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JOACHIM HAMANN (18 May 1913 in Kiel
Kiel
– 13 July 1945) was an officer of the _ Einsatzkommando 3
Einsatzkommando 3
_, a killing unit of _ Einsatzgruppe A _, responsible for thousands of Jewish deaths in Lithuania
Lithuania
. Hamann organized and commanded _Rollkommando_ Hamann , a small mobile killing unit composed of 8–10 Germans and several dozens of local Lithuanian collaborators.

Hamann was of Baltic German
Baltic German
parentage. Trained as a chemist, he had difficulties finding a job due to the Great Depression
Great Depression
. He joined SA in August 1931, NSDAP
NSDAP
in December 1932, and SS in July 1938. He served in the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
during the invasion of Poland and Battle of France as a paratrooper (_ Fallschirmjäger _). He returned to Berlin where he joined the SS and completed training courses. In March 1941, he was promoted to SS-_ Obersturmführer _ (First Lieutenant). After the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union , Hamann organized and commanded _Rollkommando_ Hamann which killed at least 39,000 Jews in various locations across Lithuania
Lithuania
and 9,102 people, almost all of whom were Jews, from the Daugavpils Ghetto . Hamann's superior, Karl Jäger , documented these killings in the Jäger Report
Jäger Report
. Nevertheless Martin C. Dean sets the death toll of Rollkommando Hamann to 60.000 murdered people in Lithuania
Lithuania
alone.

Hamann left Lithuania
Lithuania
in October 1941 and continued his SS career. In 1942, SS-_ Hauptsturmführer _ Hamann participated in the Operation _Zeppelin_, a scheme to recruit Soviet POWs for espionage behind Russian lines. From 1943 he worked at Amt IV of RSHA ( Gestapo
Gestapo
). He was involved in apprehending and executing suspected members of the 20 July plot to assassinate Hitler. He was appointed aide to Ernst Kaltenbrunner , Director of the Reich Main Security Office . In January 1945, Hamann was promoted to SS-_ Sturmbannführer _.

After the war, Hamann committed suicide.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ Bubnys, Arūnas (2004). " The Holocaust in Lithuania: An Outline the Major Stages and their Results". In Nikžentaitis, Alvydas. _The Vanished World of Lithuanian Jews_. Rodopi. p. 210. ISBN 9789042008502 . * ^ Voren, Robert van (2011). _Undigested Past: The Holocaust in Lithuania_. Rodopi. p. 76. ISBN 9789401200707 . * ^ _A_ _B_ Stang, Knut (1996). _Kollaboration und Massenmord: die litauische Hilfspolizei, das Rollkommando Hamann und die Ermordung der litauischen Juden_. Lang. pp. 153–54. ISBN 9783631308950 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Aly, Götz; Hoppe, Bert, eds. (2011). _Sowjetunion mit annektierten Gebieten I: Besetzte sowjetische Gebiete unter deutscher Militärverwaltung, Baltikum und Transnistrien_. Oldenbourg Verlag. p. 531. ISBN 9783486589115 . * ^ Ezergailis, Andrew (1996). _ The Holocaust in Latvia 1941-1944: The Missing Center_. Riga: Historical Institute of Latvia. pp. 276–279. ISBN 9984-9054-3-8 . * ^ Dean, Martin C. (2004). "Local Collaboration in the Holocaust in Eastern Europe". In Stone, Dan. _The Historiography of the Holocaust_. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-4039-9927-6 . The case of the Rollkommando Hamann, which murdered some 60,000 Jews mostly in the small towns of Lithuania
Lithuania
between July and September 1941,... . * ^ _A_ _B_ Melamed, Joseph A. "The Mechanized Commando Unit of Haman". Association of Lithuanian Jews in Israel. Retrieved 2014-10-12. * ^ Muñoz, Antonio J. (2000). _The Druzhina SS Brigade: A History, 1941-1943_. Axis Europa Books. p. 16. ISBN 9781891227370 .

* v * t * e

_ Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
_ and _Einsatzkommandos _

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of _Einsatzgruppen_

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of _Einsatzkommandos_, _Sonderkommandos_

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler
Lothar Fendler
* Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann
Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * _ Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz _ * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* _ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
_ (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs _Kommando_ * Lithuanian Security Police * _Rollkommando_ Hamann * TDA * _ Ypatingasis būrys _

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto * Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * _ Intelligenzaktion _ * _AB-Aktion_ * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order * _Einsatzgruppen_ trial * _ Generalplan Ost _ * Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (_Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen_)

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Lithuania
Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine

PEOPLE

PERPETRATORS

* Algimantas Dailidė * Erich Ehrlinger * Joachim Hamann * Karl Jäger * Bruno Kittel * Algirdas Klimaitis * Hinrich Lohse * Franz Murer * Helmut Rauca * Adrian von Renteln * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

* Kazys Binkis * Alexander Bogen * Josef Glazman * Jay M. Ipson * Zelig Kalmanovich * Abba Kovner * Ephraim Oshry * Karl Plagge * Ona Šimaitė * Chiune Sugihara * Abraham Sutzkever * Elchonon Wasserman * Yitzhak Wittenberg * Jacob Wygodzki * See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations * _ Songs of the Vilna Ghetto _

GROUPS

PERPETRATORS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Police Battalions * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

RESISTANCE

* Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

EVENTS

* Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

PLACES

* HKP 562 forced labor camp * Kailis forced labor camp * Kovno Ghetto * Lukiškės Prison * Marcinkonys Ghetto * Ninth Fort * Šiauliai Ghetto * Švenčionys Ghetto * Vilna Ghetto
Vilna Ghetto

* Occupation of Lithuania
Lithuania
by Nazi Germany * History of the Jews in Lithuania
Lithuania

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