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The Info List - James Barbour





John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson

Preceded by Albert Gallatin

Succeeded by Louis McLane

11th United States Secretary of War

In office March 7, 1825 – May 23, 1828

President John Quincy Adams

Preceded by John C. Calhoun

Succeeded by Peter Buell Porter

President pro tempore of the United States Senate

In office February 15, 1819 – December 26, 1819

Preceded by John Gaillard

Succeeded by John Gaillard

United States Senator from Virginia

In office January 2, 1815 – March 7, 1825

Preceded by Richard Brent

Succeeded by John Randolph

18th Governor of Virginia

In office January 3, 1812 – December 1, 1814

Preceded by Peyton Randolph as Acting Governor

Succeeded by Wilson Cary Nicholas

14th Speaker of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates

In office December 1, 1809 – January 3, 1812

Preceded by Hugh Nelson

Succeeded by Andrew Stevenson

Member of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates

In office 1804 1807–1812

Personal details

Born (1775-06-10)June 10, 1775 Barboursville, Colony of Virginia, British America

Died June 7, 1842(1842-06-07) (aged 66) Barboursville, Virginia, U.S.

Political party Whig National Republican Democratic-Republican

Spouse(s) Lucy Johnson Barbour

Profession Slave owner, Lawyer, Politician

Signature

James Barbour
James Barbour
(June 10, 1775 – June 7, 1842) was an American lawyer, politician and planter. He served as a delegate from Orange County, Virginia
Virginia
in the Virginia
Virginia
General Assembly, and as speaker of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates. He was the 18th Governor of Virginia
Virginia
and the first Governor to reside in the current Virginia
Virginia
Governor's Mansion. After the War of 1812, Barbour became a U.S. Senator (from 1814–1825) and the United States Secretary of War
United States Secretary of War
(1825–1828).[1]

Contents

1 Early and family life 2 Career

2.1 Early years 2.2 House of Delegates 2.3 Governor of Virginia 2.4 U.S. Senator 2.5 Secretary of War 2.6 Diplomat 2.7 Final years

3 Death and legacy 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Early and family life[edit] James Barbour
James Barbour
was born in what became Barboursville in Orange County on June 10, 1775. Barbour was the son of Thomas Barbour (who held a seat in the Virginia
Virginia
House of Burgesses in 1769) and his wife the former Mary Pendleton Thomas. His grandfather (also James Barbour, 1707–1775) had patented lands in Spotsylvania County in 1731 and 1733, and his uncle of the same name James Barbour (burgess) also served in the Virginia
Virginia
House of Burgesses (1761–65, representing Spotsylvania County). Both sides of his family were among the First Families of Virginia, as well as early settlers in Orange County and westward. By the time James was born, the Barbour family owned over 2,000 acres (8 km²) and held several slaves. However, the family suffered financial reverses during the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
and its aftermath. Nonetheless, James finished his formal education with private tutors and an academy run by James Waddel at Gordonsville, Virginia. His brother Philip Pendleton Barbour, would later become Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. On October 29, 1792, Barbour married Lucy Johnson, the daughter of Benjamin Johnson who had represented Orange County in the General Assembly in 1790. They had three daughters (one of whom, Frances, died as an infant in 1801) and four sons, including James Barbour
James Barbour
and Benjamin Johnson Barbour (1821–1894, later rector of the University of Virginia).[2] Career[edit] Early years[edit] Barbour served as deputy sheriff of Orange County, beginning in 1792. In 1794, he was admitted to the Virginia
Virginia
Bar. With wedding gifts from his father, as well as by building his own legal practice and running his plantation, Barbour was able to build up personal wealth. His friend and somewhat neighbor at Monticello
Monticello
plantation, former President Thomas Jefferson, helped design the mansion in which Barbour lived most of his adult life, called Barboursville. By 1798, Barbour owned several slaves and would expand that plantation over the years, as would his somewhat neighbor on the other side, President James Madison at Montpelier plantation. House of Delegates[edit] Orange County voters elected Barbour to the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates in 1796, and he became that body's youngest member. Re-elected several times to that part-time position, he served until 1804, and again from 1807 to 1812.[3] Barbour became known for eloquence, and served on various committees, rising to chairman of several, including the Committee of Privileges and Elections and the Finance Committee. Peers elected him as Speaker of the House of Delegates for many terms. Barbour held strong Republican beliefs, similar to his neighbors Jefferson and Madison. He vigorously opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 and used his rhetorical eloquence to support the Virginia Resolutions. Barbour believed the Acts and their supporters threatened the United States, stating “to make an expected attack from abroad a pretext for attacking the principles of liberty at home has drawn aside the curtain and clearly illuminated for all who are willing to see.”[citation needed] Barbour refused to support legislation increasing Executive powers, especially unchecked powers. In the House of Delegates, Barbour took pride in writing the bill establishing the Literary Fund of Virginia, which passed on February 2, 1810. This provided some funding for public education in each county in the Commonwealth. Barbour later requested that the only inscription on his tombstone be a reference to this Act,[4][5] affirming his strong belief that society would progress only through education. However, he also believed intellectual abilities were connected with gender, race and landownership. Governor of Virginia[edit] In 1811, Barbour declared his candidacy for the governorship, but lost to the incumbent, George William Smith. However, Smith died in office on December 26, 1811, during a fire at Richmond's Monument Theatre. On January 3, the Legislature convened and elected Barbour governor. At the time, British raiders were impressing American sailors (including Virginians, especially near Hampton Roads
Hampton Roads
and Norfolk). Barbour favored war with Britain, which he viewed as the only way to end British interference with U.S. sovereignty. Barbour's father had trained the Orange militia, so the new Governor knew their inadequacies. Governor Barbour sought funding of Virginia’s militia on February 11, 1812, and also personally toured the tidewater region most at risk. On June 18, 1812, Congress declared war, so the War of 1812
War of 1812
began, and Barbour became "the war governor." Perhaps because of his wartime preparations (or willingness to risk his own funds), Barbour faced no opposition and was reelected Governor in November 1812. However, by 1813, British ships had been raiding coastal Virginia. Some delegates opposed Barbour's support of President James Madison
James Madison
and national unity, but nonetheless reelected him. During 1814, Barbour finally convinced the Legislature to approve raising 10,000 troops, and placing that militia under Federal control. Washington D.C. was sacked before the Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Ghent
brought the war to an end. Barbour also authorized exploration of the upper James River, and received funding to improve Virginia
Virginia
roads. He was also the first Governor to inhabit the Virginia
Virginia
Governor’s Mansion, designed by Alexander Parris. Virginians sent resolutions thanking the Governor for his strong and apt leadership during the war. U.S. Senator[edit] On December 1, 1814, Virginia's legislators elected Barbour (then 40) to succeed Richard Brent in the United States Senate. Although Barbour had previously opposed a national bank, President James Madison supported such, so Barbour became the Senate sponsor of a bill written by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander James Dallas, which authorized the national Bank with $50,000,000 in capital. It passed (although prior similar legislation failed). Senator Barbour aligned with Senators John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
and Henry Clay on internal improvements and slavery. Although his brother Philip Pendleton Barbour served contemporaneously in the U.S. House, their stances and votes often differed. Senator Barbour proposed a committee on roads and canals, supported the Bonus Bill (authorizing spending the bonus from the national bank on internal improvements), and proposed a constitutional amendment to grant Congress authority to appropriate money for internal improvements. Senator Barbour also opposed reducing the national army, supported a bill abolishing imprisonment for debts, and introduced the Navigation Act of 1818. That Act closed U.S. ports to any ships arriving from British ports closed to U.S. ships. Barbour hoped this would encourage the British to open their ports. However, that effort failed. In 1823 a compromise led to the Elsewhere Act, which allowed for reciprocal trade. Peers elected Barbour President pro tempore of the Senate in 1819. The 16th Congress, over which Barbour presided, adopted the Missouri Compromise on slavery. Barbour actually proposed combining the bill admitting Missouri (after he spoke in favor of allowing that state's voters to elect to support slavery) with the bill admitting Maine—both in an attempt to deny the Northern Senators an opportunity to gain 4 anti-slavery Senators. His speech may have foreshadowed the Southern position in the American Civil War
American Civil War
after his death:

“ Sir, no portion of the Union has been more loyal than the South. Is this your reward for our loyalty? Sir, there is a point where resistance becomes a virtue and submission a crime. Our people are as brave as they are loyal. They can endure anything but insult. But the moment you pass that Rubicon, they will redeem their much abused character and throw back upon you your insolence and your aggression. ”

As Senator, Barbour sponsored a resolution giving an honorary sword to Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson
of Kentucky
Kentucky
for his efforts in the Battle of the Thames
Battle of the Thames
in 1813. Johnson and Barbour would become quick friends following Barbour’s efforts. Later, Johnson promoted Barbour's appointment as Secretary of War under President John Quincy Adams. However, that association with Adams, whom the Senate narrowly elected over Andrew Jackson, would later devastate both Senator Clay's (and Barbour's) political careers. Virginia
Virginia
legislators elected the Jacksonian Democrat John Randolph of Roanoke to succeed Senator Barbour in December 1825. Like Barbour, he would defend slavery, although a member of the American Colonization Society like Henry Clay, and unlike Barbour, he would later manumit his own slaves upon his death. Randolph had opposed both the national bank and the Missouri Compromise
Missouri Compromise
of 1820 that Barbour had helped Clay pass. Secretary of War[edit] Following Adams’ inauguration on March 4, 1825, fellow Senators confirmed Barbour as Secretary of War and Henry Clay
Henry Clay
as Secretary of State. The War Department’s main functions were managing the army and overseeing Indian affairs. Barbour soon came into conflict with Governor George Troup
George Troup
of Georgia, who wanted to evict Creek Indians
Creek Indians
from 5 million acres (20,000 km²) of land. Northern Creeks had supported Britain in the War of 1812
War of 1812
and Georgia planters had engaged in the Red Stick War in an attempt to acquire Southern Creek lands, although those Southern Creeks had assimilated and supported the Americans during the war. Governor Troup's partially-Creek cousin William McIntosh
William McIntosh
had signed the Treaty of Indian Springs (1825), purporting to relinquish tribal lands in exchange for $200,000 for himself and installments totalling $200,000 for five other signatories, and the U.S. Senate approved it by one vote on March 7, but tribal members protested vehemently (as well as sentenced McIntosh to death and killed him). President Adams renegotiated the Treaty of Washington (1826)
Treaty of Washington (1826)
on slightly more favorable terms to the native peoples. Both treaties provided for removal west of the Mississippi (as President Jackson would later do the Cherokee Indians on the Trail of Tears). Governor Troup was upset that the second treaty allowed some Creek to remain in Georgia, and began a survey to prepare to sell those remaining lands, as well threatened to call out the militia, at which point the federal government ceased protecting the Indians. All Creeks lands were seized and all Creeks removed from Georgia by 1827.[citation needed] Diplomat[edit] By 1826, President Adams was deeply unpopular compared to his opponent in 1824 (and presumptive in 1828), Andrew Jackson, as was Secretary of State Clay. Although some advocated Barbour as a vice-presidential candidate in the upcoming 1828 elections, Barbour sought an appointment as Minister to England. Critics claimed Barbour sought a “harbor in the storm” from the approaching election. Nonetheless, European intellectuals accepted the new ambassador. During the 1820s, Barbour was a member of the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, as were both Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
and John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
and other prominent military, medical and other professions.[6] On July 1, 1828, Barbour received an honorary LL.D. from the University of Oxford. Final years[edit] After President Adams' electoral defeat in 1828, Barbour returned to Virginia, where he announced his candidacy for the General Assembly. However, Barbour’s association with Adams and nationalistic policies made him unfavorable to the Virginian Republicans. Although his opponent was illiterate, the election was extremely close. And although Barbour was declared the winner, the election was contested. Before the legal decision, Barbour retired on February 16, 1831, citing the hostility in the Assembly against him. Barbour continued to remain active in national politics. In December 1831 he attended the first national convention of the National Republican Party in Baltimore
Baltimore
and was elected its presiding officer. The convention nominated Henry Clay
Henry Clay
for President in 1832 and John Sergeant for Vice President. Barbour also became chairman of the 1839 Whig Party convention in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
which nominated Virginia-born William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison
for President (who won the election of 1840 to become the 9th President of the United States). Death and legacy[edit] After retiring from the Assembly, Barbour appeared and gave speeches to support political friends. One observer declared: “Gov. Barbour presented an imposing appearance, with striking face, long, shaggy eyebrows, and head covered with silvery flowing locks; with a majestic and sonorous voice, he filled one’s conception of a Roman Senator in the last days of the Republic.”[7] However, Barbour’s health began to decline, and he spent his final months at Barboursville. He died on June 7, 1842. Senator James Barbour
James Barbour
was buried in the family cemetery on the estate. The grave and ruin of his mansion, Barboursville, remain within the modern Barboursville Vineyards. The ruin is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as well as included within the Madison-Barbour Rural Historic District. However, the tombstone is a modern replacement ordered in 1940. In addition to Barboursville, Virginia, Barboursville, West Virginia is named in his honor, as are Barbour County, West Virginia
Virginia
and Barbour County, Alabama. However, Barbourville, Kentucky
Kentucky
is probably named after his uncle James Barbour
James Barbour
(burgess)(1734–1804). The Library of Virginia
Virginia
has his executive papers.[8] The Barbour family remained politically powerful in that area of Virginia
Virginia
for the rest of the century, although their slaves were freed in the American Civil War. His first cousin John S. Barbour (1790–1855) also served in the Virginia
Virginia
General Assembly and chaired the Democratic National Convention of 1852. J.S. Barbour's sons James Barbour and his elder brother John S. Barbour, Jr.
John S. Barbour, Jr.
served in the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates before the American Civil War, and that James Barbour
James Barbour
also served in the 1850 Virginia
Virginia
Constitutional Convention and the 1861 Secession Convention and in the Confederate States Army while his brother continued to run the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. After the war, John S. Barbour Jr. re-organized the state's Conservative Party as the Democratic Party and served in both the U.S. House and U.S. Senate. References[edit]

^ Margaret Vowell Smith, Virginia: A History of the Executives in two parts (Washington, W.H. Loudermilk & Co. 1893) at p. 321 et seq. ^ http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi00878.xml ^ http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi00878.xml ^ Smith at p. 325 ^ Armistead C. Gordeon, The Two Barbours (published speech on dedication of portraits at Orange County Courthouse (Staunton, August 14, 1919 ^ Rathbun, Richard. The Columbian institute for the promotion of arts and sciences: A Washington Society of 1816–1838. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, October 18, 1917. Retrieved June 20, 2010.  ^ Bell, John W., Memoirs of Governor William Smith of Virginia: His Political, Military and Personal History. (New York: Moss Engraving, 1891), 14. ^ http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/lva/vi00878.xml.frame A Guide to the Governor James Barbour
James Barbour
Executive Papers, 1812–1814] at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/ The Library of Virginia

Further reading[edit]

Lowery, Charles; James Barbour, a Jeffersonian Republican; 1984, University of Alabama Press; (2004 paperback: ISBN 0-8173-5076-4) Long, William Stapleton; "James Barbour" available at Internet Archive[1] Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. ISBN 0837932017 OCLC 657162692

External links[edit]

biographic sketch at U.S. Congress website Barboursville Community page Barbour, James. "[Letter] 1825 Dec. 24, Department of War to [the] Georgia delegation / James Barbour, Sec[retar]y of War". Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 21 February 2018. 

Political offices

Preceded by Peyton Randolph Acting Governor Governor of Virginia January 3, 1812 – December 1, 1814 Succeeded by Wilson C. Nicholas

Preceded by John Gaillard President pro tempore of the United States Senate February 15, 1819 – December 26, 1819 Succeeded by John Gaillard

Preceded by John C. Calhoun U.S. Secretary of War Served under: John Quincy Adams March 7, 1825 – May 23, 1828 Succeeded by Peter B. Porter

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Richard Brent U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Virginia January 2, 1815 – March 7, 1825 Served alongside: William B. Giles, Armistead T. Mason, John W. Eppes, James Pleasants, John Taylor, Littleton W. Tazewell Succeeded by John Randolph

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Albert Gallatin Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain 1828–1829 Succeeded by Louis McLane

v t e

Governors of Virginia

Colony of Virginia

Wingfield Ratcliffe Scrivener Smith Percy Gates De La Warr Dale Yeardley Argall Wyatt West Pott Harvey West Berkeley Bennett Digges Mathews Colepeper Howard of Effingham Andros Nicholson Nott Jenings Hunter Orkney (absentee) Spotswood Drysdale "King" Carter Gooch Albemarle (absentee) Gooch Lee Burwell (acting) Dinwiddie Loudoun Fauquier Amherst (absentee) Fauquier Botetourt W. Nelson Dunmore

Commonwealth of Virginia

Henry Jefferson Fleming T. Nelson B. Harrison Henry E. Randolph B. Randolph H. Lee Brooke Wood Monroe Page Cabell Tyler Sr. G. Smith Monroe G. Smith P. Randolph Barbour Nicholas Preston T. Randolph Pleasants Tyler Jr. Giles J. Floyd Tazewell Robertson Campbell Gilmer Patton Rutherfoord Gregory McDowell W. "EB" Smith J. B. Floyd Johnson Wise Letcher W. "EB" Smith Pierpont Wells Walker Kemper Holliday Cameron F. Lee McKinney O'Ferrall J. H. Tyler Montague Swanson Mann Stuart Davis Trinkle Byrd Pollard Peery Price Darden Tuck Battle Stanley Almond A. Harrison Godwin Holton Godwin Dalton Robb Baliles Wilder Allen Gilmore Warner Kaine McDonnell McAuliffe Northam

v t e

United States Senators from Virginia

Class 1

Grayson Walker Monroe S. Mason Taylor Venable Giles Moore Brent J. Barbour Randolph Tyler Rives Pennybacker J. Mason Willey Bowden Lewis Withers Mahone Daniel Swanson Byrd Sr. Byrd Jr. Trible Robb Allen Webb Kaine

Class 2

Lee Taylor H. Tazewell Nicholas Moore Giles A. Mason Eppes Pleasants Taylor L. Tazewell Rives Leigh Parker Roane Archer Hunter Carlile Johnston Riddleberger J. S. Barbour Hunton Martin Glass Burch Robertson Spong Scott J. Warner M. Warner

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Foreign Relations

Barbour Macon Brown Barbour R. King Barbour Macon Sanford Macon Tazewell Forsyth Wilkins Clay Buchanan Rives Archer Allen Sevier Hannegan Benton W. King Foote Mason Sumner Cameron Hamlin Eaton Burnside Edmunds Windom Miller Sherman Morgan Sherman Frye Davis Cullom Bacon Stone Hitchcock Lodge Borah Pittman George Connally Vandenberg Connally Wiley George Green Fulbright Sparkman Church Percy Lugar Pell Helms Biden Helms Biden Lugar Biden Kerry Menendez Corker

v t e

Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate

Langdon Lee Langdon Izard H Tazewell Livermore Bingham Bradford Read Sedgwick Laurance Ross Livermore Tracy Howard Hillhouse Baldwin Bradley Brown Franklin Anderson Smith Bradley Milledge Gregg Gaillard Pope Crawford Varnum Gaillard Barbour Gaillard Macon Smith L Tazewell White Poindexter Tyler W R King Southard Mangum Sevier Atchison W R King Atchison Cass Bright Stuart Bright Mason Rusk Fitzpatrick Bright Fitzpatrick Foot Clark Foster Wade Anthony Carpenter Anthony Ferry Thurman Bayard Davis Edmunds Sherman Ingalls Manderson Harris Ransom Harris Frye Bacon/Curtis/Gallinger/Brandegee/Lodge Clarke Saulsbury Cummins Moses Pittman W H King Harrison Glass McKellar Vandenberg McKellar Bridges George Hayden Russell Ellender Eastland Magnuson Young Magnuson Thurmond Stennis Byrd Thurmond Byrd Thurmond Byrd Stevens Byrd Inouye Leahy Hatch

v t e

United States Secretaries of War and the Army

Department of War (1789–1947)

Secretaries of War

B. Lincoln Knox Pickering McHenry Dexter Dearborn Eustis Armstrong Monroe W. Crawford Calhoun Barbour P. Porter Eaton Cass Poinsett Bell Spencer J. Porter Wilkins Marcy G. Crawford Conrad J. Davis Floyd Holt S. Cameron Stanton Schofield Rawlins Belknap A. Taft J. Cameron McCrary Ramsey R. Lincoln Endicott Proctor Elkins Lamont Alger Root W. Taft Wright Dickinson Stimson Garrison Baker Weeks D. Davis Good Hurley Dern Woodring Stimson Patterson Royall

Assistant Secretaries of War

Scott Watson Tucker Wolcott Dana Eckert Grant Doe Meiklejohn Sanger Oliver Breckinridge Ingraham Crowell Williams Wainwright D. Davis MacNider Robbins Hurley Payne Woodring L. Johnson Patterson McCloy Petersen

Under Secretaries of War

Patterson Royall Draper

Department of the Army (1947–present)

Secretaries of the Army

Royall Gray Pace Stevens Brucker Stahr Vance Ailes Resor Froehlke Callaway Hoffmann C. Alexander Marsh Stone West Caldera White Harvey Geren McHugh Fanning Esper

Under Secretaries of the Army

Draper Gray Voorhees A. Alexander Bendetsen E. Johnson Slezak Finucane Milton Ailes Ignatius Resor McGiffert Beal BeLieu Staudt Augustine LaBerge Ambrose Stone Shannon Reeder Walker Rostker Dahlberg Brownlee Geren Ford Westphal Carson Murphy McCarthy

v t e

Ambassadors of the United States of America to the Court of St. James's

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1785–1811

John Adams
John Adams
(1785–1788) Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Pinckney
(1792–1796) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1796–1803) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1803–1807) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1808–1811) Jonathan Russell
Jonathan Russell
(chargé d'affaires) (1811–1812)

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1815–1893

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1815–1817) Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1818–1825) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1825–1826) Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1826–1827) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1829) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1829–1831) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1831–1832) Aaron Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1832–1836) Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(1836–1841) Edward Everett
Edward Everett
(1841–1845) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1845–1846) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1846–1849) Abbott Lawrence
Abbott Lawrence
(1849–1852) Joseph R. Ingersoll (1852–1853) James Buchanan
James Buchanan
(1853–1856) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1856–1861) Charles Adams Sr. (1861–1868) Reverdy Johnson
Reverdy Johnson
(1868–1869) John Lothrop Motley
John Lothrop Motley
(1869–1870) Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck
(1871–1876) Edwards Pierrepont
Edwards Pierrepont
(1876–1877) John Welsh (1877–1879) James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell
(1880–1885) Edward J. Phelps (1885–1889) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(1889–1893)

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1893–present

Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. (1893–1897) John Hay
John Hay
(1897–1898) Joseph Choate (1899–1905) Whitelaw Reid
Whitelaw Reid
(1905–1912) Walter Page (1913-1918) John W. Davis
John W. Davis
(1918–1921) George Harvey (1921–1923) Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg
(1924–1925) Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
(1925–1929) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1929–1931) Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon
(1932–1933) Robert Bingham (1933–1937) Joseph P. Kennedy (1938–1940) John G. Winant (1941–1946) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946) Lewis W. Douglas (1947–1950) Walter S. Gifford (1950–1953) Winthrop W. Aldrich
Winthrop W. Aldrich
(1953–1957) John Hay
John Hay
Whitney (1957–1961) David K. E. Bruce (1961–1969) Walter H. Annenberg (1969–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1975–1976) Anne Armstrong (1976–1977) Kingman Brewster Jr. (1977–1981) John J. Louis Jr. (1981–1983) Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
(1983–1989) Henry E. Catto Jr. (1989–1991) Raymond G. H. Seitz (1991–1994) William J. Crowe
William J. Crowe
(1994–1997) Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1997–2001) William Stamps Farish III
William Stamps Farish III
(2001–2004) Robert H. Tuttle
Robert H. Tuttle
(2005–2009) Louis Susman
Louis Susman
(2009–2013) Matthew Barzun
Matthew Barzun
(2013–2017) Woody Johnson
Woody Johnson
(2017– )

v t e

Cabinet of President John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1825–29)

Secretary of State

Henry Clay
Henry Clay
(1825–29)

Secretary of the Treasury

Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1825–29)

Secretary of War

James Barbour
James Barbour
(1825–28) Peter B. Porter (1828–29)

Attorney General

William Wirt (1825–29)

Postmaster General

John McLean
John McLean
(1825–29)

Secretary of the Navy

Samuel L. Southard
Samuel L. Southard
(1825–29)

v t e

Speakers of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates

Pendleton Wythe B. Harrison Lee Tyler B. Harrison Prentis Mathews Wise Smith E. Harrison Holmes Johnston Nelson Barbour Stevenson Stanard Banks Gilmer Southall Holleman Southall Goode Jones Strother H. Hopkins G. Hopkins Crutchfield Kemper Sheffey Baldwin Turner Hanger Allen Lacy Fowler Stuart R. Cardwell Ryan Saunders Ryan W. Cardwell Byrd Cox Houston Brewer Ozlin Brown Dovell Stanley Massenburg Moore Cooke Philpott Moss Wilkins Howell Cox

v t e

The Barbour family

First generation

James Barbour
James Barbour
I

Second generation

James Barbour
James Barbour
II

Third generation

James Barbour
James Barbour
III Thomas Barbour

Fourth generation

Mordecai Barbour James Barbour
James Barbour
(1775–1842) Philip Pendleton Barbour

Fifth generation

John Strode Barbour (1790–1855) Sextus Barbour

Sixth generation

John Strode Barbour Jr. (1820–1892) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1895) Alfred Madison Barbour

Seventh generation

John Strode Barbour (1866–1952)

Barbour family residences Barbour House Barboursville Beauregard Catalpa Clover Hill Frascati

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62691551 LCCN: n83044753 ISNI: 0000 0000 2347 6694 GND: 131820125 BNF: cb119924698 (data) US Congress: B000127 SNAC: w6862ndc

^ https://archive.org/stream/jamesbarbour02long/jamesbarbour02l

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