HOME
The Info List - Jennings Randolph





Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
(March 8, 1902 – May 8, 1998) was an American politician from West Virginia. He was a member of the Democratic Party and was the last surviving member of the United States
United States
Congress to have served during the first 100 days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 U.S. Senate 3 Legislation

3.1 Twenty-Sixth Amendment to the United States
United States
Constitution 3.2 Equal Rights Amendment 3.3 Randolph-Sheppard Act 3.4 Aeronautics Legislation 3.5 Synthetic Liquid Fuels Act 3.6 Department of Peace

4 Life outside Congress 5 References 6 External links

Early life and career[edit] Randolph was born in Salem, West Virginia, the son of Idell (Bingham) and Ernest Fitz Randolph.[1] He was named after William Jennings Bryan. Both his grandfather and father had been mayors of Salem.[2] He attended the public schools, and graduated from the Salem Academy in 1920 and Salem College in 1922. He engaged in newspaper work in Clarksburg, West Virginia
West Virginia
in 1924. He was the associate editor of West Virginia Review at Charleston, West Virginia
West Virginia
in 1925; head of the department of public speaking and journalism at Davis and Elkins College at Elkins, West Virginia, 1926–1932; and a trustee of Salem College and Davis and Elkins College. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1930 to the Seventy-second Congress, but was elected to the Seventy-third and to the six succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1933, to January 3, 1947. While a congressman, he was chairman of the U.S. House Committee on the District of Columbia (Seventy-sixth through Seventy-ninth Congresses) and the U.S. House Committee on Civil Service (Seventy-ninth Congress). Randolph was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection during the Republican landslide of 1946. He went on to become a professor of public speaking at Southeastern University in Washington, D.C., 1935–1953, and dean of School of Business Administration from 1952 to 1958; he was assistant to president and director of public relations, Capital Airlines (later purchased by United Airlines), Washington, D.C., February 1947-April 1958. U.S. Senate[edit] He was elected in a special election on November 4, 1958 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy triggered by the death of Matthew M. Neely. Legislation[edit] Twenty-Sixth Amendment to the United States
United States
Constitution[edit] Main article: Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States
United States
Constitution Randolph was best known for sponsoring eleven times an amendment to the Constitution
Constitution
that would grant citizens aged between 18 and 21 the right to vote. He first introduced the amendment in 1942, arguing that young soldiers fighting in World War II
World War II
should be able to vote. In 1970 amendments to the Voting Rights Act
Voting Rights Act
lowered the voting age to 18 in both local and national elections. After the Supreme Court found in Oregon v. Mitchell
Oregon v. Mitchell
that Congress only had the power to lower the voting age to 18 for national elections, and no power to lower it for state elections, Randolph was among the Senators who reintroduced the amendment. It was ratified by three-fourths of the states in 1971 as the Twenty-Sixth Amendment, 107 days after it was approved by Congress. Equal Rights Amendment[edit] On August 26, 1970, the fiftieth anniversary of the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States
United States
Constitution
Constitution
giving women the right to vote, Randolph attracted widespread media coverage for negative comments he made concerning the Women's Liberation Movement.[3] Feminists had organized a nationwide Women's Strike for Equality that day, and presented the sympathetic Senate leadership with a petition for the Equal Rights Amendment. Randolph derided the protesters as "braless bubbleheads" and that the equal rights activists claimed they did not speak for women, citing those more radical feminists that supported, as he put it, the "right to unabridged abortions". Randolph would later admit that his bubblehead comment was "perhaps ill-chosen" and went on to support the Equal Rights Amendment. In 1972, when the amendment passed the Senate, Randolph was a co-sponsor.[4] Randolph-Sheppard Act[edit] Main article: Randolph-Sheppard Act While a member of the House of Representatives, Randolph was the main sponsor of the Randolph-Sheppard Act, which was passed by Congress in 1936. This act, which is still in force, gives blind people preference in federal contracts for food service stands on federal properties such as military bases, as well as some other jobs. Organizations for blind people such as the National Federation of the Blind
National Federation of the Blind
cite this act as one of the first and most successful programs to give blind people secure jobs with less supervision and more independence than other previous programs such as sheltered workshops. This act became one of the first instances of affirmative action legislation. Aeronautics Legislation[edit] Main article: Civil Aeronautics Act An aviation enthusiast, he often flew more than once a day to visit constituents in West Virginia
West Virginia
and to commute to Washington. He was the founder and first president of the Congressional Flying Club. He was a strong advocate for programs to advance air travel and airport development. In 1938 he sponsored the Civil Aeronautics Act, which transferred the federal civil aviation responsibilities from the Department of Commerce
Department of Commerce
to a new independent agency, the Civil Aeronautics Authority. The legislation gave the CAA the power to regulate airline fares and to determine the routes that air carriers would serve. In subsequent years, Randolph co-authored the Federal Airport Act as well as legislation that created the Civil Air Patrol, the National Air and Space Museum, and National Aviation Day. During his tenure in the Senate, he sponsored the Airport-Airways Development Act that created the Airport Trust Fund. As a co-author of the Appalachian Regional Development Act, he included provisions for the development of rural airports. Synthetic Liquid Fuels Act[edit] Main article: Synthetic Liquid Fuels Program In 1942 he proposed a Synthetic Liquid Fuels Act, which would fund the transformation of coal and its products into other useful forms of energy. To promote the viability of synthetic fuels in November 1943, Randolph and a professional pilot flew in an aircraft powered by gasoline derived from coal. The small, single-engine airplane flew from Morgantown, West Virginia
West Virginia
to National Airport in Washington, DC. Aided by Interior Secretary Harold Ickes and Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney, the Synthetic Liquid Fuels Act was approved on 5 April 1944. The Act authorized $30 million for the construction and operation of demonstration plants to produce synthetic liquid fuels. Department of Peace[edit] Main article: Department of Peace He introduced legislation to establish a Department of Peace in 1946 with the goal of strengthening America's capacity to resolve and manage international conflicts by both military and nonmilitary means. In the 1970s and 1980s he joined Senators Mark Hatfield
Mark Hatfield
and Spark Matsunaga and Congressman Dan Glickman
Dan Glickman
in efforts to create a national institution dedicated to peace. After he had announced his retirement from Congress in 1984, Randolph played a key role in the passage and enactment of the United States
United States
Institute of Peace Act. To guarantee its passage and funding, the legislation was attached to the Department of Defense Authorization Act of 1985. Approval of the legislation was in part a tribute to Randolph's long career in public service. The Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
Program, which awards fellowships to enable outstanding scholars, policymakers, journalists, and other professionals from around the world to conduct research at the U.S. Institute of Peace, has been named in his honor. Life outside Congress[edit]

Randolph's early career is recounted in Napoleon Hill's self-help book, Think and Grow Rich. Hill gave the commencement address at Randolph's graduation from Salem College; Randolph was deeply moved and inspired by the address. Later, when Randolph was elected to Congress, he wrote to Hill, urging him to turn the speech into a printed book. The text of the letter appears in the book. Randolph married Mary Katherine Babb on February 18, 1933. She died of cancer on March 10, 1981, and the Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center at West Virginia
West Virginia
University is named for her.[5] Randolph died in St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri
in 1998. He was interred at Seventh Day Baptist
Seventh Day Baptist
Cemetery, Salem, West Virginia. Randolph wrote a book along with James A. Bell
James A. Bell
called "Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen... : A Practical Guide to Public Speaking," which was published in 1939. Randolph's son, Jay Randolph, is a longtime television sportscaster for NBC, and KSDK
KSDK
for Cardinals' games in St. Louis. His grandson, Jay Randolph Jr., is the lead anchor of the PGA Tour Network on XM Satellite Radio, and hosts a sports talk show on St. Louis radio station KFNS. Jennings Randolph Lake
Jennings Randolph Lake
is named in his honor. The Jennings Randolph Bridge that carries U.S. Route 30 across the Ohio River between Chester, West Virginia, and East Liverpool, Ohio, is also named for him. Randolph was de facto chairman of Agri-Energy Roundtable
Agri-Energy Roundtable
(AER), a nongovernmental organization (NGO) accredited by the United Nations, and led U.S. delegations to seven AER annual conferences in Geneva, Switzerland (1981–1987).

References[edit]

^ [1] ^ "Jesse Fitz Randolph (1841 - 1928) - Find A Grave Memorial".  ^ Women's Liberation circa 1970 on YouTube. Retrieved on 2013-07-24. ^ Senator Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
of West Virginia
West Virginia
Dies at 96 - New York Times. Nytimes.com (1998-05-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-24. ^ [2][dead link]

External links[edit] Media related to Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
at Wikimedia Commons

United States
United States
Congress. " Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
(id: R000046)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
at Find a Grave Jennings Randolph
Jennings Randolph
Recognition Project (JRRP) Appearances on C-SPAN

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Frank L. Bowman Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from West Virginia's 2nd congressional district March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1947 Succeeded by Melvin C. Snyder

U.S. Senate

Preceded by John D. Hoblitzell, Jr. U.S. Senator (Class 2) from West Virginia November 5, 1958 – January 3, 1985 Served alongside: W. Chapman Revercomb, Robert C. Byrd Succeeded by Jay Rockefeller

Political offices

Preceded by Patrick V. McNamara Chairman of Senate Public Works Committee 1966–1977 Committee replaced by Environment and Public Works Committee

New title Committee created to replace Public Works Committee

Chairman of Senate Environment and Public Works Committee 1977–1981 Succeeded by Robert Stafford

Honorary titles

Preceded by Margaret Chase Smith Oldest Living United States
United States
Senator (Sitting or Former) May 29, 1995 – May 8, 1998 Succeeded by Strom Thurmond

Preceded by Harry P. Jeffrey Oldest Living United States
United States
Representative (Sitting or Former) January 4, 1997 – May 8, 1998 Succeeded by Ellis Yarnal Berry

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from West Virginia

Class 1

Van Winkle Boreman Caperton Price Hereford Camden Faulkner Scott Chilton Sutherland Neely Hatfield Holt Kilgore Laird Revercomb Byrd Goodwin Manchin

Class 2

Willey Davis Kenna Camden S. Elkins D. Elkins Watson N. Goff D. Elkins G. Goff Neely Rosier Shott Revercomb Neely Hoblitzell Randolph Rockefeller Capito

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Environment and Public Works

Public Buildings (1838–1857)

Fulton Kerr Dayton Cameron Bright Hunter Whitcomb James Bayard

Public Buildings and Grounds (1857–1947)

Bright Foot Brown Fessenden Morrill Dawes Jones Rollins Mahone Stanford Vest Quay Fairbanks Warren Scott Sutherland Swanson Reed Fernald Lenroot Keyes Connally Maloney Andrews

Public Works (1947–1977)

Revercomb Chávez Martin Chávez McNamara Randolph

Environment and Public Works (1977–)

Randolph Stafford Burdick Moynihan Baucus Chafee Smith Reid Smith Jeffords Inhofe Boxer Inhofe Barrasso

v t e

Chairmen of the United States
United States
House Committee on the District of Columbia

Lewis Van Horne Lewis Kent Tucker Herbert Kent Alexander Powers Doddridge Washington Chinn Shepard Bouldin W. Johnson Underwood Campbell Hunter Chapman Inge Brown Ficklin Hamilton Matteson Dodd Goode Carter Conkling Lovejoy Dumont Ingersoll Cook Starkweather Hale Buckner Blackburn Hunton Neal Barbour Hemphill Grout Hemphill Heard Babcock Smith B. Johnson Mapes Zihlman Focht Reed Zihlman Norton Palmisano Randolph McMillan Dirksen McMillan Simpson McMillan Diggs Dellums Stark

v t e

Chairmen of the United States
United States
House Committee on Post Office and Civil Service

Post Office and Post Roads (1808–1947)

Rhea Ingham Livermore F. Johnson J. Johnson Ingham McKean R. Johnson Connor McKay Briggs Hopkins Goggin Potter Olds Mace English Colfax Alley Farnsworth Packer Clark Waddell Money Bingham Money Blount Bingham J. Henderson Loud Overstreet Weeks Moon Steenerson Griest Sanders Mead Romjue Burch O'Brien

(Reform in the) Civil Service* (1893–1947)

Andrew De Forest Brosius Gillett Godwin Hamill Godwin Lehlbach Jeffers Ramspeck Randolph

Post Office and Civil Service (1947–1995)

Rees Murray Rees Murray Dulski D. Henderson Nix Hanley Ford Clay

Note

*Name shortened from Reform in the Civil Service to Civil Service in 1925.

v t e

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from West Virginia

1st district

Blair C. Hubbard Duval J. J. Davis B. Wilson Goff Pendleton Atkinson Pendleton Dovener W. Hubbard J. W. Davis Neely Rosenbloom Bachmann Ramsay Schiffler Ramsay Schiffler Neely Love Ramsay R. Mollohan Moore R. Mollohan A. Mollohan McKinley

2nd district

Brown, Sr. Latham Kitchen McGrew Hagans Faulkner Martin Hoge W. Wilson Dayton T. Davis Sturgiss Brown Jr. Bowers Allen Bowman Randolph M. Snyder Staggers, Sr. Benedict Staggers Jr. Wise Capito Mooney

3rd district

Whaley Polsley Witcher Hereford Kenna C. Snyder Alderson Huling Dorr Johnston Gaines Littlepage Avis Littlepage Reed Wolverton O'Brien Wolverton Hornor Edmiston Rohrbough Bailey Rohrbough Bailey Slack Hutchinson Staton Wise Rahall Jenkins

4th district

Gibson C. Hogg Jackson C. Smith Capehart Miller Freer Hughes Woodyard Hamilton Moss Woodyard Johnson Woodyard Hughes R. Hogg Johnson Ellis Burnside Neal Burnside Neal Hechler Rahall

5th district

Hughes Cooper Goodykoontz Lilly Strother Shott John Kee E. Kee James Kee

6th district

Littlepage Echols Taylor England J. Smith Hedrick Byrd Slack

At-large

Sutherland

v t e

(1960 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1964 (→ 1968)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Lyndon B. Johnson

VP nominee

Hubert Humphrey

Candidates

Daniel Brewster Pat Brown Robert F. Kennedy Albert S. Porter Jennings Randolph John W. Reynolds Jr. George Wallace Matthew E. Welsh Sam Yorty

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Barry Goldwater

campaign

VP nominee

William E. Miller

Candidates

Hiram Fong Walter Judd Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. Jim Rhodes Nelson Rockefeller William Scranton Margaret Chase Smith Harold Stassen

Third party and independent candidates

American Vegetarian Party

Nominee

Symon Gould

National States' Rights Party

Nominee

John Kasper

VP nominee

J. B. Stoner

Prohibition Party

Nominee

E. Harold Munn

VP nominee

Mark R. Shaw

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

Eric Hass

VP nominee

Henning A. Blomen

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

Clifton DeBerry

VP nominee

Ed Shaw

Independents and other candidates

George Lincoln Rockwell

Other 1964 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1972 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1976 (→ 1980)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Jimmy Carter

VP nominee

Walter Mondale

Candidates

Birch Bayh Lloyd Bentsen Jerry Brown Robert Byrd Hugh Carey Frank Church Fred R. Harris Hubert Humphrey Henry M. Jackson Leon Jaworski Barbara Jordan Eugene McCarthy Ellen McCormack Walter Mondale Jennings Randolph Terry Sanford Milton Shapp

campaign

Sargent Shriver Adlai Stevenson III Mo Udall George Wallace

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Gerald Ford

VP nominee

Bob Dole

Candidates

James L. Buckley Ronald Reagan Harold Stassen

Third party and independent candidates

American Party

Nominee

Thomas J. Anderson

American Independent Party

Nominee

Lester Maddox

Communist Party

Nominee

Gus Hall

VP nominee

Jarvis Tyner

Libertarian Party

Nominee

Roger MacBride

VP nominee

David Bergland

People's Party

Nominee

Margaret Wright

VP nominee

Benjamin Spock

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Ben Bubar

VP nominee

Earl Dodge

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

Peter Camejo

VP nominee

Willie Mae Reid

U.S. Labor Party

Nominee

Lyndon LaRouche

Other 1976 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

West Virginia's delegation(s) to the 73rd–98th United States Congress (ordered by seniority)

73rd Senate: H. Hatfield • M. Neely House: J. Smith • L. Hornor • J. Kee • J. Randolph • G. Johnson • R. Ramsay • A. Edmiston Jr.

74th Senate: M. Neely • R. Holt House: J. Smith • J. Kee • J. Randolph • G. Johnson • R. Ramsay • A. Edmiston Jr.

75th Senate: M. Neely • R. Holt House: J. Smith • J. Kee • J. Randolph • G. Johnson • R. Ramsay • A. Edmiston Jr.

76th Senate: M. Neely • R. Holt House: J. Smith • J. Kee • J. Randolph • G. Johnson • A. Edmiston Jr. • A. Schiffler

77th Senate: M. Neely • H. Kilgore • J. Rosier • H. Shott House: J. Smith • J. Kee • J. Randolph • G. Johnson • A. Edmiston Jr. • R. Ramsay

78th Senate: H. Kilgore • C. Revercomb House: J. Smith • J. Kee • J. Randolph • H. Ellis • E. Rohrbough • A. Schiffler

79th Senate: H. Kilgore • C. Revercomb House: J. Kee • J. Randolph • H. Ellis • E. Hedrick • C. Bailey • M. Neely

80th Senate: H. Kilgore • C. Revercomb House: J. Kee • H. Ellis • E. Hedrick • F. Love • M. Snyder • E. Rohrbough

81st Senate: H. Kilgore • M. Neely House: J. Kee • E. Hendrick • H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • R. Ramsay • M. Burnside

82nd Senate: H. Kilgore • M. Neely House: J. Kee • E. Hendrick • H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • R. Ramsay • M. Burnside

82nd Senate: H. Kilgore • M. Neely House: E. Hendrick • H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • R. Ramsay • M. Burnside • E. Kee

83rd Senate: H. Kilgore • M. Neely House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • R. Byrd • B. Mollohan • W. Neal

84th Senate: H. Kilgore • M. Neely House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • R. Byrd • B. Mollohan • M. Burnside

84th Senate: M. Neely • W. Laird III House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • R. Byrd • B. Mollohan • M. Burnside

84th Senate: M. Neely • C. Revercomb House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • R. Byrd • B. Mollohan • M. Burnside

85th Senate: M. Neely (until Jan 8, 1958) • C. Revercomb • J. Hoblitzell (Jan 25–Nov 4, 1958) • J. Randolph (from Nov 5, 1958) House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • R. Byrd • A. Moore Jr. • W. Neal

86th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • A. Moore Jr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr.

87th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • C. Bailey • E. Kee • A. Moore Jr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr.

88th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • E. Kee • A. Moore Jr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr.

89th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • A. Moore Jr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • J. Kee

90th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • A. Moore Jr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • J. Kee

91st Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • J. Kee • B. Mollohan

92nd Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • J. Kee • B. Mollohan

93rd Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • B. Mollohan

94th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • K. Hechler • J. Slack Jr. • B. Mollohan

95th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • J. Slack Jr. • B. Mollohan • N. Rahall

96th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: H. Staggers Sr. • J. Slack (until Mar 17, 1980) • B. Mollohan • N. Rahall • J. Hutchinson (from Jun 30, 1980)

97th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: B. Mollohan • N. Rahall • C. Benedict • M. Staton

98th Senate: J. Randolph • R. Byrd House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • H. Staggers Jr. • B. Wise

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1381411 LCCN: n83045964 US Congress: R000046 SN

.