James Broadwood Lyall
James Broadwood Lyall GCIE KCSI (1838 – 4 December 1916) was a
British administrator in the
Indian Civil Service
Indian Civil Service during the British
4 External links
James Lyall was born in 1838. He was a son of Alfred Lyall and Mary
Drummond. His elder brother was Alfred Comyn Lyall, and his
paternal uncles included a Dean of Canterbury, William Rowe Lyall, and
a chairman of the British East India Company, George Lyall. He was
educated first at
Eton College and then at Haileybury College.
He joined the Bengal Civil Service in 1857, arriving in India the
following year. He served with the Punjab commission until the end of
1859 and went on to serve as the financial commissioner of the
Punjab. He was the first vice-chancellor of the University of the
Punjab, a post to which he was appointed in October 1882.
Between 1883 and 1887, Lyall served in southern India as the Resident
in Mysore and Chief Commissioner of Coorg. Between 1887 and 1892,
Lyall was Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab. He was appointed as a
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India in 1888.
While Lieutenant-Governor, Lyall helped to found and develop many of
the Canal colonies throughout the Punjab, an ambitious plan to harness
the rivers of the region and transform 6,000,000 acres
(2,400,000 ha) of desert into agricultural land. He was also
instrumental in establishing one of the first planned cities in
British India, which was named Lyallpur in his honour and is now
Lyall was appointed as Knight Grand Commander of the Indian Empire in
May 1892, after ending his tenure in the Punjab. In 1893, he was
appointed to the Royal Commission on Opium, which he thought was an
official attempt to procrastinate in order to silence opposition to
opium use and its trade. Lyall believed there was nothing untoward
about moderate use of opium. In 1898, he served as President of the
Indian Famine Commission.
He died on 4 December 1916 in Eastry,
Kent and is buried in the local
Lyall contributed a chapter on the Punjab to The British Empire
series, published in 1899.
^ a b c d e f g Winther, Paul C. (2003). Anglo-European Science and
the Rhetoric of Empire: Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India,
1756-1895. Lexington Books. pp. 135–137.
^ "Lyall, Sir Alfred Comyn James". Oxford Dictionary of National
Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.
doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34641. (Subscription or UK public library
^ Mittal, Satish Chandra (1995). India Distorted: A Study of British
Historians on India. 2. M.D. Publications. p. 285.
University of the Punjab
University of the Punjab - Former Vice Chancellors". University of
the Punjab. Archived from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 8
^ "No. 9948". The Edinburgh Gazette. 5 June 1888. p. 574.
^ Talbot, Ian A. (2007). "Punjab Under Colonialism: Order and
Transformation in British India" (PDF). Journal of Punjab Studies. 14
(1): 3–10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February
^ "Brief History of Faisalabad". District Court of Faisalabad.
Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 8 February
^ "The City Faisalabad". Government College University Faisalabad.
Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 8 February
^ "No. 10365". The Edinburgh Gazette. 27 May 1892. p. 678.
^ "The Punjab". The British Empire Series. 1. Kegan Paul, Trench,
Trübner & Company, Limited. 1899. p. 202.
"Afghanistan 1878-1880: Sources in the
India Office Records". British
Library. Retrieved 22 November 2011. (Preserved Lyall papers in
the records of the India Office.)
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