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Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 11
Jagdstaffel 11
("No 11 Fighter Squadron"; commonly abbreviated to Jasta
Jasta
11) was founded on 28 September 1916 from elements of 4 Armee's Kampfeinsitzerkommandos (or KEKs) 1, 2 and 3 and mobilized on 11 October as part of the German Air Service's expansion program, forming permanent specialised fighter squadrons, or "Jastas". It became the most successful fighter squadron in the Luftstreitkräfte.

Contents

1 Founding 2 Members 3 Incorporation into JG I 4 References 5 Notes 6 External links

Founding[edit] Jasta
Jasta
11's first commander was First Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
(Oberleutnant) Rudolf Lang, from its mobilization at Brayelles, until 14 January 1917. Jasta 11's first months of operations were very undistinguished.[1] It was not until the appointment of 24-year-old Cavalry Captain (Rittmeister) Manfred von Richthofen
Manfred von Richthofen
on 16 January 1917 as Commanding Officer that the unit commenced its path to fame and immortality. Von Richthofen, later known as the Red Baron
Red Baron
(due to the practice of painting his aircraft red for easy identification during combat) was already an able tactical pilot and ace following several months of service in Jasta
Jasta
2 and became a highly effective unit commander who led his pilots by example. He already had 16 victories[2] and was awarded the Pour le Merite
Pour le Merite
just before he assumed his command.[3] The unit was first based at Douai-Brayelles and then Roucourt for operations over the 6 Armee on the Arras
Arras
front, the Jasta
Jasta
were equipped with various models of the excellent Albatros D.III sesquiplane fighter. Between 22 January 1917 and the end of March the Jasta
Jasta
claimed some 36 victories. The beginning of the Battle of Arras in early April meant a higher number of targets, with Jasta
Jasta
11 logging 89 claims for aircraft destroyed in April (from a total of 298 made by all German fighter units for the month.) This decimation of the Royal Flying Corps became termed 'Bloody April'. The Jasta's performance is all the more extraordinary as the unit usually flew in small flights of six or fewer. Significant 'scorers' in the unit that April were Manfred von Richthofen
Manfred von Richthofen
(21 claims), Lt. Kurt Wolff (22), Lt. Karl Schäfer (15), Manfred's brother Lothar (15) and NCO pilot Sebastian Festner (10).[4] Members[edit]

Cavalry Captain (Rittmeister) Manfred von Richthofen First Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
(Oberleutnant) Rudolf Lang Lt. Kurt Wolff Lt. Karl Schäfer Lothar von Richthofen Wilhelm Reinhard Sebastian Festner Erich Rüdiger von Wedel Hans Wolff Werner Voss Willi Gabriel Werner Steinhäuser Anton Baierlein Karl Allmenröder Eberhard Mohnicke Wolfram von Richthofen Wilhelm Gisbert Groos Erich Just George Schiller Friedrich T. Noltenius Alfred Niederhoff Erich Rüdiger von Wedel Hans-Georg von der Osten Edgar Scholtz Hans Weiss Siegfried Gussmann Otto Brauneck Hermann Göring Carl-August von Schoenebeck Ernst Udet Carlos Meyer Baldo[5] Richard Wenzl[6]

Incorporation into JG I[edit] On 26 July 1917, Jasta
Jasta
11 became part of Jagdgeschwader 1 - a collection of four Jastas into one administrative and highly mobile tactical force. Richthofen was promoted to command JG I, which was the second fighter wing in the history of military aviation.[citation needed] It was dubbed 'Richthofen's Flying Circus' because it mimicked a circus's logistics by using dedicated railway trains to transport it to forward airfields, and because of its vividly painted aircraft. In September 1917, Jasta
Jasta
11 would be equipped with Fokker Dr.I triplanes. It would operate these until April–May 1918, when it received the Fokker D.VIIs it would use until war's end. Manfred von Richthofen
Manfred von Richthofen
remained Jasta
Jasta
commander until 26 June 1917, when his deputy, Leutnant Karl Allmenroeder
Karl Allmenroeder
took over. Following the latter's death the next day, former Jasta
Jasta
11 pilot Leutnant Kurt Wolff took over after his transfer back from Jasta
Jasta
29. After Wolff was wounded in September, Oberlt. Wilhelm Reinhard took charge until Wolff returned. Soon after Wolff was killed in action on 15 September, thereafter Lothar took command. Jasta
Jasta
11 would then have a bewildering succession of other temporary commanding officers, especially when Lothar was frequently away from the front recovering from wounds. Oberleutnant Erich Rüdiger von Wedel was the last Staffelführer, from September 1918 until the end of the war. The Jasta
Jasta
was demobilised at Darmstadt
Darmstadt
on 16 November 1918. Jasta
Jasta
11 eventually became the highest scoring German Jasta
Jasta
of World War I, with 350 claims. The first was scored on 23 January 1917, the 100th on 23 April, the 200th on 17 August, the 250th on 2 April 1918, and the 300th on 28 June 1918. It numbered no fewer than twenty aces among its ranks, and "graduated" pilots to command numerous other Jastas in the German Air force. In return it suffered 17 pilots killed, 2 POW, and 2 killed in flying accidents. Its loss rate was thus less than one-tenth of its opponents, although it also suffered 19 wounded in action. References[edit]

Kilduff, Peter (1997). The Red Baron
Red Baron
Combat Wing: Jagdgeschwader Richthofen in Battle. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1854092669. OCLC 38423201.  Richthofen's Circus': Jagdgeschwader Nr 1. Greg VanWyngarden, Harry Dempsey. Osprey Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-84176-726-3, ISBN 978-1-84176-726-0.

Notes[edit]

^ Kilduff, Peter (1997). The Red Baron
Red Baron
Combat Wing: Jagdgeschwader Richthofen in Battle. Arms and Armour. p. 60. ISBN 1854092669. OCLC 38423201.  ^ "Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen". The Aerodrome.  ^ "Air Service Awards During World War I". Orden Pour le Mérite.  ^ Franks, Norman L. R; Bailey, Frank W; Guest, Russell (1994). Above the lines: the aces and fighter units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914-1918. Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1. [page needed] ^ http://earlyaviators.com/ebaldo.htm ^ " Jasta
Jasta
11". The Aerodrome. 

External links[edit]

Jasta
Jasta
11 at The Aerodrome

v t e

Jastas of the Imperial German Army Air Service

Prussian

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Bavarian

16 23 32 34 35 76 77 78 79 80

Saxon

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Württembergian

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