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Janaka
Janaka
or Janak was a king of Videha. He is revered as being an ideal example of non-attachment to material possessions. As a king, he had access to luxuries and pleasures far beyond the ordinary, but his internal state was closer to that of a sadhu.[citation needed] He was intensely interested in spiritual discourse and considered himself free from worldly illusions. His interactions with sages and seekers such as Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
and Sulabha are recorded in ancient texts. His relationship with adopted daughter Sita
Sita
led her to be called Janaki Mata. The Nepalese city of Janakpur
Janakpur
is named for him and daughter Sita. [1] The Videha
Videha
(or Mithila) kingdom was located between east of Gandaki River, west of Mahananda River, north of Ganga
Ganga
river and south of Himalayas.[2][3]The region is now divided between the present day Indian state of Bihar
Bihar
and a small part of Terai Region
Terai Region
in Nepal.

Contents

1 Janaka
Janaka
in Vedic literature 2 Other Janaka 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources

Janaka
Janaka
in Vedic literature[edit]

Videha
Videha
and other kingdoms of late Vedic India

Yajnavalkya
Yajnavalkya
teaches Brahma Vidya to King Janaka.

Late Vedic literature
Vedic literature
such as Shatapatha Brahmana
Shatapatha Brahmana
and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad mention a certain King Janaka
Janaka
(c. 7th century BCE) as a great philosopher-king of Videha, renowned for his patronage of Vedic culture and philosophy and whose court was an intellectual center for Brahmin
Brahmin
sages such as Yajnavalkya.[4] Under his reign, Videha
Videha
became a dominant political and cultural center of the Indian subcontinent.[5] Other Janaka[edit] Janaka
Janaka
is the father of Sita, the wife of God Ram in the Hindu epic Ramayana. His conversation with Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
is recorded as Ashtavakra Gita, wherein he is depicted as one realised and this tested by the sage Ashtavakra. Many spiritual teachers have referred to this writing often translating and deducing its meaning.[6][7] See also[edit]

Kings of Mithila Maithils Trikaranasuddhi

Notes[edit]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Raychaudhuri 2006, p. 44. ^ Jha, M. (1997). "Hindu Kingdoms at contextual level". Anthropology of Ancient Hindu Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective. New Delhi: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 27–42.  ^ Mishra, V. (1979). Cultural Heritage of Mithila. Allahabad: Mithila Prakasana. p. 13. Retrieved 28 December 2016.  ^ Raychaudhuri 2006, pp. 41–52. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, 97–265. ^ Vanita, Ruth (2009). "Full of God: Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
and ideas of Justice in Hindu Text". Religions of South Asia. 3 (2). Retrieved 22 February 2017.  ^ Mukerjee, Radhakamal (1971). The song of the self supreme (Aṣṭāvakragītā): the classical text of Ātmādvaita by Aṣṭāvakra. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-1367-0. 

Sources[edit]

Dictionary of Hindu Lord and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dhallapiccola Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra (2006), Political History of Ancient India, Cosmo Publications, ISBN 81-307-0291-6 

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Ramayana
by Valmiki

Ikshvaku dynasty

Dasharatha Kausalya Sumitra Kaikeyi Shanta Rama Bharata Lakshmana Shatrughna Sita Urmila Mandavi Shrutakirti Lava Kusha (genealogy)

Vanara

Hanuman Sugriva Vali Tara Rumā Angada Nala Nila Kesari Anjana Makardhwaja

Rakshasa

Ravana Vibhishana Kumbhakarna Indrajit Akshayakumara Atikaya Kabandha Khara Dushan Mandodari Maricha Mayasura Narantaka-Devantaka Prahasta Sarama Subahu Sulochana Sumali Surpanakha Tataka Trijata Trishira Viradha

Sages

Agastya Ahalya Arundhati Bharadwaja Kambhoja Parashurama Vasistha Vishvamitra Rishyasringa

Other characters and concepts

Lakshmana
Lakshmana
rekha Jambavan Janaka Kushadhwaja Jatayu Manthara Ashwapati Maya Sita Sampati Shabari Shravan Vedavati

Places

Ayodhya Mithila Dandakaranya Kishkindha Lanka

Seven Books (Kandas)

Bala Ayodhya Aranya Kishkindha Sundara Yuddha Uttara

Versions, adaptations, and inspired works

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Ramayana
Darshanam Vilanka Ramayana Yama Zatdaw

v t e

Mahabharata

Books (parvas)

Adi Sabha Vana Virata Udyoga Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Sauptika Stri Shanti Anushasana Ashvamedhika Ashramavasika Mausala Mahaprasthanika Svargarohana Harivamsa

Kuru Kingdom

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Yudhisthira Bhima Arjuna Nakula Sahadeva

Draupadi Kauravas

Duryodhana Dushasana Vikarna Yuyutsu Dushala

Hidimbi Ghatotkacha Ahilawati Subhadra Uttarā Ulupi Chitrāngadā Abhimanyu Iravan Babruvahana Barbarika Upapandavas Parikshit Janamejaya

Other characters

Amba Ashwatthama Balarama Bhagadatta Brihannala Chekitana Chitrasena Dhrishtadyumna Drona Drupada Durvasa Ekalavya Hidimba Jarasandha Jayadratha Kali (demon) Karna Kichaka Kindama Kripa Krishna Kritavarma Mayasura Sanjaya Satyaki Shakuni Shalya Shikhandi Shishupala Bahlika Sudeshna Uttara Kumara Virata Vrishasena Vyasa

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