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Jhelum
Jhelum
/ˈdʒeɪləm/ (Urdu: جِہلم‬‎, Punjabi: جہلم‬) is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum
Jhelum
River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. Jhelum
Jhelum
is known for providing a large number of soldiers to the British Army before independence,[4] and later to the Pakistan
Pakistan
armed forces - due to which it is also known as City of Soldiers or Land of Martyrs
Martyrs
and Warriors.[5][6] Jhelum
Jhelum
is a few miles upstream from the site of the ancient Battle of the Hydaspes
Hydaspes
between the armies of Alexander
Alexander
and King Porus. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. Other notable sites nearby include the 16th-century Rohtas Fort, the Tilla Jogian
Tilla Jogian
complex of ancient temples, and the 16th-century Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road
which passes through the city. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the population of Jhelum
Jhelum
was 145,647[7] and in 2012 its population is 188,803.[7] The name of the city is derived from the words Jal (pure water) and Ham (snow), as the river that flows through the river originates in the Himalayas.[8] There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum
Jhelum
city, including a tobacco factory, wood, marble, glass and flour mills.[9]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Ancient 2.2 Medieval 2.3 Later Periods 2.4 British Raj 2.5 Independence

3 Administration 4 Demography 5 City 6 Geography and climate

6.1 Major floods

7 Important sites 8 Travel and tourism

8.1 Local 8.2 National 8.3 Railway 8.4 Air

9 Telecommunication 10 Sports 11 Education

11.1 Higher and technical education 11.2 Universities

12 Hospitals 13 Major industries 14 Gallery 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

Etymology[edit] Anjum Sultan Shahbaz recorded some stories of the name Jhelum
Jhelum
in his book Tareekh-e- Jhelum
Jhelum
as:[10]

“ Many writers have different opinions about the name of Jhelum. One suggestion is that in ancient days Jhelumabad was known as Jalham. The word Jhelum
Jhelum
is reportedly derived from the words Jal(pure water) and Ham (snow). The name thus refers to the waters of a river (flowing besides the city) which have their origins in the snow-capped Himalayas.[11] However, some writers believe that when "Dara-e-Azam" reached a certain place on the river bank after winning many battles, he fixed his flag at that place and called it "Ja-e-Alam" which means "Place of the Flag". With the passage of time it became Jhelum
Jhelum
from "Ja-e-Alam". According to tradition, Hazrat Saeed Bin Abi Waqas, brother of Hazrat Saad Bin Abi Waqas, was sent to China to preach Islam, during his journey he arrived at the city of Jhelum, he saw the reflection of a city in the river and said "هذا جهيلم" (this is Jheelum), which means "City besides the river, in full moonlight" Ahmed Shah Abdali
Ahmed Shah Abdali
also used "Jheelum" in place of Jhelum
Jhelum
and "Harian" for Kharian
Kharian
in his diary.

Shahbaz, Anjum Sultan (September 2003). Tareekh-e-Jhelum. history of Jhelum
Jhelum
(2nd ed.). Book Corner, Main Bazar, Jhelum. p. 92.  History[edit] Ancient[edit] The Rajputs, Jats
Jats
and Ahirs,[12][13][14] who now hold the Salt Range and its northern plateau respectively, appear to have been the earliest inhabitants of Jhelum.[15] The history of Jhelum
Jhelum
dates back to the semi-mythical period of the Mahabharata. Hindu
Hindu
tradition represents the nearby Salt Range
Salt Range
as the refuge of the five Pandava brothers during the period of their exile. The next major point in the history of the district was the Battle of the Hydaspes
Battle of the Hydaspes
between Alexander
Alexander
and the local ruler, Porus. Abisares (or Abhisara;[16] in Greek Αβισαρης), called Embisarus (Eμ Oβισαρoς) by Diodorus,[17] was an Indian people king of abhira[18] descent beyond the river Hydaspes, whose territory lay in the mountains, sent embassies to Alexander
Alexander
both before and after the conquest of Porus
Porus
in 326 BC, although inclined to espouse the side of the latter. Alexander not only allowed him to retain his kingdom, but increased it, and on his death appointed his son as his successor. The Gakhars
Gakhars
appear to represent an early wave of conquerors from the west, and who still inhabit a large tract in the mountain north to tilla range. Gakhars were the dominant race during the early Muslim
Muslim
era and they long continued to retain their independence, both in Jhelum
Jhelum
itself and in the neighbouring district of Rawalpindi.[15] Medieval[edit] In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul
Kabul
and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region
Punjab region
including Jhelum. The Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region
Punjab region
became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi
Sufi
saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. The Mughals
Mughals
were Persianized Turks who claimed descent from both Timur and Genghis Khan and strengthened the Persianate culture of Muslim India. Being very few in number, they adopted a policy of converting the local jats and Gakhars
Gakhars
mandatory as recorded in the Baburnama.[19] Thus it is credited to the Mughals, who were largely responsible for the conversion of the jatts to Islam.[20] With the collapse of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
after the death of Aurangzeb, the Durrani empire had occupied the plains but were quickly ousted by the Sikhs. Later Periods[edit] After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh
Sikh
invaded and occupied Jhelum
Jhelum
District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. In 1849 Jhelum
Jhelum
passed with the rest of the Sikh
Sikh
territories to the British. In 1857 the 14th Native Infantry stationed at Jhelum
Jhelum
town mutinied, and displayed a vigorous defence against a force sent from Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
to disarm them, but decamped for the night following the action, with the main body being subsequently arrested by the Kashmiri authorities, into whose territory they had escaped.

A Sikh-era fort in Jhelum
Jhelum
City

British Raj[edit] During British rule, Jhelum
Jhelum
was connected by the North-Western Railway to other cities in the Indian Empire, 1,367 miles from Calcutta, 1,413 from Bombay, and 849 from Karachi. The population according to the 1901 census of India
India
was 14,951.[21] According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India:

“ The present town is of modern origin, the old town, which may have been the Bucephala of Alexander
Alexander
having been, on the left or opposite bank of the river. Under Sikh
Sikh
rule the place was quite unimportant, being mainly occupied by a settlement of boatmen, and at the time of annexation contained about 500 houses. It was then chosen as the site of a cantonment and as the headquarters of the civil administration. For some years it was the seat of the Commissioner of the Division, but in 1859 his headquarters were transferred to Rawalpindi. Under British rule, Jhelum
Jhelum
has steadily advanced in prosperity; and is the entrepôt for most of the trade of the District, though, since the completion of the Sind-Sāgar branch of the North-Western Railway; the salt trade no longer passes through it. It is an important timber dépôt, the timber from the Kashmir forests which is floated down the river being collected here. A good deal of boat-building is carried on. The cantonment, which is 3 miles from the civil station, contains the church and post office. The normal strength of the garrison is one Native cavalry and four Native infantry regiments. The municipality was founded in 1867. During the ten years ending 1902–3 the receipts averaged Rs. 32,100, and the expenditure Rs, 31,900. Receipts and expenditure from cantonment funds in the same period averaged Rs. 31,900 and Rs. 6,100 respectively. The chief income of the municipality in 1903-4 was Rs. 34,200 chiefly from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 41,000. The town has two Anglo vernacular schools, a municipal high school, and a middle school maintained by the American Presbyterian Mission. Besides the civil hospital, the mission also maintains a hospital.[21] ”

Marble lectern in memory of 35 British soldiers

During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Indian Mutiny, 35 British soldiers of the Regular 24th Regiment of Foot were killed at the Battle of Jhelum
Jhelum
by mutineers from the Honourable East India Companies 14th Bengal Native Infantry (roughly 500 of the soldiers mutinied with roughly 100 of the Sikh
Sikh
soldiers remaining loyal). Among the dead was Captain Francis Spring, the eldest son of Colonel William Spring.[22]. A lectern inside St. John's Church Jhelum
St. John's Church Jhelum
shows the names of those 35 soldiers. St. John's Church is located in the Jhelum Cantonment, Pakistan
Pakistan
beside the river Jhelum. It was built in 1860 and remains a landmark in the city. It was built as a Protestant church, and was in use throughout the British period. For the past forty years it has been closed to the public and in poor condition, however it has since[when?] been renovated and reopened and is now maintained. The British soldier William Connolly won a Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
for his bravery during this battle. Mirza Dildar Baig, also known as Khaki Shah, took part in the mutiny at Jhelum
Jhelum
and was later celebrated by Indian Nationalists. He was captured and arrested with the remaining mutineers by authorities in Kashmir and later hanged near the river Jhelum. His grave is in a shrine in Jhelum
Jhelum
Dildarnagar, and a small town in Uttar Pradesh is also named after him. The railway bridge on the river Jhelum
Jhelum
was built in 1873 by the British engineer William St. John Galwey. He also made the great Empress Bridge over the river Sutlej. Independence[edit] The predominantly Muslim
Muslim
population supported Muslim
Muslim
League and Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement. After the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India
India
while Muslim
Muslim
refugees from India
India
settled down in the Jhelum
Jhelum
District. Administration[edit]

The River Jhelum
Jhelum
below the bridge From Sarai Alamgir
Sarai Alamgir
side

As well as being district capital, Jhelum
Jhelum
city is also the headquarters of Jhelum
Jhelum
Tehsil, the city of Jhelum
Jhelum
is administratively subdivided into 7 Union Councils,[23] namely Jhelum-I, Jhelum-II, Jhelum-III, Jhelum-IV, Jhelum-V, Jhelum-VI and Jhelum-VII. Demography[edit]

Jhelum
Jhelum
City Population

Census Pop.

1961 52,685

1972 70,157

33.2%

1981 106,462

51.7%

1998 145,847

37.0%

Est. 2009 188,803

Source:[24]

The population of the Jhelum
Jhelum
city is about 188,800(2012)[7] and it is the 32nd largest city of Pakistan
Pakistan
with respect to population. Total area of city is about 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi). Population density is 261/km. Population Growth Rate is 1.51[25] which is very low as compared to other urban areas of Pakistan. The majority of the population i.e. 98.47 percent is Muslim. Among the minorities Christians are in majority sharing 1.36 percent in the district. The Gakhars, Janjua, Gujjars, Panhwar, Arain, Mughals, Gondals Awan, Syed, Jat, Kashmiri, Kayani and Khokhar are among the tribes residing here. The literacy rate of Jhelum
Jhelum
is among the highest in Pakistan. At 79%, it is only lower than that of Islamabad
Islamabad
and neighbouring Rawalpindi.[26] Somewhat higher than the literacy in Punjab province (58 percent).[26] The literacy rate has remarkably increased from 38.9 percent in 1981. The rate is much higher in the urban areas for both males and females. 84% of the population have electricity and 96% have access to water.[27] Human Development Index
Human Development Index
of Jhelum
Jhelum
is 0.770, which is highest in Pakistan
Pakistan
after Karachi. City[edit] See also: List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan
Punjab, Pakistan
by area

Shabir plaza Shandar Chowk

Gumbad wali Masjid

During the past few years, the city has experienced rapid expansion and it has now become a vibrant economic and cultural center. The old city has narrow streets and crowded bazaars. The main market area of Jhelum
Jhelum
is centred around "Shandar Chowk", "GTS Chowk", "Muhammadi Chowk" and includes "Main Bazaar", "Naya Bazaar", "Raja Bazaar", "Kinari Bazaar", "Sarafa Bazaar", "Chowk-Ehl-e-Hadith" and Soldier Arcade. Some of the main roads of Jhelum
Jhelum
City are Civil Line, Railway Road, Old GT Road, Kucheri Road, Iqbal Road and Rohtas Road. A cantonment was built during the British rule, which has now been upgraded into a strong Garrison, with an Infantry Division commanded by a Major General. Geography and climate[edit] Lying at 32°56′ North latitude and 73°44′ East longitude, Jhelum is located a 1-hour and 30 minutes drive from the Capital of Pakistan Islamabad, and 3 hours drive from the heart of Punjab Lahore. Jhelum is linked with these cities through the National Highway N-5. Several cities are within 1 to 2 hours drive including Gujrat (home to fan manufacturing),[28] Gujranwala,[29] Chakwal
Chakwal
and Mirpur, Azad Kashmir. Jhelum
Jhelum
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) and is extremely hot and humid in summer, and cold and generally dry in winter. The maximum recorded temperature in the pre-monsoon season of April to June is 49.2 °C (120.6 °F), whereas in winter the minimum temperature recorded is −0.6 °C (30.9 °F).[30] Average annual rainfall is about 850 millimetres (33 in) which is much below the required quantity given the extremely high evaporation levels. Nevertheless, in the rainy season water torrents flow from the north to Jhelum River
Jhelum River
very rapidly and cause damage to the crops, bridges, roads. This is responsible for the soil erosion in the district.[31] Over the years, global climate change has affected Jhelum
Jhelum
as well as any other place on Earth and below comparison charts from Weatherbase and NOAA show the difference in rainfall between 1990 and 2015:

Climate data for Jhelum, Pakistan

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 19 (66) 21 (69) 27 (80) 33 (91) 38 (100) 40 (104) 36 (96) 34 (93) 34 (93) 33 (91) 27 (80) 21 (69) 30 (86)

Average low °C (°F) 4 (39) 7 (44) 12 (53) 17 (62) 22 (71) 26 (78) 26 (78) 25 (77) 23 (73) 16 (60) 9 (48) 5 (41) 16 (60)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 35 (1.4) 46 (1.8) 45 (1.8) 32 (1.2) 27 (1) 51 (2) 223 (8.8) 225 (8.9) 79 (3.1) 18 (0.7) 12 (0.5) 25 (1) 81.8 (32.2)

Source: Weatherbase 2015[32]

Climate data for Jhelum, Punjab

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 26.1 (79) 30.7 (87.3) 36.7 (98.1) 43.3 (109.9) 49.2 (120.6) 49.0 (120.2) 47.0 (116.6) 42.2 (108) 40.6 (105.1) 37.8 (100) 35.0 (95) 27.8 (82) 49.2 (120.6)

Average high °C (°F) 19.7 (67.5) 21.6 (70.9) 26.6 (79.9) 33.0 (91.4) 38.1 (100.6) 40.5 (104.9) 35.9 (96.6) 34.5 (94.1) 35.0 (95) 33.1 (91.6) 27.6 (81.7) 21.5 (70.7) 30.6 (87.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3 (54.1) 14.7 (58.5) 19.5 (67.1) 25.4 (77.7) 30.1 (86.2) 33.2 (91.8) 30.9 (87.6) 29.9 (85.8) 29.0 (84.2) 24.9 (76.8) 18.7 (65.7) 13.6 (56.5) 23.5 (74.3)

Average low °C (°F) 5.0 (41) 7.7 (45.9) 12.5 (54.5) 17.7 (63.9) 22.0 (71.6) 25.8 (78.4) 25.8 (78.4) 25.3 (77.5) 23.0 (73.4) 16.6 (61.9) 9.9 (49.8) 5.7 (42.3) 16.4 (61.5)

Record low °C (°F) −0.6 (30.9) 0.0 (32) 4.0 (39.2) 8.6 (47.5) 13.0 (55.4) 18.0 (64.4) 19.4 (66.9) 19.4 (66.9) 15.0 (59) 8.9 (48) 1.1 (34) 0.0 (32) −0.6 (30.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.8 (1.331) 50.0 (1.969) 60.5 (2.382) 36.6 (1.441) 31.8 (1.252) 51.9 (2.043) 237.3 (9.343) 221.2 (8.709) 77.7 (3.059) 12.2 (0.48) 9.9 (0.39) 30.4 (1.197) 853.3 (33.596)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 212.8 202.9 225.3 256.8 312.7 284.7 247.0 243.6 257.0 287.5 251.9 215.3 2,997.5

Source: NOAA (1961–1990)[30]

Major floods[edit] The biggest floods in Jhelum
Jhelum
in recent years were in 1992. Jhelum
Jhelum
city and surrounding areas were almost completely submerged under flood waters.[33] Important sites[edit]

Front view of Melange super Market

Akram Shaheed Library

Rohtas Fort
Rohtas Fort
is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 18 km NW of Jhelum
Jhelum
and 7 km from Dina. The old city has a fascinating labyrinth of narrow streets and crowded bazaars. Opposite to the CMH Jhelum
CMH Jhelum
Cantt is located the beautiful mosque of the city, CMH Masjid Jhelum. Located in the cantonment area is the St. John's Church Jhelum
St. John's Church Jhelum
which was built in 1860. There was a local stadium near Gul Afshan Colony which was changed to a cricket stadium named Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium. Altaf Park which was constructed in 1994–95 is in a very close proximity of Cricket Stadium. Nearly 100 m from Shandar Chowk, in the center of city, is Major Akram Shaheed Memorial
Major Akram Shaheed Memorial
Park. Major Muhammad Akram
Muhammad Akram
Memorial Library is also present in this park. This is also a site of a parade which takes place every year on 6 September at the occasion of Defence Day.

Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam
Water Reservoir

Lehri Nature Park is located 10 kilometers away from G. T. Road between Jhelum
Jhelum
and Islamabad, it is 30 kilometers from Jhelum
Jhelum
and 90 kilometers from Islamabad
Islamabad
in the hilly Pothohar region. The Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam
is located on the Jhelum River
Jhelum River
about 30 km (19 mi) from Jhelum, it is the twelfth largest dam in the world. It was constructed in 1967 across the Jhelum
Jhelum
River. There is the Mangla View Resort[34] that is the first planned resort development in Pakistan
Pakistan
to offer residences, villas, townhouses, hotels, serviced apartments & retail outlets. The resort is located on a 340-acre (1.4 km2) site on the Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam
area. Rasul Barrage
Rasul Barrage
is located on the Jhelum River
Jhelum River
about 30 km downstream from Jhelum. Two major water canals originate at the Rasul barrage, Rasul-Qadirabad link canal which is also called Lower-Jhelum link canal and Rasul-Shahpur branch canal. The area around the Rasul Barrage lake is also a picnic spot. Travel and tourism[edit]

The lawn of Tulip Riverside Hotel[dead link]

Local[edit] Auto Rickshaws
Rickshaws
are a popular mode of transport for short routes within the city. Many of the new rickshaws in the city use Compressed natural gas (CNG) instead of the petrol engines as CNG is environmentally clean and cheaper than petrol. Rickshaws
Rickshaws
are another important mode of transportation. The older horse drawn tongas are now defunct although some can still be privately commissioned. Taxis and privately commissioned small passenger carrying vans are available. National[edit]

Bus Stand Jhelum

Daewoo Express
Daewoo Express
Bus Service and other bus services operate from the city to the entire country.[35] There is a regular bus/Hiace service available running from early hours of the morning to late in the night. Daily routes include Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha, Chakwal, Mirpur and Faisalabad. Regular bus and van services are available within Jhelum
Jhelum
District. It includes important towns and villages such as: buses from Jhelum
Jhelum
to Pind Dadan Khan, Dina, Sohawa, Lilla, Nakka Khurd, Chakri Rajgan Khalaspur, Pind Sawika, Bair Faqiran- Green Hills Village) Nagyal, Sanghoi, Mangla Cantt, Nara, Domeli, Darapur, Jalalpur Sharif
Jalalpur Sharif
and many more, while vans go from Jhelum
Jhelum
to Sanghoi, Wagh, Dina, Kharian, Sarai Alamgir, Chak Jamal, Chak Doulat, Mughalabad, Boken, Dhanyala
Dhanyala
and many other destinations as well as Baragowah. Railway[edit]

Jhelum
Jhelum
Railway Station

The Jhelum
Jhelum
Railway Station was built in 1928 during British rule before the independence of Pakistan. It was connected by the North-Western Railway to other cities in the Indian empire. Jhelum
Jhelum
is on main line of Pakistan
Pakistan
Railways, and linked to whole country through Railway line across Pakistan. Many of the railway lines and bridges were designed and constructed by exceptionally hardworking engineers during the British time and after independence in railway workshop Jhelum. Air[edit] The nearest international airport is the Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport, which is approximately 110 km by road from Jhelum. The Sialkot
Sialkot
International Airport, is approximately 100 km by road from Jhelum. A small airport called Gurha Salim Airport is situated 13 km (8 mi)[36] from the city centre. It is not being used by any commercial airlines, but only for military purposes.[37][38] Telecommunication[edit] 3G Internet Service is available in this city since September 2014. The PTCL provides the main network of landline telephone with minority shares of few other operators like WorldCall. All major mobile phone companies operating in Pakistan
Pakistan
provide service in Jhelum. Broadband internet access is available from DSL, EVDO to state of the art WiMAX technology from many ISPs, WiMax and WiFi
WiFi
operators like PTCL EVO,[39] Wateen, Mobilink, WorldCall, LinkdotNet etc. WorldCall
WorldCall
has laid its fiberoptics throughout the city of Jhelum
Jhelum
for future project of FTTH with Triple Play service.[40] In August 2008 PTCL has also launched its IPTV
IPTV
service named PTCL Smart TV in Jhelum. Jhelum
Jhelum
has got its own ISP Jhelum
Jhelum
Networks which is semi public organisation working for development of telecommunication and internet services throughout Jhelum. Company started its services in 2011 and now covering more than 200sq/km area. Jhelum
Jhelum
Networks is providing WiFi
WiFi
and cable internet services throughout the district. Different Cellular Networks are also Providing 3G internet in city Jhelum. Sports[edit] Main article: Sport in Jhelum

Cricket Stadium Jhelum

Horse and rider in action

Located within the city is a golf course called the River-View Golf Club,[41] where national golf tournaments are held regularly. There is also a Cricket + football Stadium Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium where District level tournaments are held. In October 2008, Pakistan
Pakistan
Cricket Board upgraded this stadium for Regional events.[42] Besides the mainstream sports like football, cricket, hockey, and squash, a lot of other sports are also played in the rural areas around the city. These, which are equally popular, include tent pegging, volleyball, stone-lifting and Kabaddi. Thousands of people flock to these local grand sporting events as keenly as the average sports fan anywhere in the world. These events are usually sponsored by the UK and foreign based Pakistani diaspora. Education[edit] Jhelum
Jhelum
has six Degree Colleges for Women, six Degree Colleges for Men, six Co-education Colleges, six Commerce Colleges, one Law College, numerous higher secondary schools and over 150 high schools.[43] Higher and technical education[edit] In technical education there are three technical colleges, Government Institute of Technology (Chak Daulat), Government Vocational Institute for Women (Civil Lines Jhelum) and Government Technical Training Institute.[44] Air School System is an Independent Education System that follows National Curriculum in accordance with Federal Ministry of Education and is registered as a Private Limited Company under the Companies Ordinance 1984. Air Foundation School System carries Trade Mark under the Ordinance 2001/Act 1940, Government of Pakistan. AFSS is ISO 9001 – 2000 certified by Moody International. Universities[edit]

The University of the Punjab
University of the Punjab
has also established a campus in Jhelum offering programs related to business, commerce, law, and computer science. The new undergraduate and postgraduate degree programs are due to commence soon. The literacy rate of Jhelum
Jhelum
is high in comparison to other cities of the Punjab. 65 kanals of land was allocated to establish this campus by Government of Punjab.[45] Jhelum
Jhelum
also has two sub-campuses of the Virtual University of Pakistan, Virtual University Campus at Civil Lines opposite city Church and other one is Private Virtual Campus namely Wings Institute of Learning.[46] Virtual University of Pakistan
Pakistan
inaugurated its own Campus in Jhelum
Jhelum
in March 2012; VU Jhelum
Jhelum
Campus has started its vital role to educate people of Jhelum
Jhelum
within their affordability. It is located in the middle of the city in a beautiful building. VU Jhelum Campus is well equipped, neat and organised campus. To facilitate the students, all sort of academics programs are offered at the campus. Students can continue their study without any power cut and internet issue. It is the place where students get prepared for their promising career and meet their respective course fellows. Hospitals[edit]

DHQ Civil Hospital Jada Jhelum

AlKhadim Memorial Hospital

Jhelum
Jhelum
has some of the largest hospitals[47] in the area which include the hospital in the cantonment area of the city managed by the Pakistan
Pakistan
Army or sub organisations.[48] One such hospital is the Combined Military Hospital Jhelum. Major industries[edit]

Pakistan
Pakistan
Tobacco Company Jhelum

Some of the major industries are:[49]

Pakistan
Pakistan
Chipboard (Pvt) Ltd Chipboard factory Pakistan
Pakistan
Tobacco Company Tobacco related products

Gallery[edit]

Map of Tehsil Jhelum

A fort in Jhelum
Jhelum
City

Stylo and Hush Puppies, Civil Line

Saleem center, Civil Lines

Ladi's mart, MM#3

Cantonment Square, Jhelum

Mahfooz Plaza, Kazim Kamal Road

KFC Jhelum
Jhelum
Cantt

View of a match

Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium

Tulip lawn Jhelum

Kazim Kamal Park

Tulip hotel

Jhelum River
Jhelum River
at Jhelum
Jhelum
City

See also[edit]

Geography portal Asia portal South Asia portal Pakistan
Pakistan
portal Jhelum
Jhelum
portal

Inder Kumar Gujral, thirteenth Prime Minister of India Military College Jhelum Rabia Qari, the first female Muslim
Muslim
barrister in South Asia

References[edit]

^ "Location of Jhelum – Falling Rain Genomics". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jhelum, Pakistan". Weatherbase. 2008.  ^ "TRENDS IN REGIONAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICES: Table 2" (PDF). The United Nations. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2010.  ^ John Pike. "Dominated Recruitment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ Shoaib, Syed
Syed
(17 June 2009). "City of Soldiers". BBC News. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ "AAJ NEWS Report (City of martyrs and warriors)". Youtube.com. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-19.  ^ The District Jhelum[dead link] ^ "Tehsil Municipal Administration Jhelum
Jhelum
– Industries of Jhelum". Tmajhelum.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2013.  ^ Tareekh-e-Jhelum, page 92 by Anjum Sultan Shahbaz ^ The District Jhelum
Jhelum
Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography – Subodh Kapoor. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ Kapoor, Subodh (16 July 2017). "Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography". Cosmo Publications – via Google Books.  ^ Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, v. 8, 20, 29; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, viii. 12–14, ix. 1, x. 1 ^ a b " Jhelum District
Jhelum District
Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 152". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). " Alexander
Alexander
III ( Alexander
Alexander
the Great)". Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. 1.  ^ Diodorus, Bibliotheca, xvii. 90 ^ The Tribes and Castes of Bombay: Ill – Reginald E. Enthoven. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ "Biography of Abdur Rahim Khankhana". Archived from the original on 17 January 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2006.  ^ ^ a b c Robert L. Canfield, Turko-Persia in historical perspective, Cambridge University Press, 1991. pg 20: "The Mughals
Mughals
– Persianized Turks who invaded from Central Asia and claimed descent from both Timur and Genghis – strengthened the Persianate culture of Muslim India" ^ a b "''Imperial Gazetteer of India'', v. 14, p. 159-160". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ The London Gazette, 19 May 1858 http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/22141/pages/2492/page.pdf ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhelum
Jhelum
– Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ World-Gazetteer.com. " Jhelum
Jhelum
City". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-19.  ^ "Population growth rate". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-28.  ^ "District Profile". Dawn.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2008. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ "University of Gujrat". Uog.edu.pk. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-25.  ^ Gujranwala
Gujranwala
Business Center Archived 11 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b " Jhelum
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Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 16 January 2012.  ^ "Jhelum, Pakistan
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Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.  ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jhelum, Pakistan". Weatherbase. 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.  ^ http://precis.metoffice.com/Useful_Links/Publications/Sajjad.pdf ^ Mangla View Resort Archived 6 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Daewoo Express
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Bus Service Archived 21 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Wikimapia - Let's describe the whole world!". wikimapia.org.  ^ "Air Force Question Thread".  ^ "eyeball-series.org". eyeball-series.org.  ^ PTCL EVO Archived 11 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ LinkdotNET Archived 28 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Wikimapia - Let's describe the whole world!". www.wikimapia.org.  ^ Jang News report(District Cricket Stadium, Jhelum) Archived 30 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ School Directory of PUNJAB (Jhelum) Archived 11 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Technical education in Jhelum[dead link] ^ Punjab University NewsLetter Archived 30 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Virtual University of Pakistan". www.vu.edu.pk.  ^ "Program Areas - CPDI".  ^ Medical facilities in Jhelum[dead link] ^ "TMA Jhelum
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(Industries)". Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. 

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