The Info List - Joan Ganz Cooney

Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
(born Joan Ganz; November 30, 1929) is an American television producer. She is one of the founders of Sesame Workshop (originally Children's Television Workshop or CTW), the organization famous for the creation of the children's television show Sesame Street, which was also co-created by her. Cooney grew up in Phoenix, Arizona
and earned a B.A. degree in education from the University of Arizona
in 1951. After working for the State Department in Washington, D.C. and as a journalist in Phoenix, she worked as a publicist for television and production companies in New York City. In 1961, she became interested in working for educational television, and became a documentary producer for New York's first educational TV station WNET (Channel 13). Many of the programs she produced won local Emmys. In 1966, Cooney hosted what she called "a little dinner party"[1] at her apartment near Gramercy Park. In attendance was her then-husband Tim Cooney, her boss Lewis Freedman, and Lloyd Morrisett, an executive at the Carnegie Corporation, in which the potential of television to teach young children was discussed. Cooney was chosen to oversee and direct the creation of what eventually became the children's television program Sesame Street, which premiered in 1969, and the CTW, the organization that oversaw its production. Cooney was named CTW's first executive director. As one of the first female executives in American television, her appointment was called "one of the most important television developments of the decade".[2] Cooney remained executive director of the CTW until 1990, when she became the chair of CTW's executive board. She served on several boards, was the trustees of many organizations, and received many awards and honorary degrees. In 2007, the Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
founded The Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
Center, named in her honor.


1 Early life and education 2 Early career 3 Sesame Street
Sesame Street
and the Children's Television Workshop 4 Later years 5 Honors 6 References 7 External links

Early life and education[edit] Joan Ganz was born on November 30, 1929 in Phoenix, Arizona, to Sylvan Ganz, a banker, and Pauline (née Reddon), a homemaker. Her father was a native Phoenician who was born in the U.S. so that his mother could receive medical care after his birth.[3] Her grandfather Emil Ganz
Emil Ganz
was a tailor from Walldorf, Thuringia
Walldorf, Thuringia
in Germany, who immigrated to the U.S. in 1858 and was president of the First National Bank of Arizona and mayor of Phoenix for three terms.[4] Joan Ganz was the youngest of three siblings.[5] She described her childhood as "upper middle class, country club atmosphere" and stated, "I was raised in the most conventional way, raised to be a housewife and a mother, to work an interesting job when I got out of college, and to marry at the appropriate age, which would have been twenty-five".[6] Her father was Jewish and her mother was Catholic.[7] She attended North High School in Phoenix, where she was active in school plays. She stated that her biggest influence as a teenager was her teacher Bud Brown, whose lectures about the Civil Rights Movement, poverty, the free press, and anti-semitism in Europe "absolutely inflamed"[3] her and changed her life.[6] Brown was later investigated as a Communist.[8] She went to Dominican College, an all-girls Catholic institution in San Rafael, California
San Rafael, California
for a year before transferring to the University of Arizona
in 1948.[9] She stopped acting in college because her father refused to support her in that career. She chose Education, even though she was not interested in becoming a teacher, on the recommendation of her mother[3] and because as she later stated, "It was something that girls of my generation did because teaching was acceptable".[10] Early career[edit] After graduating in 1951, Joan Ganz moved to Washington, D.C., where she worked as a clerk and typist at the State Department. She was exposed to Father James Keller's Christopher Movement, which inspired her to become involved with television and the media. Ganz later said, "Father Keller said that if idealists didn't go into the media, nonidealists would".[10] She returned to Phoenix and despite no experience in journalism,[11] took a job as a reporter at the Arizona Republic. Eighteen months later, in 1953 and at the age of 23, she moved to New York City and was a publicist for the next ten years, initially for David Sarnoff
David Sarnoff
at RCA, then at NBC
writing press releases and soap opera synopses,[10] and then for the United States Steel Hour at CBS.[3][12] During this time, she became involved with liberal Democratic politics and "fell in with a literary set of young writers and editors who gathered at the West Side apartment of Partisan Review editor William Phillips". Some of this "notable group" included Jason Epstein and Norman Mailer.[10] In 1956, after many years of depression, Joan Ganz's father committed suicide at his home in Phoenix.[13]

Her literary contacts, political savvy, and vast interest in the "world of ideas"—in addition to disarming self-confidence—got her hired [at Channel 13]. Her masterful organization skills and intuitive grasp of the zeitgeist of the times won her success.

Writer Louise A. Gikow, Sesame Street: A Celebration[12]

While Ganz was working for the U.S. Steel Hour, a colleague left to work for the educational television station WGBH-TV
in Boston; her reaction was life-changing: "What?! There is educational television?!"[12] She later stated, "I knew that I was born to be in educational television; it was St. Paul on the highway".[14] In 1961, she began to track the progress of a court case in which a New York City nonprofit group was attempting to acquire Newark, New Jersey-based independent station WNTA-TV (channel 13), which would become the precursor of PBS
station WNET, the first public television station in the New York area.[15] When channel 13 became non-commercial two years later as WNDT, Joan Ganz applied for a position as the station's publicist, but the general manager told her they needed producers. "I can produce", she told him, even though she had no experience in producing television shows. She later stated, "I've never been qualified for any job I've been hired for".[10] According to television historian Cary O'Dell, WNDT hired her because of the ties she had made through her political activities and associations with Partisan Review.[10] Joan Ganz later said during an interview with the Archive of American Television that the transition to becoming a documentary producer was not difficult for her because she was well-read and aware of the issues of the day, adding, "I felt like I'd died and gone to heaven, dealing with foreign policy and domestic policy and civil rights, which became the great passion in those years for me".[14] Taking a pay cut,[16] she and her boss Lewis Freedman produced what author Michael Davis called "a series of teach-ins on major issues".[17] One of her first programs was called Court of Reason, a weekly live debate show; notable guests included Malcolm X
Malcolm X
and Calvin Butts. She produced a debate show on America's policy about Cuba
that aired the week before the Cuban Missile Crisis. She also produced another debate show called Poverty, Anti-Poverty, and the World, in which poor people were brought into the studio to confront the government officials responsible for developing anti-poverty programs.[12][14][15] Although the ratings were low, Joan Ganz and Freedman won Emmys for its production, and as Davis stated, "the viewers who did tune in were serious-minded adults who cared about matters of race, injustice, and the imbalance of opportunity in New York and beyond".[17] She also produced inexpensively-made documentaries that she later called "Little Grandma Moses documentaries"[16] for WNDT that were well received by their viewers,[17] including A Chance at the Beginning, which featured the precursor of Head Start that won her a local Emmy
and was later used to train Head Start teachers.[18] She later reported that WNDT had won eight out of 13 New York Emmys in one year.[14] In February 1964, at age 34, she married Timothy Cooney, a staff member of New York mayor Robert Wagner, Jr.
Robert Wagner, Jr.
They met while she was working on A Chance at the Beginning.[14] He was also director of public relations for the New York City Department of Labor and director of New York's Office of Civil Defense. Timothy Cooney would eventually become "an unpaid advocate for the urban poor".[19] Joan Cooney credited him, whom Davis called "a radical feminist",[20] for making her into a feminist, and later said that he was very supportive and encouraging.[19] Davis called the Cooneys "a delightfully unmatched set, a Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
and Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
two-some who married despite differences in upbringing, station, and sobriety".[21]

Joan Ganz Cooney, in her apartment, portrait by Lynn Gilbert, 1977, New York.

Sesame Street
Sesame Street
and the Children's Television Workshop[edit] In the winter of 1966, Cooney hosted what she called "a little dinner party"[1] at her apartment near Gramercy Park. In attendance was her husband Tim Cooney, her boss Lewis Freedman, and Lloyd and Mary Morrisett, whom the Cooneys knew socially.[22] Lloyd Morrisett
Lloyd Morrisett
was a mid-level executive at Carnegie Corporation (who later became its CEO), and was then responsible for funding educational research. The conversation turned to the possibilities of using television to educate young children; Morrisett raised the question, "Do you think television could be used to teach young children?" Cooney replied, "I don't know, but I'd like to talk about it."[23] According to Davis, the party was the start of a five-decade long professional relationship between Cooney and Morrisett.[23] A week later, Cooney and Freedman met with Morrisett at the offices of Carnegie Corporation to discuss doing a feasibility study on creating an educational television program for preschoolers.[24] Freedman was opposed to Cooney's involvement because he did not think she would be interested in a project that focused on children and because he did not want to lose her at WNDT, but she was chosen to do the study.[1] In the summer of 1967 Cooney took a leave of absence from WNDT and, funded by Carnegie Corporation, traveled the U.S. and Canada interviewing experts in child development, education, and television. She reported her findings in a fifty-five-page document entitled "The Potential Uses of Television in Preschool Education".[25] The report, which Gikow called "a schematic for the show Sesame Street
Sesame Street
would become",[26] described what the new show would look like and proposed the creation of a company that oversaw its production, which eventually became known as the Children's Television Workshop (CTW).[1][27] Cooney later stated that her undergraduate training in Education helped her research and write the study, and that it, along with her Emmy, provided her with credibility in the eyes of both the experts she interviewed and the new show's funding sources.[1] Davis credited Cooney's motivation to be involved with the project with her journalism skills, learned early in her career, and her idealism, which drove her to want to, as she put it, "make a difference".[28] She later told an interviewer, "I could do a thousand documentaries on poverty and poor people that would be watched by a handful of the convinced, but I was never really going to have an influence on my times".[28] She later told Davis, "Preschoolers were not necessarily my thing. It was using television in a constructive way that turned me on".[29] At first, Cooney assumed that the project would be produced by WNDT, but when the station's owner rejected the proposal and questioned Cooney's credentials, she left the station and went to the Carnegie Corporation as a full-time consultant in May 1967.[30] For the next two years, Cooney and Morrisett worked on researching and developing the new show, raising $8 million for Sesame Street, and establishing the CTW.[31] According to Davis, despite her leadership in the project's initial research and development, Cooney's installment as CTW's executive director was put in doubt due to her lack of high-level managerial experience and leadership, untested financial management skills, and lack of experience in children's television and education. Davis also speculated that sexism was involved, stating, "Doubters also questioned whether a woman could gain the full confidence of a quorum of men from the federal government and two elite philanthropies, institutions whose wealth exceeded the gross national product of entire countries".[32] At first, Cooney did not fight for the position, but with the support of her husband and Morrisett, and after the investors of the project realized that they could not move forward without her, Cooney pursued it and was named executive director of CTW in February 1968.[33] As one of the first female executives in American television, her appointment was called "one of the most important television developments of the decade".[2] Sesame Street
Sesame Street
premiered on PBS
on November 10, 1969.[34][35] In its first season, the show won three Emmys, a Peabody, and was featured on the cover of Time Magazine.[36][37] According to Newsday, "Scores of glowing newspaper and magazine stories fluttered down on Mrs. Cooney and her workshop like confetti onto the heads of conquering heroes".[38] Les Brown of Variety called Cooney "St. Joan".[39] Cooney later reported, "The reception was so incredible. The press adored us; the parents adored us."[40] The first year Sesame Street
Sesame Street
was on the air, Cooney was, as Davis put it, "inundated with attention".[41] Cooney reported that the requests for interviews from the press "were endless",[41] and attributed it to the emergence of the women's movement in the early 1970s. Cooney also testified before Congressional hearings on children and television, starting before the show's premiere.[41] In 1969, Tim and Joan Cooney, who were childless,[42] became "de facto foster parents to an inner-city black child"[43] whom Tim Cooney met while working in Harlem for a civil rights organization. Eventually, the child returned to live with his mother and was killed in New York City before he turned 30.[44] The Cooneys' marriage, which Davis called "turbulent",[43] ended in 1975.[45] Due to Tim Cooney's long history of alcoholism, he was unable to support himself, so Joan Cooney paid him alimony until his death in 1999.[46][47] In August 1975, nine months after separating from her husband, Cooney was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent a radical mastectomy.[48] In 1980, Cooney married businessman Peter G. Peterson, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce under President Richard Nixon.[49] They met when Peterson was on the board of National Educational Television, during her presentation of Sesame Street
Sesame Street
to them.[50] From her marriage to Peterson, she has five stepchildren.[49] Later years[edit] Cooney remained the chairman and chief executive officer of the CTW until 1990, when she stepped down and was replaced by David Britt, who Cooney called her "right-hand for many years".[42] Britt had worked for her at the CTW since 1975 and had been its president and chief operating officer since 1988.[51] At that time, she became chairman of the CTW's executive board, which oversaw its businesses and licensing, and became more involved in the organization's creative side.[51] Cooney served on several committees and corporate boards, including the Mayo Foundation, Chase Manhattan Bank, Johnson & Johnson, and Metropolitan Life Insurance.[49] Cooney recognized that she was invited to serve on these boards because she was a woman, and because companies were trying to be more inclusive. She also did some public speaking on the behalf of the CTW and returning to her roots, worked on documentaries. She credited her involvement with the boards with teaching her how to run an organization and about the business world.[42] In 1990, she was the first female nonperformer to be inducted into the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame, and was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
by President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in 1995.[52] In 2007, Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
founded The Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
Center, an independent, non- profit organization which studies how to improve children's literacy by using and developing digital technologies "grounded in detailed educational curriculum", just as was done during the development of Sesame Street.[53] In 2014, Public Prep launched a full day pre-kindergarten program for low-income 4 year olds living in South Bronx NYC Housing Authority projects, called the Joan Ganz Cooney Early Learning Program.[54] Honors[edit] Unless otherwise stated, the items in this list are from The Museum of Broadcast Communications.

National Institute for Social Sciences Gold Medal, 1971 Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
Award, New York Urban League, 1972 Silver Satellite Award, American Women in Radio and TV, 1979 Woman of the Decade Award, 1979 National Endowment for the Arts, Friends of Education Award, 1981 Kiwanis
Decency Award, 1981 National Association of Educational Broadcasters Distinguished Service Award, 1981 Stephen S. Wise
Stephen S. Wise
Award, 1981 Harris Foundation Award, 1982 Emmy
Award, for Lifetime Achievement, 1989[55] Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame, 1989 University of Arizona
Centennial Medallion Award, 1989 Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1995[52] 10th Anniversary Award, National Alliance of Breast Cancer Organizations, 1996[56] Annenberg Public Policy Center, Distinguished Contribution to Children and Television, 1998 National Women's Hall of Fame, 1998 Association of Educational Publishers Hall of Fame, 2004[57] National Endowment for the Humanities Award, 2006 Literarian Award of the National Book Award, 2010 Honoree, Annual Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
Benefit Gala, 2014[58][59]

Board of directors

Director, Johnson & Johnson[60] Director, Metropolitan Life Insurance
Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company President's Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, 1971–73 National News Council, 1973–81 Council Foreign Relations, 1974–present Advance Committee for Trade Negotiations, 1978–80 Governor's Commission on International Year of the Child, 1979 President's Commission for Agenda for the 1980s, 1980–81 Carnegie Foundation National Panel on High Schools, 1980–82 National Organization for Women
National Organization for Women
(NOW) National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences National Institute Social Sciences International Radio and TV Society American Women in Radio and TV


(Channel 13)[55] Museum of Television & Radio[55] Columbia Presbyterian Hospital National Child Labor Committee[55]

Honorary degrees

Boston College, 1970 Hofstra University, 1970 Ohio Wesleyan University, 1971 Oberlin College, 1972 Princeton University, 1973 Russell Sage College, 1974 University of Arizona, 1975 Harvard University, 1975 Allegheny College, 1976 Georgetown University, 1978 University of Notre Dame, 1982 Smith College, 1986 Brown University, 1987 University of Arizona, 1989[55] Columbia University, 1991 New York University, 1991[61] University of Pennsylvania, 2002[62] Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College
(Doctor of Arts), 2006[55] Northwestern University
Northwestern University
(Doctor of Humane Letters), 2012[63]

References[edit] Citations

^ a b c d e Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 3" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-10. ^ a b Davis, pp. 128–129 ^ a b c d Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 1" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-03. ^ Davis, p. 18 ^ Davis, p. 17 ^ a b O'Dell, p. 67 ^ [1] ^ Davis, p. 22 ^ Davis, p. 23 ^ a b c d e f O'Dell, p. 68 ^ Davis, p. 24 ^ a b c d Gikow, p. 18 ^ Davis, pp. 28–29 ^ a b c d e Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 2" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-03. ^ a b Hellman, Peter. (1987-11-23). "Street Smart: How Big Bird & Company Do It". New York Magazine 20 (46): 51. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ a b Davis, p. 70 ^ a b c Davis, p. 71 ^ Gikow, p. 20 ^ a b O'Dell, p. 69 ^ Davis, p. 63 ^ Davis, p. 64 ^ Davis, p. 12 ^ a b Davis, p. 16 ^ Morrow, p. 47 ^ Davis, pp. 66–67 ^ Gikow, p. 21 ^ In 2000, the CTW changed its name to Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
(SW). ^ a b O'Dell, p. 70 ^ Davis, p. 61 ^ Morrow, p. 53 ^ Morrow, p. 71 ^ Davis, p. 124 ^ Davis, pp. 125–126 ^ Davis, p. 192 ^ Mitgang, Lee D. (2000). Big Bird and Beyond: The New Media and the Markle Foundation. Bronx NY: Fordham University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0823220419. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ Davis, p. 8. Author sources this material to Leo Seligsohn, “Sesame Street”, New York Newsday, February 9, 1970. ^ "Sesame Street: TV's gift to children". TIME Magazine. 23 November 1970. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ Davis, p. 197 ^ Morrow, p. 49 ^ Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 5" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-10. ^ a b c Davis, p. 199 ^ a b c Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 9" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-10 ^ a b Davis, p. 261 ^ Davis, pp. 261–263 ^ Davis, p. 263 ^ Davis, p. 264 ^ Davis, p. 341 ^ O'Dell, p. 74 ^ a b c O'Dell, p. 75 ^ Shirley Wershba (1998-04-27). "Joan Ganz Cooney, Chapter 6" (Video clip). Archive of American Television. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ a b Carter, Bill (1990-07-31). "Children's TV Workshop Head to Step Down". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ a b O'Neill, p. 146 ^ Jensen, Elizabeth (2007-12-06). "Institute Named for ‘Sesame’ Creator". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ Sahm, Charles (25 May 2014). "De Blasio should endorse pre-K at charter schools". NY Post. New York NY. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Adams, Roland (2006-05-01). "Biographical background on 2006 Dartmouth honorary degree recipients Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
(Doctor of Arts)". Dartmouth News. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ Brozan, Nadine (1993-01-30). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-24.  ^ Talking Heads Archived 2010-01-17 at the Wayback Machine. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, retrieved November 23, 2008 ^ Kaplan, Don (30 May 2014). " Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
runs with a wild crowd of Muppets at 'Sesame Street' anniversary". Daily News. New York NY. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ Heyman, Marshall (29 May 2014). "Down for the Count (and Other Muppets)". Wall Street Journal. Washington DC. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ Deutsch,Claudia T. (1988-10-30). "NEW CHIEF: Ralph S. Larsen; Taking the Reins From a Legend". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-10-29. ^ "Commencements; N.Y.U. President Compares Goals and Progress in His Tenure" (1991-05-17). The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ Ackerman, Gina (2002-04-02). "Lehrer to get honorary degree". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved 2012-09-12. ^ Moore, Judy. (2012-06-15). "Honorary Degrees Awarded". Northwestern University News Center. Retrieved 2012-09-12.

Works Cited

Davis, Michael (2008). Street Gang: The Complete History of Sesame Street. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-01996-0 Gikow, Louise A. (2009). Sesame Street: A Celebration— Forty Years of Life on the Street. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57912-638-4. Morrow, Robert W. (2006). Sesame Street
Sesame Street
and the Reform of Children's Television. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8230-3 O'Dell, Cary (1997). Women Pioneers in Television: Biographies of Fifteen Industry Leaders. "Joan Ganz Cooney", pp. 67–80. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-0167-2.

External links[edit]

Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
on IMDb Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
at wowOwow Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
interview video at the Archive of American Television Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America Appearances on C-SPAN

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Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu



Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard


Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull


Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren


Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall


Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert


Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold


Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman



St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer


Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard


Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal


Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

v t e

International Emmy
Founders Award

Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1980) Shaun Sutton / Roone Arledge (1981) Michael Landon
Michael Landon
(1982) Herbert Brodkin (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1985) Donald L. Taffner (1986) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1987) Goar Mestre (1988) Paul Fox (1989) Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
(1990) Adrian Cowell (1991) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1992) Richard Dunn (1993) Film on Four (1994) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(1995) Reg Grundy
Reg Grundy
(1996) Jac Venza
Jac Venza
(1997) Robert Halmi Sr. (1998) Hisashi Hieda
Hisashi Hieda
(1999) John Hendricks (2000) Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
(2001) Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2002) HBO
(2003) MTV International
MTV International
(2004) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2005) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2006) Al Gore
Al Gore
(2007) Dick Wolf
Dick Wolf
(2008) David Frost
David Frost
(2009) Simon Cowell
Simon Cowell
(2010) Nigel Lythgoe
Nigel Lythgoe
(2011) Ryan Murphy / Norman Lear
Norman Lear
/ Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(2012) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2013) Matthew Weiner
Matthew Weiner
(2014) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2015) Shonda Rhimes
Shonda Rhimes

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 169700959 LCCN: n80072668 BN