HOME
The Info List - Jalal Talabani


--- Advertisement ---



Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
(Kurdish: جەلال تاڵەبانی Celal Tallebanî, Arabic: جلال طالباني‎ Jalāl Ṭālabānī; 1933 – 3 October 2017)[2][3] was an Iraqi Kurdish politician who served as President of Iraq
President of Iraq
from 2006 to 2014, as well as the President of the Governing Council of Iraq. He was the first non-Arab president of Iraq, although Abdul Karim Qasim was of partial Kurdish heritage.[4] He is known as Mam Jalal (uncle Jalal) among Iraqi Kurds
Kurds
and Arabs.[5] Talabani was the founder and secretary general of one of the main Kurdish political parties, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
(PUK). He was a prominent member of the Interim Iraq
Iraq
Governing Council, which was established following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
in the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Talabani was an advocate for Kurdish rights and democracy in Iraq
Iraq
for more than 50 years. Apart from his native Kurdish, Talabani was fluent in Arabic, Persian, and English.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Rights for Kurds 2.2 Presidency

3 Personal life 4 Health and death 5 References 6 External links

Early life and education[edit] Talabani was born in Kelkan village, the son of Hussamuddin, a Sunni shaykh[5] of the Koy Sanjaq branch of the Talabani family. The Talabani lineage has produced many leading social figures including the poet Riza Talabani, his grandfather, Abd al-Karim Qasim
Abd al-Karim Qasim
prime minister (1959–1963) and former National Democratic Party's member Hasan Talabani and Mukarram Talabani, a prominent member of the Communist party.[6] Talabani received his elementary and intermediate school education in Koya (Koysanjak) and his high school education in Erbil
Erbil
and Kirkuk.[7] When he was in his teens, Talabani's peers began referring to him as "Mam" Jalal, as 'mam' meaning "paternal uncle" in Kurdish, and the Kurds
Kurds
have called him by this affectionate name ever since.[8] In 1957, during the final year of his studies for a degree in law at Baghdad
Baghdad
University, he was expelled because of his political activities.[9] Career[edit] Rights for Kurds[edit] When in September 1961, the Kurdish uprising for the rights of the Kurds
Kurds
in northern Iraq
Iraq
was declared against the Baghdad
Baghdad
government of Abdul Karim Qassem, Talabani took charge of the Kirkuk
Kirkuk
and Silemani battle fronts and organized and led separatist movements in Mawat, Rezan and the Karadagh regions.[10] In March 1962, he led a coordinated offensive that brought about the liberation of the district of Sharbazher from Iraqi government forces.[11] When not engaged in fighting in the early and mid-1960s, Talabani undertook numerous diplomatic missions, representing the Kurdish leadership at meetings in Europe and the Middle East.[10] The Kurdish separatist movement collapsed in March 1975, after Iran ended their support in exchange for a border agreement with Iraq.[12] This agreement was the 1975 Algiers Agreement, where Iraq
Iraq
gave up claims to the Shatt al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
(Arvand Rūd) waterway and Khuzestan, which later became the basis for the Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War.[10] Believing it was time to give a new direction to the Kurdish separatists and to the Kurdish society, Talabani, with a group of Kurdish intellectuals and activists, founded the Kurdish Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
(Yekiaiti Nishtimani Kurdistan).[7] In 1976, he began organizing an armed campaign for Kurdish independence inside Iraqi Kurdistan.[13] During the 1980s, Talabani sided with Iran
Iran
and led a Kurdish struggle from bases inside Iraq until the crackdown against Kurdish separatists from 1987 to 1988.[13] In 1991, he helped inspire a renewed effort for Kurdish independence.[7] He negotiated a ceasefire with the Iraqi Ba'athist government that saved the lives of many Kurds
Kurds
and worked closely with the United States, United Kingdom, France and other countries to set up the safe haven in Iraqi Kurdistan.[14] In 1992 the Kurdistan Regional Government was founded.[15] Talabani pursued a negotiated settlement to the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War, as well as the larger issue of Kurdish rights in the current regional context.[14] He worked closely with other Kurdish politicians as well as the rest of the Iraqi opposition factions.[15] In close coordination with Masoud Barzani, Talabani and the Kurds
Kurds
played a key role as a partner of the U.S. led Coalition in the invasion of Iraq.[14] Talabani was a member of the Iraqi Governing Council
Iraqi Governing Council
which negotiated the Transitional Administrative Law (TAL), Iraq's interim constitution.[11] The TAL governed all politics in Iraq
Iraq
and the process of writing and adopting the final constitution.[13] Presidency[edit]

Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
with U.S. President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
during a visit to Camp Victory, Iraq, 7 April 2009.

Talabani between U.S. Vice President Joe Biden
Joe Biden
and Prime Minister Nuri Al-Maliki, 2011

Talabani was elected President of Iraq
President of Iraq
on April 6, 2005, by the Iraqi National Assembly and sworn into office the following day.[16] On 22 April 2006, Talabani began his second term as President of Iraq, becoming the first President elected under the country's new constitution.[11] His office was part of the Presidency Council of Iraq.[7] Nawshirwan Mustafa
Nawshirwan Mustafa
was Talabani's deputy until Mustafa resigned in 2006 and formed an opposition party called Gorran.[11] He supported Barzani’s extended presidency of the Kurdistan Region post-2013.[5] Personal life[edit] Talabani was married to Hero Ibrahim Ahmed, daughter of Ibrahim Ahmed, a lieutenant of Mullah Mustafa.[17] He has two sons, Bafel and Qubad. Qubad is the deputy Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government in Erbil.[7] Health and death[edit] On 18 December 2012, Talabani suffered a stroke and was in intensive care in Baghdad, where his condition eventually stabilized after reports that he was in a coma.[18] A statement on the President's official website said that he was being treated for blocked arteries.[19][20] On 20 December, Talabani's condition had improved enough to allow travel to Germany
Germany
for treatment.[21][22] The head of Talabani's medical team in Iraq
Iraq
has been Governor Najmiddin Karim.[23][24] On 19 July 2014, Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
returned to Iraq
Iraq
after more than 18 months of medical treatment.[25] Due to his absence from politics, as a result of his illness, the PUK became consumed by a succession crisis.[5] Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
died on 3 October 2017, at the age of 83, in Berlin, Germany, of a cerebral hemorrhage as complications of the stroke he suffered in 2012.[26][7] Masoud Barzani, President of Kurdistan Regional Government and for years his Kurdish rival,[5] announced seven days of mourning in Iraqi Kurdistan
Iraqi Kurdistan
in memory of Talabani.[27] Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
Haider al-Abadi
also announced three days of mourning in the country.[28] His state funeral was held on 6 October 2017.[29][30] References[edit]

^ "Index Ta-Ti". www.rulers.org.  ^ "You are being redirected..." www.nrttv.com.  ^ McDonald, Mark (3 October 2017). "Jalal Talabani, Kurdish Leader and Iraq's First Postwar President, Is Dead at 83" – via www.nytimes.com.  ^ "Iraq's president appoints Shiite as prime minister". chinadaily.com. 2009-04-21. Retrieved 8 April 2005.  ^ a b c d e "Jalal Talabani's mediating skills will be much missed". The Economist. 5 October 2017.  ^ although they were not closely related with Jalal Talabani, cf. Martin van Bruinessen, ‘The Qâdiriyya and the lineages of Qâdirî shaykhs among the Kurds’, in: Thierry Zarcone, Ekrem Işın an Arthur Buehler (eds), The Qadiriyya Order, Journal of the History of Sufism (special issue) 1–2 (2000), pp. 131–149 ^ a b c d e f "Jalal Talabani, Kurdish Leader and Iraq's First Postwar President, Is Dead at 83". The New York Times. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ "Veteran Iraqi Leader Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
Dies". BBC News. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ "An Iranian Kurd is a president of Iraq". Nndb.com. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2017.  ^ a b c "Iraq's first non-Arab president, Jalal Talabani, has died". CNN. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ a b c d "As Kurdish Leader And Iraqi President, Jalal Talabani Brought People Together". NPR. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ "Iraq's 1st post-Saddam president, Jalal Talabani, Dies at 83". CBS News. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ a b c "Iraq's former President Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
Dies at 83". Financial Times. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ a b c "The Kurds: A Divided Future?". Joost Hiltermann. The New York Review of Books. 2016-05-19. Retrieved 25 May 2016.  ^ a b "Iraq's unifying President, Jalal Talabani, Dies at 83". The Washington Post. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ Turner, B. (7 February 2017). The Statesman's Yearbook 2006: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. Springer. p. 911. ISBN 9780230271340. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ "Iraqi first lady survives bombing". BBC News. 2008-05-04. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ "Iraqi President Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
'in coma after stroke'". BBC News. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Adam Schreck and Qassim Abdul-Zahra (18 December 2012). "Jalal Talabani, Iraq
Iraq
President, Suffers Stroke". AP via Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ " Iraq
Iraq
President Talabani stable after stroke". Al Jazeera English. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ "Iraq's Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
arrives in Germany
Germany
for treatment". BBC News. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Reuters (20 December 2012). "Iraq's President Talabani leaves for treatment in Germany
Germany
after stroke". NBC News. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Anatolia News Agency (17 May 2013). " Iraq
Iraq
Presidential Office publishes pictures showing ailing Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
recovering from stroke". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ Alas, it may make little difference: The incumbent prime minister holds on like grim death, economist.com. ^ Zanko Ahmad (24 July 2014). "Mourning The Magic Man — Ex-President Talabani Returns To Iraq
Iraq
Diminished". Niqash.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ George, Susannah (3 October 2017). "Kurdish officials: Iraqi ex-President Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ "Barzani announces 7 days mourning over passing away of Mam Jalal". 4 October 2017.  ^ "Abadi Announces Three Days of Mourning in Iraq
Iraq
after Talabani's Demise". 4 October 2017.  ^ " Jalal Talabani
Jalal Talabani
laid to rest in Sulaimaniyah funeral". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.  ^ "Thousands attend Talabani funeral in Iraq". 6 October 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2018 – via www.bbc.com. 

External links[edit]

Iraq
Iraq
portal Biography portal Politics portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jalal Talabani.

Wikinews has related news: Iraq's President supports U.S. Senate plan to decentralize Iraq

Kurdistan Regional Government Appearances on C-SPAN

Party political offices

New office Leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 1975–2017 Succeeded by Kosrat Rasul Ali Acting

Political offices

Preceded by Ayad Allawi President of the Governing Council of Iraq 2003 Succeeded by Abdul Aziz al-Hakim

Preceded by Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer Acting President of Iraq 2006–2014 Succeeded by Fuad Masum

v t e

Prime Ministers of Iraq
Iraq
(List)

British Mandate of Mesopotamia
British Mandate of Mesopotamia
(1920–1932)

al Gillani as-Sa'dun† al-Askari† al-Hashimi† Tawfiq al-Suwaydi Naji al-Suwaydi as-Said†

Kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
(1932–1958)

Shawkat al-Gaylani al-Midfai† al-Aiyubi† al-Hashimi† Sulayman as-Said† H. Pachachi Tawfiq al-Suwaydi Arshad al-Umari Jabr as-Sadr Muzahim al-Pachachi Mustafa al-Umari Mahmud† al-Jamali Arshad al-Umari Mirjan Baban

Republic of Iraq
Iraq
(1958–2003)

Qasim† al-Bakr† Yahya† ar-Razzaq† al-Bazzaz† Talib Arif† Yahya† an-Naif† al-Bakr Hussein Hammadi Zubeidi as-Samarrai Hussein

Iraqi Governing Council
Iraqi Governing Council
(2003–2004)

al-Ulloum* al-Jaafari Chalabi Allawi Talabani al-Hakim A. Pachachi Hamid al-Ulloum Barzani Salim al-Yawer

Republic of Iraq
Iraq
(since 2004)

Allawi* al-Jaafari al-Maliki al-Abadi

* interim † military

v t e

Presidents of Iraq
Iraq
(List)

Republic of Iraq
Iraq
(1958–2003)

ar-Ruba'i† Abdul Salam Arif† al-Bazzaz†* Abdul Rahman Arif† al-Bakr Hussein

  

Coalition Provisional Authority
Coalition Provisional Authority
(2003–2004)

Garner Bremer

Republic of Iraq
Iraq
(since 2004)

al-Yawer* Talabani Masum

 

* interim      † military

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84234655 LCCN: n88657194 ISNI: 0000 0001 0655 2656 GND: 142894168 SELIBR: 405489

.