Jean Dorothy Seberg (/ˈdʒiːn ˈsiːbɜːrɡ/;
French: [ʒɑ̃ sebɛʀ]; November 13, 1938 – August
30, 1979) was an American actress who lived half her life in France.
She appeared in 34 films in
Hollywood and in Europe, including Saint
Joan, Bonjour Tristesse, Breathless, Lilith, The Mouse That Roared,
Moment to Moment, A Fine Madness, Paint Your Wagon, Airport, Macho
Callahan, and Gang War in Naples.
She was also one of the best-known targets of the
project. Her targeting was a well-documented retaliation for her
support of the
Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party in the 1960s.
Seberg died at the age of 40 in Paris, with police ruling her death a
probable suicide. Romain Gary, Seberg's second husband, called a
press conference shortly after her death where he publicly blamed the
FBI's campaign against Seberg for her deteriorating mental health.
Gary claimed that Seberg "became psychotic" after the media reported a
false story that the
FBI planted about her becoming pregnant with a
Black Panther's child in 1970.
Romain Gary stated that Seberg had
repeatedly attempted suicide on the anniversary of the child's death,
1 Early life
2 Film career
2.1 Otto Preminger
2.2 Breathless and French career
2.3 Return to Hollywood
2.4 Later career
4 Personal life
7 In popular culture
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
Jean Dorothy Seberg was born in Marshalltown, Iowa, the daughter of
Dorothy Arline (b. Benson; July 11, 1909 – March 7, 1997), a
substitute teacher, and Edward Waldemar Seberg (October 2, 1906 –
September 5, 1984), a pharmacist. Her family was Lutheran and
of Swedish, English, and German ancestry.
Her paternal grandfather, Edward Carlson, arrived in the U.S. in 1882
and observed, "there are too many Carlsons in the New World". He
decided to change the family's last name to Seberg in memory of the
water and mountains of Sweden. Jean had a sister Mary-Ann (b.
August 27, 1936), a brother Kurt (b. June 1, 1942), and a brother
David (February 2, 1950 – March 24, 1968), who was killed in a car
accident at the age of eighteen.
In Marshalltown, Seberg babysat Mary Supinger, some eight years her
junior, who would later become a stage and film actress known as Mary
Beth Hurt. After high school, Seberg enrolled at the University of
Iowa to study dramatic arts, but took up movie making instead.
Seberg made her film debut in 1957 in the title role of Saint Joan,
George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw play, after being chosen from 18,000
hopefuls by director
Otto Preminger in a $150,000 talent search. Her
name was entered by a neighbor.
When she was cast, on October 21, 1956, her only acting experience had
been a single season of summer stock performances. The film was
associated with a great deal of publicity about which Seberg commented
that she was "embarrassed by all the attention". Despite a big
build-up, called in the press a "Pygmalion experiment", both the film
and Seberg received poor notices. On the failure, she later told
I have two memories of Saint Joan. The first was being burned at the
stake in the picture. The second was being burned at the stake by the
critics. The latter hurt more. I was scared like a rabbit and it
showed on the screen. It was not a good experience at all. I started
where most actresses end up.
Preminger, though, promised her a second chance, and he cast
Seberg in his next film Bonjour Tristesse the following year, which
was filmed in France. Regarding his decision, Preminger told the
press: "It's quite true that, if I had chosen
Audrey Hepburn instead
of Jean Seberg, it would have been less of a risk, but I prefer to
take the risk. [..] I have faith in her. Sure, she still has things to
learn about acting, but so did
Kim Novak when she started." Seberg
again received atrocious reviews and the film nearly ended her
She renegotiated her contract with Otto Preminger, and signed a long
term contract with Columbia Pictures. Preminger had an option to use
her services on another film, but they never worked together again.
Her next role was for Columbia, in the successful 1959 comedy The
Mouse That Roared, starring Peter Sellers.
Breathless and French career
During the filming of Bonjour Tristesse Seberg met François Moreuil,
the man who was to be her first husband, and she then based herself in
France, achieving success as the free-love heroine of French New Wave
Most notably, she appeared in 1960 as Patricia in Jean-Luc Godard's
Breathless (French title: À bout de souffle), in which she co-starred
with Jean-Paul Belmondo. The film became an international success and
critics praised Seberg's performance,
François Truffaut even hailing
her "the best actress in Europe". Despite her achievements in this
genre, Seberg did not identify with her characters or the film plots,
saying that she was "making films in France about people [she's] not
really interested in." Back in the US, she made another film for
Let No Man Write My Epitaph (1960).
In France she appeared in Time Out for Love then Seberg took on the
lead role in her then-husband François Moreuil's directorial debut,
La recréation (Love Play). By that time, Seberg had been estranged
from Moreuil, and she recollected that production was "pure hell" and
that he "would scream at [her]." She followed it with Five Day
Lover (1962) and
Congo vivo (1962).
In the French Style (1962) was a
French-American film with Stanley Baker released through Columbia. Les
plus belles escroqueries du monde (1963) was an anthology movie and
Backfire (1964) reunited her with Jean-Paul Belmondo.
In the United States, she starred opposite
Warren Beatty in Lilith
(1964) for Columbia, which prompted the critics to acknowledge Seberg
as a serious actress. She returned to France to make Diamonds Are
Return to Hollywood
In the late 1960s, she based herself increasingly in Hollywood. Moment
to Moment (1966), shot in France and Los Angeles, was her first movie
Hollywood studio in a number of years. She returned to France to
make Line of Demarcation (1966), then was back in
Hollywood for A Fine
After making Pendulum (1969), she appeared in her first and only
musical film, Paint Your Wagon, based on Lerner and Loewe's stage
musical, and co-starring
Lee Marvin and Clint Eastwood. Her singing
voice was dubbed by Anita Gordon. Seberg also starred in the
disaster film Airport (1970).
Seberg was François Truffaut's first choice for the central role of
Julie in Day for Night but, after several fruitless attempts to
contact her, he gave up and cast British actress Jacqueline Bisset
Her last US film appearance was in the TV movie Mousey (1974). Seberg
remained active during the 1970s in European films. She appeared in
Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto
Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto (White Horses of Summer) (1975), Le Grand
Délire (Die Große Ekstase) (1975, with husband Dennis Berry) and Die
Wildente (1976, based on Ibsen's The Wild Duck).
At the time of her death she was working on the French film La Légion
saute sur Kolwezi. She had scenes filmed in
French Guiana and returned
Paris for additional work in September. After her death, the scenes
were reshot with actress Mimsy Farmer.
At the peak of her career, Seberg suddenly stopped acting in Hollywood
films. Reportedly, she was not pleased with the roles she had been
offered, some of which, she noted, bordered on pornography.
Conversely, she was not offered any great
Hollywood roles, regardless
of their size. Experts in
COINTELPRO activities suggest that
Seberg was "effectively blacklisted" from
Hollywood films, as was
Jane Fonda, for a period of time. No conclusive evidence of a
'blacklisting' exists, yet this is not unusual, as such blacklists
were usually secret.
FBI inter-office memo: "... cause her embarrassment and cheapen her
FBI inter-office memo: "Usual precautions to avoid identification of
During the late 1960s, Seberg provided financial support to various
groups supporting civil rights, such as the NAACP as well as Native
American school groups such as the
Meskwaki Bucks at the Tama
settlement near her home town of Marshalltown, for whom she purchased
US$500 worth of basketball uniforms. The
FBI was upset about several
gifts to the Black Panther Party, totaling US$10,500
(estimated) in contributions; these were noted among a list of other
FBI internal documents later declassified and released
to the public under FOIA requests. The financial support and alleged
interracial love affairs or friendships are thought to have been
triggers to an
FBI investigation.
FBI operation against Seberg used
COINTELPRO program techniques to
harass, intimidate, defame, and discredit Seberg. The FBI's stated
goal was an unspecified "neutralization" of Seberg with a subsidiary
objective to "cause her embarrassment and serve to cheapen her image
with the public", while taking the "usual precautions to avoid
identification of the Bureau".
FBI strategy and modalities can be
FBI inter-office memos.
In 1970, the
FBI created the false story, from a San Francisco-based
informant, that the child Seberg was carrying was not fathered by her
Romain Gary but by Raymond Hewitt, a member of the Black
Panther Party. The story was reported by gossip columnist
Joyce Haber of the Los Angeles Times, and was also printed by
Newsweek magazine. Seberg went into premature labor and, on August
23, 1970, gave birth to a 4 lb (1.8 kg) baby girl. The child
died two days later. She held a funeral in her hometown with an
open casket that allowed reporters to see the infant's white skin,
which disproved the rumors.
Seberg and Gary later sued
Newsweek for libel and defamation, asking
for US$200,000 in damages. She contended she became so upset after
reading the story, that she went into premature labor, which resulted
in the death of her daughter. A
Paris court ordered
Newsweek to pay
the couple US$10,800 in damages and ordered
Newsweek to print the
judgment in their publication, plus eight other newspapers.
The investigation of Seberg went far beyond the publishing of
defamatory articles. According to her friends interviewed after her
death, she reportedly experienced years of aggressive in-person
surveillance (constant stalking), as well as break-ins and other
intimidation-oriented activity. These newspaper reports make clear
that Seberg was well aware of the surveillance.
FBI files show that
she was wiretapped, and in 1980, the
Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times published logs
of her Swiss wiretapped phone calls. U.S. surveillance was
deployed while she was residing in France and while travelling in
Switzerland and Italy. Per
FBI files the
FBI cross-contacted the "FBI
Legat" (legal attachés) in U.S. Embassies in
Paris and Rome and
provided files on Seberg to the CIA, U.S. Secret Service and U.S.
Military intelligence to assist monitoring while she was abroad.
FBI records show that
J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover kept U.S. President Richard
Nixon informed of
FBI activities related to the
Jean Seberg case
through President Nixon's domestic affairs chief John Ehrlichman. John
Mitchell, then Attorney General, and Deputy
Attorney General Richard
Kleindienst were also kept informed of
FBI activities related to
On September 5, 1958, aged 20, Seberg married François Moreuil, a
French lawyer (aged 23) in her native Marshalltown after having met in
France 15 months earlier. They divorced in 1960. Moreuil had
ambitions in movies and directed his estranged wife in "La
récréation". According to Seberg, the marriage was a "violent" one;
and she complained that she "got married for all the wrong
On living in France for a period of time, Seberg said in an interview:
I'm enjoying it to the fullest extent. I've been tremendously lucky to
have gone through this experience at an age where I can still learn.
That doesn't mean that I will stay here. I'm in
Paris because my work
has been here. I'm not an expatriate. I will go where the work is. The
French life has its drawbacks. One of them is the formality. The
system seems to be based on saving the maximum of yourself for those
nearest you. Perhaps that is better than the other extreme in
Hollywood, where people give so much of themselves in public life that
they have nothing left over for their families. Still, it is hard for
an American to get used to. Often I will get excited over a luncheon
table only to have the hostess say discreetly that coffee will be
served in the other room. [..] I miss that casualness and friendliness
of Americans, the kind that makes people smile. I also miss blue
jeans, milk shakes, thick steaks and supermarkets.
Despite extended stays in the United States, she remained Paris-based
for the rest of her life. In 1962, she married French aviator,
resistant, novelist and diplomat Romain Gary, who was 24 years her
senior and had been married to Lesley Blanch. Gary's divorce took
place on September 5, 1962, and he married Seberg on October 6. The
Corsica was secret and used accommodations with the
Their sole child together, Alexandre Diego Gary, was born in Barcelona
on July 24, 1962. The child's birth and first years of life were
hidden from even close friends and relatives. Thanks to his contacts
in the diplomat services, Gary later "established" Diego's birth at
the French village of Charquemont on October 26, 1963, after his
During her marriage to Gary, Seberg lived in Paris, Greece, Southern
France and Majorca. Diego married and as of 2009 resides in Spain
where he runs a bookstore and oversees his father's literary and real
Macho Callahan in Mexico in 1969-70, Seberg became
romantically involved with a student revolutionary named Carlos
Ornelas Navarra. She gave birth to Navarra's daughter, Nina Hart Gary,
on August 23, 1970. The baby died two days later, on August 25, 1970,
and is buried at Riverside Cemetery in Marshalltown. Estranged husband
Romain Gary had publicly claimed to have been the father during
Seberg's pregnancy, but she acknowledged that Navarra was actually the
In 1972, she was married for the third time, to aspiring film director
Dennis Berry. In 1979, while separated from her
legally wed husband, Seberg went through "a form of marriage" to an
Algerian, Ahmed Hasni. Hasni persuaded her to sell her second
apartment on the Rue du Bac, and he kept the proceeds (reportedly 11
million francs in cash), announcing that he would use the money to
Barcelona restaurant. The couple departed for Spain, but
she was soon back in
Paris alone and went into hiding from Hasni, who
she said had grievously abused her.
Grave of Jean Seberg
On the night of August 30, 1979, Seberg disappeared. Hasni told police
that they had gone to a movie that night and when he awoke the next
morning, Seberg was gone. After Seberg went missing, Hasni told
police that he had known she was suicidal for some time. He claimed
that she had attempted suicide in July 1979 by jumping in front of a
Paris subway train.
On September 8, nine days after her disappearance, her decomposing
body was found wrapped in a blanket in the back seat of her Renault,
parked close to her
Paris apartment in the 16th arrondissement. Police
found a bottle of barbiturates, an empty mineral water bottle and a
note written in French from Seberg addressed to her son. It read, in
part, "Forgive me. I can no longer live with my nerves." In 1979,
her death was ruled a probable suicide by
Paris police, but the
following year additional charges were filed against persons unknown
for "non-assistance of a person in danger".
Romain Gary, Seberg's second husband, called a press conference
shortly after her death where he publicly blamed the FBI's campaign
against Seberg for her deteriorating mental health. Gary claimed that
Seberg "became psychotic" after the media reported a false story that
FBI planted about her becoming pregnant with a Black Panther's
child in 1970.
Romain Gary stated that Seberg had repeatedly attempted
suicide on the anniversary of the child's death, August 25.
Seberg is interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris.
Six days after the discovery of Seberg's body, the
documents under FOIA admitting the defamation of Seberg, while
making statements attempting to distance themselves from practices of
the Hoover era. The FBI's campaign against Seberg was further explored
at this time by Time magazine in a front-page article, "The
Media attention surrounding the abuse Seberg had undergone at FBI
hands led to examination of the case by the United States Senate
Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to
Intelligence Activities, a.k.a. "the Church Committee", which noted
FBI claims of reform, "
COINTELPRO activities may
continue today under the rubric of investigation".
In his autobiography,
Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times editor
Jim Bellows described
events leading up to the Seberg articles, in which he expressed regret
that he had not vetted the Seberg articles sufficiently. He echoed
this sentiment in subsequent interviews.
The Seberg case remains a hallmark case, examined to this day,
concerning U.S. intelligence abuses directed towards U.S.
In June 1980,
Paris police filed charges against "persons unknown" in
connection with Seberg's death. Police stated that Seberg had such a
high amount of alcohol in her system at the time of her death, that it
would have rendered her comatose and unable to get into her car
without assistance. Police noted there was no alcohol in the car where
Seberg's body was found. Police theorized that someone was present at
the time of her death and failed to get her medical care.
In December 1980, Seberg's former husband
Romain Gary committed
suicide. Gary's suicide note, which was addressed to his publisher,
indicated that he had not killed himself over the loss of Seberg but
over the fact that he felt he could no longer produce literary
In popular culture
The Talent Scout by
Romain Gary (1961) features a recognizable
portrait of Seberg.
In 1983 a musical, Jean Seberg, by librettist Julian Barry, composer
Marvin Hamlisch, and lyricist Christopher Adler, based on Seberg's
life, was presented at the National Theatre in London.
In 1986, pop singer Madonna copied Jean Seberg's iconic Breathless
look in her music video for "Papa Don't Preach", sporting a pixie
blonde haircut, French striped jersey shirt and black capri pants in
her interpretation of the New Wave ingenue that Seberg played in
In 1991, actress Jodie Foster, a fan of Seberg's performance in
Breathless, purchased the film rights to Played Out: The Jean Seberg
Story, the David Richards' biography about Seberg. Foster was set
to produce and star in the film, but the project was cancelled two
years later.
Mexican author and diplomat
Carlos Fuentes mirrored their short-term
affair in his 1994 novel Diana o La Cazadora Solitaria (English title:
Diana: The Goddess Who Hunts Alone).
In 1995, a documentary of her life was made by Mark Rappaport, titled
From the Journals of Jean Seberg.
Mary Beth Hurt
Mary Beth Hurt played Seberg in a
voice-over. Hurt was born in
Marshalltown, Iowa in 1948, attended the
same high school as Seberg, and Seberg had been her
babysitter. The 2000 short film Je t'aime John Wayne
is a tribute parody of Breathless, with
Camilla Rutherford playing
Seberg's role.
In 2004, the French author
Alain Absire published Jean S., a
fictionalized biography. Seberg's son, Alexandre Diego Gary, brought a
lawsuit, unsuccessfully attempting to stop publication.[citation
In the title track of the Divine Comedy's 2004 album, Absent Friends,
Seberg is mentioned where the singer describes how she "seemed so full
of life, but in those eyes, such troubled dreams", an apparent
reference to Seberg's death.
Since 2011, Seberg's hometown of
Marshalltown, Iowa has held an annual
Jean Seberg International Film Festival".
In the 1987 made for TV Movie, The King of Love, about the rise and
fall of a
Hugh Hefner like magazine publisher played by Nick Mancuso,
Katy Boyer played a young centerfold and actress pregnant with his
child who's also associated with members of the Black Panthers. She
dies tragically, and the press falsely suggests she was done in to
keep it from coming out that the baby was fathered by one of the
Kristen Stewart will play Seberg in the upcoming film, Against All
St. Joan of Arc
The Mouse That Roared
Alternate title: À bout de souffle
Let No Man Write My Epitaph
Les Grandes Personnes (fr)
Alternate title: Time Out for Love
Alternate title: Love Play
Five Day Lover
Alternate title: L'amant de cinq jours
In the French Style
Les plus belles escroqueries du monde
(segment "Le Grand Escroq")
Alternate title: Échappement libre
Un milliard dans un billard
Moment to Moment
Line of Demarcation
Mary, comtesse de Damville
Alternate title: La Ligne de démarcation
A Fine Madness
Estouffade à la Caraïbe
Who's Got the Black Box?
Alternate title: The Road to Corinth
Birds in Peru (fr)
Paint Your Wagon
Ondata di calore
Alternate title: Dead of Summer
Kill! Kill! Kill! Kill! (fr)
Questa specie d'amore
Alternate title: This Kind of Love
Gang War in Naples
Alternate title: Camorra
Alternate titles: Plot, The French Conspiracy
The Corruption of Chris Miller
Original title: La corrupción de Chris Miller
Les Hautes solitudes
Silent film without named characters
Laura Anderson / Richardson
Ballad for the Kid
Director, writer, producer
Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto
The Big Delirium
Alternate title: Le Grand Délire
The Wild Duck (de)
Alternate title: Die Wildente
Le bleu des origines
(final film role)
List of people who disappeared mysteriously
^ a b c Coates-Smith,, Michael; McGee, Garry (2012). The Films of Jean
Seberg. McFarland. p. 8. Retrieved November 26, 2016. Final cause
of death was left as 'probable suicide,'...
^  Archived April 12, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Right pronunciation of
Jean Seberg ( French )".
Rightpronunciation.com. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
Jean Seberg Affair Revisited", MARCH 22, 2009, Los Angeles
FBI 'persecution led to suicide' of actress Jean Seberg
TheAustralian, August 24, 2009]
^ a b c "
Jean Seberg not reason for novelist's suicide, note says".
Lakeland Ledger. 1980-12-04. p. 12D. Retrieved 2 December
Jean Seberg Found Dead in Paris; Actress Was Missing for 10 Days; A
Life of Personal Tragedy". The New York Times. September 9, 1979.
Retrieved May 6, 2010.
^ Gussow, Mel (November 30, 1980). "The Seberg Tragedy; Jean Seberg".
The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 11, 2012.
Retrieved April 10, 2012.
^ Millstein, Gilbert (April 7, 1957). "Evolution of a New Saint Joan;
Jean Seberg, 18, unknown and barely tried, illustrates how a star is
made, if not born". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
^ "Preface to From Rage to Courage". Alice-miller.com. Retrieved
October 14, 2017.
^ "Movie Star". Movie Star. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
^ "At the time I was due to audition for Preminger, I was enrolled to
study dramatic art at the State University of Iowa, my eventual goal
being stardom on Broadway, hopefully."
Seberg in Films and Filming, p. 13, June 1974.
^ a b "Seberg: Real-life Cinderella" by Peer J. Oppenheimer, The Palm
Beach Post, April 28, 1957, p. 11
^ "'Saint Joan' Chosen", The Spokesman-Review, October 22, 1956, p. 1
^ a b c "Second Chance for Jean", The Age, October 8, 1957, p. 13
^ a b c d e f g "
Jean Seberg Failed As Saint On Screen, Scores Success
In France As A Sinner" by Bob Thomas, The Blade, August 6, 1961, p. 2
^ a b Charles Champlin. "Jean Seberg: A
Hollywood tragedy", The
Modesto Bee, September 16, 1979, pg. F6
^ Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. United States of
America: Greenwood Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-313-34191-5.
Retrieved June 25, 2010. Marvin and Eastwood sang, but Miss Seberg's
vocals were dubbed by Anita Gordon.
^ McGee, Garry (2008).
Jean Seberg – Breathless. Albany, GA:
BearManor Media. p. 238. ISBN 1-59393-127-1.
^ "The Wild Duck". IMDb.com. April 28, 1977. Retrieved October 14,
^ a b "The
Jean Seberg Enigma: Interview With Garry Mcgee". Film
Threat. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
FBI Secrets: An Agent's Expose. by M. Wesley Swearinge
^ Richards, David (1981). Played Out: The
Jean Seberg Story. Random
House. p. 204. ISBN 0-394-51132-8.
^ Allan M. Jallon "A journalistic lapse allowed the
FBI to smear
actress Jean Seberg", The Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2002.
^ Janet Maslin,"Star and Victim", The New York Times, July 12, 1981.
^ Brodeur, Paul (1997). A Writer in the Cold War. Faber and Faber.
pp. 159–65. ISBN 978-0-571-19907-5.
^ a b c Ronald Ostrow, "Extensive probe of
Jean Seberg Revealed", The
Times via jfk.hood.edu, January 9, 1980.
^ Richards 234–38
^ Munn, p. 90
^ Richards, p. 239
^ Richards, p. 247
^ Richards, p. 253
^ Friedrich, Otto (1975). Going crazy: An inquiry into madness in our
time. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 230.
^ "Seberg awarded $20,000 in
Newsweek libel suit". The
Telegraph-Herald. 1971-10-26. p. 18. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
^ Marie Adam-Affortit (28 February 2011). ""
Romain Gary a séduit mon
épouse Jean Seberg". Par François Moreuil".
Paris Match (in French).
Retrieved 8 November 2015.
^ "Le "oui" secret de jean Seberg et Romain Gary", Le Monde, August
^ Ralph Schoolcraft: Romain Gary: The Man Who Sold His Shadow, Chapter
3, p. 69. On-line (retrieved 10 August 2012)
^ "What makes
Jean Seberg Run?", Tri-City Herald, June 21, 1970, p. 8
^ "Where in the World is Alexandre Diego?". Movie Star. Retrieved
October 14, 2017.
^ Richards 234-8
^ Richards, p. 367
^ Richards, p. 368
^ Richards, p.369
^ "Police Rule Out Violence In Death of Actress Seberg". Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. 1979-09-10. p. 21. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
^ "Forgive me, Seberg wrote in suicide note to her son". Edmonton
Journal. 1979-09-10. p. A2. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
^ Raith, Mark Alan (1981-07-19). "The Life and Death of Jean Seberg".
Reading Eagle. p. 36. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
^ a b "Charges filed in Seberg death". The Montreal Gazette.
1979-06-23. p. 41. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
Jean Seberg (1938-1979) - Find A Grave Memorial". findagrave.com.
Retrieved 9 November 2017.
FBI Admits Spreading Lies About Jean Seberg", Los Angeles Times,
September 14, 1979.
Jean Seberg Affair Revisited". Los Angeles Times. March 22,
^ Nation: The
FBI vs. Jean Seberg, time.com, September 24, 1979.
^ Cointelpro: The FBI's Covert Action Programs Against American
Citizens, Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations With
Respect to Intelligence Activities. United States Senate, April 23,
^ a b Bellows, Jim. The Last Editor, Andrews McMeel Publishing (May
^ Kevin Roderick, "Bellows,
Jean Seberg and the FBI", LA Observed,
March 13, 2009.
^ Allan M. Jallon, "The
Jean Seberg Affair Revisited", LA Daily
Mirror, March 22, 2009.
^ "Flashes: September 20, 1991". Entertainment Weekly. September 20,
1991. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
Jean Seberg International Film Festival is Nov. 10-13, 2011".
iavalley.edu. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved
December 2, 2012.
^ This episodic film was originally a collaboration of five directors.
Despite being directed by
Jean-Luc Godard and shot by Raoul Coutard,
Seberg's 20-minute episode was cut from the final release (McGee,
p.110). It was resurrected and partly shown in From the Journals of
Jean Seberg (1995)
Bellos, David (2010). Romain Gary: A Tall Story. London: Harvill
Secker. ISBN 978 1843431701.
Coates-Smith, Michael, and McGee, Garry (2012). The Films of Jean
Seberg. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6652-8.
Guichard, Maurice (2008). Jean Seberg: Portrait francais. Paris:
Editions Jacob-Duvernet. ISBN 978 2 84724 194 5.
McGee, Garry (2008).
Jean Seberg – Breathless. Albany, GA: BearManor
Media. ISBN 1-59393-127-1.
Moreuil, Francois (2010). Flash Back. Chaintreaux: Editions
France-Empire Monde (French language
Munn, Michael (1992). Clint Eastwood: Hollywood's Loner. London:
Robson Books. ISBN 0-86051-790-X.
Richards, David (1981). Played Out: The
Jean Seberg Story. Random
House. ISBN 0-394-51132-8.
Jean Seberg on IMDb
Jean Seberg at Find a Grave
1958 Mike Wallace interview January 4, 1958
Website dedicated to Jean Seberg
Movie Star: The Secret Lives of
Jean Seberg Documentary Film
United States portal
ISNI: 0000 0001 1028 8026
BNF: cb119538851 (data)