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Jeep
Jeep
is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler
Chrysler
Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles.[2][3] Jeep
Jeep
has been a part of Chrysler
Chrysler
since 1987, when Chrysler
Chrysler
acquired the Jeep
Jeep
brand, along with remaining assets, from its previous owner: American Motors Corporation
American Motors Corporation
(AMC). Jeep's current product range consists solely of sport utility vehicles and off-road vehicles, but has also included pickup trucks in the past. Some of Jeep's vehicles, such as the Grand Cherokee and the Wagoneer, reach into the luxury segment. Jeep
Jeep
sold 1.4 million SUVs globally in 2016, up from 500,000 in 2008,[4][5] two-thirds of which in North America,[6] and was Fiat-Chrysler's best selling brand in the U.S. during the first half of 2017.[7] In the U.S. alone, over 2400 dealerships hold franchise rights to sell Jeep-branded vehicles, and if Jeep
Jeep
were spun off into a separate company, it is estimated to be worth between $22 and $33.5 billion — slightly more than all of FCA (US).[6][5] Prior to 1940 the term "jeep" had been used as U.S. Army slang for new recruits or vehicles,[8][9] but the World War II
World War II
"jeep" that went into production in 1941 specifically tied the name to this light military 4x4, arguably making them the oldest four-wheel drive mass-production vehicles now known as SUVs.[10] The Jeep
Jeep
became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army
United States Army
and the Allies during World War II, as well as the postwar period. The term became common worldwide in the wake of the war. Doug Stewart noted:[11] "The spartan, cramped, and unstintingly functional jeep became the ubiquitous World War II
World War II
four-wheeled personification of Yankee ingenuity and cocky, can-do determination." The Jeep
Jeep
marque has been headquartered in Toledo, Ohio, ever since Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
launched production of the first CJ or Civilian Jeep branded models there in 1945.[12] Its replacement, the conceptually consistent Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
series, remains in production since 1986. With its solid axles and open top, the Wrangler has been called the Jeep
Jeep
model that is as central to the brand’s identity as the rear-engined 911 is to Porsche.[13] At least two Jeep
Jeep
models (the CJ-5
CJ-5
and the SJ Wagoneer) enjoyed extraordinary three-decade production runs of a single body generation. Jeeps have since the war inspired a number of other light utility vehicles, such as the Land Rover.[14][15] Many Jeep
Jeep
variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been designed in other nations. In lowercase the term "jeep" continues to be used as a generic term for vehicles inspired by the Jeep
Jeep
that are suitable for use on rough terrain.[16]

Contents

1 World War II
World War II
Jeeps

1.1 Development – 1. Bantam Reconnaissance Car 1.2 Development – 2. Enter Willys
Willys
and Ford 1.3 Full production – Willys MB
Willys MB
and Ford
Ford
GPW

2 Post-war military Jeeps

2.1 CJ-V35/U 2.2 M715

3 Jeep
Jeep
etymology 4 Brand, trademarks and image

4.1 Off-road abilities

5 Company history and ownership

5.1 Ownership chronology

6 Military Jeeps model list 7 Civilian Jeeps model list

7.1 Jeep
Jeep
CJ 7.2 Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon and Truck 7.3 Willys
Willys
/ Jeep Jeepster
Jeep Jeepster
& (Jeepster) Commando 7.4 Jeep
Jeep
Forward Control 7.5 Jeep DJ
Jeep DJ
and Fleetvan 7.6 SJ Wagoneer, Cherokee and pickups 7.7 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(XJ) and Comanche 7.8 Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler 7.9 Grand Cherokee 7.10 Jeep Liberty
Jeep Liberty
/ Cherokee 7.11 Jeep
Jeep
Commander 7.12 Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
and Patriot platform 7.13 Concepts and prototypes

8 Current models 9 Future models 10 Jeeps built outside the USA 11 Jeep
Jeep
apparel and sponsorships 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

World War II
World War II
Jeeps Main article: Willys
Willys
MB

Bantam BRC 40

Ford
Ford
Pygmy

Dashboard of World War II
World War II
era jeep.

Jeep
Jeep
with 50 cal. Browning machine gun

Development – 1. Bantam Reconnaissance Car When it became clear that the United States would be involved in the European theatre of World War II, the U.S. Army contacted 135 companies to create working prototypes of a four-wheel-drive reconnaissance car. Only two companies responded: American Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland. The Army set a seemingly impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys
Willys
asked for more time, but was refused. The broke American Bantam Car Company had only a skeleton staff left on the payroll and solicited Karl Probst, a talented freelance designer from Detroit. After turning down Bantam's initial request, Probst responded to an Army request and began work on July 17, 1940, initially without salary. Probst laid out full plans for the Bantam prototype, known as the BRC or Bantam Reconnaissance Car, in just two days, working up a cost estimate the next day. Bantam's bid was submitted, complete with blueprints, on July 22.[17] While much of the vehicle could be assembled from off-the-shelf automotive parts, custom four-wheel drivetrain components were to be supplied by Spicer. The hand-built prototype was completed in Butler, Pennsylvania,[18] and driven to Camp Holabird, Maryland, delivered for Army testing on September 23. The vehicle met all the Army's criteria except engine torque. World War II
World War II
had already begun in Asia, with Japan expanding in China, Manchuria and Southeast Asia. The Imperial Japanese Army used a small four-wheel-drive car for reconnaissance and troop movements, having introduced the Kurogane Type 95
Kurogane Type 95
in 1936. Development – 2. Enter Willys
Willys
and Ford The Army thought that the Bantam company was too small to supply the required number of vehicles, so it supplied the Bantam design to Willys
Willys
and Ford, and encouraged them to modify the design. The resulting Ford
Ford
"Pygmy" and Willys
Willys
"Quad" prototypes looked very similar to the Bantam BRC prototype, and Spicer supplied very similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers.[19] 1,500 of each model (Bantam BRC-40, Ford
Ford
GP, and Willys
Willys
MA) were built and extensively field-tested. After the weight specification was revised from 1,275 lb (578 kg) to a maximum of 2,450 lb (1,110 kg)[20] including oil and water, Willys-Overland's chief engineer Delmar "Barney" Roos modified the design in order to use Willys's heavy but powerful "Go Devil" engine, and won the initial production contract. The Willys
Willys
version became the standard Jeep design, designated the model MB and was built at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. The familiar pressed-metal Jeep
Jeep
grille was a Ford
Ford
design feature and incorporated in the final design by the Army. Because the US War Department required a large number of vehicles in a short time, Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
granted the US Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys' specifications. The Army chose Ford
Ford
as a second supplier, building Jeeps to the Willys' design. Willys
Willys
supplied Ford
Ford
with a complete set of plans and specifications.[21] American Bantam, the creators of the first Jeep, built approximately 2,700 of them to the BRC-40 design, but spent the rest of the war building heavy-duty trailers for the Army. Full production – Willys MB
Willys MB
and Ford
Ford
GPW

1943 Willys
Willys
Jeep

Final production version Jeeps built by Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
were the Model MB, while those built by Ford
Ford
were the Model GPW (G=government vehicle, P designated the 80" wheelbase, and W = the Willys
Willys
engine design). There were subtle differences between the two.[22] The versions produced by Ford
Ford
had every component (including bolt heads) marked with an "F". Willys
Willys
also followed the Ford
Ford
pattern by stamping its name into some body parts, but stopped this in 1942.[23] The cost per vehicle trended upwards as the war continued from the price under the first contract from Willys
Willys
at US$648.74 (Ford's was $782.59 per unit).[24] Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
and Ford, under the direction of Charles E. Sorensen (Vice-President of Ford
Ford
during World War II), produced about 640,000 Jeeps towards the war effort, which accounted for approximately 18% of all the wheeled military vehicles built in the U.S. during the war.[25][26][27] Jeeps were used by every service of the U.S. military. An average of 145 were supplied to every Army infantry regiment. Jeeps were used for many purposes, including cable laying, saw milling, as firefighting pumpers, field ambulances, tractors and, with suitable wheels, would even run on railway tracks. An amphibious jeep, the model GPA, or "seep" (Sea Jeep) was built for Ford
Ford
in modest numbers but it could not be considered a huge success—it was neither a good off-road vehicle nor a good boat. As part of the war effort, nearly 30% of all Jeep
Jeep
production was supplied to Great Britain and to the Soviet Red Army. Post-war military Jeeps The Jeep
Jeep
has been widely imitated around the world, including in France by Delahaye
Delahaye
and by Hotchkiss et Cie
Hotchkiss et Cie
(after 1954, Hotchkiss manufactured Jeeps under license from Willys), and in Japan by Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
and Toyota. The utilitarian good looks of the original Jeep
Jeep
have been hailed by industrial designers and museum curators alike. The Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
described the Jeep
Jeep
as a masterpiece of functionalist design, and has periodically exhibited the Jeep
Jeep
as part of its collection.[28][29] Ernie Pyle
Ernie Pyle
called the Jeep, along with the Coleman G.I. Pocket Stove, "the two most important pieces of noncombat equipment ever developed."[30] Jeeps became even more famous following the war, as they became available on the surplus market. Some ads claimed to offer "Jeeps still in the factory crate." This legend persisted for decades, despite the fact that Jeeps were never shipped from the factory in crates (although Ford
Ford
did "knock down" Jeeps for easier shipping, which may have perpetuated the myth[31]). The Jeepney
Jeepney
is a unique type of taxi or bus created in the Philippines. The first Jeepneys were military-surplus MBs and GPWs, left behind in the war-ravaged country following World War II
World War II
and Filipino independence. Jeepneys were built from Jeeps by lengthening and widening the rear "tub" of the vehicle, allowing them to carry more passengers. Over the years, Jeepneys have become the most ubiquitous symbol of the modern Philippines, even as they have been decorated in more elaborate and flamboyant styles by their owners. Most Jeepneys today are scratch-built by local manufacturers, using different powertrains. Some are even constructed from stainless steel.[citation needed] In the United States military, the Jeep
Jeep
has been supplanted by a number of vehicles (e.g. Ford's M151) of which the latest is the Humvee. CJ-V35/U After World War II, Jeep
Jeep
began to experiment with new designs, including a model that could drive under water. On February 1, 1950, contract N8ss-2660 was approved for 1,000 units "especially adapted for general reconnaissance or command communications" and "constructed for short period underwater operation such as encountered in landing and fording operations." The engine was modified with a snorkel system so that the engine could properly breathe under water.[32]

Jeep
Jeep
M715

M715 In 1965, Jeep
Jeep
developed the M715 1.25-ton army truck, a militarized version of the civilian J-series Jeep
Jeep
truck, which served extensively in the Vietnam War. It had heavier full-floating axles and a foldable, vertical, flat windshield. Today, it serves other countries, and is still being produced by Kia under license. Jeep
Jeep
etymology See also: Willys MB
Willys MB
§ How the jeep got its name Many explanations of the origin of the word jeep have proven difficult to verify. The most widely held theory is that the military designation GP (for Government Purposes or General Purpose) was slurred into the word Jeep
Jeep
in the same way that the contemporary HMMWV (for High-Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle) has become known as the Humvee. Joe Frazer, Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
President from 1939 to 1944, claimed to have coined the word jeep by slurring the initials G.P.[33] There are no contemporaneous uses of "GP" before later attempts to create a "backronym." A more detailed view, popularized by R. Lee Ermey
R. Lee Ermey
on his television series Mail Call, disputes this "slurred GP" origin, saying that the vehicle was designed for specific duties, and was never referred to as "General Purpose" and it is highly unlikely that the average jeep-driving GI would have been familiar with this designation. The Ford
Ford
GPW abbreviation actually meant G for government use, P to designate its 80-inch (2,000 mm) wheelbase and W to indicate its Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
designed engine. Ermey suggests that soldiers at the time were so impressed with the new vehicles that they informally named it after Eugene the Jeep, a character in the Thimble Theatre comic strip and cartoons created by E. C. Segar, as early as mid-March 1936. Eugene the Jeep
Eugene the Jeep
was Popeye's "jungle pet" and was "small, able to move between dimensions and could solve seemingly impossible problems."[34][35] The word "jeep" however, was used as early as World War I, as US Army slang for new uninitiated recruits, or by mechanics to refer to new unproven vehicles.[8][9] In 1937, tractors which were supplied by Minneapolis Moline
Minneapolis Moline
to the US Army were called jeeps. A precursor of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
was also referred to as the jeep.[33] Words of the Fighting Forces by Clinton A. Sanders, a dictionary of military slang, published in 1942, in the library at The Pentagon gives this definition:

Jeep: A four-wheel drive vehicle of one-half- to one-and-one-half-ton capacity for reconnaissance or other army duty. A term applied to the bantam-cars, and occasionally to other motor vehicles (U.S.A.) in the Air Corps, the Link Trainer; in the armored forces, the ½-ton command vehicle. Also referred to as "any small plane, helicopter, or gadget." [36]

This definition is supported by the use of the term "jeep carrier" to refer to the Navy's small escort carriers. Early in 1941, Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
demonstrated the vehicle's off-road capability by having it drive up the steps of the United States Capitol, driven by Willys
Willys
test driver Irving "Red" Hausmann, who had recently heard soldiers at Fort Holabird
Fort Holabird
calling it a "jeep." When asked by syndicated columnist Katharine Hillyer for the Washington Daily News (or by a bystander, according to another account) what it was called, Hausmann answered, "It's a jeep." Katharine Hillyer's article was published nationally on February 19, 1941, and included a picture of the vehicle with the caption:

LAWMAKERS TAKE A RIDE- With Senator Meade, of New York, at the wheel, and Representative Thomas, of New Jersey, sitting beside him, one of the Army's new scout cars, known as "jeeps" or "quads", climbs up the Capitol steps in a demonstration yesterday. Soldiers in the rear seat for gunners were unperturbed.

Although the term was also military slang for vehicles that were untried or untested, this exposure caused all other jeep references to fade, leaving the 4x4
4x4
with the name. Brand, trademarks and image

Willys
Willys
wartime advertisement promoting its Jeeps' contribution to the war effort

The "Jeep" brand has gone through many owners, starting with Willys-Overland, which filed the original trademark application for the "Jeep" brand-name in February 1943.[1] To help establish the term as a Willys
Willys
brand, the firm campaigned with advertisements emphasizing Willys' prominent contribution to the Jeep
Jeep
that helped win the war.[1] Willys' application initially met with years of opposition, primarily from Bantam, but also from Minneapolis-Moline. The Federal Trade Commission initially ruled in favor of Bantam in May 1943, largely ignoring Minneapolis-Moline's claim, and continued to scold Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
after the war for its advertising.[37] The FTC even slapped the company with a formal complaint, to cease and desist any claims that it "created or designed" the Jeep
Jeep
Willys
Willys
was only allowed to advertise its contribution to the jeep's development. [38] Willys
Willys
however proceeded to produce the first Civilian Jeep
Jeep
(CJ) branded vehicles in 1945, and simply copyrighted the Jeep
Jeep
name in 1946.[39] Being the only company that continually produced "Jeep" vehicles after the war, Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
was eventually granted the name "Jeep" as a registered trademark in June 1950.[1] Willys
Willys
had also seriously considered the brand name AGRIJEEP, and was granted the trademark for it in December of 1944, but instead the civilian production models as of 1945 were marketed as the “Universal Jeep,” which reflected a wider range of uses outside of farming.[40] A division of FCA US LLC, the most recent successor company to the Jeep
Jeep
brand, now holds trademark status on the name "Jeep" and the distinctive 7-slot front grille design. The original 9-slot grille associated with all World War II
World War II
jeeps was designed by Ford
Ford
for their GPW, and because it weighed less than the original "Slat Grille" of Willys
Willys
(an arrangement of flat bars), was incorporated into the "standardized jeep" design. The history of the HMMWV (Humvee) has ties with Jeep. In 1971, Jeep's Defense and Government Products Division was turned into AM General, a wholly owned subsidiary of American Motors
American Motors
Corporation, which also owned Jeep. In 1979, while still owned by American Motors, AM General began the first steps toward designing the Humvee. AM General
AM General
also continued manufacturing the two-wheel-drive DJ, which Jeep
Jeep
created in 1953. The General Motors
General Motors
Hummer
Hummer
and Chrysler
Chrysler
Jeep
Jeep
have been waging battle in U.S. courts over the right to use seven slots in their respective radiator grilles. Chrysler
Chrysler
Jeep
Jeep
claims it has the exclusive rights to use the seven vertical slits since it is the sole remaining assignee of the various companies since Willys
Willys
gave their postwar jeeps seven slots instead of Ford's nine-slot design for the Jeep. Off-road abilities

Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
off-roading.

Jeep
Jeep
advertising has always emphasized the brand's vehicles' off-road capabilities.[41] Today, the Wrangler is one of the few remaining four-wheel-drive vehicles with solid front and rear axles. These axles are known for their durability, strength, and articulation. New Wranglers come with a Dana 44
Dana 44
rear differential and a Dana 30
Dana 30
front differential. The upgraded Rubicon model of the JK Wrangler is equipped with electronically activated locking differentials, Dana 44 axles front and rear with 4.10 gears, a 4:1 transfer case, electronic sway bar disconnect and heavy duty suspension. Another benefit of solid axle vehicles is they tend to be easier and cheaper to "lift" with aftermarket suspension systems. This increases the distance between the axle and chassis of the vehicle. By increasing this distance, larger tires can be installed, which will increase the ground clearance, allowing it to traverse even larger and more difficult obstacles. In addition to higher ground clearance, many owners aim to increase suspension articulation or "flex" to give their Jeeps greatly improved off-road capabilities. Good suspension articulation keeps all four wheels in contact with the ground and maintains traction. Useful features of the smaller Jeeps are their short wheelbases, narrow frames, and ample approach, breakover, and departure angles, allowing them to fit into places where full-size four-wheel drives have difficulty. Company history and ownership After the war, Willys
Willys
did not resume production of its passenger-car models, choosing instead to concentrate on Jeeps and Jeep-branded vehicles, launching the Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon in 1946, the Jeep
Jeep
Truck
Truck
in 1947, and the Jeepster in 1948. An attempt to re-enter the passenger-car market in 1952 with the Willys
Willys
Aero sedan proved unsuccessful, and ended with the company’s acquisition by Kaiser Motors in 1953, for $60 million.[42] Kaiser initially called the merged company " Willys
Willys
Motors", but renamed itself Kaiser-Jeep
Kaiser-Jeep
in 1963. By the end of 1955, Kaiser-Frazer
Kaiser-Frazer
had dropped the Willys
Willys
Aero, as well as its own passenger cars to sell Jeeps exclusively.[13] American Motors Corporation
American Motors Corporation
(AMC) in turn purchased Kaiser's money-losing Jeep
Jeep
operations in 1970. This time $70 million changed hands.[42] The utility vehicles complemented AMC's passenger car business by sharing components, achieving volume efficiencies, as well as capitalizing on Jeep's international and government markets. In 1971 AMC spun off Jeep's commercial, postal and military vehicle lines into a separate subsidiary, AM General
AM General
– the company that later developed the M998 Humvee. In 1976 Jeep
Jeep
introduced the CJ-7, replacing the CJ-6 in North America, as well as crossing 100,000 civilian units in annual global sales for the first time.[43] The French automaker Renault
Renault
began investing in AMC in 1979. During this period Jeep
Jeep
introduced the XJ Cherokee, its first unibody SUV; and global sales top 200,000 for the first time in 1985.[43] However, the replacement of the CJ Jeeps by the new Wrangler line in 1986 marked the start of a different era. By 1987, the automobile markets had changed and Renault
Renault
itself was experiencing financial troubles. At the same time, Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation wanted to capture the Jeep brand, as well as other assets of AMC. So Chrysler
Chrysler
bought out AMC in 1987, shortly after the Jeep
Jeep
CJ-7
CJ-7
had been replaced with the AMC-designed Wrangler YJ. After more than 40 years, the four-wheel drive utility vehicles brand that had been a profitable niche for smaller automakers, fell into the hands of one of the Big Three; and Jeep
Jeep
was the only AMC brand continued by Chrysler
Chrysler
after the acquisition. But Chrysler
Chrysler
subsequently merged with Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
in 1998 and folded into DaimlerChrysler. Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
eventually sold most of their interest in Chrysler
Chrysler
to a private equity company in 2007. Chrysler
Chrysler
and the Jeep
Jeep
division operated under Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC, until December 15, 2014, when Chrysler
Chrysler
folded into Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler Automobiles, with the stateside division operating under 'FCA US LLC'. Jeeps have been built under licence by various manufacturers around the world, including Mahindra in India, EBRO in Spain, and several in South America. Mitsubishi built more than 30 models in Japan between 1953 and 1998. Most were based on the CJ-3B
CJ-3B
model of the original Willys-Kaiser design.[44] Toledo, Ohio
Toledo, Ohio
has been the headquarters of the Jeep
Jeep
brand since its inception, and the city has always been proud of this heritage. Although no longer produced in the same Toledo Complex
Toledo Complex
as the World War II originals, two streets in the vicinity of the old plant are named Willys
Willys
Parkway and Jeep
Jeep
Parkway. The Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
and Jeep Cherokee are built in the city currently, in separate facilities, not far from the site of the original Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
plant. American Motors
American Motors
set up the first automobile-manufacturing joint venture in the People's Republic of China on January 15, 1984.[45] The result was Beijing Jeep
Jeep
Corporation, Ltd., in partnership with Beijing Automobile Industry Corporation, to produce the Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(XJ) in Beijing. Manufacture continued after Chrysler's buyout of AMC. This joint venture is now part of Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
and Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
China Invest Corporation. The original 1984 XJ model was updated and called the " Jeep
Jeep
2500" toward the end of its production that ended after 2005.[46] While Jeeps have been built in India
India
under licence by Mahindra & Mahindra since the 1960s, Jeep
Jeep
has entered the Indian market directly in 2016, starting with release of the Wrangler and Grand Cherokee in the country.[47] Ownership chronology

1944–1953: Willys-Overland 1953–1964: Kaiser-Jeep
Kaiser-Jeep
(calling themselves " Willys
Willys
Motors") 1964–1970: Kaiser-Jeep 1970–1987: AMC (w/ Renault
Renault
controlling production in 1986) 1987–1998: Chrysler 1998–2007: Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
AG 2007–2009: Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC 2009–2013: Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC - Fiat
Fiat
Group Automobiles 2014–present: Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

Military Jeeps model list

This section may be too long and excessively detailed. Please consider summarizing the material while citing sources as needed. (December 2017)

Main article: List of U.S. military jeeps

World War II
World War II
era jeep built by Ford, using the Willys-Overland
Willys-Overland
design.

1940 Bantam Pilot—Prototype 1940 Bantam BRC-60—Prototype 1940 Willys
Willys
Quad—Prototype 1940 Ford
Ford
Pygmy—Prototype 1940 Budd Ford—Prototype 1941 Ford
Ford
GP 1941 Willys
Willys
MA 1941 Bantam BRC-40 1941-1944 Willys
Willys
MT "Super Jeep" — 6x6, 3⁄4-ton prototype — a small number were built in various configurations [48] 1942 Willys MB
Willys MB
(slat grille) 1942–1945 Willys MB
Willys MB
(stamped grille) 1942–1945 Ford
Ford
GPW 1942–1943 Ford
Ford
GPA 1943 Willys
Willys
WAC (for ' Willys
Willys
Air Cooled') "Jeeplet" — prototype for a super light-weight, fulltime 4WD with front and rear independent suspension [48] 1944 Willys
Willys
MLW-1 (for 'Military Long Wheelbase') — prototype (never finished) 1944 Willys
Willys
MLW-2 (for 'Military Long Wheelbase') or "Jungle Jeep" — prototype for a half-ton, jungle-suited jeep [48] 1949–1952 M38 (MC) 1950 CJ V-35(/U) – deep water fording CJ-3A; 1000 units built for the USMC [49]

World War II
World War II
era Willys
Willys
jeep.

1952–1957 M38A1 (MD)

1952–1957 M38A1C fitted with 105/106mm anti-tank recoilless rifle M170 Ambulance

1953 BC Bobcat—Prototype 1955 M38A1D 1958-1960 Willys
Willys
XM443 / M443E1 "Super Mule" – prototypes for 3⁄4-ton, underfloor mid-engined platform-trucks, comparable to but larger than the M274 "Mechanical Mule" [50][48][51] 1959–1982 M151

1960–1964 M151

M718 Ambulance

1964–1970 M151A1 M151A1C Weapons Platform 1970–1982 M151A2

M718A1 Ambulance M825 Weapons Platform

1960–1968 Jeep
Jeep
M606 1956–1965 Jeep Forward Control
Jeep Forward Control
(Military Variations)

M676 M677 M678 M679

1967–1969 Kaiser Jeep
Kaiser Jeep
M715—based upon the civilian Jeep
Jeep
Gladiator

Civilian Jeeps model list

This section may be too long and excessively detailed. Please consider summarizing the material while citing sources as needed. (December 2017)

Main article: List of Jeep
Jeep
vehicles Jeep
Jeep
CJ Main article: Jeep CJ
Jeep CJ
(Civilian Jeep)

1982 Jeep
Jeep
Scrambler

The CJ (for "Civilian Jeep") series were literally the first "Jeep" branded vehicles produced for the civilian public, beginning in 1945 with the CJ-2A, followed by the CJ-3A in 1949 and the CJ-3B
CJ-3B
in 1953. These early Jeeps are commonly referred to as "flatfenders" because their front fenders were flat and rectangular across, like on their military forebears, the Willys MB
Willys MB
and identical Ford
Ford
GPW models. The CJ-4
CJ-4
exists only as a 1951 prototype, and is the "missing link" between the flat-fendered CJ-2A and CJ-3B
CJ-3B
and the round-fendered CJ-5 first introduced in 1955.

1944–1945 CJ-2 1945–1949 CJ-2A 1949–1953 CJ-3A 1953–1968 CJ-3B 1954–1983 CJ-5 1955–1975 CJ-6 1964–1967 CJ-5A/CJ-6A Tuxedo Park 1976–1986 CJ-7 1981–1985 CJ-8 Scrambler 1981–1985 CJ-10

Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon and Truck

The 1946–1965 Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon and the 1947–1965 Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Truck
Truck
shared much in terms of styling and engineering.

With over 300,000 wagons and its variants built in the U.S., it was one of Willys' most successful post- World War II
World War II
models. Its production coincided with consumers moving to the suburbs. Willys
Willys
/ Jeep Jeepster
Jeep Jeepster
& (Jeepster) Commando Main articles: Willys
Willys
/ Jeep Jeepster
Jeep Jeepster
and Jeepster Commando The 1948 introduced Jeepster was directly based on the rear-wheel-drive Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon chassis, and shared many of the same parts.[52]

1948–1950 Willys
Willys
VJ Jeepster[53] 1948–1949 VJ2 Jeepster 1949–1951 VJ3 Jeepster

(Jeepster) Commando

1966–1971 C101—Jeepster Commando

Hurst Jeepster (only 100 produced) Hurst Half Cab Revival Jeepster Commando convertible open body roadster

1972–1973 C104— Jeep
Jeep
Commando

Commando Half Cab

Jeep
Jeep
Forward Control Main article: Jeep
Jeep
Forward Control

The 1956–1965 Jeep Forward Control
Jeep Forward Control
was built in both civilian and military models. The civilian versions were:

FC-150 FC-160—Spain, India FC-170

Jeep DJ
Jeep DJ
and Fleetvan Main articles: Jeep DJ
Jeep DJ
(Dispatcher Jeep) and Fleetvan

A USPS
USPS
mail delivery vehicle made by Jeep

From 1955 onwards Willys
Willys
offered two-wheel drive versions of their CJ Jeeps for commercial use, called DJ models (for 'Dispatcher Jeep'), in both open and closed body-styles. A well-known version was the right-hand drive model with sliding side-doors, used by the US Postal service. In 1961 the range was expanded with the 'Fleetvan' delivery-van, based on DJ Jeeps.

1955 USAF DJ 1955–1964 DJ-3A 1965–1975 DJ-5 1965–1973 DJ-6 1967–1975 DJ-5A 1970–1972 DJ-5B 1973–1974 DJ-5C 1975–1976 DJ-5D 1976 DJ-5E Electruck 1977–1978 DJ-5F 1979 DJ-5G 1982 DJ-5L

Fleetvan Jeep

1961–1975 Fleetvan

FJ-3 FJ-3A FJ-6 FJ-6A FJ-8 FJ-9

"Full-Size Jeeps"

Jeep Wagoneer
Jeep Wagoneer
ca. 1968

J20 pickup, Honcho package

SJ Wagoneer, Cherokee and pickups Main article: Jeep SJ
Jeep SJ
(aka Full Size Jeep) SUV
SUV
models (1962-1991)

1962–1983 SJ Wagoneer 1966–1969 SJ Super Wagoneer 1974–1983 SJ Cherokee 1984–1991 SJ Grand Wagoneer

Pickup models (1962-1988)

1962–1971 Jeep
Jeep
Gladiator 1971–1988 Jeep
Jeep
pickup truck (J-)

Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(XJ) and Comanche

1994-1997 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(XJ) Sport

Main articles: Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(XJ) and Jeep
Jeep
Comanche

1984–2001 XJ Cherokee 1984–1990 XJ Wagoneer

1984–1985 Broughwood 1984–1990 Limited

1986–1992 Jeep Comanche
Jeep Comanche
(MJ)

Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler

1989 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
YJ Islander.

Main article: Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler

1987–1995 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
YJ

1991–1993 Renegade 1988–1995 Wrangler Long—Venezuela 1995 Wrangler Rio Grande

1997 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
TJ.

1997–2006 Wrangler TJ

2002 TJ Se, X, Sport, Sahara models 2003 TJ Rubicon, Rubicon Tomb Raider Edition, Sahara, Sport, X, Se models, Freedom Edition 2004–2006 TJ Long Wheel Base (LJ) Unlimited(15" Longer than a standard TJ) Rubicon, Sport, X, Se models 2004–2005 Willys
Willys
Edition (2004–1997 made, 2005–2001 made) 2004 Columbia Edition 2005 Rubicon Sahara Unlimited TJ LWB (LJ) (1000 made) 2006 Golden Eagle Edition, 65 Year Anniversary Edition (1,675 Black 65th Anniversary Editions made) 2007-2011 TJL AEV Brute: Compact pickup truck, 2-door version; produced by AEV with the Jeep
Jeep
logo.

2016 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Unlimited (MIAS '16).jpg.

2007–2018 Wrangler JK

2007–2009 JK Rubicon, Sahara, X 2010 JK Rubicon, Sahara, Mountain, Islander, Sport 2011 Oscar Mike Military Edition (200 made)[54] 2011 Mojave Edition 2011 Call of Duty: Black Ops Edition 2011 70th Anniversary Edition 2013 Rubicon 10th Anniversary Edition 2013-2017 Brute Double Cab: Pickup truck, 4-door version, produced by American Expedition Vehicles
American Expedition Vehicles
[55] 2014 Willys
Willys
Wheeler Edition

2017 — Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
JL

Grand Cherokee Main article: Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee

First generation ZJ.

2008-2010 WK Grand Cherokee.

1993–1998 Grand Cherokee ZJ

1993–1995 Base SE 1993–1998 Laredo 1993–1998 Limited 1995–1997 Orvis "Limited Edition" 1997–1998 TSi 1998 5.9 Limited

1993 ZJ Jeep
Jeep
Grand Wagoneer 1999–2004 Grand Cherokee WJ Grand Cherokee

2002–2003 Sport 2002–2004 Special
Special
edition 2002–2004 Overland 2004 Columbia Edition

2005-2010 Grand Cherokee WK: Five-passenger family-oriented SUV
SUV
— "WK" is the designator for the 2005–2010 Grand Cherokee, marks the beginning of the -K designation compared to the -J designation 2011– present Jeep Grand Cherokee
Jeep Grand Cherokee
WK2

Jeep Liberty
Jeep Liberty
/ Cherokee Main article: Jeep
Jeep
Liberty

2008-2009 Jeep
Jeep
Liberty

2002–2007 Jeep Liberty
Jeep Liberty
KJ or Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(KJ) outside North America

Sport Limited Renegade 2003 Freedom Edition 2004–05 Rocky Mountain Edition 2004 Columbia Edition 2006 65th Anniversary Edition 2007 Latitude Edition(replaced Renegade)

2008–2012 Jeep Liberty
Jeep Liberty
KK or Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
(KK) outside North America

Jeep
Jeep
Commander

2006–2010 Jeep
Jeep
Commander (XK)

2006 Base 2007–2010 Sport 2006–2010 Limited 2007–2009 Overland

Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
and Patriot platform Main articles: Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
and Jeep
Jeep
Patriot

2007–2017 Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
MK49 2017–present Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
MP/552 2006-2017 Jeep Patriot
Jeep Patriot
(MK74): Compact sport utility vehicle

Concepts and prototypes

1944 CJ-1 prototype 1949 Alcoa Aluminum-bodied Jeepster Coupe (prototype)[56] 1949/1950 X-98 prototype; with flat fenders, but a rounded hood and grille like the CJ-5, it may have been the first F-head-powered Jeep[57] 1950 CJ-4
CJ-4
prototype 1950 CJ-4M prototype 1950 CJ-4MA prototype 1952 CJ Coiler: experimental design for an all independent suspension, with portal-hub swing-axles and coil-springs [48] 1958 DJ-3A
DJ-3A
Pickup: Prototype pickup truck version of the DJ-3A 1958 Jeep
Jeep
Creep: prototype utility vehicle; several versions built for tests, including a Postal rig and an aircraft tug [48] 1959 Jeep
Jeep
J-100 Malibu and Berkeley: Later developed into the Wagoneer [48] 1960 Jeep
Jeep
Wide-Trac: Concept for developing a low-cost vehicle for third-world countries 1962 The Brazilian Jeepster (prototype)[58][59] 1963 Jeep
Jeep
XM-200: J200 based concept for developing a low-cost vehicle for third-world countries [48] 1965 Jeep/ Renault
Renault
Model H: A light 4x4
4x4
prototype based on the Renault 16 1966 FWD Concept Jeepvair: Similar to the Model H but with a Chevrolet Corvair powertrain 1970 XJ001 1970 XJ002 1971 Jeep
Jeep
Cowboy: A design study using AMC's "compact" automobile platform[60] 1977 Jeep
Jeep
II 1979 Jeep Jeepster
Jeep Jeepster
II 1986 Cherokee Targa: A two-door Cherokee convertible (later revised as Jeep
Jeep
Freedom show car) 1987 Comanche Thunderchief: This vehicle was put into production later as the Comanche Eliminator 1989 Jeep
Jeep
Concept 1: Evolved into the ZJ Grand Cherokee 1989 Jeep
Jeep
Rubicon Wrangler: This vehicle was later put in production 1990 Jeep
Jeep
JJ: Essentially what would later be called the Icon 1990 Jeep
Jeep
Freedom:[61] A revised Cherokee Targa 1991 Jeep Wagoneer
Jeep Wagoneer
2000: A large design concept[62] 1993 Jeep
Jeep
Ecco 1997 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
Casablanca: A special edition of Cherokee, never produced 1997 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Ultimate Rescue: A tuned version of a regular TJ Wrangler developed for SEMA show 1997 Fender Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler 1997 Jeep
Jeep
Dakar: A fused version of a XJ Cherokee and TJ Wrangler 1997 Jeep
Jeep
Icon: A design study for the next-generation Wrangler 1999 Jeep
Jeep
Commander: methanol fuel cell drive train with electric motors[63] 1999 Jeep
Jeep
Journey 1999 Jeep Jeepster
Jeep Jeepster
Concept 2000 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
Total Exposure 2000 Jeep
Jeep
Varsity: Subsequently, put into production as the Compass 2000 Jeep
Jeep
Commander Concept: Subsequently, put into production as the XK 2000 Jeep
Jeep
Willys 2001 Jeep
Jeep
Willys2 2002 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Tabasco 2002 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Patriot: A special decal package for the Wrangler X/Sport 2002 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Mountain Biker 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee
Jeep Grand Cherokee
(WJ) Concierge 2004 Jeep
Jeep
Treo 2004 Jeep
Jeep
Rescue 2004 Jeep
Jeep
Liberator CRD 2005 Jeep
Jeep
Hurricane: The 4-wheel steering system allows the vehicle to have both a zero turning circle, and "crab" sideways.[64] Its engine was later put in the Grand Cherokee (WK) SRT-8 2005 Jeep Gladiator
Jeep Gladiator
Concept 2005 Jeep
Jeep
Aggressor (the Rezo) 2007 Jeep
Jeep
Trailhawk 2008 Jeep
Jeep
Renegade 2010 Jeep
Jeep
J8 2010 Jeep
Jeep
Nukizer: Design study inspired by the Military Kaiser M-715 2011 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
JK-8 Independence: taking cues from the 1980s Scrambler CJ-8 2011 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Pork Chop 2011 Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass
Canyon: uses a 2 1/8 inch lift 2011 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
Overland 2012 Jeep
Jeep
Mighty FC: inspired by the 1956 to 1965 Forward Control vehicles Jeep
Jeep
sold 2012 Jeep
Jeep
J-12 Concept: recalling the 1962-1971 Gladiator pickups 2013 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Mopar
Mopar
Recon 2013 Jeep Grand Cherokee
Jeep Grand Cherokee
Trailhawk EcoDiesel 2013 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Stitch 2013 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Flattop: featuring a one-piece, windowless hardtop 2014 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Level Red 2014 Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
Dakar 2014 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
MOJO 2015 Jeep
Jeep
Chief 2015 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Africa 2015 Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
Red Rock Responder 2015 Jeep
Jeep
Staff Car: a tribute to Jeep's military history starting with WWII

Current models The Jeep
Jeep
brand currently produces five models, but 8 vehicles are under the brand name or use the Jeep
Jeep
logo:

Jeep
Jeep
Renegade BU: Subcompact Sport Utility Vehicle Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler

JK: Standard wheelbase Compact Sport utility vehicle, 2-door version JK Unlimited: Long wheelbase Mid-Size sport utility vehicle, 4-door version J8: Mid-Size military sport utility vehicle; Produced by AIL, AAV, and AEV. TJL: Compact pickup truck, 2-door version; Produced by AAV. JL: Short (2-door) and long (4-door) wheelbase SUV; in production since November 2017

Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee: Mid-size sport utility vehicle Jeep
Jeep
Compass: Compact sport utility vehicle Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Cherokee
KL: Mid-size sport utility vehicle

Future models

Jeep Wagoneer
Jeep Wagoneer
/ Grand Wagoneer: Full-Size SUVs expected for 2021.[65]

Jeeps built outside the USA

The Troller T4

Mahindra & Mahindra Limited Indian Jeep

Jeeps have been built and/or assembled around the world by various companies.[66]

Argentina – IKA Jeeps 1956–current; now owned by Chrysler[67] Australia – Willys
Willys
Motors Australia – 1940s–1980s[68] Brazil – Willys
Willys
Overland do Brasil, purchased by Ford
Ford
to become Ford do Brasil – 1957–1985[69] built the Jeep
Jeep
Rural from 1960–1977, and the Troller T4 is a fiberglass bodied Jeep
Jeep
version built in Brazil. Troller was purchased by Ford
Ford
do Brasil in 2007. Burma/Myanmar – Two Burmese companies produce unlicensed copies of jeeps; Myanmar Jeeps and Chin Dwin Star Jeeps. Canada – Kaiser Jeep
Kaiser Jeep
– 1959–1969[70] China – Beijing Jeep
Jeep
Corporation – 1983 to 2009 as Beijing-Benz Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
Automotive. Fiat- Chrysler
Chrysler
plans to re-open Jeep production in China through joint venture with Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group (GAIG).[71] Colombia – Willys
Willys
Colombia – at least until 1999[72] Egypt – Arab Organization for Industrialization
Arab Organization for Industrialization
subsidiary Arab American Vehicles based in Cairo
Cairo
produces the Jeep
Jeep
Cherokee; the open-top, Wrangler-based Jeep
Jeep
AAV TJL. France – Licence produced jeeps: Hotchkiss M201
Hotchkiss M201
and by Cournil (now Auverland) – 1952–1962[73] India
India
– Mahindra & Mahindra Limited – 1960s-current[74] Iran – Pars Khodro, ShahBaaz, Sahra, and Ahoo – ShahBaaz based on DJ series, Sahra based on Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
and CJ series, and Ahoo based on Wagoneer Israel – Automotive Industries
Automotive Industries
which produces the AIL Storm
AIL Storm
(Sufa) series of Jeep
Jeep
Wrangler-derivatives Italy – 1950s[75] Japan – Mitsubishi Jeeps – 1953–1998[76] Korea – Asia Motors, Ltd, Dong A Motors
Dong A Motors
(SsangYong Motor Company) and Kia. (don't use Jeep
Jeep
name) – 1980s-current[77] Mexico – VAM Jeeps – 1946–1987[78] Netherlands –NEKAF-JEEP Nederlandse Kaiser-Frazer
Kaiser-Frazer
– 1954-1990s[79] Philippines
Philippines
– Jeepneys;[80] MD Juan Willys
Willys
MB.;[81] "E-jeepneys" or minibuses, LSV (low-speed vehicles) which uses electricity.[82][83]

Spanish-built long-wheelbase CJ-3B

Portugal – Bravia Sarl – 1960s to 1980s This Lisbon company assembled a number of Kaiser Jeep
Kaiser Jeep
M-201 models from several Spanish EBRO and VIASA parts built to order for the USAF airfields & the US Army based at the time in Portugal, of the 500 vehicles made, most had American running gear. Spain – Vehículos Industriales y Agrícolas, S.A
Vehículos Industriales y Agrícolas, S.A
(VIASA), absorbed by Ebro trucks, and later sold to Nissan
Nissan
– 1960-1990s[84] For instance built a long-wheelbase version of the CJ-3B
CJ-3B
from 1955–1968. Turkey – Tuzla – 1954-1970s[85] Venezuela- Valencia Carabobo 1962–2011, 1962 Tejerias Edo Aragua Willys
Willys
de Venezuela, S.A, 1979–2011 Ensambladora Carabobo C.A Valencia Edo Carabobo

Jeep
Jeep
apparel and sponsorships Jeep
Jeep
is also a brand of apparel of outdoor lifestyle sold under license. It is reported that there are between 600 and 1,500 such outlets in China, vastly outnumbering the number of Jeep
Jeep
auto dealers in the country.[86][87] In April 2012 Jeep
Jeep
signed a shirt sponsorship deal worth €35m ($45m) with Italian football club Juventus.[88] In August 2014 Jeep
Jeep
signed a sponsorship deal with Greek football club AEK Athens F.C.. See also

AMC and Jeep
Jeep
transmissions Criticism of sport utility vehicles Jeep
Jeep
four-wheel-drive systems Jeep
Jeep
Jamboree: Off Road Adventure, a video game based on the then-current Jeep Wrangler
Jeep Wrangler
YJ model Jeep
Jeep
Thrills Jeep
Jeep
parade Jeep
Jeep
trail Jeepney List of automobile manufacturers of the United States

References

Inline

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to China". ChinaAutoWeb.com. May 2010.  ^ "Jeeps in Colombia on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2010-03-22. Archived from the original on 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in France on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2008-09-17. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Mahindra Jeeps on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2007-01-31. Archived from the original on 1999-04-21. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in Italy on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-03-24. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in Japan on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-01-31. Archived from the original on 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in Korea on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2006-11-02. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in Mexico on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2002-07-25. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeeps in the Netherlands on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ "Jeepneys of the Philippines
Philippines
on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-04-27. Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-06-11.  ^ "Philippine firm brings old WWII jeeps back to life". Afp.google.com. 2008-06-30. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-06-11.  ^ "Electric minibuses start commercial operations in Philippines". Gulf-Times.com. 2008-07-02. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-07-02.  ^ Fabella, Ferdinand (2008-06-30). "Enforcers to drive E-jeeps". ManilaStandardToday.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Jeeps in Spain on CJ3B.info". 14 January 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Jeeps in Turkey on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-11-22. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  ^ Frost, Laurence (27 April 2012). "China auto market laggards chase premium profile". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. Retrieved 11 June 2012.  ^ Higgins, Tim (21 May 2012). "Jeeps Sell for $189,750 as China Demand Offsets Tariffs". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.  ^ " Juventus
Juventus
nets Jeep
Jeep
Deal". Football-Italia.net. 2002-08-29. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 

General

Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep. MBI Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7603-1979-6.  Foster, Patrick R. (2003). Standard Catalog of Jeep
Jeep
1940–2003. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87349-522-6.  Ludel, Moses (1992). Jeep
Jeep
Owner's Bible: A Hands-On Guide to Getting the Most from Your Jeep. Robert Bentley. ISBN 978-0-8376-0154-0.  Hartwell, Dickson (December 1960). "The Mighty Jeep". American Heritage Magazine. 12 (1). 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeep.

Official website "Leeping Lena Joins the Army", October 1941 first detailed article on what became known as the Jeep Autobiography of a Jeep
Jeep
(1943). United Films, Prelinger Archives, Historical Public Domain video. Meet the Postwar Jeep
Jeep
August 1945 Popular Science Story of the Jeep
Jeep
and the American Story are Intertwined A Visual History

v t e

Jeep
Jeep
road vehicle timeline, 1945–1970s — next »

Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s

5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Traditional CJ-2A CJ-3A CJ-5

CJ-3B

CJ-7

CJ-6

Dispatcher

DJ-3A DJ-5/6 AM General

Compact SUV

Jeepster (VJ)

Jeepster Commando Commando

SUV

Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Station Wagon

Cherokee (SJ)

Wagoneer
Wagoneer
(SJ)

Compact pickup

Jeepster Commando Commando

Full-size pickup

Willys
Willys
Jeep
Jeep
Truck

Gladiator J-Series

Truck

Forward Control

Van

FJ-3/3A FJ-6/6A

v t e

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Jeep
road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Traditional CJ-5

CJ-7 Wrangler (YJ) Wrangler (TJ) Wrangler (JK) Wrangler (JL)

Wrangler Unlimited (LJ) Wrangler Unlimited (JKU) Wrangler Unlimited (JLU)

Subcompact crossover

Renegade (BU)

Compact crossover

Compass (MK49) Compass (MP)

Patriot (MK74)

Mid-size crossover

Cherokee (KL)

Compact SUV

Cherokee/ Wagoneer
Wagoneer
(XJ) Liberty/Cherokee (KJ) Liberty/Cherokee (KK)

Mid-size SUV

Grand Cherokee/Grand Wagoneer
Wagoneer
(ZJ) Grand Cherokee (WJ) Grand Cherokee (WK) Grand Cherokee (WK2)

Commander (XK)

Full-size SUV Cherokee (SJ)

Wagoneer/Grand Wagoneer
Wagoneer
(SJ)

Compact pickup

CJ-8 (Scrambler) Comanche (MJ)

Midsize pickup

CJ-10

Scrambler (JT)

Full-size pickup J-Series

v t e

FCA US LLC

Marques

Current

Chrysler Dodge Jeep Ram Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles (USA)

Defunct

AMC (1966–1988) Commer
Commer
(1905–1979) Barreiros (1959–1978) DeSoto (1928–1961) Eagle (1988–1998) Fargo (1920–1972) Hillman
Hillman
(1907–1976) Humber (1898–1975) Imperial (1955–1975, 1981–1983) Karrier
Karrier
(1908–1977) Plymouth (1928–2001) Singer (1905–1970) Simca
Simca
(1934–1977) SRT (2013–2014) Sunbeam (1901–1976) Valiant (1960–1966)

Divisions and subsidiaries

Current

Chrysler
Chrysler
Australia Chrysler
Chrysler
Capital Chrysler
Chrysler
Canada Dodge Jeep Mopar Ram Trucks Street & Racing Technology (SRT) Road Track (R/T)

Defunct

Chrysler-Plymouth
Chrysler-Plymouth
(1928–2001) American Motors Corporation
American Motors Corporation
(1954–88) Chrysler
Chrysler
Australia (1951–81) Chrysler
Chrysler
Europe (1967–81) Chrysler
Chrysler
UK (1970–81) Envi (2007–09)

Former

Eurostar Automobilwerk Global Electric Motorcars Chrysler
Chrysler
First Financial Services Corporation

Joint ventures and alliances

Current

United States Council for Automotive Research

Defunct

Diamond-Star Motors DaimlerChrysler–Mitsubishi alliance Global Engine Alliance

People

Walter Chrysler Lee Iacocca Bob Lutz C. Robert Kidder Thomas W. LaSorda Sergio Marchionne Louis Rhodes

Places

Chrysler
Chrysler
Building Chrysler
Chrysler
Headquarters and Technology Center Factories Proving grounds

Products

Engines (Hemi, Pentastar, WGE) Platforms Transmissions Vehicles

Other

Big Three Cerberus Capital Management Chrysler
Chrysler
Classic Racing Daimler- Chrysler
Chrysler
(1998–2007) History (Chapter 11 reorganization)

Parent Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

Category

v t e

Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

Marques

Current

Abarth Alfa Romeo Chrysler Dodge FIAT Fiat
Fiat
Professional Jeep Lancia Maserati Ram

Defunct

AMC Autobianchi Barreiros Ceirano Commer DeSoto Eagle Fargo Hillman Humber Imperial Innocenti Karrier Pegaso Plymouth SCAT Seddon Atkinson Singer Simca S.P.A. (Società Piemontese Automobili) SRT Sunbeam Valiant Zastava Automobiles

Subsidiaries

FCA Italy

Subsidiaries

Abarth
Abarth
& C. Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Professional Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles

FCA Argentina FCA Auto Poland FCA Brasil

Current JV

FCA Srbija
FCA Srbija
(67%) FCA India
India
Automobiles (50%) GAC FCA (50%) Sevel
Sevel
(50%) Tofaş
Tofaş
(37.8%)

Defunct JV

Nanjing Fiat
Fiat
Automobile

FCA US

see own template for a list of marques, divisions and joint ventures

Comau Fiat
Fiat
Powertrain Technologies (VM Motori) Italiana Editrice (77%)

La Stampa Il Secolo XIX

Magneti Marelli Maserati Teksid (84.8%)

Facilities

List of assembly sites Lingotto
Lingotto
(former) Nardò Ring
Nardò Ring
(former)

People

Giovanni Agnelli Gianni Agnelli Andrea Agnelli John Elkann Sergio Marchionne

Related

Fiat
Fiat
S.p.A. CNH Industrial

Iveco

EXOR Fiat
Fiat
Aviazione Fiat
Fiat
Ferroviaria Fiat
Fiat
Industrial Ferrari

Category Commons

v t e

Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in the United States

Automotive industry Economy of the United States Transportation in the United States

American vehicle manufacturers (list)

AGCO

Challenger Tractor Massey Ferguson

AM General American Expedition Vehicles American Growler Amp Electric Vehicles Anteros Coachworks Arcimoto Armour Group, Inc. ATK motorcycles Aurica Motors Autocar Blue Bird Boulder Electric Vehicle Brammo Brunton Stalker Caterpillar FCA US

Chrysler Dodge Jeep Ram

CNH Industrial

Case CE Case IH

Commuter Cars Cushman Cummins Cycle-Scoot DeLorean Chenowth Racing Products Eagle Bus Environmental Performance Vehicles Equus Elio Motors Faraday Future Fisker Inc. Ford

Lincoln SVT

General Dynamics Land Systems General Motors

Buick Cadillac Chevrolet GMC

Gillig Glaval Bus GreenTech Harley-Davidson HDT Global Hennessey HME John Deere Karma Automotive Legacy Nikola Local Motors Lockheed Martin Lingenfelter Lenco Industries Mack Trucks Millennium Luxury Coaches Morgan Olson Mosler Automotive MotoCzysz Motor Coach Industries Myers Motors Navistar International

IC Bus International

Nissan
Nissan
Commercial Vehicles Oshkosh

Pierce

Paccar

Kenworth Peterbilt

Panoz Phoenix Motorcars Polaris Industries

Global Electric Motorcars Indian Victory

Proterra REV Group

Champion Bus Collins ElDorado National E-One Fleetwood Goshen Coach Holiday Rambler Laymor Wheeled Coach

Saleen Shelby American SSC North America Starcraft Bus Superformance Tesla Textron Marine & Land Systems Trans Tech TranStar Racing Ultimaster VIA Motors Visionary Vehicles Wheego Electric Cars ZAP Zimmer Motorcars

Foreign vehicle manufacturers with US operations

AB Volvo USA BMW US Manufacturing Company BYD Auto
BYD Auto
America Changan USA Daimler North America

Daimler Trucks North America

Thomas Freightliner Western Star

FAW Group
FAW Group
USA Fiat
Fiat
USA FHI America Honda of America

Acura

Hyundai USA Isuzu America Kia Motors
Kia Motors
America Mazda
Mazda
America Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
North America New Flyer Industries(1)

New Flyer NABI Motor Coach Industries

Nissan
Nissan
USA Peugeot
Peugeot
USA SAIC Motor
SAIC Motor
USA Suzuki
Suzuki
America Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A.

Lexus Scion

Volkswagen Group of America Wanxiang America

Active factories

BMW US Manufacturing Company Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
factories Ford
Ford
factories General Motors
General Motors
factories Honda of America factories Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama Kia Motors
Kia Motors
Manufacturing Georgia Mercedes-Benz U.S. International Nissan
Nissan
North America Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. Tesla Factory Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America Volkswagen Chattanooga Assembly Plant

Components companies

Allison BorgWarner Caterpillar Cummins Delphi Detroit Diesel Ingersoll Rand Eaton Firestone Goodyear Nexteer Remy International Timken Torrington Visteon

Insurance and finance companies

Allstate

Ecompass Insurance Esurance

Ally Financial Erie Insurance Group Farmers Insurance Group

21st Century Insurance Farmers Insurance

GM Financial GMAC Insurance Kemper Direct Progressive Safe Auto State Farm

Design studios

Calty Design Research Designworks

By state

Massachusetts

Former manufacturers(2)

Coda FMC

Defunct vehicle manufacturers

Allis-Chalmers American Austin American LaFrance American Motors

Hudson

Essex Terraplane

Nash Rambler

Armor Holdings Armored Motor Car Company Auburn Automobile Avanti Motor Corporation Avery BMC Carbon Motors Corporation Checker Motors Corporation Clydesdale Motor Truck
Truck
Company Commonwealth Cord Case CNH Global Duesenberg Durant

Flint Locomobile Mason Rugby Star

Excalibur FCA US

Eagle Plymouth Street & Racing Technology (still used as a trim for dodge vehicles)

Fiberfab Fitch Four Drive Fisker Automotive Fisker Coachbuild Force Protection Ford

Continental Edsel Mercury

General Motors

Cartercar Elmore GM Diesel Geo Hummer LaSalle Marquette McLaughlin Oakland Oldsmobile Pontiac Saturn Scripps-Booth Sheridan Viking Yellow Coach

Green Vehicles Grumman Henney International Harvester Jeffery Kaiser-Frazer

Allstate Frazer Henry J Kaiser Willys

Marathon Motor Works Marmon

Roosevelt

Marvel Motors Matbro Mercer Monaco Coach Muntz Car Company North American Bus Industries Oliver Farm Equipment Packard Peerless Motor Company Pierce-Arrow Sebring Vanguard Sterling Trucks Studebaker

Erskine Rockne

Stutz Twentieth Century Motor Car Corporation United Defense VL White Wildfire

Defunct factories

Brampton Assembly (AMC) Diamond-Star Motors Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
factories closed Ford
Ford
factories closed General Motors
General Motors
factories closed NUMMI Packard
Packard
Automotive Plant Volkswagen Westmoreland Assembly

Related topics

AAA Chicago Auto Show Interstate Highway System National Highway Traffic Safety Administration New York International Auto Show North American International Auto Show SAE International

(1)Although New Flyer is Canadian, their Subsidiaries, NABI and Motor Coach Industries, are headquartered in the U.S.

(2)Former meaning the company is no longer in the automotive manufacturing business

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