Jodocus Hondius (Latinized version of his Dutch name: Joost de Hondt)
(14 October 1563 – 12 February 1612) was a Flemish engraver and
cartographer. He is sometimes called
Jodocus Hondius the Elder to
distinguish him from his son
Jodocus Hondius II. Hondius is best known
for his early maps of the
New World and Europe, for re-establishing
the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits
of Francis Drake. One of the notable representatives in the Golden Age
of Dutch/Netherlandish cartography, he helped establish
the center of cartography in
Europe in the 17th century.
2 Links with Richard Norwood
3 Portrayal of celestial globe in Vermeer's The Astronomer
5 See also
8 External links
Hondius was born in
Wakken and grew up in Ghent. In his early years he
established himself as an engraver, instrument maker and globe maker.
In 1584 he moved to
London to escape religious difficulties in
Hondius map of bay of New Albion
While in England, Hondius was instrumental in publicizing the work of
Francis Drake, who had made a circumnavigation of the world in the
late 1570s. In particular, in 1589 Hondius produced a now famous map
of the bay of New Albion, where Drake briefly established a settlement
on the west coast of North America. Hondius's map was based on journal
and eyewitness accounts of the trip and has long fueled speculation
about the precise location of Drake's landing, which has not yet been
firmly established by historians. Hondius is also thought to be the
artist of several well-known portraits of Drake that are now in the
National Portrait Gallery in London.
Hondius's (or his predecessors') use of multiple sources can be
illustrated by this map of Asia, which shows
Beijing three times:
Khanbaliq (Combalich in the land of "Kitaisk" on the Ob
River, and Cambalu, in "Cataia") and once as Paquin (Beijing), in the
prefecture of Xuntien (Shuntian)
In 1593 he moved to Amsterdam, where he remained until the end of his
life. In co-operation with the
Amsterdam publisher Cornelis Claesz. in
1604 he purchased the plates of Gerard Mercator's Atlas from
Mercator's grandson. Mercator's work had languished in comparison to
the rival Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Ortelius. Hondius republished
Mercator's work with 36 additional maps, including several which he
himself had produced. Despite the addition of his own contributions,
Hondius gave Mercator full credit as the author of the work, listing
himself as the publisher. Hondius's new edition of Mercator's work was
a great success, selling out after a year. Hondius later published a
second edition, as well as a pocket version Atlas Minor. The maps have
since become known as the "Mercator/Hondius series".
In the French edition of the Atlas Minor we find one of the first
instances of a thematic map using map symbols. This is a map entitled
Designatio orbis christiani (1607) showing the dispersion of major
Between 1605 and 1610 he was employed by
John Speed to engrave the
plates for Speed's The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine.
Hondius died, aged 48, in Amsterdam. After his death, his publishing
Amsterdam was continued by his widow, two sons, Jodocus II and
Henricus, and son-in-law Johannes Janssonius, whose name appears on
the Atlas as co-publisher after 1633. Eventually, starting with the
first 1606 edition in Latin, about 50 editions of the Atlas were
released in the main European languages. In the Islamic world, the
atlas was partially translated by the Turkish scholar Kâtip Çelebi.
The series is sometimes called the "Mercator/Hondius/Janssonius"
series because of Janssonius's later contributions.
Links with Richard Norwood
Leo Belgicus (1611).
Hondius's Mappa Aestivarum Insularum, alias Barmudas dictarum ...
Amsterdam c. 1633) is a famous map of Bermuda. The ‘Sea Venture’
George Somers was wrecked off
Bermuda in 1609 and the
surviving Englishmen divided the island into Tribes (later Parishes)
and Shares, which are individually listed with their owners at the
foot of the map. Shortly afterwards the Bermudas were granted to the
Virginia Company, hence various references to the Company on the map
including the distance to the
Roanoke Colony in Virginia. The
miniature map with its own scale, top left, shows the island's
position relative to the Virginian coast. Hondius derived his map from
Richard Norwood's survey which was carried out in 1622 and published
John Speed in 1627. Unlike this entry, which has Hondius working
from survey material ten years after he died, it remains one of the
most accurate and decorative maps of the period.
Portrayal of celestial globe in Vermeer's The Astronomer
Scholars have argued that the celestial globe depicted in celebrated
17th-century painter Johannes Vermeer's 1668 The Astronomer was based
on a work by Hondius. It appears that Vermeer copied the design of a
celestial globe offered for sale in 1618 in
Amsterdam crafted by
Hondius. The globe can be found in the Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam.
Hondius Inlet in
Antarctica is named after Jodocus Hondius.
Cartography in the Dutch Republic
Henricus Hondius II
Golden Age of Netherlandish cartography
Golden Age of Netherlandish cartography (also known as the Golden Age
of Dutch and Flemish cartography)
^ Van der Dussen, Jan and Kevin Wilson (1995). The History of the Idea
of Europe. Routledge. p. 28.
^ "Venezuela with the Southern Part of New Andalusia". World Digital
Library. 1612–1699. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
Peter van der Krogt (ed.): Koeman's atlantes Neerlandici, Vol. 1: The
folio atlases published by Gerard Mercator, Jodocus Hondius, Henricus
Hondius, Johannes Janssonius and their successors, ’t Goy-Houten
1997, ISBN 90-6194-268-3
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jodocus Hondius.
National Portrait Gallery: Hondius portraits of Francis Drake
A newly discovered Hondius map -
Jodocus Hondius 1603 map of the world
Hondius map of
Europe dating from 1609 at the American Geographical
Celestial Globe from 1600 at Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum
ISNI: 0000 0001 2134 4599
BNF: cb15238381d (data)