Jeu de paume
1 History 2 Derived sports
2.1 Hand 2.2 Racquet 2.3 Basket
3 Cultural references 4 See also 5 References 6 External links
Late 18th-century illustration of jeu de paume paddle-bats or battoirs, and (in various stages of construction) strung racquets.
In the earliest versions of the game, the players hit the ball with
their hands, as in palla, volleyball, or certain varieties of pelota.
Jeu de paume, or jeu de paulme as it was formerly spelled,
literally means "palm game". In time, gloves replaced bare hands. Even
when paddle-like bats, and finally racquets, became standard equipment
for the game by the late 17th century, the name did not change. It
became known as "tennis" in English (see History of tennis), and later
"real tennis" after the derived game of lawn tennis became the more
widely known sport.
The term is used in
Earliest known picture of Jeu de Paume from a Book of Hours (c. 1300)
Fistball Fives Frisian handball Pallone Basque pelota
Various other forms of handball may be related to one degree or
another; this is generally difficult to ascertain with certainty, and
some, like the
Various other racquet games (squash, badminton, etc.) may be related to one degree or another. Basket
Jai alai, a variation of
A modernised court in the Palace of Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau (1991).
The Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, a museum of contemporary art,
is housed in a former court on the north side of the
Basque pelota Valencian pilota
^ Diderot, Denis; d'Alembert, Jean le Rond (c. 1785). Encyclopedie ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences des Arts et des Métiers. Paris: self-published monograph. Plate 1: "Paulmerie, Jeu de Paulme et Construction de la Raquette". access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Jeu De Paume Men's Singles Medalists". Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeu de paume.
Historical Picture: A Jeu de Paume Before a Country Palace