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Janata Dal
Janata Dal
was an Indian political party which was formed through the merger of Janata Party factions, the Lok Dal, Indian National Congress (Jagjivan), and the Jan Morcha
Jan Morcha
united on 11 October 1988 on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan
Jayaprakash Narayan
under the leadership of V. P. Singh.[1][2]

Contents

1 History 2 Ascent to power 3 Janata Dal
Janata Dal
Factions

3.1 Pro-NDA Parties 3.2 Pro-UPA Parties 3.3 Non-NDA/UPA Parties 3.4 Defunct Parties

4 New Merger Initiatives 5 References

History[edit] V.P. Singh united the entire disparte spectrum of parties ranging from regional parties such as the Telugu Desam Party, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, and the Asom Gana Parishad, together formed the National Front with N.T.Rama Rao
N.T.Rama Rao
as President and V. P. Singh
V. P. Singh
as convenor with additional outside support from the Bharatiya Janata Party and Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
led Left front they defeated Rajiv Gandhi's Congress (I) in the 1989 parliamentary elections.[3][4] His government fell after Lalu Prasad Yadav, arrested Advani in Samastipur and stopped his Ram Rath Yatra
Ram Rath Yatra
which was going to Ayodhya
Ayodhya
on the site of the Babri Masjid on October 23, 1990 and the Bharatiya Janata Party withdraw support V.P. Singh lost a parliamentary vote of confidence on November 7, 1990.[5] In the Indian general election, 1991
Indian general election, 1991
the Janata Dal lost power but emerged as the third largest party in Lok Sabha.Indian general election, 1991.[6] Janata Dal-led United Front formed the government after the Indian general election, 1996
Indian general election, 1996
with the outside support of the Indian National Congress. But after this the Janata Dal
Janata Dal
gradually disintegated into various largely regional parties Biju Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) and Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United).[7] Ascent to power[edit]

V. P. Singh

It first came to power in 1989, after allegations of corruption, known as the Bofors scandal, caused Rajiv Gandhi's Congress (I) to lose the elections. The National Front coalition that was formed consisted of the Janata Dal
Janata Dal
and a few smaller parties in the government, and had outside support from the Left Front and the Bharatiya Janata Party. V. P. Singh was the Prime Minister. In November 1990, this coalition collapsed, and a new government headed by Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
under Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) which had the support of the Congress came to power for a short while.Two days before the vote, Chandra Shekhar, an ambitious Janata Dal
Janata Dal
rival who had been kept out of the National Front government, joined with Devi Lal, a former deputy prime minister under V.P. Singh, to form the Samajwadi Janata Party, with a total of just sixty Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
members. The day after the collapse of the National Front government, Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
informed the President that by gaining the backing of the Congress (I) and its electoral allies he enjoyed the support of 280 members of the Lok Sabha, and he demanded the right to constitute a new government. Even though his rump party accounted for only one-ninth of the members of the Lok Sabha, Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
succeeded in forming a new minority Government and becoming Prime Minister (with Devi Lal as Deputy Prime Minister). However, Chandra Shekhar's government fell less than four months later, after the Congress (I) withdrew its support.

I. K. Gujral

Its second spell of power began in 1996, when the Janata Dal-led United Front coalition came to power, with outside support from the Congress under Sitaram Kesri, choosing H. D. Deve Gowda
H. D. Deve Gowda
as their Prime Minister. The Congress withdrew their support in less than a year, hoping to gain power with the support of various United Front constituent groups, and I. K. Gujral
I. K. Gujral
became the next Prime Minister. His government too fell in a few months, and in February 1998, the Janata Dal-led coalition lost power to the Bharatiya Janata Party. Janata Dal
Janata Dal
Factions[edit] Pro-NDA Parties[edit]

Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
led by Nitish Kumar Lok Janshakti Party
Lok Janshakti Party
led by Ram Vilas Paswan Rashtriya Lok Samata Party led by Upendra Kushwaha Socialist Janata Dal led by V. V. Rajendran Samta Party, party of George Fernandes
George Fernandes
and now led by Jaya Jaitly and Brahmanand Mandal Lok Aawaz Dal led by Shambhu Sharan Shrivastava

Pro-UPA Parties[edit]

Rashtriya Janata Dal
Rashtriya Janata Dal
led by Lalu Prasad Yadav Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
led by Sharad Yadav Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)
Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)
led by Jitan Ram Manjhi Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(UDF) led by John John

Non-NDA/UPA Parties[edit]

Biju Janata Dal
Biju Janata Dal
led by Naveen Patnaik Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
led by Akhilesh Yadav Samajwadi Secular Morcha led by Mulayam Singh Yadav
Mulayam Singh Yadav
and Shivpal Singh Yadav Rashtriya Lok Dal led by Ajit Singh Indian National Lok Dal led by Om Prakash Chautala Janata Dal (Secular)
Janata Dal (Secular)
led by H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
Veerendrakumar led by M. P. Veerendra Kumar Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik
led by Pappu Yadav Garib Janta Dal (Secular) led by Sadhu Yadav Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya), party of Late Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
now led by Kamal Morarka Odisha Jan Morcha
Jan Morcha
led by Late Pyarimohan Mohapatra Samata Kranti Dal led by Braja Kishore Tripathy Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
led by Raghu Thakur Samajwadi Jan Parishad
Samajwadi Jan Parishad
party of Late Kishen Pattanayak
Kishen Pattanayak
and now led by Adv. Kamal Banerjee Socialist Janata Party led by Manju Mohan Socialist Party (India) led by Bhai Vaidya Socialist Party (Lohia)

Defunct Parties[edit]

Samras Samaj Party led by Nagmani (merged with Rashtriya Lok Samata Party) [8] Socialist Janata (Democratic) Party led by M. P. Veerendra Kumar (merged with Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United))[9][10] Janata Party (merged with Bharatiya Janata Party)[11][12] National Jan Morcha
Jan Morcha
of Late V. P. Singh
V. P. Singh
and led by Ajeya Pratap Singh (merged with Indian National Congress) Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic led by Devendra Prasad Yadav (merged with Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United)) Odisha Gana Parishad led by Bijoy Mohapatra (merged with Nationalist Congress Party) All India Progressive Janata Dal led by Late Ramakrishna Hegde and Late S. R. Bommai
S. R. Bommai
(merged with Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United)) Janata Dal (Left) led by Late Surendra Mohan and M. P. Veerendra Kumar (merged with Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular)) Lok Shakti led by Late Ramakrishna Hegde (merged with Janata Dal (United)) Kerala Janata Dal
Janata Dal
led by Late Arangil Sreedharan (merged with Janata Dal (Secular)) Janata Dal (Gujarat) led by Late Chimanbhai Patel and Late Chhabildas Mehta (merged with Indian National Congress) Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Digvijay) led by Digvijay Singh (merged with Bharatiya Janata Party) Janata Dal (Ajit) led by Ajit Singh (merged with Indian National Congress) Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Socialist) led by Late Chandra Shekhar, Devi Lal, Mulayam Singh Yadav (renamed as Late Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya))

New Merger Initiatives[edit] 1. There is a move for the merger of Samta Party, Socialist Janata Dal of V. V. Rajendran, Odisha Jan Morcha, and Lok Aawaz Dal with Janata Dal (United). 2. There is a move for the merger of Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular), Jan Adhikar Party
Jan Adhikar Party
of Pappu Yadav and Garib Janta Dal (Secular) of Sadhu Yadav with Rashtriya Janata Dal. 3. There is a move for the merger of Samajwadi Secular Morcha with Samajwadi Party. 4. There is a move to united seven parties to form a Bharatiya Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
- Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya), Samajwadi Jan Parishad, Socialist Janata Party led by Manju Mohan, Socialist Party (India), Socialist Party (Lohia), Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, and Samata Kranti Dal of Braja Kishore Tripathy. References[edit]

^ N. Jose Chander (1 January 2004). Coalition Politics: The Indian Experience. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-81-8069-092-1. Retrieved 31 October 2015.  ^ India Since Independence: Making Sense of Indian Politics. Pearson Education India. 2010. pp. 334–. ISBN 978-81-317-2567-2. Retrieved 31 October 2015.  ^ "V. P. Singh, a Leader of India Who Defended Poor, Dies at 77". New York Times. 29 November 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2015.  ^ Indian Parliamentary Democracy. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. 2003. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-81-269-0193-7. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "India's Cabinet Falls as Premier Loses Confidence Vote, by 142-346, and Quits". New York Times. 8 November 1990. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "INDIA Parliamentary Chamber: Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
ELECTIONS HELD IN 1991". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "Lalu green signal for Janata Parivar unity". Madan Kumar. The Times of India. 5 April 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ https://news.webindia123.com/news/articles/india/20170729/3157831.html ^ " Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
hails SJD's merger with JD-U in Kerala : South, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "SJD Merges with Sharad Yadav's Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United)". The New Indian Express. 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "Swamy merges Janata Party with BJP". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "Subramanian Swamy's Janata Party merges with Bharatiya Janata Party". Ndtv.com. 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 

v t e

Leaders of Janata Dal

Prime Ministers of Janata Dal

V. P. Singh Inder Kumar Gujral H. D. Deve Gowda

v t e

Janata Parivar parties

Parties in the proposed Third Front (Janata Parivar)

Rashtriya Janata Dal Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) Indian National Lok Dal Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)

Parties in the National Democratic Alliance

Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Lok Janshakti Party Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) Samta Party Socialist Janata Dal

Parties in the United Progressive Alliance

Rashtriya Lok Dal

Others

Biju Janata Dal Samajwadi Party Jan Adhikar Party
Jan Adhikar Party
Loktantrik Samras Samaj Party

.