James Oliver Cromwell (born January 27, 1940) is an American actor.
Some of his more notable films include Babe (1995), Star Trek: First
Contact (1996), L.A. Confidential (1997), The Green Mile (1999), Space
Cowboys (2000), The Sum of All Fears (2002), I, Robot (2004), The
Longest Yard (2005), The Queen (2006), Secretariat (2010), The Artist
(2011), Big Hero 6 (2014), and Marshall (2017), as well as the
Angels in America
Angels in America (2003), Six Feet Under
(2003–2005), 24 (2007), and Halt and Catch Fire (2015).
Cromwell has been nominated for four
Primetime Emmy Awards and four
Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Academy Award for Best
Supporting Actor for Babe (1995). He won a Primetime Emmy Award for
his role in American Horror Story: Asylum (2012) and a Canadian Screen
Award for his role in
Still Mine (2013).
1 Early life
3 Personal life
5 Awards and nominations
7 Further reading
8 External links
Cromwell was born in Los Angeles, California, and raised in Manhattan,
New York. He is the son of actress
Kay Johnson (1904–1975) and actor
and director John Cromwell (1887–1979), who was blacklisted during
the McCarthy era. He has English, German, Irish, and Scottish
ancestry. He was educated at The Hill School, Middlebury
College, and Carnegie Mellon University, where he studied architecture
until he left to pursue acting. Like his parents, he was drawn to the
theatre, performing in everything from Shakespeare to experimental
Cromwell's first television performance was in a 1974 episode of The
Rockford Files playing Terry, a tennis instructor. A few weeks
later, he began a recurring role as Stretch Cunningham on All in
the Family. In 1975, he took his first lead role on television as Bill
Lewis in the short-lived Hot l Baltimore, appeared on M*A*S*H as
Captain Leo Bardonaro, in the episode "Last Laugh" in Season 6 and a
year later he made his film debut in Neil Simon's classic detective
spoof Murder by Death.
In 1980, Cromwell guest-starred in the two-part episode "Laura Ingalls
Wilder" of the long-running television series Little House on the
Prairie. He played Harve Miller, one of Almanzo Wilder's (Dean Butler)
old friends.
While Cromwell continued with regular television work throughout the
1980s, he made appearances in films for his supporting roles in the
films Tank and
Revenge of the Nerds
Revenge of the Nerds (both 1984). He guest starred on
the sitcom Night Court, playing a mental patient, along with Predator
actor Kevin Peter Hall. He had starring roles in the 1990s critically
acclaimed films Babe (1995),
The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), L.A.
Confidential (1997), The Green Mile (1999), and Snow Falling on Cedars
(1999). He also played Dr.
Zefram Cochrane in Star Trek: First Contact
(1996) and the Star Trek: Enterprise pilot episode "Broken Bow" (the
Star Trek: Enterprise episode "In a Mirror, Darkly" later reused some
of the First Contact footage). Appearing in other
Star Trek roles
on the television series The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine,
though not as Cochran (these episodes predated his role in First
Contact), Cromwell guest-starred in several episodes, including "The
Hunted", "Birthright" (Part I and II) and "Starship Down". He also
voiced The Colonel in Dreamworks' Spirit: Stallion of the
Cromwell has had additional successes on television throughout his
career. His role as newspaper tycoon
William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst in the
RKO 281 earned him an Emmy Award nomination for
Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Television Movie. The following
year, he received his second Emmy Award nomination for playing Bishop
Lionel Stewart on the
NBC medical drama series ER. In 2004, he
guest-starred as former President D. Wire Newman in The West Wing
episode "The Stormy Present". From 2003 to 2005, Cromwell played
George Sibley in the
HBO drama series Six Feet Under, which earned him
his third Emmy Award nomination in 2003. Along with the rest of his
castmates, he was also nominated for two Screen Actors Guild Award for
Best Ensemble in a Drama Series in 2005 and 2006. The following year,
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in The Queen (2006),
Helen Mirren an Academy Award for Best Actress. He also
guest starred as Phillip Bauer, father of lead character Jack, in the
sixth season of the Fox thriller drama series 24.
In October 2007, Cromwell played the lead role of James Tyrone Sr. in
the Druid Theatre Company's production of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's
Journey into Night, at the Gaiety in Dublin as part of the Ulster Bank
Dublin Theatre Festival's 50th Anniversary. That same year he
received the King Vidor Memorial Award from the San Luis Obispo
International Film Festival for his artistic achievements in film.
More recently, Cromwell played George Herbert Walker Bush in Oliver
Stone's W. (2008), that chronicles the rise to power of his son up
until the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In an interview, Cromwell revealed
that Stone had originally offered the role to
Warren Beatty and
Harrison Ford. Cromwell also provided the voice of the main villain
Professor Robert Callaghan/Yokai in the Disney movie Big Hero 6.
In 2015, Cromwell was an executive producer on Janek Ambros's feature
Imminent Threat about the War on Terror's impact on civil
Cromwell was married to Ann Ulvestad from 1976 to their divorce in
1986; they had three children. Cromwell married his second wife,
actress Julie Cobb, on May 29, 1986; they divorced in 2005. On
January 1, 2014, Cromwell married actress
Anna Stuart at the home of
Stuart's former Another World co-star Charles Keating.
Cromwell is known for his tall stature; at 6 ft 6.5 in
(1.99 m), he is the tallest actor nominated for an Academy Award.
His son John is even taller, standing at a height of 6 ft
8 in (2.03 m). In the 2012 film Memorial Day, John
played the young Bud Vogel, while James played him as a
grandfather, and both Cromwells appear as the same character at
different ages in American Horror Story: Asylum (2012) and the first
season of Betrayal (2013). Cromwell grew up to be taller than both of
his parents: his father was 6 ft 2.5 in (1.89 m) and
his mother was 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m).
Cromwell's experiences of the
Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement while on a theatre
tour through several
Deep South states in 1964 had a profound impact
on him. The courage of local campaigners and visiting activists –
Cromwell had played high school football with murdered civil rights
worker, Mickey Schwerner – convinced him to become an activist. He
subsequently became involved in the anti-Vietnam War movement, and
by the late 1960s, Cromwell was a member of the Committee to Defend
the Panthers, a group organized to defend 13 members of the Black
Panther Party who had been imprisoned in New York on charges of
conspiracy. All 13 were eventually released. In a 2004 interview with
CNN, Cromwell praised the Panthers.
Cromwell has long been an advocate of progressive causes, particularly
regarding animal rights. He became a vegetarian in 1974 after seeing a
stockyard in Texas and experiencing the "smell, terror and
anxiety". He became a vegan while playing the character of Farmer
Hoggett in the 1995 film Babe. He frequently speaks out on issues
regarding animal cruelty for PETA, largely on the treatment of
pigs. In 2017, he was arrested during a
PETA protest against
SeaWorld's treatment of orca whales, at which he spoke about marine
mammal's suffering and premature deaths.
In the book Money Men, author
Jeffrey Birnbaum describes how John
McCain went out of his way to meet Cromwell as he advocated on Capitol
Hill for funding of Native American arts education.
Cromwell served as the narrator of the short film Farm to Fridge, a
documentary produced by Mercy for Animals.
In an October 2008 interview, Cromwell strongly attacked the
Republican Party and the
George W. Bush
George W. Bush administration, saying that
their foreign policy would "either destroy us or the entire
J.G. Hertzler show their arrest citations at the
Crestwood station protest
In February 2013, Cromwell was arrested for interrupting a University
of Wisconsin Board of Regents meeting while showing a graphic photo of
a cat to protest about alleged mistreatment of animals on
campus. The incident, which garnered widespread press
coverage, was resolved on March 25, 2013, when an attorney
representing Cromwell entered no-contest pleas to the non-criminal
offense and agreed to pay $100 forfeitures and court costs of
$263.50. In December 2015, he was removed from an event in New
York for heckling an energy company receiving an award.
On December 18, 2015, Cromwell and five other people were arrested
while protesting against the construction of a power station in
Wawayanda, New York, near his home in Warwick, New York. Cromwell
Star Trek actor
J. G. Hertzler
J. G. Hertzler were among the 19 people
Watkins Glen, New York
Watkins Glen, New York on June 6, 2016, for a protest
against underground gas storage in salt caverns near Seneca Lake.
On June 6, 2017, he was escorted out of a Democratic Party fundraiser
(which New York Governor
Andrew Cuomo and House Minority leader Nancy
Pelosi attended) after disrupting the event by protesting about the
power station. He and his fellow protesters, called the "Wawayanda
Six" were convicted of disorderly conduct and obstruction of traffic.
They were fined $375, due June 29, 2017 and sentenced to 16 hours of
community service. After refusing to pay the fine, he was
sentenced to a week in jail, scheduled to go on July 14. However,
they were released 3 days later on July 17. Cromwell was again
arrested, this time for trespassing after taking part in a protest
Seaworld on July 24.
James Cromwell filmography
Cromwell has nearly 200 acting credits. He has starred in Babe (1995),
Star Trek: First Contact (1996), L.A. Confidential (1997), The Green
Space Cowboys (2000), The Sum of All Fears (2002), I,
Robot (2004), The Artist (2011) and Big Hero 6 (2014); and the
television series Six Feet Under (2003–05), 24 (2007), American
Horror Story: Asylum (2012), and Halt and Catch Fire (2015).
Awards and nominations
Main article: List of awards and nominations received by James
Cromwell has been nominated for four
Emmy Awards and four Screen
Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Academy Award for Best Supporting
Actor for Babe. In 2013, he won the
Canadian Screen Award
Canadian Screen Award for Best
Actor for his role in
Still Mine and the Primetime Emmy Award for
Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for his role
in American Horror Story: Asylum.
^ "Canadian Screen Awards raises the star wattage". Toronto Star,
March 3, 2013.
^ "John Cromwell – Films as director:, Other films:".
Filmreference.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ "1". Retrieved June 16, 2016.
^ "Pedigree of Cromwell's family". Retrieved April 9, 2015.
^ "The Countess". January 1, 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2016 – via
All in the Family
All in the Family (a Titles & Air Dates Guide)". Epguides.com.
November 27, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ "StarTrek.com Offers Commentary on 'In a Mirror, Darkly'".
TrekToday. April 27, 2005. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ Gaiety Theatre Dublin, Ireland – Irish Theatre Archived September
28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b "W:
James Cromwell vs. George Bush Snr". SuicideGirls. October
15, 2008. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
James Cromwell files for divorce", Associated Press, January 14,
^ Ellis, Cynthia, "Tribeca Film Festival Interview: John and James
Cromwell: A .45 at 50th", The Huffington Post, May 4, 2010
^ "Memorial Day". Archived from the original on May 12, 2016.
Retrieved June 16, 2016.
^ TYT Interviews (May 25, 2017),
James Cromwell Interview with Cenk
Uygur on The Young Turks, retrieved May 30, 2017
^ "Black Panther, drunk priest, kind farmer". CNN. June 18, 2004.
Retrieved March 23, 2007.
James Cromwell interview in The Age (Melbourne) focuses on
animal rights". EnviroLink Network. June 23, 2003. Archived from the
original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ Cardoni, Salvatore (December 27, 2011). "James Cromwell: You Don't
Own Another Creature". Takepart.com. Archived from the original on
February 25, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ "Select Your Media Preferences: James Cromwell's
PETA Ad". Peta Tv.
Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ Rubin, Rebecca (July 25, 2017). "
James Cromwell Arrested During
SeaWorld Protest". Variety. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
^ The Money Men By Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, Crown Books 2000, page 181
^ "Farm to Fridge". Meatvideo.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
^ WMTV (February 7, 2013). "Actor
James Cromwell Arrested at UW
Regents Meeting". Gray Television, Inc. Retrieved February 7,
James Cromwell Arrested Protesting UW Cat Experiments". PETA.
February 7, 2013. Archived from the original on February 11, 2013.
Retrieved February 7, 2013.
^ "Attorney for actor
James Cromwell agrees to fine for pro-animal
outburst". The Cap Times.
^ "'Babe' Star
James Cromwell Escorted From N.Y. Event for
Heckling". Retrieved June 16, 2016.
^ Randall, Michael (December 18, 2015). "Six protesters taken into
custody in anti-CPV power plant demonstration". recordonline.com.
Times Herald-Record. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
Star Trek Actors Arrested, Call on Gov. Cuomo to Boldly Go Beyond
Fossil Fuels - EcoWatch
^ "Actor Cromwell booted out of congressional fundraiser".
www.midhudsonnews.com. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
^ Randall, Michael. "'Wawayanda Six' convicted of disorderly conduct
over power-plant protest". Retrieved August 6, 2017.
^ "Actor among those guilty in "Wawayanda 6" trial". Retrieved August
^ 11, Jana Reed July; Pm, 2017 at 8:20 (June 7, 2017). "Wawayanda Six
Charged with Disorderly Conduct". Retrieved August 6, 2017.
^ Nani, James. "Actor
James Cromwell sentenced to jail for protest".
Retrieved August 6, 2017.
^ ""Wawayanda Three" walk free". www.midhudsonnews.com. Retrieved
August 6, 2017.
^ Rocha, Veronica. "Actor
James Cromwell cited after orca show protest
SeaWorld in San Diego, police say". LA Times. Retrieved July 27,
^ "Nominees & Winners - 2013 Primetime Emmy Awards". Emmys.com.
Retrieved November 1, 2016.
"Cover Biography for August 2005: James Cromwell", Current Biography,
Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Cromwell
Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Cromwell.
James Cromwell at the
Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
James Cromwell on IMDb
James Cromwell at the TCM Movie Database
James Cromwell at AllMovie
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited
Series or Movie
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