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Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais, also known as Jean Marais (French: [ʒɑ̃ maʁɛ]; 11 December 1913 – 8 November 1998), was a French actor, writer, director and sculptor. He performed in over 100 films and was the muse of acclaimed director Jean Cocteau.[1] In 1996, he was awarded the French Legion of Honor for his contributions to French Cinema.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life

3.1 Death

4 In popular culture 5 Filmography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] A native of Cherbourg, France, Marais was a son of Alfred Emmanuel Victor Paul Villain-Marais and his wife, the former Aline Marie Louise Vassord.[3] Career[edit] In 1933, Marais was discovered by filmmaker Marcel L'Herbier, who purchased one of his paintings, then cast him in two films, L'Épervier and L'Aventurier. Marais starred in several movies directed by Jean Cocteau, for a time his lover and a lifelong friend, most famously Beauty and the Beast (1946) and Orphée (1949). In the 1950s, Marais became a star of swashbuckling pictures, enjoying great box office popularity in France. He performed his own stunts. In the 1960s, he played both the famed villain and the hero of the Fantômas trilogy. In 1963, he was a member of the jury at the 3rd Moscow International Film Festival.[4] After 1970, Marais's on-screen performances became few and far between, as he preferred concentrating on his stage work. He performed on stage until his eighties, also working as a sculptor. His sculpture Le passe muraille (The Walker Through Walls) can be seen in the Montmartre
Montmartre
Quarter of Paris.[5] In 1985, he was the head of the jury at the 35th Berlin International Film Festival. He was featured in the 1995 documentary Screening at the Majestic, which is included on the 2003 DVD release of the restored print of Beauty and the Beast.[6] Marais appears on the cover sleeve of The Smiths
The Smiths
single "This Charming Man".[citation needed] Personal life[edit] He was married for two years to the actress Mila Parély, with whom he later performed in Cocteau's Beauty and the Beast.[7] Marais, who was bisexual, was the muse and lover of Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
until Cocteau's death.[8] After Cocteau's death, Marais wrote a memoir of Cocteau, L'Inconcevable Jean Cocteau, attributing authorship to "Cocteau-Marais". He also wrote an autobiography, L'Histoire de ma vie, published in 1975. From 1953 until 1959, his companion was the American dancer George Reich.[3] In the early 1960s, Marais adopted a young man, Serge Ayala, who eventually took the name Serge Villain-Marais. This adopted son, who became a singer and an actor, committed suicide in 2012 at age 69.[9] Death[edit] Marais died from cardiovascular disease in Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes, in 1998. He is interred in the Village cemetery at Vallauris, near Antibes.[10] In popular culture[edit] His life story became the inspiration for the 1980 François Truffaut film The Last Metro.[11] Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director

1933 On the Streets uncredited Victor Trivas

L'Épervier uncredited Marcel L'Herbier

Étienne uncredited Jean Tarride

1934 The Scandal the liftboy Marcel L'Herbier

L'Aventurier the young worker

Le Bonheur uncredited

1936 Les Hommes nouveaux the office clerk

Nuits de feu uncredited

1937 Abus de confiance Marais Henri Decoin

Bizarre, Bizarre uncredited Marcel Carné

1941 The Pavilion Burns Daniel Jacques de Baroncelli

1942 Le Lit à colonnes Rémi Bonvent Roland Tual

1942 Carmen

Christian-Jaque

1943 L'Éternel retour Patrice Jean Delannoy

Voyage sans espoir Alain Ginestier Christian-Jaque

1945 Carmen Don José

1946 Beauty and the Beast The Beast / The Prince / Avenant Jean Cocteau

1947 The Royalists the Marquis de Montauran Henri Calef

Ruy Blas Ruy Blas Pierre Billon

L'Aigle à deux têtes Stanislas Jean Cocteau

1948 Aux yeux du souvenir Jacques Forester Jean Delannoy

Le Secret de Mayerling Archduke Rodolphe

Les Parents terribles Michel Jean Cocteau

1949 Orphée Orphée

1950 The Glass Castle Rémy Marsay René Clément

Les Miracles n'ont lieu qu'une fois Jérôme Yves Allégret

1951 Nez de cuir Roger de Tainchebraye

1952 L'Amour, Madame cameo appearance Gilles Grangier

La Maison du silence the former maquis Georg Wilhelm Pabst

1953 L'Appel du destin Lorenzo Lombardi Georges Lacombe

The Lovers of Midnight Marcel Dulac Roger Richebé

Dortoir des grandes Désiré Marco Henri Decoin

Julietta André Landrecourt Marc Allégret

1954 The Count of Monte Cristo Edmond Dantès / Comte de Monte-Cristo Robert Vernay

Le Guérisseur Dr. Jean Scheffer Yves Ciampi

Royal Affairs in Versailles Louis XV of France Sacha Guitry

1955 Futures vedettes Éric Walter Marc Allégret

Napoléon Montholon Sacha Guitry

1956 Goubbiah, mon amour Goubbiah Robert Darène

Toute la ville accuse François Nérac Claude Boissol

Elena et les hommes Général François Rollan Jean Renoir

Si Paris nous était conté Francis I of France Sacha Guitry

1957 Typhon sur Nagasaki Pierre Marsac Yves Ciampi

S.O.S. Noronha Frédéric Coulibaud Georges Rouquier

Amour de poche Jérôme Nordman Pierre Kast

La Vie à deux Teddy Brooks Clément Duhour

Le Notti bianche the tenant Luchino Visconti

La Tour, prends garde ! Henri La Tour Georges Lampin

1958 Chaque jour a son secret Xavier Lezcano Claude Boissol

1959 Le Bossu Henri de Lagardère André Hunebelle

Le Testament d'Orphée Oedipe (uncredited) Jean Cocteau

1960 Austerlitz Lazare Carnot Abel Gance

Le Capitan François de Capestan André Hunebelle

1961 La Princesse de Clèves Le Prince de Clèves Jean Delannoy

Captain Fracasse Capitaine Fracasse Pierre Gaspard-Huit

Le Miracle des loups Robert de Neuville André Hunebelle

Napoléon II l'Aiglon Montholon Claude Boissol

L'Enlèvement des Sabines Mars Richard Pottier

1962 Ponce Pilate Pontius Pilate Gian Paolo Callegari

Le Masque de fer d'Artagnan Henri Decoin

The Mysteries of Paris Rodolphe de Sambreuil André Hunebelle

1963 L'honorable Stanislas, agent secret Stanislas Evariste Dubois Jean-Charles Dudrumet

1964 Patate Noël Carradine Robert Thomas

Fantômas Fantômas/Fandor André Hunebelle

Thomas l'imposteur Narrator (voice) Georges Franju

1965 Le gentleman de Cocody Jean-Luc Hervé de la Tommeraye Christian-Jaque

Pleins feux sur Stanislas Stanislas Evariste Dubois Jean-Charles Dudrumet

Train d'enfer Antoine Donadieu Gilles Grangier

Fantômas se déchaîne Fantômas/Fandor André Hunebelle

Le Saint prend l'affût Simon Templar Christian-Jaque

1966 Sept hommes et une garce Dorgeval Bernard Borderie

Fantômas contre Scotland Yard Fantômas/Fandor André Hunebelle

1969 Le Paria Manu Claude Carliez

1970 La Provocation Christian André Charpak

Le Jouet criminel the nameless protagonist Adolfo Arrieta

Peau d'âne "The first King" Jacques Demy

1973 Joseph Balsamo (fr) (TV miniseries) Alessandro Cagliostro André Hunebelle

1976 Vaincre à Olympie (TV) Menesthée Michel Subiela

Chantons sous l'Occupation as himself André Halimi

1980 Les Parents terribles Georges Yves-André Hubert

1982 Cher menteur (TV) George Bernard Shaw Alexandre Tarta

1985 Parking Hades Jacques Demy

1986 Lien de parenté Victor Blaise Willy Rameau

1992 Les Enfants du naufrageur Marc-Antoine Jérôme Foulon

1995 Les Misérables Monseigneur Myriel Claude Lelouch

1996 Stealing Beauty Monsieur Guillaume Bernardo Bertolucci

1997 Milice, film noir as himself Alain Ferrari

1999 Luchino Visconti as himself Carlo Lizzani

See also[edit]

Place Jean-Marais

References[edit]

^ Shelokhonov, Steve. "Mini-Biography". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 11 March 2012.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/movies/person/45265/Jean-Marais/biography ^ a b Trambouze, Claude. Jean Marais : Un Homme aux milles. PORTRAIT (in French). Retrieved 11 July 2015. ^ " 3rd Moscow International Film Festival (1963)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2012.  ^ "Berlinale: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 1 August 2011.  ^ The Criterion Collection: Beauty and the Beast by Jean Cocteau ^ Shelokhonov, Steve. "Mini-Biography". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 11 March 2011.  ^ Légendes d'Écran Noir: Jean Marais ^ name="Jean Marais, Histoires de ma vie", German Edition 1975 "Spiegel meiner Erinnerung" page 262 ff" ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 29906). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition. ^ L'Epervier and L'Aventurier
L'Aventurier
in 1933

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean Marais.

Jean Marais
Jean Marais
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Jean Marais
Jean Marais
on IMDb Eternel Jean Marais Jean Marais
Jean Marais
at Find a Grave Jean Marais
Jean Marais
at the Films de France

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

Presidents of the César Awards ceremonies

Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
(1976) Lino Ventura
Lino Ventura
(1977) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1978) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1980) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1982) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1983) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1984) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1985) Madeleine Renaud
Madeleine Renaud
and Jean-Louis Barrault
Jean-Louis Barrault
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1988) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1989) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1990) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1994) Alain Delon
Alain Delon
(1995) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1996) Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1997) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1998) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1999) Alain Delon
Alain Delon
(2000) Daniel Auteuil
Daniel Auteuil
(2001) Nathalie Baye
Nathalie Baye
(2002) — (2003) Fanny Ardant
Fanny Ardant
(2004) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(2005) Carole Bouquet
Carole Bouquet
(2006) Claude Brasseur
Claude Brasseur
(2007) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(2008) Charlotte Gainsbourg
Charlotte Gainsbourg
(2009) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2010) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2011) Guillaume Canet
Guillaume Canet
(2012) Jamel Debbouze
Jamel Debbouze
(2013) François Cluzet
François Cluzet
(2014) Dany Boon
Dany Boon
(2015) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
(2016) – (2017)

v t e

Jean Cocteau

Bibliography

Literature

Antigone Les Enfants Terribles The Human Voice Opium: Diary of a Cure The Infernal Machine Les Parents terribles L'Aigle à deux têtes

Films directed

The Blood of a Poet Beauty and the Beast L'Aigle à deux têtes Les Parents terribles Orpheus La Villa Santo-Sospir 8 × 8: A Chess Sonata in 8 Movements Testament of Orpheus

Films written

The Phantom Baron L'Éternel retour Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne Les Enfants Terribles Ruy Blas The Black Crown La Princesse de Clèves Thomas the Impostor

Librettos

Parade Les mariés de la tour Eiffel Oedipus rex Le jeune homme et la mort

Ballets

Le bœuf sur le toit

Related

Bastion Museum Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
House Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
Museum Jean Marais The Orphic Trilogy

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2473919 LCCN: n85070648 ISNI: 0000 0001 2095 4571 GND: 118577433 SUDOC: 028151496 BNF: cb11914354s (data) NLA: 35327040 NDL: 00448772 NKC: jn19990005380 BNE: XX1539330 RKD: 309720 SN

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