Jan Długosz (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjan ˈdwuɡɔʂ]; 1
December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known as Ioannes, Joannes,
or Johannes Longinus or Dlugossius, was a Polish priest, chronicler,
diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of
Kraków. He is considered Poland's first historian.
3 See also
6 External links
Jan Długosz is best known for his Annales seu cronici incliti regni
Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of the Famous Kingdom of Poland),
covering events in southeastern Europe, but also in Western Europe,
from 965 to 1480, the year he died. His work was first printed in
1701-1703. Whenever he bothers to mention himself in the book, he
writes of himself in the third person. He belonged to the Wieniawa
Długosz was a canon at Kraków, educated in the University of
Krakow. He was sent by King
Casimir IV Jagiellon
Casimir IV Jagiellon of
diplomatic missions to the Papal and Imperial courts, and was involved
in the King's negotiations with the
Teutonic Knights during the
Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)
Thirteen Years' War (1454–66) and at the peace negotiations.
In 1434, Długosz's uncle, the first pastor at Klobuck, appointed him
to take over his position as canon of St. Martin church at Klobuck.
The town was in the
Opole territory of Silesia, but had recently been
conquered by Władysław II Jagiełło. Długosz stayed until 1452 and
while there, founded the canonical monastery.
In 1450, Długosz was sent by Queen
Sophia of Halshany
Sophia of Halshany and King
Casimir to conduct peace negotiations between
John Hunyadi and the
Bohemian noble Jan Jiskra of Brandýs, and after six days' of talks
convinced them to sign a truce.
In 1455 in Kraków, a fire spread which destroyed much of the city and
the castle, but which spared Długosz's house.
In 1461 a Polish delegation which included Długosz met with
George of Podebrady
George of Podebrady in Bytom, Silesia. After six days of
talks, they concluded an alliance between the two factions. In 1466
Długosz was sent to the legate of Wrocław, in order to attempt to
obtain assurance that the legate was not biased in favor of the
Teutonic Knights. He was successful, and was in 1467 entrusted with
tutoring the king's son.
Długosz declined the offer of the Archbishopric of Prague, but
shortly before his death was nominated Archbishop of Lwów. This
nomination was only confirmed by
Pope Sixtus IV on 2 June 1480, two
weeks after his death.
Banderia Prutenorum of 1448 is his description of the 1410
Battle of Grunwald, which took place between villages of Grunwald and
At some point in his life Długosz loosely translated Wigand of
Marburg's Chronica nova Prutenica from
Middle High German
Middle High German into Latin,
however with many mistakes and mixup of names and places.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jan Długosz.
Liber beneficiorum dioecesis Cracoviensis
Annales seu cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of
the Famous Kingdom of Poland)
Roczniki, czyli kroniki sławnego Królestwa Polskiego (new Polish
translation of the Annals, 1961–2006)
The Annals of Jan Dlugosz (English translation of key sections of the
work, ISBN 1-901019-00-4)
Historiae Polonicae libri xii (Polish Histories, in Twelve Books;
written 1455–80; first published 1711-12, in 2 volumes)
Banderia Prutenorum, flag book, completed in or shortly after 1448,
when Stanislaw Durink painted the illuminations.
Jan Długosz Award
History of Poland
^ a b Davies 1982, p. 5.
^ "Jan Dlugosz". Catholic Encyclopedia.
Konrad Eubel (1914). Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, Münster:
Librariae Regensbergianae, vol. 2, p. 176.
^ Samples of Jan Dlugosz mistakes and mixups on Pages 431-434 in
Scriptorum Rerum Prussicarum
Davis, Norman (1982). God's Playground: A History of Poland. Vol. I.
Columbia University Press.
Liber beneficiorum ecclesiae Cracoviensis ("Book of the Benefices of
the Bishopric of Krakow") At the National Digital Library of Poland
Grzegorz z Sanoka
Archbishop of Lwów
ISNI: 0000 0001 2280 3873
BNF: cb12053524k (data)