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Jean Dorothy Seberg (/ˈdʒiːn ˈsiːbɜːrɡ/;[2] French: [ʒɑ̃ sebɛʀ];[3] November 13, 1938 – August 30, 1979) was an American actress who lived half her life in France. She appeared in 34 films in Hollywood
Hollywood
and in Europe, including Saint Joan, Bonjour Tristesse, Breathless, Lilith, The Mouse That Roared, Moment to Moment, A Fine Madness, Paint Your Wagon, Airport, Macho Callahan, and Gang War in Naples. She was also one of the best-known targets of the FBI
FBI
COINTELPRO project[4][5]. Her targeting was a well-documented retaliation for her support of the Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party
in the 1960s. Seberg died at the age of 40 in Paris, with police ruling her death a probable suicide.[1] Romain Gary, Seberg's second husband, called a press conference shortly after her death where he publicly blamed the FBI's campaign against Seberg for her deteriorating mental health. Gary claimed that Seberg "became psychotic" after the media reported a false story that the FBI
FBI
planted about her becoming pregnant with a Black Panther's child in 1970. Romain Gary
Romain Gary
stated that Seberg had repeatedly attempted suicide on the anniversary of the child's death, August 25.[6]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Film career

2.1 Otto Preminger 2.2 Breathless and French career 2.3 Return to Hollywood 2.4 Later career 2.5 Possible Hollywood
Hollywood
blacklisting

3 FBI
FBI
COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO
investigation 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Aftermath 7 In popular culture 8 Filmography 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life[edit] Jean Dorothy Seberg was born in Marshalltown, Iowa, the daughter of Dorothy Arline (b. Benson; July 11, 1909 – March 7, 1997), a substitute teacher, and Edward Waldemar Seberg (October 2, 1906 – September 5, 1984), a pharmacist.[7][8][9] Her family was Lutheran and of Swedish, English, and German ancestry.[9][10][11] Her paternal grandfather, Edward Carlson, arrived in the U.S. in 1882 and observed, "there are too many Carlsons in the New World". He decided to change the family's last name to Seberg in memory of the water and mountains of Sweden.[12] Jean had a sister Mary-Ann (b. August 27, 1936), a brother Kurt (b. June 1, 1942), and a brother David (February 2, 1950 – March 24, 1968), who was killed in a car accident at the age of eighteen.[citation needed] In Marshalltown, Seberg babysat Mary Supinger, some eight years her junior, who would later become a stage and film actress known as Mary Beth Hurt. After high school, Seberg enrolled at the University of Iowa to study dramatic arts, but took up movie making instead.[13] Film career[edit] Otto Preminger[edit] Seberg made her film debut in 1957 in the title role of Saint Joan, from the George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw
play, after being chosen from 18,000 hopefuls by director Otto Preminger
Otto Preminger
in a $150,000 talent search. Her name was entered by a neighbor.[14] When she was cast, on October 21, 1956, her only acting experience had been a single season of summer stock performances.[15] The film was associated with a great deal of publicity about which Seberg commented that she was "embarrassed by all the attention".[14] Despite a big build-up, called in the press a "Pygmalion experiment", both the film and Seberg received poor notices.[16] On the failure, she later told the press:

I have two memories of Saint Joan. The first was being burned at the stake in the picture. The second was being burned at the stake by the critics. The latter hurt more. I was scared like a rabbit and it showed on the screen. It was not a good experience at all. I started where most actresses end up.[17]

Preminger, though, promised her a second chance,[16] and he cast Seberg in his next film Bonjour Tristesse the following year, which was filmed in France. Regarding his decision, Preminger told the press: "It's quite true that, if I had chosen Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
instead of Jean Seberg, it would have been less of a risk, but I prefer to take the risk. [..] I have faith in her. Sure, she still has things to learn about acting, but so did Kim Novak
Kim Novak
when she started."[16] Seberg again received atrocious reviews and the film nearly ended her career.[17] She renegotiated her contract with Otto Preminger, and signed a long term contract with Columbia Pictures. Preminger had an option to use her services on another film, but they never worked together again. Her next role was for Columbia, in the successful 1959 comedy The Mouse That Roared, starring Peter Sellers.[citation needed] Breathless and French career[edit] During the filming of Bonjour Tristesse Seberg met François Moreuil, the man who was to be her first husband, and she then based herself in France, achieving success as the free-love heroine of French New Wave films.[17] Most notably, she appeared in 1960 as Patricia in Jean-Luc Godard's Breathless (French title: À bout de souffle), in which she co-starred with Jean-Paul Belmondo. The film became an international success and critics praised Seberg's performance, François Truffaut
François Truffaut
even hailing her "the best actress in Europe".[18] Despite her achievements in this genre, Seberg did not identify with her characters or the film plots, saying that she was "making films in France about people [she's] not really interested in."[17] Back in the US, she made another film for Columbia, Let No Man Write My Epitaph (1960). In France she appeared in Time Out for Love then Seberg took on the lead role in her then-husband François Moreuil's directorial debut, La recréation (Love Play). By that time, Seberg had been estranged from Moreuil, and she recollected that production was "pure hell" and that he "would scream at [her]."[17] She followed it with Five Day Lover (1962) and Congo vivo (1962). In the French Style (1962) was a French-American film with Stanley Baker released through Columbia. Les plus belles escroqueries du monde (1963) was an anthology movie and Backfire (1964) reunited her with Jean-Paul Belmondo. In the United States, she starred opposite Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
in Lilith (1964) for Columbia, which prompted the critics to acknowledge Seberg as a serious actress.[18] She returned to France to make Diamonds Are Brittle (1965). Return to Hollywood[edit] In the late 1960s, she based herself increasingly in Hollywood. Moment to Moment (1966), shot in France and Los Angeles, was her first movie for a Hollywood
Hollywood
studio in a number of years. She returned to France to make Line of Demarcation (1966), then was back in Hollywood
Hollywood
for A Fine Madness (1966). After making Pendulum (1969), she appeared in her first and only musical film, Paint Your Wagon, based on Lerner and Loewe's stage musical, and co-starring Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
and Clint Eastwood. Her singing voice was dubbed by Anita Gordon.[19] Seberg also starred in the disaster film Airport (1970). Later career[edit] Seberg was François Truffaut's first choice for the central role of Julie in Day for Night but, after several fruitless attempts to contact her, he gave up and cast British actress Jacqueline Bisset instead.[20] Her last US film appearance was in the TV movie Mousey (1974). Seberg remained active during the 1970s in European films. She appeared in Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto
Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto
(White Horses of Summer) (1975), Le Grand Délire (Die Große Ekstase) (1975, with husband Dennis Berry) and Die Wildente (1976, based on Ibsen's The Wild Duck[21]). At the time of her death she was working on the French film La Légion saute sur Kolwezi. She had scenes filmed in French Guiana
French Guiana
and returned to Paris
Paris
for additional work in September. After her death, the scenes were reshot with actress Mimsy Farmer.[citation needed] Possible Hollywood
Hollywood
blacklisting[edit] At the peak of her career, Seberg suddenly stopped acting in Hollywood films. Reportedly, she was not pleased with the roles she had been offered, some of which, she noted, bordered on pornography.[22] Conversely, she was not offered any great Hollywood
Hollywood
roles, regardless of their size.[22] Experts in FBI
FBI
COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO
activities suggest that Seberg was "effectively blacklisted"[23] from Hollywood
Hollywood
films, as was Jane Fonda, for a period of time. No conclusive evidence of a 'blacklisting' exists, yet this is not unusual, as such blacklists were usually secret. FBI
FBI
COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO
investigation[edit]

FBI
FBI
inter-office memo: "... cause her embarrassment and cheapen her image"

FBI
FBI
inter-office memo: "Usual precautions to avoid identification of the Bureau"

During the late 1960s, Seberg provided financial support to various groups supporting civil rights, such as the NAACP as well as Native American school groups such as the Meskwaki
Meskwaki
Bucks at the Tama settlement near her home town of Marshalltown, for whom she purchased US$500 worth of basketball uniforms. The FBI
FBI
was upset about several gifts to the Black Panther Party,[24][25] totaling US$10,500 (estimated) in contributions; these were noted among a list of other celebrities in FBI
FBI
internal documents later declassified and released to the public under FOIA requests. The financial support and alleged interracial love affairs or friendships are thought to have been triggers to an FBI
FBI
investigation.[citation needed] The FBI
FBI
operation against Seberg used COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO
program techniques to harass, intimidate, defame, and discredit Seberg.[26] The FBI's stated goal was an unspecified "neutralization" of Seberg with a subsidiary objective to "cause her embarrassment and serve to cheapen her image with the public", while taking the "usual precautions to avoid identification of the Bureau".[27] FBI
FBI
strategy and modalities can be found in FBI
FBI
inter-office memos.[28] In 1970, the FBI
FBI
created the false story, from a San Francisco-based informant, that the child Seberg was carrying was not fathered by her husband Romain Gary
Romain Gary
but by Raymond Hewitt, a member of the Black Panther Party.[29][30] The story was reported by gossip columnist Joyce Haber of the Los Angeles Times,[31] and was also printed by Newsweek
Newsweek
magazine.[32] Seberg went into premature labor and, on August 23, 1970, gave birth to a 4 lb (1.8 kg) baby girl. The child died two days later.[33] She held a funeral in her hometown with an open casket that allowed reporters to see the infant's white skin, which disproved the rumors.[34] Seberg and Gary later sued Newsweek
Newsweek
for libel and defamation, asking for US$200,000 in damages. She contended she became so upset after reading the story, that she went into premature labor, which resulted in the death of her daughter. A Paris
Paris
court ordered Newsweek
Newsweek
to pay the couple US$10,800 in damages and ordered Newsweek
Newsweek
to print the judgment in their publication, plus eight other newspapers.[35] The investigation of Seberg went far beyond the publishing of defamatory articles. According to her friends interviewed after her death, she reportedly experienced years of aggressive in-person surveillance (constant stalking), as well as break-ins and other intimidation-oriented activity. These newspaper reports make clear that Seberg was well aware of the surveillance. FBI
FBI
files show that she was wiretapped, and in 1980, the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
published logs of her Swiss wiretapped phone calls.[28] U.S. surveillance was deployed while she was residing in France and while travelling in Switzerland and Italy. Per FBI
FBI
files the FBI
FBI
cross-contacted the "FBI Legat" (legal attachés) in U.S. Embassies in Paris
Paris
and Rome and provided files on Seberg to the CIA, U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Military intelligence
Military intelligence
to assist monitoring while she was abroad. FBI
FBI
records show that J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover
kept U.S. President Richard Nixon informed of FBI
FBI
activities related to the Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
case through President Nixon's domestic affairs chief John Ehrlichman. John Mitchell, then Attorney General, and Deputy Attorney General Richard Kleindienst were also kept informed of FBI
FBI
activities related to Seberg.[28] Personal life[edit] On September 5, 1958, aged 20, Seberg married François Moreuil, a French lawyer (aged 23) in her native Marshalltown after having met in France 15 months earlier.[36] They divorced in 1960. Moreuil had ambitions in movies and directed his estranged wife in "La récréation". According to Seberg, the marriage was a "violent" one; and she complained that she "got married for all the wrong reasons."[17] On living in France for a period of time, Seberg said in an interview:

I'm enjoying it to the fullest extent. I've been tremendously lucky to have gone through this experience at an age where I can still learn. That doesn't mean that I will stay here. I'm in Paris
Paris
because my work has been here. I'm not an expatriate. I will go where the work is. The French life has its drawbacks. One of them is the formality. The system seems to be based on saving the maximum of yourself for those nearest you. Perhaps that is better than the other extreme in Hollywood, where people give so much of themselves in public life that they have nothing left over for their families. Still, it is hard for an American to get used to. Often I will get excited over a luncheon table only to have the hostess say discreetly that coffee will be served in the other room. [..] I miss that casualness and friendliness of Americans, the kind that makes people smile. I also miss blue jeans, milk shakes, thick steaks and supermarkets.[17]

Despite extended stays in the United States, she remained Paris-based for the rest of her life. In 1962, she married French aviator, resistant, novelist and diplomat Romain Gary, who was 24 years her senior and had been married to Lesley Blanch. Gary's divorce took place on September 5, 1962, and he married Seberg on October 6. The marriage in Corsica
Corsica
was secret and used accommodations with the law.[37] Their sole child together, Alexandre Diego Gary, was born in Barcelona on July 24, 1962. The child's birth and first years of life were hidden from even close friends and relatives. Thanks to his contacts in the diplomat services, Gary later "established" Diego's birth at the French village of Charquemont on October 26, 1963, after his parents' marriage.[38] During her marriage to Gary, Seberg lived in Paris, Greece, Southern France and Majorca.[39] Diego married and as of 2009 resides in Spain where he runs a bookstore and oversees his father's literary and real estate holdings.[40] While filming Macho Callahan in Mexico in 1969-70, Seberg became romantically involved with a student revolutionary named Carlos Ornelas Navarra. She gave birth to Navarra's daughter, Nina Hart Gary, on August 23, 1970. The baby died two days later, on August 25, 1970, and is buried at Riverside Cemetery in Marshalltown. Estranged husband Romain Gary
Romain Gary
had publicly claimed to have been the father during Seberg's pregnancy, but she acknowledged that Navarra was actually the father.[41] In 1972, she was married for the third time, to aspiring film director Dennis Berry.[citation needed] In 1979, while separated from her legally wed husband, Seberg went through "a form of marriage" to an Algerian, Ahmed Hasni.[42] Hasni persuaded her to sell her second apartment on the Rue du Bac, and he kept the proceeds (reportedly 11 million francs in cash), announcing that he would use the money to open a Barcelona
Barcelona
restaurant.[43] The couple departed for Spain, but she was soon back in Paris
Paris
alone and went into hiding from Hasni, who she said had grievously abused her.[44] Death[edit]

Grave of Jean Seberg

On the night of August 30, 1979, Seberg disappeared. Hasni told police that they had gone to a movie that night and when he awoke the next morning, Seberg was gone.[45] After Seberg went missing, Hasni told police that he had known she was suicidal for some time. He claimed that she had attempted suicide in July 1979 by jumping in front of a Paris
Paris
subway train.[46] On September 8, nine days after her disappearance, her decomposing body was found wrapped in a blanket in the back seat of her Renault, parked close to her Paris
Paris
apartment in the 16th arrondissement. Police found a bottle of barbiturates, an empty mineral water bottle and a note written in French from Seberg addressed to her son. It read, in part, "Forgive me. I can no longer live with my nerves."[47] In 1979, her death was ruled a probable suicide by Paris
Paris
police,[1] but the following year additional charges were filed against persons unknown for "non-assistance of a person in danger".[48] Romain Gary, Seberg's second husband, called a press conference shortly after her death where he publicly blamed the FBI's campaign against Seberg for her deteriorating mental health. Gary claimed that Seberg "became psychotic" after the media reported a false story that the FBI
FBI
planted about her becoming pregnant with a Black Panther's child in 1970. Romain Gary
Romain Gary
stated that Seberg had repeatedly attempted suicide on the anniversary of the child's death, August 25.[6] Seberg is interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris.[49] Aftermath[edit] Six days after the discovery of Seberg's body, the FBI
FBI
released documents under FOIA admitting the defamation of Seberg,[50][51] while making statements attempting to distance themselves from practices of the Hoover era. The FBI's campaign against Seberg was further explored at this time by Time magazine in a front-page article, "The FBI
FBI
vs. Jean Seberg".[52] Media attention surrounding the abuse Seberg had undergone at FBI hands led to examination of the case by the United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, a.k.a. "the Church Committee", which noted that notwithstanding FBI
FBI
claims of reform, " COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO
activities may continue today under the rubric of investigation".[53][54] In his autobiography, Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
editor Jim Bellows described events leading up to the Seberg articles, in which he expressed regret that he had not vetted the Seberg articles sufficiently.[54] He echoed this sentiment in subsequent interviews.[55] The Seberg case remains a hallmark case, examined to this day, concerning U.S. intelligence abuses directed towards U.S. citizens.[56] In June 1980, Paris
Paris
police filed charges against "persons unknown" in connection with Seberg's death. Police stated that Seberg had such a high amount of alcohol in her system at the time of her death, that it would have rendered her comatose and unable to get into her car without assistance. Police noted there was no alcohol in the car where Seberg's body was found. Police theorized that someone was present at the time of her death and failed to get her medical care.[48] In December 1980, Seberg's former husband Romain Gary
Romain Gary
committed suicide. Gary's suicide note, which was addressed to his publisher, indicated that he had not killed himself over the loss of Seberg but over the fact that he felt he could no longer produce literary works.[6] In popular culture[edit] The Talent Scout by Romain Gary
Romain Gary
(1961) features a recognizable portrait of Seberg. In 1983 a musical, Jean Seberg, by librettist Julian Barry, composer Marvin Hamlisch, and lyricist Christopher Adler, based on Seberg's life, was presented at the National Theatre in London. In 1986, pop singer Madonna copied Jean Seberg's iconic Breathless look in her music video for "Papa Don't Preach", sporting a pixie blonde haircut, French striped jersey shirt and black capri pants in her interpretation of the New Wave ingenue that Seberg played in Breathless. In 1991, actress Jodie Foster, a fan of Seberg's performance in Breathless, purchased the film rights to Played Out: The Jean Seberg Story, the David Richards' biography about Seberg.[57] Foster was set to produce and star in the film, but the project was cancelled two years later.[citation needed] Mexican author and diplomat Carlos Fuentes
Carlos Fuentes
mirrored their short-term affair in his 1994 novel Diana o La Cazadora Solitaria (English title: Diana: The Goddess Who Hunts Alone).[citation needed] In 1995, a documentary of her life was made by Mark Rappaport, titled From the Journals of Jean Seberg. Mary Beth Hurt
Mary Beth Hurt
played Seberg in a voice-over. Hurt was born in Marshalltown, Iowa
Marshalltown, Iowa
in 1948, attended the same high school as Seberg, and Seberg had been her babysitter.[citation needed] The 2000 short film Je t'aime John Wayne is a tribute parody of Breathless, with Camilla Rutherford playing Seberg's role.[citation needed] In 2004, the French author Alain Absire
Alain Absire
published Jean S., a fictionalized biography. Seberg's son, Alexandre Diego Gary, brought a lawsuit, unsuccessfully attempting to stop publication.[citation needed] In the title track of the Divine Comedy's 2004 album, Absent Friends, Seberg is mentioned where the singer describes how she "seemed so full of life, but in those eyes, such troubled dreams", an apparent reference to Seberg's death.[citation needed] Since 2011, Seberg's hometown of Marshalltown, Iowa
Marshalltown, Iowa
has held an annual " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
International Film Festival".[58] In the 1987 made for TV Movie, The King of Love, about the rise and fall of a Hugh Hefner
Hugh Hefner
like magazine publisher played by Nick Mancuso, Katy Boyer played a young centerfold and actress pregnant with his child who's also associated with members of the Black Panthers. She dies tragically, and the press falsely suggests she was done in to keep it from coming out that the baby was fathered by one of the Panthers. Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
will play Seberg in the upcoming film, Against All Enemies.[59][60] Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1957 Saint Joan St. Joan of Arc

1958 Bonjour tristesse Cecile

1959 The Mouse That Roared Helen Kokintz

1960 Breathless Patricia Franchini Alternate title: À bout de souffle

1960 Let No Man Write My Epitaph Barbara Holloway

1961 Les Grandes Personnes (fr) Ann Alternate title: Time Out for Love

1961 La récréation Kate Hoover Alternate title: Love Play

1961 Five Day Lover Claire Alternate title: L'amant de cinq jours

1962 Congo Vivo Annette

1963 In the French Style Christina James

1964 Les plus belles escroqueries du monde Patricia Leacock (segment "Le Grand Escroq") (scenes deleted)[61]

1964 Backfire Olga Celan Alternate title: Échappement libre

1964 Lilith Lilith Arthur

1965 Un milliard dans un billard Bettina Ralton

1966 Moment to Moment Kay Stanton

1966 Line of Demarcation Mary, comtesse de Damville Alternate title: La Ligne de démarcation

1966 A Fine Madness Lydia West

1967 Estouffade à la Caraïbe Colleen O'Hara

1967 Who's Got the Black Box? Shanny Alternate title: The Road to Corinth

1968 Birds in Peru (fr) Adriana

1968 The Girls

Documentary

1969 Pendulum Adele Matthews

1969 Paint Your Wagon Elizabeth

1970 Airport Tanya Livingston

1970 Ondata di calore Joyce Grasse Alternate title: Dead of Summer

1970 Macho Callahan Alexandra Mountford

1972 Kill! Kill! Kill! Kill! (fr) Emily Hamilton

1972 Questa specie d'amore Giovanna Alternate title: This Kind of Love

1972 Gang War in Naples Luisa Alternate title: Camorra

1972 L'Attentat Edith Lemoine Alternate titles: Plot, The French Conspiracy

1973 The Corruption of Chris Miller Ruth Miller Original title: La corrupción de Chris Miller

1974 Les Hautes solitudes

Silent film without named characters

1974 Mousey Laura Anderson / Richardson Television movie

1974 Ballad for the Kid La star Director, writer, producer

1975 Bianchi cavalli d'Agosto Lea Kingsburg

1975 The Big Delirium Emily Alternate title: Le Grand Délire

1976 The Wild Duck (de) Gina Ekdal Alternate title: Die Wildente

1979 Le bleu des origines herself (final film role)

See also[edit]

List of people who disappeared mysteriously

References[edit]

^ a b c Coates-Smith,, Michael; McGee, Garry (2012). The Films of Jean Seberg. McFarland. p. 8. Retrieved November 26, 2016. Final cause of death was left as 'probable suicide,'...  ^ [1] Archived April 12, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Right pronunciation of Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
( French )". Rightpronunciation.com. Retrieved October 14, 2017.  ^ ["The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Affair Revisited", MARCH 22, 2009, Los Angeles Times] ^ [ FBI
FBI
'persecution led to suicide' of actress Jean Seberg TheAustralian, August 24, 2009] ^ a b c " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
not reason for novelist's suicide, note says". Lakeland Ledger. 1980-12-04. p. 12D. Retrieved 2 December 2012.  ^ " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Found Dead in Paris; Actress Was Missing for 10 Days; A Life of Personal Tragedy". The New York Times. September 9, 1979. Retrieved May 6, 2010.  ^ Gussow, Mel (November 30, 1980). "The Seberg Tragedy; Jean Seberg". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.  ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2012.  ^ Millstein, Gilbert (April 7, 1957). "Evolution of a New Saint Joan; Jean Seberg, 18, unknown and barely tried, illustrates how a star is made, if not born". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.  ^ "Preface to From Rage to Courage". Alice-miller.com. Retrieved October 14, 2017.  ^ "Movie Star". Movie Star. Retrieved October 14, 2017.  ^ "At the time I was due to audition for Preminger, I was enrolled to study dramatic art at the State University of Iowa, my eventual goal being stardom on Broadway, hopefully." Seberg in Films and Filming, p. 13, June 1974. ^ a b "Seberg: Real-life Cinderella" by Peer J. Oppenheimer, The Palm Beach Post, April 28, 1957, p. 11 ^ "'Saint Joan' Chosen", The Spokesman-Review, October 22, 1956, p. 1 ^ a b c "Second Chance for Jean", The Age, October 8, 1957, p. 13 ^ a b c d e f g " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Failed As Saint On Screen, Scores Success In France As A Sinner" by Bob Thomas, The Blade, August 6, 1961, p. 2 ^ a b Charles Champlin. "Jean Seberg: A Hollywood
Hollywood
tragedy", The Modesto Bee, September 16, 1979, pg. F6 ^ Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. United States of America: Greenwood Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-313-34191-5. Retrieved June 25, 2010. Marvin and Eastwood sang, but Miss Seberg's vocals were dubbed by Anita Gordon.  ^ McGee, Garry (2008). Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
– Breathless. Albany, GA: BearManor Media. p. 238. ISBN 1-59393-127-1.  ^ "The Wild Duck". IMDb.com. April 28, 1977. Retrieved October 14, 2017.  ^ a b "The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Enigma: Interview With Garry Mcgee". Film Threat. Retrieved July 17, 2011.  ^ FBI
FBI
Secrets: An Agent's Expose. by M. Wesley Swearinge ^ Richards, David (1981). Played Out: The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Story. Random House. p. 204. ISBN 0-394-51132-8.  ^ Allan M. Jallon "A journalistic lapse allowed the FBI
FBI
to smear actress Jean Seberg", The Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2002. ^ Janet Maslin,"Star and Victim", The New York Times, July 12, 1981. ^ Brodeur, Paul (1997). A Writer in the Cold War. Faber and Faber. pp. 159–65. ISBN 978-0-571-19907-5.  ^ a b c Ronald Ostrow, "Extensive probe of Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Revealed", The Times via jfk.hood.edu, January 9, 1980. ^ Richards 234–38 ^ Munn, p. 90 ^ Richards, p. 239 ^ Richards, p. 247 ^ Richards, p. 253 ^ Friedrich, Otto (1975). Going crazy: An inquiry into madness in our time. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 230. ISBN 0-671-22174-4.  ^ "Seberg awarded $20,000 in Newsweek
Newsweek
libel suit". The Telegraph-Herald. 1971-10-26. p. 18. Retrieved 2012-12-02.  ^ Marie Adam-Affortit (28 February 2011). "" Romain Gary
Romain Gary
a séduit mon épouse Jean Seberg". Par François Moreuil". Paris
Paris
Match (in French). Retrieved 8 November 2015.  ^ "Le "oui" secret de jean Seberg et Romain Gary", Le Monde, August 15, 2014. ^ Ralph Schoolcraft: Romain Gary: The Man Who Sold His Shadow, Chapter 3, p. 69. On-line (retrieved 10 August 2012) ^ "What makes Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Run?", Tri-City Herald, June 21, 1970, p. 8 ^ "Where in the World is Alexandre Diego?". Movie Star. Retrieved October 14, 2017.  ^ Richards 234-8 ^ Richards, p. 367 ^ Richards, p. 368 ^ Richards, p.369 ^ "Police Rule Out Violence In Death of Actress Seberg". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1979-09-10. p. 21. Retrieved 2 December 2012.  ^ "Forgive me, Seberg wrote in suicide note to her son". Edmonton Journal. 1979-09-10. p. A2. Retrieved December 2, 2012.  ^ Raith, Mark Alan (1981-07-19). "The Life and Death of Jean Seberg". Reading Eagle. p. 36. Retrieved 2 December 2012.  ^ a b "Charges filed in Seberg death". The Montreal Gazette. 1979-06-23. p. 41. Retrieved 2 December 2012.  ^ " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
(1938-1979) - Find A Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. Retrieved 9 November 2017.  ^ " FBI
FBI
Admits Spreading Lies About Jean Seberg", Los Angeles Times, September 14, 1979. ^ "The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Affair Revisited". Los Angeles Times. March 22, 2009.  ^ Nation: The FBI
FBI
vs. Jean Seberg, time.com, September 24, 1979. ^ Cointelpro: The FBI's Covert Action Programs Against American Citizens, Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities. United States Senate, April 23, 1976. ^ a b Bellows, Jim. The Last Editor, Andrews McMeel Publishing (May 2011). ^ Kevin Roderick, "Bellows, Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
and the FBI", LA Observed, March 13, 2009. ^ Allan M. Jallon, "The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Affair Revisited", LA Daily Mirror, March 22, 2009. ^ "Flashes: September 20, 1991". Entertainment Weekly. September 20, 1991. Retrieved July 12, 2010.  ^ " Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
International Film Festival is Nov. 10-13, 2011". iavalley.edu. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2012.  ^ https://variety.com/2018/film/news/kristen-stewart-jean-seaberg-against-all-enemies-1202727247/ ^ http://deadline.com/2018/03/kristen-stewart-jean-seberg-movie-against-all-enemies-cast-1202337767/ ^ This episodic film was originally a collaboration of five directors. Despite being directed by Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
and shot by Raoul Coutard, Seberg's 20-minute episode was cut from the final release (McGee, p.110). It was resurrected and partly shown in From the Journals of Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
(1995)

Further reading[edit]

Bellos, David (2010). Romain Gary: A Tall Story. London: Harvill Secker. ISBN 978 1843431701. Coates-Smith, Michael, and McGee, Garry (2012). The Films of Jean Seberg. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6652-8. Guichard, Maurice (2008). Jean Seberg: Portrait francais. Paris: Editions Jacob-Duvernet. ISBN 978 2 84724 194 5. McGee, Garry (2008). Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
– Breathless. Albany, GA: BearManor Media. ISBN 1-59393-127-1. Moreuil, Francois (2010). Flash Back. Chaintreaux: Editions France-Empire Monde (French language publication).ISBN 978-2-7048-1097-0. Munn, Michael (1992). Clint Eastwood: Hollywood's Loner. London: Robson Books. ISBN 0-86051-790-X. Richards, David (1981). Played Out: The Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Story. Random House. ISBN 0-394-51132-8.

External links[edit]

Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
on IMDb Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
at Find a Grave 1958 Mike Wallace interview January 4, 1958 Website dedicated to Jean Seberg Movie Star: The Secret Lives of Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
Documentary Film FBI
FBI
Docs Jean Seberg
Jean Seberg
FBI
FBI
File

United States portal Biography portal Film portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 68937732 LCCN: n80161971 ISNI: 0000 0001 1028 8026 GND: 119034689 SUDOC: 027515338 BNF: cb119538851 (data) MusicBrainz: 32c67585-63ef-4ed8-ac20-f1ba8efaff67 NDL: 01224186 BNE: XX1302877 SN

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