(born Laura Augusta Gainor; October 6, 1906 – September
14, 1984) was an American film, stage and television actress and
Gaynor began her career as an extra in shorts and silent films. After
Fox Film Corporation
Fox Film Corporation
(later 20th Century-Fox) in 1926,
she rose to fame and became one of the biggest box office draws of the
era. In 1929, she was the first winner of the Academy Award for Best
Actress for her performances in three films: 7th Heaven (1927),
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927), and Street Angel (1928). This
was the only occasion on which an actress has won one Oscar for
multiple film roles. Gaynor's career success continued into the sound
film era, and she achieved a notable success in the original version
of A Star Is Born (1937), for which she received a second Best Actress
Academy Award nomination.
After retiring from acting in 1939, Gaynor married film costume
designer Adrian with whom she had a son. She briefly returned to
acting in films and television in the 1950s and later became an
accomplished oil painter. In 1980, Gaynor made her Broadway debut in
the stage adaptation of the 1971 film
Harold and Maude
and appeared in
the touring production of On Golden Pond in February 1982. In
September 1982, she sustained multiple injuries in a serious car
accident which contributed to her death in September 1984.
1 Early life
3 Later years
4 Personal life
4.1 Marriages and Relationships
4.2 Friendship with Mary Martin
5 Car accident and eventual death
9 Further reading
10 External links
Gaynor was born Laura Augusta Gainor (some sources stated Gainer) in
Germantown, Philadelphia. Nicknamed "Lolly" as a child, she was the
youngest of two daughters born to Laura (Buhl) and Frank De Witt
Gainor. Frank Gainor worked as a theatrical painter and
paperhanger. When Gaynor was a toddler, her father began teaching her
how to sing, dance, and perform acrobatics. As a child in
Philadelphia, she began acting in school plays. After her parents
divorced in 1914, Gaynor, her sister, and her mother moved to Chicago.
Shortly thereafter, her mother married electrician Harry C. Jones.
The family later moved west to San Francisco.
After graduating from
San Francisco Polytechnic High School
San Francisco Polytechnic High School in
1923, Gaynor spent the winter vacationing in Melbourne, Florida,
where she did stage work. Upon returning to San Francisco, Gaynor, her
mother, and stepfather moved to Los Angeles, where she could pursue an
acting career. She was initially hesitant to do so, and enrolled at
Hollywood Secretarial School. She supported herself by working in a
shoe store and later as a theatre usher. Her mother and stepfather
continued to encourage her to become an actress and she began making
the rounds to the studios (accompanied by her stepfather) to find film
Gaynor won her first professional acting job on December 26, 1924, as
an extra in a
Hal Roach comedy short. This led to more extra work
in feature films and shorts for
Film Booking Offices of America
Film Booking Offices of America and
Universal. Universal eventually hired her as a stock player for $50
a week. Six weeks after being hired by Universal, an executive at Fox
Film Corporation offered her a screen test for a supporting role in
the film The Johnstown Flood (1926). Her performance in the film
caught the attention of Fox executives, who signed her to a five-year
contract and began to cast her in leading roles. Later that
year, Gaynor was selected as one of the
WAMPAS Baby Stars
WAMPAS Baby Stars (along with
Joan Crawford, Dolores del Río, Mary Astor, and others),
Janet Gaynor circa 1931
By 1927, Gaynor was one of Hollywood's leading ladies. Her image was
that of a sweet, wholesome, and pure young woman who was notable for
playing her roles with depth and sensitivity. Her performances in
7th Heaven, the first of 12 films she would make with actor Charles
Farrell; Sunrise, directed by F. W. Murnau; and Street Angel, also
with Charles Farrell, earned her the first Academy Award for Best
Actress in 1929, when for the first and only time the award was
granted for multiple roles, on the basis of total recent work rather
than for one particular performance. This practice was prohibited
three years later by a new Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
rule. Gaynor was not only the first actress to win the award, but
at 22, was also the youngest until 1986, when deaf actress Marlee
Matlin, 21, won for her role in Children of a Lesser God.
1927 studio portrait
Gaynor was one of only a handful of established lead actresses who
made a successful transition to sound films. In 1929, she was reteamed
Charles Farrell (the pair was known as "America's favorite love
birds") for the musical film Sunny Side Up. During the early 1930s,
Gaynor was one of Fox's most popular actresses and one of Hollywood's
biggest box office draws; in 1931 and 1932, she and Marie Dressler
were tied as the number-one draw. After Dressler's death in 1934,
Gaynor held the top spot alone. She was often cited as a successor
to Mary Pickford, and was cast in remakes of two Pickford films, Daddy
Long Legs (1931) and Tess of the Storm Country (1932). Gaynor drew the
line at a proposed remake of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, which she
considered "too juvenile".
Gaynor continued with roles in State Fair (1933) with
Will Rogers and
The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935), which introduced
Henry Fonda to the
screen as Gaynor's leading man. However, when
Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck merged
his fledgling studio, Twentieth Century Pictures, with Fox Film
Corporation to form 20th Century-Fox, her status became precarious and
even tertiary to those of burgeoning actresses
Loretta Young and
Shirley Temple. According to press reports at the time, Gaynor held
out on signing with the new
20th Century-Fox until her salary was
raised from $1,000 a week to $3,000. The studio quickly issued a
statement denying that Gaynor was holding out for more money. She
quietly signed a new contract, the terms of which were never made
With James Dunn in Change of Heart (1934)
Gaynor co-starred in
Ladies in Love
Ladies in Love (1937) with Constance Bennett,
Loretta Young, and Tyrone Power, but her box office appeal had already
begun to wane: once ranked number one, she had dropped to number 24.
She considered retiring due to her frustration with studio executives,
who continued to cast her in the same type of role that brought her
fame while audiences' tastes were changing. After 20th Century-Fox
executives proposed that her contract be renegotiated and she be
demoted to featured player status, Gaynor left the studio, but her
retirement plans were quashed when
David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick offered her the
leading role in a new film to be produced by his company, Selznick
International. Selznick, who was friendly with Gaynor off-screen,
was convinced that audiences would enjoy seeing her portray a
character closer to her true personality. He believed that she
possessed the perfect combination of humor, charm, vulnerability, and
innocence for the role of aspiring actress Esther Blodgett (later
"Vicki Lester") in A Star Is Born. Gaynor accepted the role. The
romantic drama was filmed in
Technicolor and co-starred Fredric March.
Released in 1937, it was an enormous hit and earned Gaynor her second
Academy Award nomination for Best Actress; she lost to Luise Rainer
for The Good Earth.
A Star Is Born revitalized Gaynor's career, and she was cast in the
The Young in Heart with Paulette Goddard. That film
was a modest hit, but by then Gaynor had definitely decided to
retire. She later explained, "I had been working steadily for 17
long years, making movies was really all I knew of life. I just wanted
to have time to know other things. Most of all I wanted to fall in
love. I wanted to get married. I wanted a child. And I knew that in
order to have these things one had to make time for them. So I simply
stopped making movies. Then as if by a miracle, everything I really
wanted happened." At the top of the industry, she retired at age
Gaynor plays the titular role in A Star Is Born (1937)
In August 1939, Gaynor married Hollywood costume designer Adrian with
whom she had a son in 1940. The couple divided their time between
their 250-acre cattle ranch in Anapolis, Brazil, and their homes in
New York and California. Both were also heavily involved in the
fashion and arts community. Gaynor returned to acting in
the early 1950s with appearances in live television anthology series
including Medallion Theatre, Lux Video Theatre, and General Electric
Theater. In 1957, she appeared in her final film role as Dick
Sargent's mother in the musical comedy Bernardine, starring Pat Boone
and Terry Moore. In November 1959, she made her stage debut in the
play The Midnight Sun, in New Haven, Connecticut. The play, which
Gaynor later called "a disaster", was not well received and closed
shortly after its debut.
Gaynor also became an accomplished oil painter of vegetable and flower
still lifes. She sold over 200 paintings and had four showings
under the Wally Findlay Galleries banner in New York, Chicago, and
Palm Beach from 1975 to February 1982.
In 1980, Gaynor made her Broadway debut as "Maude" in the stage
adaptation of the 1971 film Harold and Maude. She received good
reviews for her performance, but the play was panned by critics and
closed after 21 performances. Later that year, she reunited with
Servants' Entrance co-star
Lew Ayres to film an episode of the
anthology series The Love Boat. It was the first television
appearance Gaynor had made since the 1950s and was her last screen
role. In February 1982, she starred in the touring production of On
Golden Pond. This was her final acting role.
Marriages and Relationships
Gaynor was romantically involved with her friend and frequent co-star,
Charles Farrell, during the time of their work together in silent
film, until she married her first husband. Choosing to keep their
relationship out of the public eye, Gaynor and Farrell were often
assisted by mutual friend
Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
Douglas Fairbanks Jr. in maintaining the
ruse. Looking back, Fairbanks would later recall, "We three were so
chummy that I became their 'beard,' the cover-up for their secret
romance. I would drive them out to a little rundown, wooden house well
south of Los Angeles, near the sea. I'd leave them there and go
sailing or swimming until [it was] time to collect them and then we'd
all have a bit of dinner."
According to Gaynor's biographer Sarah Baker, Farrell proposed
marriage during the filming of Lucky Star (1929 film), but the two
never followed through with it. In her later years, Gaynor would hold
their different personalities accountable for their eventual
Gaynor was married three times and had one child. Her first marriage
was to lawyer Jesse Lydell Peck, whom she married on September 11,
1929. Gaynor's attorney announced the couple's separation in late
December 1932. She was granted a divorce on April 7, 1933. On
August 14, 1939, she married MGM costume designer Gilbert Adrian in
Yuma, Arizona. This relationship has been called a lavender
marriage, since Adrian was openly gay within the film community while
Gaynor was rumored to be gay or bisexual. The couple
had one son, Robin Gaynor Adrian, born in 1940. Those rumors were
never hinted at in newspapers or magazines. Gaynor and Adrian remained
married until Adrian's death from a stroke on September 13, 1959.
On December 24, 1964, Gaynor married her longtime friend, stage
producer Paul Gregory, to whom she remained married until her
death. The two maintained a home in Desert Hot Springs, California
and also owned 3,000 acres of land near Brasília.
Friendship with Mary Martin
Gaynor and her husband traveled frequently with her close friend Mary
Martin and her husband. Actor Bob Cummings allegedly once
quipped: "Janet Gaynor's husband was Adrian, but her wife was Mary
Martin". A Brazilian press report noted that Gaynor and Martin
briefly lived with their respective husbands in Anapolis, state of
Goiás at a ranch (fazenda in Portuguese) in the 1950s and 1960s –
both houses are still there nowadays. There is a project by the Jan
Magalinski Institute to restore their houses to create a Cinema Museum
Car accident and eventual death
Gaynor's gravestone at Hollywood Forever Cemetery
On the evening of September 5, 1982, Gaynor, her husband Paul Gregory,
actress Mary Martin, and Martin's manager Ben Washer were involved in
a serious car accident in San Francisco. A van ran a red light at the
California and Franklin Streets and crashed into the Luxor
taxicab in which the group was riding, knocking it into a tree.
Ben Washer was killed,
Mary Martin sustained two broken ribs and a
broken pelvis, and Gaynor's husband suffered two broken legs.
Gaynor sustained several serious injuries, including 11 broken ribs, a
fractured collarbone, pelvic fractures, a punctured lung, and injuries
to her bladder and kidney. The driver of the van, Robert Cato, was
arrested on two counts of felony drunk driving, reckless driving,
speeding, running a red light, and vehicular homicide. Cato
pleaded not guilty and was later released on $10,000 bail. On
March 15, 1983, he was found guilty of drunk driving and vehicular
homicide and was sentenced to three years in prison.
As a result of her injuries, Gaynor was hospitalized for four months
and underwent two surgeries to repair a perforated bladder and
internal bleeding. She recovered sufficiently to return to her
home in Desert Hot Springs, but continued to experience health issues
due to the injuries and required frequent hospitalizations. Shortly
before her death, she was hospitalized for pneumonia and other
ailments. On September 14, 1984, Gaynor died at Desert Hospital in
Palm Springs at the age of 77. Her doctor, Bart Apfelbaum, attributed
her death to the 1982 car accident and stated that Gaynor "...never
recovered" from her injuries.
Gaynor is buried at
Hollywood Forever Cemetery
Hollywood Forever Cemetery next to her second
husband Adrian. Her headstone reads "
Janet Gaynor Gregory", her legal
name after her marriage to her third husband, producer and director
For her contribution to the motion picture industry,
Janet Gaynor has
a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6284 Hollywood Blvd.
On March 1, 1978, Howard W. Koch, then the president of the Academy of
Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, presented Gaynor with a citation for
her "truly immeasurable contribution to the art of motion
In 1979, Gaynor was awarded the
Order of the Southern Cross for her
cultural contributions to Brazil.
The Burning Trail
The Plastic Age
A Punch in the Nose
The Beautiful Cheat
The Johnstown Flood
Oh What a Nurse!
Skinner's Dress Suit
The Shamrock Handicap
Lady Sheila O'Hara
The Galloping Cowboy
The Man in the Saddle
The Blue Eagle
The Midnight Kiss
The Return of Peter Grimm
The Stolen Ranch
Two Girls Wanted
Academy Award for Best Actress
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans
The Wife - Indre
Sunny Side Up
High Society Blues
The Man Who Came Back
Daddy Long Legs
Merely Mary Ann
The First Year
Tess of the Storm Country
Princess Marie Christine, aka Mitzi
Paddy the Next Best Thing
The Cardboard City
Change of Heart
Hedda Nilsson aka Helga Brand
One More Spring
The Farmer Takes a Wife
Small Town Girl
Katherine 'Kay' Brannan
Ladies in Love
A Star Is Born
Esther Victoria Blodgett, aka Vicki Lester
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Three Loves Has Nancy
The Young in Heart
Mrs. Ruth Wilson
The Haunted Honeymoon
The Crook Buster
WAMPAS Baby Stars
WAMPAS Baby Stars of 1926
Ridin' for Love
Fade Away Foster
The Fire Barrier
Pep of the Lazy J
Martin of the Mounted
45 Minutes from Hollywood
The Horse Trader
Meet the Stars #2: Baby Stars
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Anders, Allison (foreword). Albany, Georgia: Bean Manor Media.
ISBN 978-1-59393-468-2. OCLC 503442323.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Janet Gaynor.
Janet Gaynor on IMDb
Janet Gaynor at the
Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Academy Award for Best Actress
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