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Jingjinji
Jingjinji
Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ)[a], also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, is the national capital region of China. It is the biggest urbanised region in Northern China
China
that includes an economic region surrounding Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, along the coast of the Bohai Sea.[1] This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
in the south and the Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
in the east.

Contents

1 Economy

1.1 Metropolitan areas

2 Major cities 3 Transportation

3.1 Air

3.1.1 Major airports 3.1.2 Regional airports

3.2 Road

3.2.1 Planned road

3.3 High-speed rail

3.3.1 Intercity high-speed rail lines 3.3.2 Other high-speed rail lines 3.3.3 High-speed rail lines planned or under construction

3.4 Suburban railway 3.5 Metro systems 3.6 Light rail

4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

Economy[edit] In 2016, Jingjinji
Jingjinji
produced 10% of China's GDP. [2] Jingjinji
Jingjinji
has traditionally been involved in heavy industries and manufacturing. Tianjin's strengths have always been in aviation, logistics and shipping. Beijing
Beijing
complements this with strong petrochemical, education and R&D industries. The area is becoming a significant growth cluster for the automobile, electronics, petrochemical sectors, automotive industry, software and aircraft, also attracting foreign investments in manufacturing and health services.[3][4] The Chinese central government has made it a priority to integrate all the cities in the Bohai Bay
Bohai Bay
rim and foster economic development. This includes building an advanced communications network, better highways, increased education and scientific resources as well as tapping natural resources off the Bohai rim.[5] In recent decades, petroleum and natural gas deposits have been discovered in Jingjinji
Jingjinji
coast Bo Hai. Metropolitan areas[edit]

Metropolitan area Chinese Cities

Beijing
Beijing
Metropolitan Area 北京城市圈 Běijīng Chéngshì Quān Beijing

Tianjin
Tianjin
Metropolitan Area 天津城市圈 Tiānjīn Chéngshì Quān Tianjin

Major cities[edit] Jingjinji
Jingjinji
includes Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei
Hebei
province. Major cities in these municipalities and provinces include:

City Pinyin Population (2010) Image Information City Map

Beijing 北京 Běijīng 19,612,368

Beijing
Beijing
is a metropolis in northern China
China
and the capital of the People's Republic of China. Governed as a municipality under direct administration of the central government. Beijing
Beijing
is China's second largest city after Shanghai, with more than 17 million people in Beijing's area of jurisdiction.

Tianjin 天津 Tiānjīn 12,938,224

The third largest city of the People's Republic of China
China
in terms of urban population. Administratively it is one of the four municipalities that have provincial-level status, reporting directly to the central government. Also, its urban land area is the third largest in China, ranked only after Beijing
Beijing
and Shanghai.

Baoding 保定 Bǎodìng 10,029,197

Baoding
Baoding
is the third largest city in Hebei,ranked only after Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
and Tangshan.The city located between Beijing
Beijing
and Shijiazhuang,which has a convient transportation.

Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Shíjiāzhuāng 9,547,869

Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is the capital of Hebei,it is also the third largest city in Jingjinji,ranked only after Beijing
Beijing
and Tianjin.

Tangshan 唐山 Tángshān 7,577,284

Tangshan, a coastal city along the Bohai Bay
Bohai Bay
and neighboring Tianjin.The city is the second largest city in Hebei,ranked only after Shijiazhuang. Tangshan
Tangshan
has a closed economic connection with Beijing.It is also known for the 1976 Tangshan
Tangshan
earthquake.

Cangzhou 沧州 Cāngzhōu 7,134,053

A city in south-east Hebei,which near the Bohai Sea.The city also neighboring Tianjin.

Langfang 廊坊 Lángfāng 4,358,839

A city between Beijing
Beijing
and Tianjin.The city developed rapidly recent years.

Zhangjiakou 张家口 Zhāngjiākǒu 4,345,491

A city in north-west Hebei,neighboring Beijing.

Chengde 承德 Chéngdé 3,473,197

A city in north-east Hebei,which has many places of interest.

Transportation[edit] Air[edit] Major airports[edit]

Beijing
Beijing
Capital International Airport Beijing
Beijing
Daxing International Airport (u/c) Tianjin
Tianjin
Binhai
Binhai
International Airport Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Zhengding International Airport

Regional airports[edit]

Beijing
Beijing
Nanyuan Airport Chengde
Chengde
Puning
Puning
Airport Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
Beidaihe Airport Tangshan
Tangshan
Sannühe Airport Zhangjiakou
Zhangjiakou
Ningyuan Airport

Road[edit] There are many major highways servicing the routes within Jingjinji area. This includes the following expressways:

Jingjintang Expressway, from Beijing, through Tianjin's urban area, to Binhai
Binhai
/ TEDA Jinghu Expressway, from Jinjing Gonglu Bridge to Shanghai
Shanghai
(together with Jingjintang Expressway, this is the expressway from Beijing
Beijing
to Shanghai) Jingshen Expressway, through Baodi District
Baodi District
on its way from Beijing
Beijing
to Shenyang Jingshi Expressway, from Beijing, to Shijiazhuang Baojin Expressway, from Beichen District, Tianjin, to Baoding, Hebei -- known in Tianjin
Tianjin
as the Jinbao Expressway Jinbin Expressway, from Zhangguizhuang Bridge to Hujiayuan Bridge, both within Tianjin Jinji Expressway, from central Tianjin
Tianjin
to Jixian County

The following six China
China
National Highways
Highways
pass through Tianjin:

China
China
National Highway 102, through Ji County, Tianjin
Tianjin
on its way from Beijing
Beijing
to Harbin China
China
National Highway 103, from Beijing, through Tianjin's urban area, to Binhai China
China
National Highway 104, from Beijing, through Tianjin, to Fuzhou China
China
National Highway 105, from Beijing, through Tianjin, to Macau China
China
National Highway 112, circular highway around Beijing, passes through Tianjin China
China
National Highway 205, from Shanhaiguan, Hebei, through Tianjin, to Guangzhou

Planned road[edit]

7th Ring Road

High-speed rail[edit] Intercity high-speed rail lines[edit]

Beijing– Tianjin
Tianjin
Intercity Railway Tianjin– Baoding
Baoding
Intercity Railway

Other high-speed rail lines[edit]

Beijing- Shanghai
Shanghai
High-Speed Railway Beijing– Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
High-Speed Railway Tianjin– Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
High-Speed Railway

High-speed rail lines planned or under construction[edit]

Beijing- Zhangjiakou
Zhangjiakou
Intercity Railway Beijing– Shenyang
Shenyang
High-Speed Railway

Suburban railway[edit]

Beijing
Beijing
Suburban Railway

Metro systems[edit]

Beijing
Beijing
Metro Tianjin
Tianjin
Metro Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Metro

Light rail[edit]

Tianjin
Tianjin
Tram

See also[edit]

Bohai Economic Rim Yangtze River Delta Pearl River Delta Metropolitan regions of China

Notes[edit]

^ Jīng (京), Jīn (津), and Jì (冀) are the common abbreviations for Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, respectively

References[edit]

^ Johnson, Ian (July 19, 2015). "In China, a Supercity Rises Around Beijing". New York Times.  ^ Ji, David. "Beijing's dream of a 'super city' cluster still faces many challenges". South China
China
Morning Post. Retrieved 27 May 2017.  ^ Regional Definition: Bohai Sea
Bohai Sea
Archived 2006-09-30 at the Library of Congress Unep.Org Retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ Tianjin
Tianjin
at a Glance Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine. uschina.org Retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ Gain a strategic advantage in the Bohai Bay
Bohai Bay
region sdic.com.cn 2007-06-11 Retrieved 2010-01-16

Coordinates: 38°42′N 118°6′E / 38.700°N 118.100°E / 38.700; 118.100

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Major regions and cities of China

National megalopolises

Jingjinji (Inner) Bohai Economic Rim

Beijing

Beijing

Changping Daxing Fangshan Mentougou Shunyi Tongzhou

Tianjin

Tianjin

Binhai Dongli Jinnan Wuqing

Hebei

Baoding

Xiong'an

Cangzhou Chengde Langfang Shijiazhuang Tangshan

Caofeidian Qian'an

Zhangjiakou

Yangtze River Delta (Economic Zone)

Jiangsu

Changzhou Lianyungang Nanjing Nantong Suzhou Taizhou Wuxi Yangzhou Zhenjiang

Shanghai

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Ningbo Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Ma'anshan Wuhu

Pearl River Delta/ Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (Economic Zone)

Guangdong

Dongguan Foshan Guangzhou

Huadu Nansha Panyu

Huizhou Jiangmen Shenzhen

Bao'an

Zhaoqing Zhongshan Zhuhai

Hengqin

SARs

Hong Kong

Kowloon

Macau

Cotai

West Triangle Economic Zone

Chongqing

Chongqing

Fuling Liangjiang Qianjiang Wanzhou Xinbei

Sichuan

Chengdu Dazhou Deyang Guang'an Leshan Luzhou Meishan Mianyang Nanchong Neijiang Suining Yibin Zigong Ziyang

Shaanxi

Baoji Tongchuan Weinan Xi'an Xianyang

Yangling

Harbin- Changchun
Changchun
Megalopolis (Northeastern Cities)

Heilongjiang

Harbin Daqing Mudanjiang Qiqihar

Jilin

Changchun Jilin Siping Yanji

Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River/ Yangtze River Valley (Central Triangle Economic Zone)

Hubei

Ezhou Huanggang Huangshi Qianjiang Tianmen Wuhan Xianning Xiantao Xiaogan

Hunan

Changde Changsha Hengyang Loudi Xiangtan Yiyang Yueyang Zhuzhou

Jiangxi

Fuzhou Ji'an Jingdezhen Jiujiang Nanchang Shangrao Xinyu Yichun Yingtan

Anhui

Anqing Bengbu Chizhou Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Lu'an Ma'anshan Tongling Wuhu Xuancheng

(North) Bohai Economic Rim

Liaoning

Anshan Dalian

Lüshun

Huludao Jinzhou Panjin Shenyang Yingkou

(South) Bohai Economic Rim

Shandong

Binzhou Dongying Jinan Qingdao Weifang Weihai Yantai Zibo

Regions

East

Northeast

North South Central

Central South Huizhou

Western

Northwest Southwest

Administrative divisions

By GDP By GDP per capita By Human Development Index Prefecture-level divisions County-level divisions

Cities

Direct-controlled municipality Prefecture-level city Sub-provincial city County-level city List of cities in China

by GDP per capita by population

Capitals

Historical capitals Current and former capitals

Categories: Subdivisi

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