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Jan Długosz
Jan Długosz
(Polish pronunciation: [ˈjan ˈdwuɡɔʂ]; 1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known as Ioannes, Joannes, or Johannes Longinus or Dlugossius, was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków. He is considered Poland's first historian.[1]

Contents

1 Life 2 Works 3 See also 4 Notes 5 Sources 6 External links

Life[edit]

Jan Długosz

Jan Długosz
Jan Długosz
is best known for his Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of the Famous Kingdom of Poland), covering events in southeastern Europe, but also in Western Europe, from 965 to 1480, the year he died.[2] His work was first printed in 1701-1703. Whenever he bothers to mention himself in the book, he writes of himself in the third person. He belonged to the Wieniawa coat-of-arms. Długosz was a canon at Kraków,[1] educated in the University of Krakow. He was sent by King Casimir IV Jagiellon
Casimir IV Jagiellon
of Poland
Poland
on diplomatic missions to the Papal and Imperial courts, and was involved in the King's negotiations with the Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights
during the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)
Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)
and at the peace negotiations. In 1434, Długosz's uncle, the first pastor at Klobuck, appointed him to take over his position as canon of St. Martin church at Klobuck. The town was in the Opole
Opole
territory of Silesia, but had recently been conquered by Władysław II Jagiełło. Długosz stayed until 1452 and while there, founded the canonical monastery. In 1450, Długosz was sent by Queen Sophia of Halshany
Sophia of Halshany
and King Casimir to conduct peace negotiations between John Hunyadi
John Hunyadi
and the Bohemian noble Jan Jiskra of Brandýs, and after six days' of talks convinced them to sign a truce. In 1455 in Kraków, a fire spread which destroyed much of the city and the castle, but which spared Długosz's house. In 1461 a Polish delegation which included Długosz met with emissaries of George of Podebrady
George of Podebrady
in Bytom, Silesia. After six days of talks, they concluded an alliance between the two factions. In 1466 Długosz was sent to the legate of Wrocław, in order to attempt to obtain assurance that the legate was not biased in favor of the Teutonic Knights. He was successful, and was in 1467 entrusted with tutoring the king's son. Długosz declined the offer of the Archbishopric of Prague, but shortly before his death was nominated Archbishop of Lwów. This nomination was only confirmed by Pope
Pope
Sixtus IV on 2 June 1480,[3] two weeks after his death. His work Banderia Prutenorum
Banderia Prutenorum
of 1448 is his description of the 1410 Battle of Grunwald, which took place between villages of Grunwald and Stębark. At some point in his life Długosz loosely translated Wigand of Marburg's Chronica nova Prutenica from Middle High German
Middle High German
into Latin, however with many mistakes and mixup of names and places.[4] Works[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jan Długosz.

Liber beneficiorum dioecesis Cracoviensis Annales seu cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of the Famous Kingdom of Poland)

Roczniki, czyli kroniki sławnego Królestwa Polskiego (new Polish translation of the Annals, 1961–2006) The Annals of Jan Dlugosz (English translation of key sections of the work, ISBN 1-901019-00-4)

Historiae Polonicae libri xii (Polish Histories, in Twelve Books; written 1455–80; first published 1711-12, in 2 volumes) Banderia Prutenorum, flag book, completed in or shortly after 1448, when Stanislaw Durink painted the illuminations.

See also[edit]

Jan Długosz
Jan Długosz
Award History of Poland

Notes[edit]

^ a b Davies 1982, p. 5. ^ "Jan Dlugosz". Catholic Encyclopedia.  ^ Konrad Eubel (1914). Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, Münster: Librariae Regensbergianae, vol. 2, p. 176. ^ Samples of Jan Dlugosz mistakes and mixups on Pages 431-434 in Scriptorum Rerum Prussicarum

Sources[edit]

Davis, Norman (1982). God's Playground: A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press. 

External links[edit]

Liber beneficiorum ecclesiae Cracoviensis ("Book of the Benefices of the Bishopric of Krakow") At the National Digital Library of Poland

Religious titles

Preceded by Grzegorz z Sanoka Archbishop of Lwów 1480 Succeeded by Jan Strzelecki

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56628654 LCCN: n81053862 ISNI: 0000 0001 2280 3873 GND: 11867210X SELIBR: 183879 SUDOC: 028767020 BNF: cb12053524k (data) BIBSYS: 2111472 NKC: o

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