn State together, ESPN.com (January 26, 2012). Retrieved on July 12, 2012. ^ "Freeh Report: Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
Knew In 1998". Deadspin. 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2015-01-16.  ^ Justin Sablich, Ford Fessenden and Alan McLean (2012-07-23). "Timeline: The Penn State Scandal". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-18. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Harrington, Mark (September 20, 2008). "JoePa is back On Top". Fight On State. Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.  ^ " NCAA
NCAA
All-Divisions Coaching Records" (PDF).  ^ "Joe Paterno's 111 wins that were vacated will be restored". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 7, 2016. 

External links

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Penn State profile Joe Paterno
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Joe Paterno
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Joe Paterno
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 

Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
at Find a Grave

Links to related articles

v t e

Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
head football coaches

George W. Hoskins
George W. Hoskins
(1892–1895) Samuel B. Newton
Samuel B. Newton
(1896–1898) Sam Boyle
Sam Boyle
(1899) Pop Golden
Pop Golden
(1900–1902) Daniel A. Reed
Daniel A. Reed
(1903) Tom Fennell
Tom Fennell
(1904–1908) Bill Hollenback
Bill Hollenback
(1909) Jack Hollenback (1910) Bill Hollenback
Bill Hollenback
(1911–1914) Dick Harlow (1915–1917) Hugo Bezdek (1918–1929) Bob Higgins (1930–1948) Joe Bedenk
Joe Bedenk
(1949) Rip Engle
Rip Engle
(1950–1965) Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
(1966–2011) Tom Bradley # (2011) Bill O'Brien (2012–2013) James Franklin (2014– )

Pound sign (#) denotes interim head coach.

v t e

Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
athletic directors

Hugo Bezdek (1918–1936) Carl P. Schott (1937–1953) Ernie McCoy (1953–1968) Edward M. Czekaj (1968–1980) Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
(1980–1982) Jim Tarman (1982–1993) Timothy Curley (1994–2011) David Joyner (2011–2014) Sandy Barbour (2014– )

v t e

Penn State child sex abuse scandal

Key figures

Jerry Sandusky Mark Emmert Mike McQueary Graham Spanier Joe Paterno Tim Curley Gary Schultz

Law enforcement/investigation

Ray Gricar Tom Corbett Linda L. Kelly Louis Freeh

Organizations

The Second Mile Pennsylvania State University Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
football Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
statue

Media

The Patriot-News / Sara Ganim Touched: The Jerry Sandusky Story Game Over Paterno (Joe Posnanski) Silent No More Happy Valley

v t e

1982 Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
football—consensus national champions

Walker Lee Ashley Todd Blackledge Duffy Cobbs Shane Conlan Bill Contz Gregg Garrity Ralph Giacomarro Don Graham Harry Hamilton Ron Heller Kenny Jackson Ken Kelley Scott Radecic Mark Robinson Curt Warner Mike Zordich

Head coach: Joe Paterno

Assistant coaches: Tom Bradley Jim Caldwell Peter Giunta John Rosenberg Jerry Sandusky

v t e

1986 Penn State Nittany Lions
Penn State Nittany Lions
football—consensus national champions

Mike Alexander John Bruno Duffy Cobbs Andre Collins Shane Conlan Chris Conlin D. J. Dozier Roger Duffy Mitch Frerotte Don Graham Tim Johnson Tim Manoa Quintus McDonald Bob Mrosko Jay Paterno Steve Smith Dave Szott Blair Thomas Michael Timpson Steve Wisniewski

Head coach: Joe Paterno

Assistant coaches: Tom Bradley Jim Caldwell Ron Dickerson Jerry Sandusky

v t e

AFCA Division I FBS Coach of the Year winners

1935: Waldorf 1936: Harlow 1937: Mylin 1938: Kern 1939: Anderson 1940: Shaughnessy 1941: Leahy 1942: Alexander 1943: Stagg 1944: Widdoes 1945: McMillin 1946: Blaik 1947: Crisler 1948: Oosterbaan 1949: Wilkinson 1950: Caldwell 1951: Taylor 1952: Munn 1953: Tatum 1954: Sanders 1955: Daugherty 1956: Wyatt 1957: Hayes 1958: Dietzel 1959: Schwartzwalder 1960: Warmath 1961: Bryant 1962: McKay 1963: Royal 1964: Broyles & Parseghian 1965: Prothro 1966: Cahill 1967: Pont 1968: Paterno 1969: Schembechler 1970: McClendon & Royal 1971: Bryant 1972: McKay 1973: Bryant 1974: Teaff 1975: Kush 1976: Majors 1977: James 1978: Paterno 1979: Bruce 1980: Dooley 1981: Ford 1982: Paterno 1983: Hatfield 1984: Edwards 1985: DeBerry 1986: Paterno 1987: MacPherson 1988: Nehlen 1989: McCartney 1990: Ross 1991: B. Lewis 1992: Stallings 1993: Alvarez 1994: Osborne 1995: Barnett 1996: Br. Snyder 1997: Carr 1998: Fulmer 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Coker & Friedgen 2002: Tressel 2003: Carroll 2004: Tuberville 2005: Paterno 2006: Grobe 2007: Mangino 2008: Whittingham 2009: Patterson 2010: C. Kelly 2011: Miles 2012: B. Kelly 2013: Cutcliffe 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: MacIntyre 2017: Frost

v t e

Paul "Bear" Bryant Award winners

1986: Paterno 1987: MacPherson 1988: Holtz 1989: McCartney 1990: Ross 1991: James 1992: Stallings 1993: Bowden 1994: Brooks 1995: Barnett 1996: Br. Snyder 1997: Carr 1998: Bi. Snyder 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Coker 2002: Tressel 2003: Saban 2004: Tuberville 2005: Brown 2006: Petersen 2007: Mangino 2008: Whittingham 2009: Petersen 2010: Chizik 2011: Gundy 2012: O'Brien 2013: Malzahn 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: Swinney 2017: Frost

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Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year Award winners

1976: Dooley 1977: Schembechler 1978: Osborne 1979: Edwards 1980: Bowden 1981: Paterno 1982: G. MacIntyre 1983: Hatfield 1984: Wacker 1985: DeBerry 1986: Sheridan 1987: MacPherson 1988: Nehlen 1989: Curry 1990: Ross 1991: Welsh 1992: Robinson 1993: Alvarez 1994: Goldsmith 1995: Barnett 1996: Sutton 1997: Price 1998: Snyder 1999: Beamer 2000: O'Leary 2001: Friedgen 2002: Tressel 2003: Stoops 2004: Johnson 2005: Paterno 2006: Grobe 2007: Carr 2008: Brown 2009: Patterson 2010: Petersen 2011: Swinney 2012: Snyder 2013: Cutcliffe 2014: Saban 2015: Ferentz 2016: M. MacIntyre 2017: Shaw

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Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year Award winners

1957: Hayes 1958: Dietzel 1959: Schwartzwalder 1960: Warmath 1961: Royal 1962: McKay 1963: Royal 1964: Parseghian 1965: Daugherty 1966: Cahill 1967: Pont 1968: Hayes 1969: Schembechler 1970: Agase 1971: Devaney 1972: McKay 1973: Majors 1974: Teaff 1975: Hayes 1976: Majors 1977: Holtz 1978: Paterno 1979: Bruce 1980: Dooley 1981: Ford 1982: Paterno 1983: Schnellenberger 1984: Edwards 1985: DeBerry 1986: Paterno 1987: MacPherson 1988: Holtz 1989: McCartney 1990: Ross 1991: James 1992: Stallings 1993: Bowden 1994: Brooks 1995: Barnett 1996: Snyder 1997: Price 1998: Fulmer 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Friedgen 2002: Tressel 2003: Saban 2004: Meyer 2005: Weis 2006: Schiano 2007: Mangino 2008: Saban 2009: Patterson 2010: C. Kelly 2011: Gundy 2012: B. Kelly 2013: Malzahn 2014: Patterson 2015: Ferentz 2016: MacIntyre 2017: Frost

v t e

George Munger Award winners

1989: Schembechler 1990: Paterno 1991: James 1992: Stallings 1993: Bowden 1994: Paterno 1995: Barnett 1996: Snyder 1997: Carr 1998: Fulmer 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Friedgen 2002: Willingham 2003: Carroll 2004: Meyer 2005: Paterno 2006: Schiano 2007: Mangino 2008: Leach 2009: Patterson 2010: Beamer 2011: Hoke 2012: O'Brien 2013: Cutcliffe 2014: Mullen 2015: Swinney 2016: Saban 2017: Smart

v t e

The Home Depot Coach of the Year Award winners

1994: Brooks 1995: Barnett 1996: Bowden 1997: Price 1998: Fulmer 1999: Solich 2000: Stoops 2001: Friedgen 2002: Willingham 2003: Carroll 2004: Meyer 2005: Paterno 2006: Schiano 2007: Mangino 2008: Saban 2009: Kelly 2010: Chizik 2011: Miles 2012: Kelly 2013: Malzahn 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: MacIntyre 2017: Frost

v t e

Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award winners

1967: Pont 1968: Hayes 1969: Schembechler 1970: Blackman 1971: Devaney 1972: Paterno 1973: Majors 1974: Switzer 1975: Kush 1976: Burns 1977: Holtz 1978: Powers 1979: Mackovic 1980: Dooley 1981: Sherrill 1982: Stovall 1983: White 1984: Morrison 1985: DeBerry 1986: Johnson 1987: MacPherson 1988: Nehlen 1989: McCartney 1990: Ross 1991: B. Bowden 1992: Stallings 1993: T. Bowden 1994: Paterno 1995: Barnett 1996: Br. Snyder 1997: Carr 1998: Bi. Snyder 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Friedgen 2002: Ferentz 2003: Stoops 2004: Tuberville 2005: Paterno 2006: Schiano 2007: Mangino 2008: Saban 2009: Patterson 2010: C. Kelly 2011: Miles 2012: B. Kelly 2013: Cutcliffe 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: MacIntyre 2017: Richt

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Associated Press College Football Coach of the Year Award winners

1998: Snyder 1999: Beamer 2000: Stoops 2001: Friedgen 2002: Ferentz 2003: Saban 2004: Tuberville 2005: Paterno 2006: Grobe 2007: Mangino 2008: Saban 2009: Patterson 2010: C. Kelly 2011: Miles 2012: B. Kelly 2013: Malzahn 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: MacIntyre 2017: Frost

v t e

Sporting News College Football Coach of the Year winners

1963: Royal 1964: Broyles 1965: Daugherty 1966: Parseghian 1967: Pont 1968: Hayes 1969: Royal 1970: Ralston 1971: Fairbanks 1972: McKay 1973: Switzer 1974: Claiborne 1975: Bellard 1976: Majors 1977: Holtz 1978: Rogers 1979: Mackovic 1980: Dooley 1981: Fry 1982: MacIntyre 1983: White 1984: Wacker 1985: Schembechler 1986: Cooper 1987: MacPherson 1988: Holtz 1989: No Award 1990: Ross 1991: James 1992: Erickson 1993: Bowden 1994: Brooks 1995: Barnett 1996: Br. Snyder 1997: Price 1998: Fulmer 1999: J. Jones 2000: Erickson 2001: Friedgen 2002: Tressel 2003: Meyer 2004: Tuberville 2005: Paterno 2006: Grobe 2007: Mangino 2008: Saban 2009: Patterson 2010: C. Kelly 2011: Bi. Snyder 2012: B. Kelly 2013: Malzahn & Cutcliffe 2014: Patterson 2015: Swinney 2016: Franklin 2017: Smart

v t e

Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Sportsperson of the Year

1954: Roger Bannister 1955: Johnny Podres 1956: Bobby Morrow 1957: Stan Musial 1958: Rafer Johnson 1959: Ingemar Johansson 1960: Arnold Palmer 1961: Jerry Lucas 1962: Terry Baker 1963: Pete Rozelle 1964: Ken Venturi 1965: Sandy Koufax 1966: Jim Ryun 1967: Carl Yastrzemski 1968: Bill Russell 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: Bobby Orr 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
& John Wooden 1973: Jackie Stewart 1974: Muhammad Ali 1975: Pete Rose 1976: Chris Evert 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Jack Nicklaus 1979: Terry Bradshaw
Terry Bradshaw
& Willie Stargell 1980: U.S. Olympic Hockey Team 1981: Sugar Ray Leonard 1982: Wayne Gretzky 1983: Mary Decker 1984: Edwin Moses
Edwin Moses
& Mary Lou Retton 1985: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 1986: Joe Paterno 1987: Bob Bourne, Judi Brown King, Kipchoge Keino, Dale Murphy, Chip Rives, Patty Sheehan, Rory Sparrow, & Reggie Williams 1988: Orel Hershiser 1989: Greg LeMond 1990: Joe Montana 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Arthur Ashe 1993: Don Shula 1994: Bonnie Blair
Bonnie Blair
& Johann Olav Koss 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Tiger Woods 1997: Dean Smith 1998: Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
& Sammy Sosa 1999: U.S. Women's Soccer Team 2000: Tiger Woods 2001: Curt Schilling
Curt Schilling
& Randy Johnson 2002: Lance Armstrong 2003: David Robinson & Tim Duncan 2004: Boston Red Sox 2005: Tom Brady 2006: Dwyane Wade 2007: Brett Favre 2008: Michael Phelps 2009: Derek Jeter 2010: Drew Brees 2011: Mike Krzyzewski
Mike Krzyzewski
& Pat Summitt 2012: LeBron James 2013: Peyton Manning 2014: Madison Bumgarner 2015: Serena Williams 2016: LeBron James 2017: José Altuve
José Altuve
& J. J. Watt

v t e

Amos Alonzo Stagg Award winners

1940: Herring Jr. 1941: Cowell 1942–1945 No award given 1946: Rice 1947: Alexander 1948: Dobie, Warner & Zuppke 1949: Harlow 1950 No award given 1951: McLaughry 1952: McMillin 1953: Little 1954: Bible 1955: Tomlin 1956 No award given 1957: Neyland 1958: Bierman 1959: Wilce 1960: Harman 1961: Eliot 1962: Wieman 1963: Kerr 1964: Faurot 1965: Stuhldreher 1966: Moore 1967: Neely 1968: Martin 1969: Engle 1970: Waldorf 1971: Murray 1972: Curtice 1973: Jordan 1974: Gaither 1975: Zornow 1976 No award given 1977: Schwartzwalder 1978: Hamilton 1979: Crisler 1980 No award given 1981: Russell 1982: Robinson 1983: Bryant 1984: Wilkinson 1985: Daugherty 1986: Hayes 1987: Scovell 1988: McCracken 1989: Nelson 1990: Casanova 1991: Blackman 1992: McClendon 1993: Jackson 1994: Devaney 1995: Merritt 1996: Neinas 1997: Parseghian 1998: Reade 1999: Schembechler 2000: Osborne 2001: Dooley 2002: Paterno 2003: Edwards 2004: Schipper 2005: Fry 2006: Teaff 2007: Curry 2008: Walsh 2009: Gagliardi 2010: Royal 2011: Bowden 2012: DeBerry 2013: Westering 2014: Slocum 2015: Hatfield 2016: Cooper 2017: Nehlen 2018: Broyles

v t e

National Football Foundation Distinguished American Award recipients

1966: Carpenter 1969: MacLeish 1970: Lombardi 1971: Boyden 1972: Holland 1973: No award 1974: Hope 1975: Hesburgh 1976: Van Fleet 1977: Joyce 1978: No award 1979: Galbreath 1980: Russell 1981: Werblin 1982: Silver Anniversary (all honored) – Brown, Davis, Kemp, Ron Kramer, Swink 1983: Hess & Stewart 1984: Nelson 1985: Flynn 1986: Toner 1987: Sewell 1988: Rodgers 1989: Krause 1990: Rozelle 1991: Paterno 1992: Mara 1993: Kazmaier 1994: Bolden 1995: Osborne 1996: Monan, S.J 1997: No award 1998: Roy Kramer 1999: No award 2000: Decio 2001: Frank 2002: Young 2003: Khayat 2004: Casciola 2005: Page 2006: Tillman 2007: Bleier 2008: Pickens 2009: Payne 2010: Brokaw 2011: Roberts 2012: Bodenheimer 2013: Odierno 2014: No award 2015: Byrne, Tew & White 2016: McRaven

v t e

National Football Foundation Gold Medal winners

1958: Dwight D. Eisenhower 1959: Douglas MacArthur 1960: Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
& Amos Alonzo Stagg 1961: John F. Kennedy 1962: Byron "Whizzer" White 1963: Roger Q. Blough 1964: Donold B. Lourie 1965: Juan T. Trippe 1966: Earl H. "Red" Blaik 1967: Frederick L. Hovde 1968: Chester J. LaRoche 1969: Richard Nixon 1970: Thomas J. Hamilton 1971: Ronald Reagan 1972: Gerald Ford 1973: John Wayne 1974: Gerald B. Zornow 1975: David Packard 1976: Edgar B. Speer 1977: Louis H. Wilson 1978: Vincent dePaul Draddy 1979: William P. Lawrence 1980: Walter J. Zable 1981: Justin W. Dart 1982: Silver Anniversary Awards (NCAA) - All Honored Jim Brown, Willie Davis, Jack Kemp, Ron Kramer, Jim Swink 1983: Jack Kemp 1984: John F. McGillicuddy 1985: William I. Spencer 1986: William H. Morton 1987: Charles R. Meyer 1988: Clinton E. Frank 1989: Paul Brown 1990: Thomas H. Moorer 1991: George H. W. Bush 1992: Donald R. Keough 1993: Norman Schwarzkopf 1994: Thomas S. Murphy 1995: Harold Alfond 1996: Gene Corrigan 1997: Jackie Robinson 1998: John H. McConnell 1999: Keith Jackson 2000: Fred M. Kirby II 2001: Billy Joe "Red" McCombs 2002: George Steinbrenner 2003: Tommy Franks 2004: William V. Campbell 2005: Jon F. Hanson 2006: Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
& Bobby Bowden 2007: Pete Dawkins
Pete Dawkins
& Roger Staubach 2008: John Glenn 2009: Phil Knight
Phil Knight
& Bill Bowerman 2010: Bill Cosby 2011: Robert Gates 2012: Roscoe Brown 2013: National Football League
National Football League
& Roger Goodell 2014: Tom Catena
Tom Catena
& George Weiss 2015: Condoleezza Rice 2016: Archie Manning

v t e

NCAA Gerald R. Ford Award winners

2004: Hesburgh 2005: Friday 2006: Bayh & Wooden 2007: Grant 2008: Frank 2009: King 2010: Brand 2011: revoked * 2012: Pat Summitt

*Note: The 2011 Gerald R. Ford
Gerald R. Ford
Award was originally awarded to Joe Paterno, but the NCAA
NCAA
later revoked the award after the Penn State child sex abuse scandal.

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 28630323 LCCN: n88183330 SN

.