James Harrison Coburn III[1] (/mz ˈkbɜːrrnˌˈkbərn/; August 31, 1928 – November 18, 2002) was an American actor. He featured in more than 70 films, largely action roles, and made 100 television appearances during a 45-year career,[2] ultimately winning an Academy Award in 1998 for his supporting role as Glen Whitehouse in Affliction.

A capable, rough-hewn leading man, his toothy grin and lanky physique made him a perfect tough guy in numerous leading and supporting roles in westerns and action films,[3] such as The Magnificent Seven, Hell Is for Heroes, The Great Escape, Charade, Our Man Flint, In Like Flint, Duck, You Sucker!, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid and Cross of Iron. Coburn provided the voice of Henry Waternoose in the Pixar film Monsters, Inc.[4]

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Coburn cultivated an image synonymous with "cool",[5] and along with such contemporaries as Lee Marvin, Steve McQueen, and Charles Bronson became one of the prominent "tough-guy" actors of his day.

Early life

Coburn was born on August 31, 1928 in Laurel, Nebraska, the son of James Harrison Coburn II and Mylet Coburn. His father was of Scottish-Irish ancestry and his mother was an immigrant from Sweden. The elder Coburn had a garage business that was destroyed by the Great Depression.[6] Coburn himself was raised in Compton, California, where he attended Compton Junior College. In 1950, he enlisted in the United States Army, in which he served as a truck driver and occasionally a disc jockey on an Army radio station in Texas. Coburn also narrated Army training films in Mainz, Germany.[7]


Coburn attended Los Angeles City College,[8] where he studied acting alongside Jeff Corey and Stella Adler, and later made his stage debut at the La Jolla Playhouse in Herman Melville's Billy Budd.[9]

Early work

Coburn's first professional job as a live television play for Sidney Lumet.

He was selected for a Remington Products razor commercial in which he was able to shave off 11 days of beard growth in less than 60 seconds,[10] while joking that he had more teeth to show on camera than the other 12 candidates for the part.[11]

Coburn's film debut came in 1959 as the sidekick of Pernell Roberts in the Randolph Scott western Ride Lonesome.[12] He soon got a job in another Western Face of a Fugitive (1959).

Coburn also appeared in dozens of television roles including, with Roberts, several episodes of NBC's Bonanza. Coburn appeared twice each on two other NBC westerns Tales of Wells Fargo with Dale Robertson, one episode in the role of Butch Cassidy, and The Restless Gun with John Payne in "The Pawn" and "The Way Back", the latter segment alongside Bonanza's Dan Blocker.[13]

Coburn's third film was a major breakthrough for him - as the knife-wielding Britt in The Magnificent Seven (1960), directed by John Sturges for the Mirisch Company. Coburn was hired through the intervention of his friend, Robert Vaughn.

Television Star

During the 1960 to 1961 season, Coburn co-starred with Ralph Taeger and Joi Lansing in the NBC adventure/drama series, Klondike, set in the Alaskan gold rush town of Skagway.

When Klondike was cancelled, Taeger and Coburn were regrouped as detectives in Mexico in NBC's equally short-lived Acapulco.

Coburn also made two guest appearances on CBS's Perry Mason, both times as the murder victim in "The Case of the Envious Editor" and "The Case of the Angry Astronaut." In 1962, he portrayed the role of Col. Briscoe in the episode "Hostage Child" on CBS's Rawhide.

Supporting Actor

Coburn in Charade (1963)

Coburn had a good role in Hell Is for Heroes (1962), a war movie with Steve McQueen. Coburn followed this with another war film with McQueen, The Great Escape (1963), directed by Sturges for the Mirisches; Coburn played an Australian. For the Mirisches, Coburn narrated Kings of the Sun (1963).

Coburn was one of the villains in Charade (1963), starring Cary Grant and Audrey Hepburn. He was then cast as a glib naval officer in Paddy Chayefsky's The Americanization of Emily, replacing James Garner, who had moved up to the lead when William Holden pulled out. This led to Coburn being signed to a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox.[14]

Coburn had another excellent support role as a one-armed Indian tracker in Major Dundee (1965), directed by Sam Peckinpah.

At Fox, he was second-billed in the pirate film A High Wind in Jamaica (1965), supporting Anthony Quinn. He had a cameo in The Loved One (1965).

Our Man Flint and Stardom

Coburn became a genuine star following the release of the James Bond parody film Our Man Flint (1966), playing super agent Derek Flint for Fox. The movie was a solid success at the box office.

He followed it with What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? (1966), a wartime comedy from Blake Edwards which was made for the Mirisches; Coburn was top billed. The film was a commercial disappointment. Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round (1966) was a crime movie made at Columbia.

Back at Fox, Coburn made a second Flint film, In Like Flint (1967), which was popular but Coburn did not wish to make any more. He went over to Paramount to make a Western comedy, Waterhole No. 3 (1967), and the political satire The President's Analyst (1967). Neither film performed particularly well at the box office but over the years The President's Analyst has become a cult film. In 1967 Coburn was voted the twelfth biggest star in Hollywood.[15]

Over at Columbia, Coburn was in a swinging sixties heist film, Duffy (1968) which flopped. He was one of several stars who had cameos in Candy (1968) then played a hitman in Hard Contract (1969) for Fox, another flop.

Coburn tried a change of pace, an adaptation of a Tennessee Williams play, Last of the Mobile Hot Shots (1970) directed by Sidney Lumet, but the film was not popular.

In 1971, Coburn starred in the Zapata Western Duck, You Sucker!, with Rod Steiger and directed by Sergio Leone, as an Irish explosives expert and revolutionary who has fled to Mexico during the time of the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century. This was not as highly regarded as Leone's four previous Westerns but was hugely popular in Europe, especially France.

Back in the US he made another film with Blake Edwards, the thriller The Carey Treatment (1972). It was badly cut by MGM and was commercially underwhelming. So too was The Honkers (1972) where Coburn played a rodeo rider.

Coburn went back to Italy to make another Western, A Reason to Live, a Reason to Die (1973). He then re-teamed with director Sam Peckinpah for the 1973 film Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, in which he played Pat Garrett. In 1973 Coburn was voted the 23rd most popular star in Hollywood.[16]

In 1973, Coburn was among the featured celebrities dressed in prison gear on the cover of the album Band on the Run made by Paul McCartney and his band Wings. Coburn was one of the pallbearers at the funeral of Bruce Lee along with Steve McQueen, Bruce's brother, Robert Lee, Peter Chin, Danny Inosanto, and Taky Kimura. Coburn gave a speech: "Farewell, Brother. It has been an honor to share this space in time with you. As a friend and a teacher, you have given to me, have brought my physical, spiritual and psychological selves together. Thank you. May peace be with you"[17]

Coburn was one of several stars in the popular The Last of Sheila (1973). He then starred in a series of thrillers: Harry in Your Pocket (1974) and The Internecine Project (1975). Neither was widely seen.

Decline as Star

Coburn began to drop back down the credit list: he was third billed in Bite the Bullet (1975) behind Gene Hackman and Candice Bergen for Richard Brooks. He co-starred with Charles Bronson in Hard Times (1975), the directorial debut of Walter Hill, but it was very much Bronson's film. The movie was popular.

Coburn played the lead in the action film Sky Riders (1976) then played Charlton Heston's antagonist in The Last Hard Men (1976). He was one of the many stars in Midway (1976) then had the star role in Cross of Iron (1977) for Sam Peckinpah, playing a German soldier. This critically acclaimed war epic performed poorly in the United States but was a huge hit in Europe. Peckinpah and Coburn remained close friends until Peckinpah's death in 1984.

Coburn returned to television in 1978 to star in a three-part mini-series version of a Dashiell Hammett detective novel, The Dain Curse, tailoring his character to bear a physical resemblance to the author. During that same year as a spokesman for the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company, he was paid $500,000 to promote its new product in television advertisements by saying only two words: "Schlitz. Light."[18] In Japan his masculine appearance was so appealing he became an icon for its leading cigarette brand. He also supported himself in later years by exporting rare automobiles to Japan.[19] He was deeply interested in Zen and Tibetan Buddhism, and collected sacred Buddhist artwork.[20] He narrated a film about the 16th Karmapa called "The Lion's Roar".[21]

Coburn starred in Firepower (1979) with Sophia Loren, replacing Charles Bronson when the latter pulled out. He had a cameo in The Muppet Movie (1979) and had leading roles in Goldengirl (1980) and The Baltimore Bullet (1980). He was Shirley MacLaine's husband in Loving Couples (1980) and had the lead in a Canadian film, Crossover (1980).

Final Years

Coburn moved almost entirely into supporting roles: the villain in High Risk (1981) and Looker (1981). He hosted a TV series Darkroom (1981–82).

Coburn also portrayed Dwight Owen Barnes in the PC video game C.E.O., developed by Artdink (as a spin-off of their A-Train series).[22]

Because of his severe rheumatoid arthritis, Coburn appeared in very few films during the 1980s, yet continued working until his death in 2002. This disease had left Coburn's body deformed and in pain. "You start to turn to stone," he told ABCNEWS in an April 1999 interview. "See, my hand is twisted now because tendons have shortened." For 20 years he tried a host of conventional and unconventional treatments, but nothing worked. "There was so much pain that … every time I stood up, I would break into a sweat," he recalled. Then, at age 68, Coburn tried something called MSM, methylsulfonylmethane, a sulfur compound available at most health food stores. The result, he said, was nothing short of miraculous. "You take this stuff and it starts right away," said Coburn. "Everyone I've given it to has had a positive response." MSM did not cure Coburn's arthritis, but it did relieve his pain, allowing him to move more freely and resume his career.[23][24]

Coburn was in a relationship with British singer-songwriter Lynsey de Paul in the late 1970s. They co-wrote her song Losin' the Blues For You.

Coburn returned to film in the 1990s and appeared in supporting roles in Young Guns II, Hudson Hawk, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, Maverick, Eraser, The Nutty Professor, Affliction, and Payback. Coburn's performance in Affliction eventually earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In addition, he provided the voice of Henry J. Waternoose III in Disney/Pixar's Monsters, Inc.


Bob Bondurant teaching Coburn in 1972

Coburn's interest in fast cars began with his father's garage business and continued throughout his life, as he exported rare cars to Japan.[8] Coburn was credited with having introduced Steve McQueen to Ferraris, and in the early 1960s owned a Ferrari 250 GT Lusso and a Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California SWB. His Spyder was the thirteenth of just fifty-six built. Coburn imported the pre-owned car in 1964, shortly after completing The Great Escape. [25] The car was restored and sold for $10,894,400 to English broadcaster Chris Evans, setting a new world record for the highest price ever paid for an automobile at auction.[26]

Cal Spyder #2377 was repainted several times during Coburn's ownership; it has been black, silver and possibly burgundy. He kept the car at his Beverly Hills-area home, where it was often serviced by Max Balchowsky, who also worked on the suspension and frame modifications on those Mustang GTs used in the filming of McQueen’s Bullitt. Coburn sold the Spyder in 1987 after twenty-four years of ownership. Over time he also owned the above-noted Lusso, a Ferrari Daytona, at least one Ferrari 308 and a 1967 Ferrari 412P sports racer.[27]

Death and legacy

Coburn's grave marker

Coburn died of a heart attack on November 18, 2002 while listening to music at his Beverly Hills home.[28]

His wife Paula died less than two years later on July 30, 2004 at the age of 48, due to cancer.[29]

Critical analysis

In The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, critic David Thomson states that "Coburn is a modern rarity: an actor who projects lazy, humorous sexuality. He has made a variety of flawed, pleasurable films, the merits of which invariably depend on his laconic presence. Increasingly, he was the best thing in his movies, smiling privately, seeming to suggest that he was in contact with some profound source of amusement".[30] Film critic Pauline Kael remarked on Coburn's unusual characteristics, stating that "he looked like the child of the liaison between Lt. Pinkerton and Madame Butterfly".[31] George Hickenlooper, who directed Coburn in The Man from Elysian Fields called him "the masculine male".[32] Andy García called him "the personification of class, the hippest of the hip", and Paul Schrader noted "he was of that 50's generation. He had that part hipster, part cool-cat aura about him. He was one of those kind of men who were formed by the Rat Pack kind of style."[33]



Year Title Role Notes
1959 Ride Lonesome Whit
Face of a Fugitive Purdy
1960 The Magnificent Seven Britt
1962 Hell Is for Heroes Cpl. Frank Henshaw
1963 The Great Escape Fg. Off. Louis Sedgwick, "The Manufacturer"
Charade Tex Panthollow
Kings of the Sun Narrator Uncredited
The Man from Galveston Boyd Palmer
1964 The Americanization of Emily Lt. Cmdr. Paul "Bus" Cummings
1965 Major Dundee Samuel Potts
A High Wind in Jamaica Zac
The Loved One Immigration Officer
1966 Our Man Flint Derek Flint
What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? Lieutenant Christian
Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round Eli Kotch
1967 In Like Flint Derek Flint
Waterhole No. 3 Lewton Cole
The President's Analyst Dr. Sidney Schaefer Also producer
1968 Duffy Duffy
Candy Dr. A.B. Krankheit
1969 Hard Contract John Cunningham
1970 Last of the Mobile Hot Shots Jeb Thornton
1971 Duck, You Sucker! John H. Mallory Renamed A Fistful of Dynamite for U.S. release
1972 The Carey Treatment Dr. Peter Carey
The Honkers Lew Lathrop Steve Ihnat
A Reason to Live, a Reason to Die Colonel Pembroke
1973 Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid Pat Garrett
The Last of Sheila Clinton Green
Harry in Your Pocket Harry
1974 The Internecine Project Robert Elliot
1975 Bite the Bullet Luke Matthews
Hard Times Speed
1976 Sky Riders Jim McCabe
The Last Hard Men Zach Provo
Midway Capt. Vinton Maddox
1977 White Rock Narrator
Cross of Iron Sergeant Rolf Steiner
1978 California Suite Pilot in Diana Barrie's Film on Airplane Uncredited
1979 Firepower Fanon
The Muppet Movie El Sleezo Cafe Owner Cameo
Goldengirl Jack Dryden
1980 The Baltimore Bullet Nick Casey
Loving Couples Dr. Walter Kirby
Mr. Patman Patman
1981 High Risk Serrano
Looker John Reston
Jacqueline Susann's Valley of the Dolls Henry Bellamy
1985 Martin's Day Lt. Lardner
1986 Death of a Soldier Maj. Patrick Dannenberg
1989 Train to Heaven Gregorius
Call from Space Short
1990 Young Guns II John Simpson Chisum
1991 Hudson Hawk George Kaplan
1993 The Hit List Peter Mayhew
Deadfall Mike/Lou Donan
Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit Mr. Crisp
1994 Maverick Commodore Duvall
1995 The Set-Up Jeremiah Cole
1996 The Disappearance of Kevin Johnson Himself
Eraser WitSec Chief Arthur Beller
The Nutty Professor Harlan Hartley
1997 Keys to Tulsa Harmon Shaw
Affliction Glen Whitehouse Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Won – Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
1999 Payback Justin Fairfax Uncredited
2000 Intrepid Captain Hal Josephson
The Good Doctor Dr. Samuel Roberts Short
2001 Texas Rangers Narrator Uncredited
Proximity Jim Corcoran
The Yellow Bird Rev. Increase Tutwiler Short
The Man from Elysian Fields Alcott
Monsters, Inc. Mr. Henry J. Waternoose III Voice only
2002 Snow Dogs James "Thunder Jack" Johnson
American Gun Martin Tillman


Year Title Role Notes
1957 Studio One in Hollywood Sam Episode: "The Night America Trembled"
1958 Suspicion Carson Episode: "The Voice in the Night"
General Electric Theater Claude Firman Episode: "Ah There, Beau Brummel"
Wagon Train Ike Daggett Episode: "The Millie Davis Story"
1958; 1959 The Restless Gun Vestry / Tom Quinn 2 episodes
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color Jack - Outlaw Leader / Mexican Police Captain Uncredited
3 episodes
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Union Sergeant / Andrews 2 episodes
1958; 1961 The Rifleman Ambrose / Cy Parker 2 episodes
1958; 1962 Tales of Wells Fargo Ben Crider / Idaho 2 episodes
1959 Trackdown Joker Wells Episode: "Hard Lines"
State Trooper Dobie Episode: "Hard Money, Soft Touch"
Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre Jess Episode: "A Thread of Respect"
Black Saddle Niles Episode: "Client: Steele"
M Squad Harry Blacker Episode: "The Fire Makers"
The Rough Riders Judson Episode: "Deadfall"
The Californians Deputy Anthony Wayne 2 episodes
Johnny Ringo Moss Taylor Episode: "The Arrival"
Whirlybirds Steve Alexander Episode: "Mr. Jinx"
Tombstone Territory Chuck Ashley Episode: "The Gunfighter"
The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp Buckskin Frank Leslie Episode: "The Noble Outlaws"
The DuPont Show with June Allyson Episode: "The Girl"
The Millionaire Lew Bennett Episode: "Millionaire Timothy Mackail"
1959–1960 Bronco Jesse James / Adam Coverly 2 episodes
Wichita Town Wally / Fletcher 2 episodes
Bat Masterson Leo Talley / Poke Otis 2 episodes
Have Gun – Will Travel Bill Sledge / Jack 2 episodes
Wanted: Dead or Alive Howard Catlett / Jesse Holloway / Henry Turner 3 episodes
Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre Doyle / Jess Newton 2 episodes
1959; 1961 Laramie Finch / Gil Spanner 2 episodes
1959; 1961–1962 Bonanza Elmer Trace / Ross Marquette / Pete Jessup 3 episodes
1960 The Texan Cal Gruder Episode: "Friend of the Family"
Sugarfoot Rome Morgan Episode: "Blackwater Swamp"
Men into Space Dr. Narry Episode: "Contraband"
Bourbon Street Beat Buzz Griffin Episode: "Target of Hate"
Peter Gunn Bud Bailey Episode: "The Murder Clause"
The Deputy Coffer Episode: "The Truly Yours"
Tate Jory Episode: "Home Town"
Richard Diamond, Private Detective Episode: "Coat of Arms"
Death Valley Days "Pamela's Oxen"
Lawman Lank Bailey / Blake Carr 2 episodes
1960–1961 Klondike Jeff Durain / Jefferson Durain 10 episodes
1961 The Murder Men Arthur Troy TV film
The Untouchables Dennis Garrity Episode: "The Jamaica Ginger Story"
The Tall Man John Miller Episode: "The Best Policy"
Stagecoach West Sam Murdock Episode: "Come Home Again"
The Detectives Duke Hawkins Episode: "The Frightened Ones"
The Aquanauts Joe Casey Episode: "River Gold"
1961–1962 Perry Mason General Addison Brand / Donald Fletcher 2 episodes
1962 Naked City Harry Brind Episode: "Goodbye Mama, Hello Auntie Maud"
The Dick Powell Show Charlie Allnut Episode:" The Safari"
Checkmate Gresch Episode: "A Chant of Silence"
Rawhide Colonel Briscoe Episode: "Hostage Child"
Cain's Hundred Arthur Troy Episode: "Blues for a Junkman: Arthur Troy"
1963 Stoney Burke Jamison Episode: "The Test"
Combat! Corporal Arnold Kanger Episode: "Masquerade"
The Greatest Show on Earth Kelly Episode: "Uncaged"
The Eleventh Hour Steve Kowlowski Episode: "Oh, You Shouldn't Have Done It"
The Twilight Zone Major French Episode: "The Old Man in the Cave"
1964 Route 66 Hamar Neilsen Episode: "Kiss the Monster - Make Him Sleep"
The Defenders Earl Chafee Episode: "The Man Who Saved His Country"
1977 The Rockford Files Director Episode: "Irving the Explainer"
1978 The Dain Curse Hamilton Nash Miniseries
1980 Superstunt TV film
1981 Darkroom (TV series) Host Series
1981 Valley of the Dolls Henry Bellamy Miniseries
1983 Malibu Tom Wharton TV film
Digital Dreams TV film
1984 Faerie Tale Theatre The Gyspy Episode: "Pinocchio"
Draw! Sam Starret TV film
1985 Sins of the Father Frank Murchison TV film
1986 The Wildest West Show of the Stars Grand Marshall TV film
1990–1992 Captain Planet and the Planeteers Looten Plunder (voice) 15 episodes
1991 Silverfox Robert Fox TV film
1992 True Facts TV film
Crash Landing: The Rescue of Flight 232 Jim Hathaway TV film
The Fifth Corner Dr. Grandwell 2 episodes
Murder, She Wrote Cyrus Ramsey Episode: "Day of the Dead"
Mastergate Major Manley Battle TV film
1994 Ray Alexander: A Taste for Justice Jeffrey Winslow TV film
Greyhounds TV film
1995 The Avenging Angel Porter Rockwell TV film
Ray Alexander: A Menu for Murder Jeffery Winslow TV film
Picket Fences Walter Brock Episode: "Upbringings"
Christmas Reunion Santa TV film
1996 Football America Narrator TV film
Okavango: Africa's Savage Oasis Narrator TV film
The Cherokee Kid Cyrus B. Bloomington TV film
1997 Profiler Charles Vanderhorn 2 episodes
Skeletons Frank Jove TV film
The Second Civil War Jack Buchan TV film
1998 Mr. Murder Drew Oslett, Sr. TV miniseries
Stories from My Childhood The Archbishop (voice) Episode: "The Wild Swans"
1999 Vengeance Unlimited Boone Paladin (voice) Uncredited
Episode: "Judgment"
Noah's Ark The Peddler TV film
Shake, Rattle and Roll: An American Love Story Morris Gunn TV film
2000 Missing Pieces Atticus Cody TV film
Scene by Scene Himself
2001 Walter and Henry Charlie TV film
2002 Arliss Slaughterhouse Sid Perelli Episode: "The Immortal",

See also


  1. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Allmovie Biography
  3. ^ "James Coburn Profile". Turner Classic Movies. 
  4. ^ Mitchell, Elvis (2 November 2001). "FILM REVIEW; Monsters of Childhood With Feelings and Agendas". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Rhys, Timothy. "Quintessential Cool". Moviemaker 1999/04/09
  6. ^ "James Coburn". Turner Classic Movies. 
  7. ^ Published: 12:03AM GMT 20 Nov 2002 (2002-11-20). "Obituary in ''The Telegraph''". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  8. ^ a b Horwell, Veronica (2002-11-20). "James Coburn". The Guardian. London. 
  9. ^ "James Coburn Biography - Yahoo! Movies". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  10. ^ "The Hollywood Interview blogsite". Thehollywoodinterview.blogspot.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  11. ^ "Allbusiness.com". Allbusiness.com. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  12. ^ Miller, Ron (1995-01-22). "Coburn's Comfort Zone at Home in Western with Heston and Berenger Supporting". San Jose Mercury News. p. 6. JAMES COBURN began his movie career in a saddle 36 years ago, playing the gangly and not-too-bright sidekick to bad guy Pernell Roberts in the 1959 Randolph Scott western "Ride Lonesome." 
  13. ^ The Restless Gun, DVD, Timeless Media Group
  14. ^ Entertainment: Coburn Wins Pact, Role in 'High Wind' He'll Star With Anthony Quinn; Mrs. Ames Pens Kidnaping Tale Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 June 1964: A10.
  15. ^ 'Star Glitter Is Catching' By Richard L. Coe. The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 07 Jan 1968: H1.
  16. ^ EASTWOOD SELECTED BOX-OFFICE CHAMPION Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 02 Jan 1974: d17.
  17. ^ Burrows, Alyssa (October 21, 2002). "Lee, Bruce (1940-1973), Martial Arts Master and Film Maker". History Link.org. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Trivia on What It Costs by Barry Tarshis - Trivia Library". 
  19. ^ "Obituary- James Coburn". 
  20. ^ "Get to know James Coburn, the ultimate Sixties tough guy". 
  21. ^ "The Lion's Roar". 
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ 'Holistic Treatment Relieved Coburn's Pain' By John McKenzie. http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=130005&page=1
  24. ^ 'Coburn beats back tough disease' By Ann Oldenburg. USA Today [McLean, Virginia] 29 Dec 1998: 02.D Life.
  25. ^ Valdes-Dapena, Peter (2008-05-19). "$11 million: Ferrari nets record price". CNN. 
  26. ^ "1961 Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California drive - Behind the wheel of the 11 million dollar Ferrari formerly owned by James Coburn - Motor Trend Page 3". Motor Trend Magazine. 1 January 2009. 
  27. ^ "1961 Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California drive - Behind the wheel of the 11 million dollar Ferrari formerly owned by James Coburn - Motor Trend". Motor Trend Magazine. 1 January 2009. 
  28. ^ By Robert F. Worth (2002-11-19). "James Coburn, 74, Is Dead; A Sly Presence in 80 Films - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-28. 
  29. ^ "Paula Coburn". Los Angeles Times. 7 August 2004. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  30. ^ Thomson, David. "The New Biographical Dictionary Of Film". Knopf 2004
  31. ^ Rule, Vera. "James Coburn". The Guardian, Friday 3/6/99
  32. ^ "Tough Guise". People Magazine. December 2, 2002
  33. ^ Breznican, Anthony. "Actor James Coburn dead of heart attack at age 74". Today's News-Herald. Nov, 20, 2002

External links