|Look up 江, 蔣, 蒋, 姜, or 强 in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Jiang surname in regular script
|Word/Name||name of an autonomous Chinese kingdom|
|Variant(s)||Jiang, Chiang (Mandarin)
Kong, Gong (Cantonese, Hakka)
|Cognate(s)||Yíng (Chinese surname)|
|Derivative(s)||Kang (Korean name)|
|See also||Boyi (伯益)|
Jiang (Chinese: 江; Jyutping: Gong1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kang, also romanized Chiang, Kong, Kang) is a Chinese surname, accounting for 0.26% of the Han Chinese population. It is the 52nd most common Chinese surname and is the 141st surname listed in the Hundred Family Surnames poem. It is the 74th most common surname in China (2007), and the 25th most common surname in Taiwan (2010).
After Boyi helped Yu the Great bring flood control to the early Chinese, Yu's son and successor Qi of Xia offered Boyi's son, Xuanzhong, the position of Lord of Jiangdi (Chinese: 江地 - modern Jiangling County in Hubei Province). Boyi's descendants ruled the area as kings of an autonomous "River Kingdom" (Chinese: 江国; pinyin: Jiāng Guó) during the Shang Dynasty and Western Zhou Dynasty, with its capital city near today's Zhengyang County, Henan Province.
During the Spring and Autumn period, the kingdom was often under attack from the neighboring states of Chu, Song, and Qi, each of which was larger than the "River Kingdom". While defending from neighbors' attacks, the Jiang state also had to deal with the Huai River's frequent flooding, which often inundated the kingdom's central areas. These difficulties prevented Jiang from developing significant economic or military power. It survived until 623 BC when it was destroyed by Chu.
At the time of the kingdom's destruction, many of its surviving inhabitants fled to what is now Henan Province and took the kingdom's name, "Jiang", as their clan name.
Jiang and Chiang (蒋) is a Chinese surname. It first appeared:
Jiang, Qiang, Chiang, (彊/强) is a Chinese surname. It originated during the 26th century BC. It derived from the deity Yujiang who was revered as the god of Water in Ancient China. Yujiang's descendants were given the surname Jiang (疆). During the Zhou Dynasty, in the Lu (state), those with the surname Ji (姬) or of the family Gongsun Jiang (公孙强) took the surname Jiang (疆). It was also used as a given name.
|This page lists people with the surname Jiang. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|