James Patrick Page OBE (born 9 January 1944) is an English
musician, songwriter, and record producer who achieved international
success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin.
Page began his career as a studio session musician in London and, by
the mid-1960s, alongside Big Jim Sullivan, was one of the most
sought-after session guitarists in Britain. He was a member of the
Yardbirds from 1966 to 1968. In late 1968, he founded Led Zeppelin.
Page is widely considered to be one of the greatest and most
influential guitarists of all time.
Rolling Stone magazine
has described Page as "the pontiff of power riffing" and ranked him
number 3 in their list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
In 2010, he was ranked number two in Gibson's list of "Top 50
Guitarists of All Time" and, in 2007, number four on Classic Rock's
Guitar Heroes". He was inducted into the Rock and Roll
Hall of Fame twice; once as a member of the Yardbirds (1992) and once
as a member of
Led Zeppelin (1995). Page has been described by Uncut
as "rock's greatest and most mysterious guitar hero".
1 Early life
2 Early 1960s: session musician
3 Late 1960s: The Yardbirds
4 1968–1980: Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin career
6 Legacy and influence
7 Equipment and recording techniques
7.1.1 Notable guitars
7.1.3 Signature models
7.2 Amplifiers and effects
7.3 Music production techniques
8 Personal life
8.3 Recreational drug use
8.4 Interest in the occult
12 External links
Page was born to James Patrick Page and Patricia Elizabeth Gaffikin
in the west London suburb of
Heston on 9 January 1944. His father was
an industrial personnel manager and his mother, who was of Irish
descent, was a doctor's secretary. In 1952, they moved to
Feltham and then to Miles Road,
Epsom in Surrey, which is where Page
came across his first guitar. "I don't know whether [the guitar] was
left behind by the people [in the house] before [us], or whether it
was a friend of the family's—nobody seemed to know why it was
there." First playing the instrument at age 12, he took a few
lessons in nearby Kingston, but was largely self-taught:
When I grew up there weren't many other guitarists ... There was
one other guitarist in my school who actually showed me the first
chords that I learned and I went on from there. I was bored so I
taught myself the guitar from listening to records. So obviously it
was a very personal thing.
Among Page's early influences were rockabilly guitarists Scotty Moore
and James Burton, who both played on recordings made by Elvis
Presley. Presley's song "Baby Let's Play House" is cited by Page
as being his inspiration to take up the guitar. Although he
BBC1 in 1957 with a
Höfner President, Page states that
his first guitar was a second-hand 1959 Futurama Grazioso, later
replaced by a Fender Telecaster.
Page's musical tastes included skiffle (a popular English music genre
of the time) and acoustic folk playing, and the blues sounds of Elmore
James, B.B. King, Otis Rush, Buddy Guy,
Freddie King and Hubert
Sumlin. "Basically, that was the start: a mixture between rock and
At 13, Page appeared on Huw Wheldon's
All Your Own talent quest
programme in a skiffle quartet, one performance of which aired on BBC1
in 1957. The group played "Mama Don't Want to
Skiffle Anymore" and
another American-flavoured song, "In Them Ol' Cottonfields Back
Home." When asked by Wheldon what he wanted to do after schooling,
Page said, "I want to do biological research [to find a cure for]
cancer, if it isn't discovered by then."
In an interview with
Guitar Player magazine, Page stated that "there
was a lot of busking in the early days, but as they say, I had to come
to grips with it and it was a good schooling." Page took a guitar
to school each day only to have it confiscated and returned to him
after class. Although interviewed for a job as a laboratory
assistant, he ultimately chose to leave Danetree Secondary School,
West Ewell, to pursue music.
Page had difficulty finding other musicians with whom he could play on
a regular basis. "It wasn't as though there was an abundance. I used
to play in many groups ... anyone who could get a gig together,
really." Following stints backing recitals by Beat poet Royston
Ellis at the
Mermaid Theatre between 1960–61, and singer Red E.
Lewis, he was asked by singer
Neil Christian to join his band, the
Crusaders, after Christian had seen a fifteen-year-old Page playing in
a local hall. Page toured with Christian for approximately two
years and later played on several of his records, including the 1962
single, "The Road to Love."
During his stint with Christian, Page fell seriously ill with
glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) and could not continue
touring. While recovering, he decided to put his musical career on
hold and concentrate on his other love, painting, and enrolled at
Sutton Art College in Surrey. As he explained in 1975:
[I was] travelling around all the time in a bus. I did that for two
years after I left school, to the point where I was starting to get
really good bread. But I was getting ill. So I went back to art
college. And that was a total change in direction. That's why I say
it's possible to do. As dedicated as I was to playing the guitar, I
knew doing it that way was doing me in forever. Every two months I had
glandular fever. So for the next 18 months I was living on ten dollars
a week and getting my strength up. But I was still playing.
Early 1960s: session musician
While still a student, Page often performed on stage at The Marquee
with bands such as Cyril Davies' All Stars, Alexis Korner's Blues
Incorporated and fellow guitarists
Jeff Beck and Eric Clapton. He was
spotted one night by John Gibb of Brian Howard & the Silhouettes,
who asked him to help record some singles for Columbia Graphophone
Company, including "The Worrying Kind".
Mike Leander of Decca Records
first offered Page regular studio work. His first session for the
label was the recording "Diamonds" by
Jet Harris and Tony Meehan,
which went to Number 1 on the singles chart in early 1963.
After brief stints with Carter-Lewis and the Southerners, Mike Hurst
and the Method and Mickey Finn and the Blue Men, Page committed
himself to full-time session work. As a session guitarist, he was
known as 'Lil' Jim Pea' to prevent confusion with the other noted
English session guitarist Big Jim Sullivan. Page was mainly called
into sessions as "insurance" in instances when a replacement or second
guitarist was required by the recording artist. "It was usually myself
and a drummer", he explained, "though they never mention the drummer
these days, just me ... Anyone needing a guitarist either went to
Big Jim [Sullivan] or myself." He stated that "In the initial
stages they just said, play what you want, cos at that time I couldn't
read music or anything."
She Just Satisfies
Sample of "She Just Satisfies", Page's first single (released in
Problems playing this file? See media help.
Page was the favoured session guitarist of record producer Shel Talmy.
As a result, he secured session work on songs for the Who and the
Kinks. Page is credited with playing acoustic twelve string guitar
on two tracks on the Kinks' debut album, "I'm a Lover Not a Fighter"
and "I've Been Driving on Bald Mountain", and possibly on the
b-side "I Gotta Move". He played rhythm guitar on the sessions for
the Who's first single "I Can't Explain" (although Pete Townshend
was reluctant to allow Page's contribution on the final recording;
Page also played lead guitar on the B-side, "Bald Headed Woman").
Page's studio gigs in 1964 included Marianne Faithfull's "As Tears Go
By", the Nashville Teens' "Tobacco Road", the Rolling Stones' "Heart
Van Morrison & Them's "Baby Please Don't Go", "Mystic
Eyes", and "Here Comes the Night", Dave Berry's "The Crying Game" and
"My Baby Left Me", Brenda Lee's "Is It True", and Petula Clark's
In a 2010 interview, Page remembered contributing guitar to the
incidental music of the Beatles' 1964 film A Hard Day's Night, which
was being recorded at Abbey Road Studios.
In 1965, Page was hired by Stones manager
Andrew Loog Oldham
Andrew Loog Oldham to act as
house producer and A&R man for the newly formed Immediate Records
label, which allowed him to play on and/or produce tracks by John
Mayall, Nico, Chris Farlowe,
Twice as Much and Clapton. Also in 1965,
Page produced one of Dana Gillespie's early singles, "Thank You
Boy". Page also formed a brief songwriting partnership with then
romantic interest Jackie DeShannon. He composed and recorded songs for
John Williams (not to be confused with the film composer John
Williams) album The Maureeny Wishful Album with Big Jim Sullivan. Page
worked as session musician on
Donovan Leitch's Sunshine Superman and
Johnny Hallyday albums Jeune Homme and Je Suis Né Dans La Rue,
Al Stewart album
Love Chronicles and played guitar on five tracks
of Joe Cocker's debut album, With a Little
Help from My Friends. Over
the years since 1970, Page played lead guitar on 10 Roy Harper tracks,
comprising 81 minutes of music.
When questioned about which songs he played on, especially ones where
there exists some controversy as to what his exact role was, Page
often points out that it is hard to remember exactly what he did given
the enormous number of sessions he was playing at the time. In
a radio interview he explained that "I was doing three sessions a day,
fifteen sessions a week. Sometimes I would be playing with a group,
sometimes I could be doing film music, it could be a folk
session ... I was able to fit all these different roles."
Although Page recorded with many notable musicians, many of these
early tracks are only available as bootleg recordings, several of
which were released by the
Led Zeppelin fan club in the late 1970s.
One of the rarest of these is the early jam session featuring Jimmy
Page and Stones guitarist
Keith Richards covering Robert Johnson's
"Little Queen of Spades". Several early tracks with Page were compiled
on the twin album release, Jimmy Page: Session Man. Page also recorded
with Richards on guitar and vocals in Olympic Sound Studios on 15
October 1974. Along with Ric Grech on bass and Bruce Rowland on drums,
a track called "Scarlet" was cut. Page reflected later in an interview
with Rolling Stone's Cameron Crowe: "I did what could possibly be the
next Stones B side. It was Ric Grech, Keith and me doing a number
called "Scarlet." I can't remember the drummer. It sounded very
similar in style and mood to those Blonde on Blonde tracks. It was
great, really good. We stayed up all night and went down to Island
Studios where Keith put some reggae guitars over one section. I just
put some solos on it, but it was eight in the morning of the next day
before I did that. He took the tapes to Switzerland and someone found
out about them. Keith told people that it was a track from my album".
Page left studio work when the increasing influence of
Stax Records on
popular music led to the greater incorporation of brass and orchestral
arrangements into recordings at the expense of guitars. He stated
that his time as a session player served as extremely good schooling:
My session work was invaluable. At one point I was playing at least
three sessions a day, six days a week! And I rarely ever knew in
advance what I was going to be playing. But I learned things even on
my worst sessions – and believe me, I played on some horrendous
things. I finally called it quits after I started getting calls to do
Muzak. I decided I couldn't live that life any more; it was getting
too silly. I guess it was destiny that a week after I quit doing
Paul Samwell-Smith left the Yardbirds and I was able to take
his place. But being a session musician was good fun in the beginning
– the studio discipline was great. They'd just count the song off
and you couldn't make any mistakes.
Late 1960s: The Yardbirds
Main article: The Yardbirds
In late 1964, Page was approached about the possibility of replacing
Eric Clapton in the Yardbirds, but he declined out of loyalty to his
friend. In February 1965, Clapton quit the Yardbirds and Page was
formally offered his spot, but unwilling to give up his lucrative
career as a session musician and worried about his health under
touring conditions, he suggested his friend Jeff Beck. On 16 May
1966, drummer Keith Moon, bass player John Paul Jones, keyboardist
Nicky Hopkins, Beck and Page recorded "Beck's Bolero" in London's IBC
Studios. The experience gave Page an idea to form a new supergroup
featuring Beck, along with The Who's
John Entwistle on bass and Moon
on drums. However, the lack of a quality vocalist and contractual
problems prevented the project from getting off the ground. During
this time, Moon suggested the name "Lead Zeppelin" for the first time,
after Entwistle commented that the proceedings would take to the air
like a lead balloon.
Within weeks, Page attended a Yardbirds concert at Oxford. After the
show, he went backstage where
Paul Samwell-Smith announced that he was
leaving the group. Page offered to replace Samwell-Smith, and this
was accepted by the group. He initially played electric bass with the
Yardbirds before finally switching to twin lead guitar with Beck when
Chris Dreja moved to bass. The musical potential of the line-up was
scuttled, however, by interpersonal conflicts caused by constant
touring and a lack of commercial success, although they released one
single, "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago". While Page and Beck played
together in the Yardbirds, the trio of Page, Beck and Clapton never
played in the original group at the same time. The three guitarists
did appear on stage together at the ARMS charity concerts in 1983.
After Beck's departure, the Yardbirds remained a quartet. They
recorded one album with Page on lead guitar, Little Games. The album
received indifferent reviews and was not a commercial success, peaking
at number 80 on the Billboard 200. Though their studio sound was
fairly commercial at the time, the band's live performances were just
the opposite, becoming heavier and more experimental. These concerts
featured musical aspects that Page would later perfect with Led
Zeppelin, most notably performances of "Dazed and Confused".
After the departure of
Keith Relf and
Jim McCarty in 1968, Page
reconfigured the group with a new line-up to fulfil unfinished tour
dates in Scandinavia. To this end, Page recruited vocalist Robert
Plant and drummer John Bonham, and he was also contacted by John Paul
Jones, who asked to join. During the Scandinavian tour, the new
group appeared as the New Yardbirds, but soon recalled the old joke by
Keith Moon and John Entwistle. Page stuck with that name to use for
his new band. Peter Grant changed it to "Led Zeppelin", to avoid a
mispronunciation as "Leed Zeppelin."
1968–1980: Led Zeppelin
Jimmy Page onstage in 1973
Main article: Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin is one of the best-selling music groups in the history of
audio recording. Various sources estimate the group's worldwide sales
at more than 200 or even 300 million albums. With 111.5 million
RIAA-certified units, they are the second-best-selling band in the
United States. Each of their nine studio albums reached the top 10 of
the US Billboard album chart, and six reached the number-one spot.
Led Zeppelin were the progenitors of heavy metal and hard rock, and
their sound was largely the product of Page's input as a producer and
musician. The band's individualistic style drew from a wide variety of
influences. They performed on multiple record-breaking concert tours,
which also earned them a reputation for excess. Although they remained
commercially and critically successful, in the later 1970s, the band's
output and touring schedule were limited by the personal difficulties
of the members.
Page explained that he had a very specific idea in mind as to what he
Led Zeppelin to be, from the very beginning:
I had a lot of ideas from my days with the Yardbirds. The Yardbirds
allowed me to improvise a lot in live performance and I started
building a textbook of ideas that I eventually used in Zeppelin. In
addition to those ideas, I wanted to add acoustic textures.
Ultimately, I wanted
Zeppelin to be a marriage of blues, hard rock and
acoustic music topped with heavy choruses – a combination that had
never been done before. Lots of light and shade in the music.
Led Zeppelin career
Led Zeppelin broke up in 1980 following the death of Bonham at Page's
home. Page initially refused to touch a guitar, grieving for his
friend. For the rest of the 1980s, his work consisted of a
series of short-term collaborations in the bands the Firm, the
Honeydrippers, reunions and individual work, including film
soundtracks. He also became active in philanthropic work.
Page in 1983
Page made a return to the stage at a
Jeff Beck show in March 1981 at
the Hammersmith Odeon. Also in 1981, Page joined with Yes bassist
Chris Squire and drummer Alan White to form a supergroup called XYZ
(for former Yes-Zeppelin). They rehearsed several times, but the
project was shelved. Bootlegs of these sessions revealed that some of
the material emerged on later projects, notably The Firm's "Fortune
Hunter" and Yes songs "Mind Drive" and "Can You Imagine?". Page joined
Yes on stage in 1984 at
Westfalenhalle in Dortmund, Germany, playing
In 1982, Page collaborated with director
Michael Winner to record the
Death Wish II soundtrack. This and several subsequent Page recordings,
Death Wish III
Death Wish III soundtrack, were recorded and produced at
his recording studio, The Sol in Cookham, which he had purchased from
Gus Dudgeon in the early 1980s.
Page at an A.R.M.S. concert in 1983
In 1983, Page appeared with the A.R.M.S. (Action Research for Multiple
Sclerosis) charity series of concerts which honoured Small Faces
bassist Ronnie Lane, who suffered from the disease. For the first
shows at the
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall in London, Page's set consisted of
songs from the Death Wish II soundtrack (with
Steve Winwood on vocals)
and an instrumental version of "Stairway to Heaven". A four-city tour
of the United States followed, with
Paul Rodgers of Bad Company
replacing Winwood. During the tour, Page and Rodgers performed
"Midnight Moonlight", which would later appear on The Firm's first
album. All of the shows featured an on stage jam of "Layla" that
reunited Page with Beck and Clapton. According to the book Hammer of
the Gods, it was reportedly around this time that Page told friends
that he had just ended seven years of heroin use. On 13 December 1983,
Page joined Plant on stage for one encore at the
Hammersmith Odeon in
Page next linked up with Roy Harper for the 1984 album Whatever
Happened to Jugula? and occasional concerts, performing a
predominantly acoustic set at folk festivals under various guises such
as the MacGregors and Themselves. Also in 1984, Page recorded with
Plant as the Honeydrippers the album The Honeydrippers: Volume 1 and
with John Paul Jones on the film soundtrack Scream for Help.
Page subsequently collaborated with Rodgers on two albums under the
name The Firm. The first album, released in 1985, was the self-titled
The Firm. Popular songs included "Radioactive" and "Satisfaction
Guaranteed". The album peaked at number 17 on the Billboard pop albums
chart and went gold in the US. It was followed by
Mean Business in
1986. The band toured in support of both albums, but soon split up.
Various other projects followed, such as session work for Graham Nash,
Stephen Stills and the Rolling Stones (on their 1986 single "One Hit
(to the Body)"). In 1986, Page reunited temporarily with his former
Yardbirds bandmates to play on several tracks of the Box of Frogs
album Strange Land. Page released a solo album entitled Outrider
in 1988, which featured contributions from Plant, with Page
contributing in turn to Plant's solo album Now and Zen, which was
released the same year. The Outrider album also featured singer John
Miles on the album's opening track "Wasting My Time." 
Throughout these years, Page also reunited with the other former
Led Zeppelin to perform live on a few occasions, most
notably in 1985 for the
Live Aid concert with both
Phil Collins and
Tony Thompson filling drum duties. However, the band members
considered this performance to be sub-standard, with Page having been
let down by a poorly tuned Les Paul. Page, Plant and Jones, as well as
Bonham's son Jason, performed at the
Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary
show on 14 May 1988, closing the 12-hour show.
In 1990, a Knebworth concert to aid the Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy
Centre and the British School for Performing Arts and Technology saw
Plant unexpectedly joined by Page to perform "Misty Mountain Hop",
"Wearing and Tearing" and "Rock and Roll". Page also performed with
the band's former members at Jason Bonham's wedding. Page also
embarked on a collaboration with
David Coverdale in 1993 entitled
In 1994, Page reunited with Plant for the penultimate performance in
MTV's "Unplugged" series. The 90-minute special, dubbed Unledded,
premiered to the highest ratings in MTV's history. In October of the
same year, the session was released as the CD No Quarter: Jimmy Page
Robert Plant Unledded and in 2004 as the DVD
No Quarter Unledded.
Following a highly successful mid-'90s tour to support No Quarter,
Page and Plant
Page and Plant recorded 1998's Walking into Clarksdale, along with
drummer Michael Lee.
Page was heavily involved in remastering the
Led Zeppelin catalogue.
He participated in various charity concerts and charity work,
particularly the Action for Brazil's Children Trust (ABC Trust),
founded by his wife Jimena Gomez-Paratcha in 1998. In the same year,
Page played guitar for rap singer/producer Puff Daddy's song "Come
with Me", which heavily samples Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir" and was
included in the soundtrack of Godzilla. The two later performed the
song on Saturday Night Live.
In October 1999, Page teamed up with
The Black Crowes
The Black Crowes for a two-night
performance of material from the
Led Zeppelin catalogue and old blues
and rock standards. The concert was recorded and released as a double
Live at the Greek
Live at the Greek in 2000. In 2001 he made an appearance
on stage with
Limp Bizkit frontman
Fred Durst and
Wes Scantlin of
Puddle of Mudd
Puddle of Mudd at the MTV Europe Video Music Awards in Frankfurt,
where they performed a version of Led Zeppelin's "Thank You".
Jimmy Page performing at the
Led Zeppelin reunion concert at the O2
Arena in London in 2007
In 2005, Page was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire
(OBE) in recognition of his Brazilian charity work for Task Brazil and
Action For Brazil's Children's Trust, made an honorary citizen of
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro later that year and was awarded a Grammy Award.
In November 2006,
Led Zeppelin was inducted into the UK Music Hall of
Fame. The television broadcasting of the event consisted of an
introduction to the band by various famous admirers (including Roger
Taylor, Slash, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler,
Jack White and Tony Iommi), a
presentation of an award to
Jimmy Page and then a short speech by the
guitarist. After this, rock group
Wolfmother played a tribute to Led
Zeppelin, playing the song "Communication Breakdown". During
an interview for the
BBC in connection with the induction, Page
expressed plans to record new material in 2007, saying: "It's an album
that I really need to get out of my system ...there's a good
album in there and it's ready to come out" and "Also there will be
Zeppelin things on the horizon."
Page playing "Whole Lotta Love" at the closing ceremony of the 2008
Beijing Olympic Games. He represented Britain in the handing over
segment for the 2012 Games to be held in London
On 10 December 2007, the surviving members of Led Zeppelin, as well as
John Bonham's son,
Jason Bonham played a charity concert at the O2
Arena London. According to Guinness World Records 2009, Led Zeppelin
set the world record for the "Highest Demand for Tickets for One Music
Concert" as 20 million requests for the reunion show were
rendered online. On 7 June 2008, Page and John Paul Jones appeared
Foo Fighters to close the band's concert at Wembley Stadium,
performing "Rock and Roll" and "Ramble On". For the 2008 Olympics,
David Beckham and
Leona Lewis represented Britain during
the closing ceremonies on 24 August 2008. Beckham rode a double-decker
bus into the stadium and Page and Lewis performed "Whole Lotta
Page at the 2008
MOJO Awards in London with the Best Live Act award
In 2008 Page co-produced a documentary film directed by Davis
Guggenheim entitled It Might Get Loud. The film examines the history
of the electric guitar, focusing on the careers and styles of Page,
The Edge and Jack White. The film premiered on 5 September 2008 at the
Toronto International Film Festival. Page also participated in the
BBC documentary London Calling: The making of the Olympic
handover ceremony on 4 March 2009. On 4 April 2009, Page inducted
Jeff Beck into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Page announced his
2010 solo tour while talking to
Sky News on 16 December 2009.
Page holding aloft a microphone at an October 2012 press conference to
promote Celebration Day
In January 2010, Page announced an autobiography published by Genesis
Publications, in a hand-crafted, limited edition of 2,150 copies.
Page was honoured with a first-ever Global Peace Award by the United
Nations' Pathways to Peace organisation after confirming reports that
he would be among the headliners at a planned
Show of Peace Concert
Show of Peace Concert in
Beijing, on 10 October 2010.
On 3 June 2011, Page played with
Donovan at the
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall in
London. The concert was filmed. Page made an unannounced appearance
The Black Crowes
The Black Crowes at the
Shepherd's Bush Empire
Shepherd's Bush Empire in London on 13
July 2011. He also played alongside Roy Harper at Harper's
70th-birthday celebratory concert, in London's
Royal Festival Hall
Royal Festival Hall on
5 November 2011.
Page (right) with the other surviving members of Led Zeppelin, with
Barack Obama at the 2012 Kennedy Center Honors
In November 2011, British Conservative MP
Louise Mensch launched a
campaign to have Page knighted for his contributions to the music
industry. In December 2012, Page, along with Plant and Jones,
received the annual
Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors from President Barack Obama
in a White House ceremony. The honour is the U.S.'s highest award for
those who have influenced American culture through the arts. In
February 2013, Plant hinted that he was open to a
Led Zeppelin reunion
in 2014, stating that he is not the reason for the band's dormancy,
Jimmy Page and John Paul Jones are quite contained in their
own worlds and leave it to [him]", adding that he is "not the bad guy"
and that he has "got nothing to do in 2014."
Page's double-neck Gibson guitar, Hard Rock Cafe, Hollywood,
On 10 May 2014, Page was presented an Honorary Doctorate Degree at the
Berklee College Of Music
Berklee College Of Music commencement ceremony in Boston,
Massachusetts. In a spring 2014 interview with the
BBC about the
then forthcoming reissue of Led Zeppelin's first three albums, Page
said he was confident fans would be keen on another reunion show, but
Plant later replied that "the chances of it happening [were] zero."
Page then told
The New York Times
The New York Times that he was "fed up" with Plant's
refusal to play, stating "I was told last year that
Robert Plant said
he is doing nothing in 2014, and what do the other two guys think?
Well, he knows what the other guys think. Everyone would love to play
more concerts for the band. He's just playing games, and I'm fed up
with it, to be honest with you. I don't sing, so I can't do much about
it", adding, "I definitely want to play live. Because, you know, I've
still got a twinkle in my eye. I can still play. So, yeah, I'll just
get myself into musical shape, just concentrating on the guitar."
On 30 July 2014, an
NME article revealed that Plant was "slightly
disappointed and baffled" by Page in ongoing
Led Zeppelin dispute
during which Page declared he was "fed up" with Plant delaying Led
Zeppelin reunion plans. Instead, Plant offered Led Zeppelin's
guitarist to write acoustically with him as he is interested in
working with Page again but only in an unplugged way.
On 30 September 2014, Page – who hasn't toured as a solo act since
1988 – announced that he would start a new band and perform material
spanning his entire career. He spoke about his prospects for hitting
the road, saying: «I haven't put [musicians] together yet but I'm
going to do that next year [i.e. 2015]. If I went out to play, I would
play material that spanned everything from my recording career right
back to my very, very early days with The Yardbirds. There would
certainly be some new material in there as well...».
On 30 December 2015, Page was featured in the two-hour long
2 programme Johnny Walker Meets, in conversation with DJ Johnny
Walker. In October 2017, Page spoke at the
Oxford Union about his
career in music.
Legacy and influence
"Along with a highly original and well-rounded guitar style,
influenced by blues, country and international folk music, Jimmy Page
has the grand distinction of being one of the most respected and
influential songwriters and producers in the history of rock music."
—Chapkin, Stang in 2003
Page is widely considered, by both musical peers and guitarists, one
of the greatest and most influential guitarists. His experiences in
the studio and with the Yardbirds were key to the success of Led
Zeppelin in the 1970s. As a record producer, songwriter, and
guitarist, he helped make
Zeppelin a prototype for countless future
rock bands and was one of the major driving forces behind the rock
sound of that era, influencing a host of other guitarists.
Guitarists influenced by Page include Eddie Van Halen, Ace
Frehley, Joe Satriani, John Frusciante, James
Hetfield, Kirk Hammett, Zakk Wylde, Yngwie Malmsteen,
Joe Perry, Richie Sambora, Angus Young, Slash, Dave
Mustaine, Mike McCready, Jerry Cantrell, Stone
Gossard, Mick Mars, Paul Stanley, Alex Lifeson, Steve
Vai, Dan Hawkins, among others. Queen's
Brian May told
Guitarist in 2004. "I don't think anyone has epitomised riff writing
better than Jimmy Page. He's one of the great brains of rock
Equipment and recording techniques
Page frequently played a double-necked
Gibson EDS-1275 in concert, as
seen here in Chicago in 1977
For the recording of most of
Led Zeppelin material from Led Zeppelin's
second album onwards, Page used a
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul guitar (sold to him
by Joe Walsh) with Marshall amplification. A Harmony Sovereign H-1260
was used in-studio on
Led Zeppelin III and
Led Zeppelin IV and
on-stage from 5 March 1971 to 28 June 1972. During the studio sessions
Led Zeppelin and later for recording the guitar solo in "Stairway
to Heaven", he used a
Fender Telecaster (a gift from Jeff Beck).
He also used a Danelectro 3021, tuned to DADGAD, most notably on live
performances of "Kashmir".
Page also plays his guitar with a cello bow, as on the
live versions of the songs "Dazed and Confused" and "How Many More
Times". This was a technique he developed during his session days.
Led Zeppelin Rockumentary, Page said that he obtained the
idea of playing the guitar with a bow from
David McCallum, Sr.
David McCallum, Sr. who was
also a session musician. Page used his
Fender Telecaster and later his
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul for his bow solos.
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul Standard (No. 1). Sold to Page by
Joe Walsh for
$500. This guitar was also used by Gibson as the model for the
company's second run of Page signature models in 2004. Produced by
Gibson and aged by luthier Tom Murphy, this second generation of Page
tribute models was limited to 25 guitars signed by Page himself; and
only 150 guitars in total for the aged model issue.
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul Standard (No. 2) with a shaved-down neck to match
the profile on his No. 1. He added four push/pull pots to coil split
the humbuckers as well as phase and series switches which were added
under the pick guard after the break-up of Led Zeppelin.
1971 Gibson EDS-1275. Used during live concerts for playing "Stairway
to Heaven", "The Song Remains the Same", "The Rain Song", "Celebration
Day" (1971, 1972, and 1979 performances), "Tangerine" (1975 Earls
Court shows) and "Sick Again" (1977 North American tour)
1959 Fender Telecaster. Given to Page by
Jeff Beck and repainted with
a psychedelic dragon design by Page. Played with the Yardbirds. Used
to record the first
Led Zeppelin album and used on the early tours
during 1968–69. In 1971, it was used for recording the "Stairway to
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul Custom Shop. English luthier
Roger Giffin built a
guitar for Page-based loosely on Page's No. 2. Giffin's work was later
copied for Gibson's original run of
Jimmy Page Signature model Les
Pauls in the mid-1990s.
1961 Danelectro 3021. Tuned to DADGAD and used live for "White
Summer", "Black Mountain Side", "Kashmir" and "Midnight Moonlight"
with The Firm. Also tuned to open G live for "In My Time of Dying".
1958 Danelectro 3021. Tuned to open G and used on the Outrider tour.
This one has a smaller pickguard, as opposed to the large "seal"
pickguard on his 1961 Danelectro.
1967 black Vox Phantom 12-string used during the recording for the
Little Games and for onstage appearances. This was
also the electric twelve string guitar used to record "Travelling
Riverside Blues" on the
BBC Sessions and it was used to record "Thank
You" and "Living Loving Maid (She's Just A Woman)" on the Led Zeppelin
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul Custom (with Bigsby Tremolo) – stolen in
1970. Page ran an ad requesting the return of this highly modified
instrument but the guitar was not recovered until 2015–2016. In 2008
the Gibson Custom Shop produced a limited run of 25 re-creations of
the guitar, each with a Bigsby Tremolo and a new custom 6-way toggle
1953 Botswana Brown
Fender Telecaster featuring a Parsons and White
B-string bender, with a maple neck and then salvaged the rosewood neck
from the "Dragon Telecaster". Seen primarily during the 1980s since it
was one of his main guitars on stage during The Firm and Outrider era.
Also used on the Led Zeppelin's 1977 North American concert tour and
at Knebworth in 1979, notably on "Ten Years Gone" and "Hot Dog".
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul DeLuxe (No. 3). Seen in The Song Remains the Same
during the theremin/solo section of "Whole Lotta Love" and for
"Kashmir" at the O2 reunion concert. In 1985, the guitar was fitted
with a Parsons-White B-string bender and used extensively by Page from
the mid-to-late 1980s onward, including the Outrider tour and the
Page/Plant "Unledded" special on MTV.
Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul DeLuxe. Used only for "Over the Hills and Far
Away" during the 1977 North American tour. Slightly different than the
Les Paul DeLuxe (No. 3) due to its smaller headstock and thin cutaway
1964 Lake Placid Blue Fender Stratocaster. Used during recording
sessions for In Through the Out Door, at Earls Court 1975, Knebworth
in 1979 and the
Tour Over Europe 1980
Tour Over Europe 1980 for In the Evening.
Fender Telecaster (used on
Physical Graffiti and on "All My
Love" during the Tour Over Europe in 1980).
1965 Fender Electric XII (12-String) used to record "When the Levee
Breaks", "Stairway to Heaven" and "The Song Remains The Same".
1972 Martin D28 used to record acoustic songs after
Led Zeppelin IV,
used live at Earls Court 1975
In 1994 Andy Manson was commissioned to make another triple neck
guitar for Page. It was used during the "Unledded" performances.
Ernie Ball Super Slinky electric guitar strings .009s-.042s
Jimmy Page Signature Les Paul, discontinued in 1999,
then released another version in 2004, which was also discontinued.
The 2004 version included 25 guitars signed by Page, 150 aged by Tom
Murphy (an acknowledged ageing "master") and 840 "unlimited"
production guitars. The
Jimmy Page Signature
EDS-1275 has been
produced by Gibson. Recently, Gibson reproduced Page's 1960 Les Paul
Black Beauty, the one stolen from him in 1970, with modern
modifications. This guitar was sold in 2008 with a run of 25, again
signed by Page, plus an additional 500 unsigned guitars.
In December 2009, Gibson released the '
Jimmy Page "Number Two" Les
Paul'. This is a re-creation of Page's famous "Number Two" Les
Paul used by him since about 1974. The model includes the same pick-up
switching setup as devised by Page, shaved-down neck profile,
Burstbucker pick-up at neck and "Pagebucker" at the bridge. A total of
325 were made in three finishes: 25 Aged by Gibson's Tom Murphy,
signed and played by Page ($26,000), 100 aged ($16,000) and 200 with
VOS finish ($12,000).
Amplifiers and effects
He usually recorded in studio with assorted amplifiers by Vox, Axis,
Fender and Orange amplification. Live, he used
Hiwatt and Marshall
amplification. The first
Led Zeppelin album was played on a Fender
Telecaster through a Supro amplifier.
Page used a limited number of effects, including a Maestro
Echoplex, a Dunlop Cry Baby, an MXR Phase 90, a Vox Cry
Baby Wah, a Boss CE-2 Chorus, a Yamaha CH-10Mk II Chorus, a Sola Sound
Tone Bender Professional Mk II, an MXR Blue Box (distortion/octaver)
and a DigiTech Whammy. Page also played a theremin.
Music production techniques
Jimmy Page is credited for the innovations in sound recording he
brought to the studio during the years he was a member of Led
Zeppelin, many of which he had initially developed as a
This apprenticeship ... became a part of [learning] how things
were recorded. I started to learn microphone placements and things
like that, what did and what didn't work. I certainly knew what did
and didn't work with drummers because they put drummers in these
little sound booths that had no sound deflection at all and the drums
would just sound awful. The reality of it is the drum is a musical
instrument, it relies on having a bright room and a live room ...
And so bit by bit I was learning really how not to record.
He developed a reputation for employing effects in new ways and trying
out different methods of using microphones and amplification. During
the late 1960s, most British music producers placed microphones
directly in front of amplifiers and drums, resulting in the sometimes
"tinny" sound of the recordings of the era. Page commented to Guitar
World magazine that he felt the drum sounds of the day in particular
"sounded like cardboard boxes." Instead, Page was a fan of 1950s
Sun Studios being a particular favourite. In the
Guitar World interview, Page remarked: "Recording used to be a
science" and "[engineers] used to have a maxim: distance equals
depth." Taking this maxim to heart, Page developed the idea of placing
an additional microphone some distance from the amplifier (as much as
twenty feet) and then recording the balance between the two. By
adopting this technique, Page became one of the first British
producers to record a band's "ambient sound" – the distance of a
note's time-lag from one end of the room to the other.
For the recording of several
Led Zeppelin tracks, such as "Whole Lotta
Love" and "You Shook Me", Page additionally utilised "reverse echo"
– a technique which he claims to have invented himself while with
the Yardbirds (he had originally developed the method when recording
the 1967 single "Ten Little Indians"). This production technique
involved hearing the echo before the main sound instead of after it,
achieved by turning the tape over and employing the echo on a spare
track, then turning the tape back over again to get the echo preceding
Page has stated that, as producer, he deliberately changed the audio
Led Zeppelin albums, from
Glyn Johns for the first album,
Eddie Kramer for
Led Zeppelin II, to
Andy Johns for Led Zeppelin
III and later albums. He explained: "I consciously kept changing
engineers because I didn't want people to think that they were
responsible for our sound. I wanted people to know it was me."
John Paul Jones acknowledged that Page's production techniques were a
key component of the success of Led Zeppelin:
The backwards echo stuff [and] a lot of the microphone techniques were
just inspired. Using distance-miking ... and small amplifiers.
Everybody thinks we go in the studio with huge walls of amplifiers,
but Page doesn't. He uses a really small amplifier and he just mikes
it up really well, so that it fits into a sonic picture.
In an interview that Page himself gave to
Guitar World magazine in
1993, he remarked on his work as a producer:
Many people think of me as just a riff guitarist, but I think of
myself in broader terms ... As a record producer I would like to
be remembered as someone who was able to sustain a band of
unquestionable individual talent and push it to the forefront during
its working career. I think I really captured the best of our output,
growth, change and maturity on tape – the multifaceted gem that is
An early 1960s companion was American recording artist Jackie
DeShannon, possibly the inspiration for the Page composition and Led
Zeppelin recording "Tangerine".
French model Charlotte Martin was Page's partner from 1970 to about
1982 or 1983. Page called her "My Lady". Together they had a daughter,
Scarlet Page (born in 1971), who is a photographer.
From 1986 to 1995 Page was married to Patricia Ecker, a model and
waitress. They have a son, James Patrick Page (born April 1988). Page
later married Jimena Gómez-Paratcha, whom he met in Brazil on the No
Quarter tour. He adopted her oldest daughter Jana (born 1994) and
they have two children together: Zofia Jade (born 1997) and Ashen
Josan (born 1999). Page and Paratcha divorced in 2008.
He has been in a relationship with actress-poet Scarlett Sabet since
In 1967, when Page was still with The Yardbirds, he purchased the
Thames Boathouse on the River Thames in Pangbourne,
resided there until 1973. The Boathouse was also the place where Page
and Plant first officially got together in the summer of 1968 and Led
Zeppelin was formed.
In 1972, Page bought the Tower House from Richard Harris. It was the
William Burges (1827–81) had designed for himself in
London. "I had an interest going back to my teens in the
pre-Raphaelite movement and the architecture of Burges", Page said.
"What a wonderful world to discover." The reputation of Burges rests
on his extravagant designs and his contribution to the Gothic revival
in architecture in the nineteenth century.
From 1980 to 2004 Page owned the Mill House, Mill Lane, Windsor, which
was formerly the home of actor Michael Caine. Fellow
Led Zeppelin band
John Bonham died at the house in 1980.
From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, Page owned the Boleskine
House, the former residence of occultist Aleister Crowley.
Sections of Page's fantasy sequence in the film The Song Remains the
Same were filmed at night on the mountainside directly behind
Page also previously owned
Plumpton Place in Sussex, formerly owned by
Edward Hudson, the owner of Country Life magazine and with certain
parts of the house designed by Edwin Lutyens. This house features in
Zeppelin film The Song Remains The Same where Page is seen sitting
on the lawn playing a hurdy-gurdy.
He currently resides in Sonning,
Berkshire in Deanery Garden, a house
also designed by
Edwin Lutyens for Edward Hudson.
Recreational drug use
Page has acknowledged heavy recreational drug use throughout the
1970s. In an interview with
Guitar World magazine in 2003, he stated:
"I can't speak for the [other members of the band], but for me drugs
were an integral part of the whole thing, right from the beginning,
right to the end." After the band's 1973 North American tour,
Page told Nick Kent: "Oh, everyone went over the top a few times. I
know I did and, to be honest with you, I don't really remember much of
In 1975, Page began to use heroin, a claim attributed to Richard Cole,
who stated that Page (in addition to himself) was taking the drug
during the recording sessions of the album Presence in that year and
that Page admitted to him shortly afterwards that he was addicted to
By Led Zeppelin's 1977 North American tour, Page's heroin addiction
was beginning to hamper his guitar playing performances.
By this time the guitarist had lost a noticeable amount of weight. His
onstage appearance was not the only obvious change; his addiction
caused Page to become so inward and isolated it altered the dynamics
between him and Plant considerably. During the recording sessions
In Through the Out Door
In Through the Out Door in 1978, Page's diminished influence on
the album (relative to bassist John Paul Jones) is partly attributed
to his heroin addiction, which resulted in his absence from the studio
for long periods of time.
Page reportedly overcame his heroin habit in the early 1980s,
although he was arrested for possession of cocaine in both 1982 and
1984. He was given a 12-month conditional discharge in
1982 and, despite a second offence usually carrying a jail sentence,
he was only fined.
In a 1988 interview with Musician magazine, Page took offence when the
interviewer noted that heroin had been associated with his name and
insisted: "Do I look as if I'm a smack addict? Well, I'm not. Thank
you very much."
In an interview he gave to
Q magazine in 2003, Page responded to a
question as to whether he regrets getting so involved in heroin and
I don't regret it at all because when I needed to be really focused, I
was really focused. That's it. Both Presence and In Through the Out
Door were only recorded in three weeks: that's really going some.
You've got to be on top of it.
Interest in the occult
A derivative of Page's
Saturn sigil, itself derived from a 1557 source
The appearance of four symbols on the jacket of Led Zeppelin's fourth
album has been linked to Page's interest in the occult. The four
symbols represented each member of the band. Page's own so-called
"Zoso" symbol originated in Ars Magica Arteficii (1557) by Gerolamo
Cardano, an old alchemical grimoire, where it has been identified as a
sigil consisting of zodiac signs. The sigil is reproduced in
Dictionary of Occult, Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils by Fred
During tours and performances after the release of the fourth album,
Page often had the "Zoso" symbol embroidered on his clothes, along
with zodiac symbols. These were visible most notably on his "Dragon
Suit", which included the signs for Capricorn, Scorpio and Cancer
which are Page's Sun, Ascendant and Moon signs, respectively.
The artwork inside the album cover of
Led Zeppelin IV is from a
painting attributed to the artist Barrington Colby, influenced by the
traditional Rider/Waite Tarot card design for the card called "The
Hermit". Very little is known about Colby and rumours have persisted
down the years that Page himself is responsible for the painting.
Page transforms into this character during his fantasy sequence in Led
Zeppelin's concert film The Song Remains the Same.
In the early 1970s Page owned an occult bookshop and publishing house,
The Equinox Booksellers and Publishers, on Holland Street in
Kensington, London, eventually closing it as the increasing success of
Led Zeppelin occupied his time. The company published a facsimile of
English occultist's Aleister Crowley's 1904 edition of The
Goetia. Page has maintained a strong interest in Crowley for many
years. In 1978, he explained:
Aleister Crowley is a misunderstood genius of the 20th century.
It is because his whole thing was liberation of the person, of the
entity and that restrictions would foul you up, lead to frustration
which leads to violence, crime, mental breakdown, depending on what
sort of makeup you have underneath. The further this age we're in now
gets into technology and alienation, a lot of the points he's made
seem to manifest themselves all down the line. ...I'm not saying it's
a system for anybody to follow. I don't agree with everything but I
find a lot of it relevant and it's those things that people attacked
him on, so he was misunderstood....I'm not trying to interest anyone
Aleister Crowley any more than I am in Charles Dickens. All it was,
was that at a particular time he was expounding a theory of
self-liberation, which is something which is so important. He was like
an eye to the world, into the forthcoming situation. My studies have
been quite intensive, but I don't particularly want to go into it
because it's a personal thing and isn't in relation to anything apart
from the fact that I've employed his system in my own day to day
life....The thing is to come to terms with one's free will, discover
one's place and what one is, and from that you can go ahead and do it
and not spend your whole life suppressed and frustrated. It's very
basically coming to terms with yourself.
Page was commissioned to write the soundtrack music for the film
Lucifer Rising by Crowley admirer and underground movie director
Kenneth Anger. Page ultimately produced 23 minutes of music, which
Anger felt was insufficient because the film ran for 28 minutes and
Anger wanted the film to have a full soundtrack. Anger claimed Page
took three years to deliver the music and the final product was only
23 minutes of "droning". The director also slammed the guitarist in
the press by calling him a "dabbler" in the occult and an addict and
being too strung out on drugs to complete the project. Page countered
that he had fulfilled all his obligations, even going so far as to
lend Anger his own film editing equipment to help him finish the
project. Page released the Lucifer Rising music on vinyl in 2012
via his website on "Lucifer Rising and other sound tracks". Side one
contained "Lucifer Rising – Main Track", whilst side two contained
the tracks "Incubus", "Damask", "Unharmonics", "Damask – Ambient",
and "Lucifer Rising – Percussive Return". In the December 2012
Rolling Stone cover story "
Jimmy Page Looks Back", Page said:
"...there was a request, suggesting that Lucifer Rising should come
out again with my music on. I ignored it."
Although Page collected works by Crowley, he has never described
himself as a
Thelemite nor was he ever initiated into the OTO. The
Equinox Bookstore and
Boleskine House were both sold off during the
1980s, as Page settled into family life and participated in charity
Jimmy Page discography
Early in his career, Page played on a number of recordings by British
rock and pop artists as a session guitarist. As a member of the
Yardbirds, he recorded
Little Games (1967) (expanded in 1992 as Little
Games Sessions & More), Live Yardbirds! Featuring Jimmy Page
Cumular Limit (2000). Beginning in 1968, he recorded nine
Led Zeppelin (see
Led Zeppelin discography for the
complete list). After Zeppelin, Page has recorded in several different
settings. One of the first is the soundtrack album Death Wish II
(1982). As a member of the Firm, he recorded The Firm (1985) and Mean
Business (1986). Collaborations followed, including Whatever Happened
to Jugula? (1985) with Roy Harper,
Coverdale•Page (1993), Walking
into Clarksdale (1998) with Robert Plant, and
Live at the Greek
Live at the Greek (2000)
with the Black Crowes. His only solo album, Outrider, was released in
1988. As a guest performer, he has contributed to several albums and
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jimmy Page.
Led Zeppelin site
Jimmy Page on IMDb
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Jimmy Page by
Jimmy Page –
Genesis Publications Limited Edition Book
NYTimes interview, 2015
Studio albums and EPs
Little Games (with The Yardbirds)
No Introduction Necessary
No Introduction Necessary (with
Albert Lee and John Paul Jones
Lord Sutch and Heavy Friends
Lord Sutch and Heavy Friends (with
Screaming Lord Sutch
Screaming Lord Sutch and John
The Honeydrippers: Volume One (with The Honeydrippers)
Whatever Happened to Jugula?
Whatever Happened to Jugula? (with Roy Harper)
The Firm (with The Firm)
Mean Business (with The Firm)
Coverdale•Page (with David Coverdale)
Walking into Clarksdale
Walking into Clarksdale (with Robert Plant)
Live Yardbirds: Featuring
Jimmy Page (with The Yardbirds)
Jimmy Page and
Robert Plant Unledded (with Robert Plant)
Live at the Greek
Live at the Greek (with The Black Crowes)
Death Wish II
Lucifer Rising and Other Sound Tracks
Page and Plant
It Might Get Loud
Jimmy Page by Jimmy Page
John Paul Jones
Led Zeppelin II
Led Zeppelin III
Led Zeppelin IV
Houses of the Holy
In Through the Out Door
The Song Remains the Same
How the West Was Won
The Best of Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin Deluxe Edition
Boxed Set 2
The Complete Studio Recordings
"Good Times Bad Times" / "Communication Breakdown"
"Whole Lotta Love" / "Living Loving Maid (She's Just a
"Immigrant Song" / "Hey, Hey, What Can I Do"
"Black Dog" / "Misty Mountain Hop"
"Rock and Roll" / "Four Sticks"
"Over the Hills and Far Away" / "Dancing Days"
"D'yer Mak'er" / "The Crunge"
"Trampled Under Foot" / "Black Country Woman"
"Candy Store Rock" / "Royal Orleans"
"Fool in the Rain" / "Hot Dog"
"Travelling Riverside Blues"
"Baby Come On Home"
"The Girl I Love She Got Long Black Wavy Hair"
The Song Remains the Same
Led Zeppelin DVD
North America 1968–1969
U.K. & Scandinavia 1969
North America Spring 1969
U.K. Summer 1969
North America Summer 1969
Europe Autumn 1969
North America Autumn 1969
North America Spring 1970
Iceland, Bath & Germany 1970
North America Summer 1970
U.K. Spring 1971
North America 1971
U.K. Winter 1971
North America 1972
North America 1973
North America 1975
Earls Court 1975
North America 1977
Over Europe 1980
Live Aid (1985)
Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary (1988)
Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert
Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert (2007)
Awards and nominations
Cover versions by others
Led Zeppelin songs written or inspired by others
Swan Song Records
Three Week Hero
Planned tour – The 1980s, Part One
Covers and tributes
That '70s Show (season 5)
Band of Joy
Page and Plant
Jimmy Page and the Black Crowes
Them Crooked Vultures
Hammer of the Gods: The
Led Zeppelin Saga
Stairway to Heaven:
Led Zeppelin Uncensored
When Giants Walked the Earth
The Firm (1985)
Mean Business (1986)
The Firm Live at Hammersmith 1984 (1984)
Five From the Firm (1986)
"Satisfaction Guaranteed" (1985)
"All the King's Horses" (1986)
"Live in Peace" (1986)
Original members (1963–68): Keith Relf
Later members (since 1992): John Idan
For Your Love
Having a Rave Up
Roger the Engineer
Five Live Yardbirds
Sonny Boy Williamson and the Yardbirds
Live Yardbirds! Featuring Jimmy Page
Live! Blueswailing July '64
The Yardbirds Greatest Hits
Shapes of Things
More Golden Eggs
"I Wish You Would"
"Good Morning Little Schoolgirl"
"For Your Love"
"Heart Full of Soul"
"Evil Hearted You"
"I'm a Man"
"Shapes of Things"
"You're a Better Man Than I
"Over Under Sideways Down"
"Happenings Ten Years Time Ago"
"Ten Little Indians"
"Let It Rock"
"Who Do You Love"
"You Can't Judge a
Book by Looking at the Cover"
"Too Much Monkey Business"
"Five Long Years"
"The Sky Is Crying"
"My Girl Sloopy"
"The Train Kept A-Rollin'"
"Dust My Blues"
"Most Likely You Go Your Way (And I'll Go Mine)"
"Dazed and Confused"
"Knowing That I'm Losing You"
"I'm Waiting for the Man"
Jeff Beck Group
Box of Frogs
ISNI: 0000 0001 1450 147X
BNF: cb13898177m (data)