Jackson family is an American family of singers which originated
in Gary, Indiana. Performing as members of
The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 and as solo
artists, the children of Joseph Walter and Katherine Esther Jackson
were very successful in the field of popular music from the late 1960s
onwards. As a group, the eldest sons Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon,
Michael, and later with the inclusion of Randy made the family's
reputation, facilitating the subsequent success of siblings Rebbie, La
Toya, and Janet.
The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 became known as the "First Family of
Soul" (a title first held by the Five Stairsteps). The
continued success of Michael and Janet's careers as solo artists led
the Jacksons to become known as the "Royal Family of Pop". All nine
of the Jackson siblings have gold records to their credits with La
Toya holding the distinction of being the first Jackson sister to
attain one (awarded by France's SNEP for "Reggae Night", a song she
co-wrote for Jimmy Cliff).
In recent years, certain members of the family have been honored for
their work; in 1997
The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 was inducted to the Rock and Roll
Hall of Fame. Michael would follow the group to the hall in 2001.
The Jacksons, Michael and Janet all received stars on the Hollywood
Walk of Fame in 1980, 1984 and 1990 respectively. In 2009 a new series
from A&E entitled The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty premiered
documenting the Jackson brothers dealing with the sudden loss of
Michael and preparing for a Jackson 5 Reunion tour.
1 First generation
2 Second generation
3 Third generation
6 Further reading
7 External links
Joe Jackson (manager)
Joe Jackson (manager) and Katherine Jackson
Joseph Walter Jackson was born on July 26, 1928 in
Arkansas but he
grew up in
Oakland, California with his father Samuel Jackson, a
school teacher. At age 18 he moved to
East Chicago, Indiana
East Chicago, Indiana to be with
his mother Crystal Lee King and to pursue his dreams of becoming a
professional boxer. At age 21, Joseph married Katherine Scruse, 19,
immediately starting a family. Even though he wanted to be a success
in boxing it wasn’t a job for a family man, so he obtained a job as
an overhead crane operator with East Chicago's Inland Steel Company.
His family continued to grow steadily and over the course of sixteen
years he and Katherine had a house full of nine children. Joe Jackson
always wanted to make it big and although he couldn’t in boxing or
in his own short musical stint in the 1950s with the band The Falcons,
he saw the talent in his children, starting with Tito and Tito's
ability to play the guitar.
Soon enough Joe Jackson formed a band of his sons Tito, Jermaine, and
The Jackson Brothers
The Jackson Brothers in 1964 and became their manager.
After several years of doing local talent shows, Joseph enlarged the
band to include Marlon and Michael, two of his younger sons, and then
changed the name of the band to
The Jackson Five
The Jackson Five by 1966, remaining
the group's manager. As their father he was a very strict
disciplinarian and had an abusive nature and as their
manager he enforced long practice sessions of singing and dancing in
hopes of preparing them to make it big one day. In August 1967, the
group made a debut at the
Apollo Theater in
Harlem, New York
Harlem, New York where
they won the Amateur Night contest. Gordon Keith, the owner and
Steeltown Records in Gary, Indiana, discovered the Jackson
Five and signed them to their first contract in November 1967. “Big
Boy”, the boys' first record which was produced by Keith, was
released on January 30, 1968. It became a local hit. In March 1969,
they signed a Motown record contract and became known as the Jackson
5. The group enjoyed the fame Joseph Jackson had been longing for in
his life. He continued to manage
The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 into stardom and after
the band they had many No. 1 hits on the Billboard hot singles charts;
Joseph moved them to a mansion in
Encino, California with his own
hefty salary he had obtained as their full-time manager. After many
years as a band and with Michael as lead singer, the group continued
to churn out even more hits and wealth, but tensions grew and in 1979,
Michael severed ties with his father/manager and went on to pursue a
solo musical entertainment career. Four years later, in 1983,
Michael's siblings fired Joseph Jackson as their manager. In 1993,
Michael Jackson accused his father of physical and mental abuse; a few
of the other siblings confirmed this claim, but others denied it.
Katherine Jackson (née Kattie B. Scruse) was born on May 4, 1930 in
Barbour County, Alabama, the child of Prince Albert Scruse
(1907–1997) and Martha Mattie Upshaw (1907–1990). She was left
with a permanent limp after acquiring polio syndrome in her childhood.
She later recovered from her illness after moving with her family to
East Chicago, Indiana, where she would remain until meeting her
husband Joseph Jackson. The couple moved and bought a small home in
Gary, Indiana, where they birthed and raised nine children and she was
a stay-at-home mother. Throughout her life, Katherine remained a
Jehovah's Witness and raised her children strictly under the
same spiritual teachings she received. Also, as a talented pianist and
vocalist who shared her talents with her children, she was later
credited for being the foundation of her children's success. After her
sons' rise to fame as The Jackson 5, she strongly supported her
children and became the costume designer for their shows and
performances. Some of the memorable moments of her unconditional
support were seen when her son Michael was tried for molestation
charges in 1993 and 2005. Katherine now lives in Calabasas, California
where she cares for the children of her late son, Michael. After
allegations that she may have been held against her will by Randy and
Janet Jackson, Katherine lost custody of Michael's children,
ultimately regaining it in 2012.
Together, Joseph and
Katherine Jackson had ten children. Their son
Brandon (Marlon's twin) died at birth. The other nine grew up to
become professional musicians.
Maureen Reillette "Rebbie" Jackson (born May 29, 1950)
Sigmund Esco "Jackie" Jackson (born May 4, 1951)
Toriano Adaryll "Tito" Jackson (born October 15, 1953)
Jermaine La Jaune Jackson (born December 11, 1954)
LaToya Yvonne Jackson (born May 29, 1956)
Marlon David Jackson (born March 12, 1957)
Brandon Jackson (born and died March 12, 1957)
Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958 – died June 25, 2009)
Steven Randall "Randy" Jackson (born October 18, 1961)
Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966)
There are 26 children that make up the third generation of the Jackson
family along with several great-grandchildren. Among them, some have
followed in the family's footsteps into the entertainment industry.
The three children of
Michael Jackson are probably the most well-known
of the third generation. Michael Joseph Jackson Jr. (b. February 13,
1997), also known as "Prince", Paris Jackson (b. April 3, 1998), and
Michael Jackson II also known as "Blanket" now called "Bigi"
(b. February 21, 2002), have been discussed in the press numerous
times throughout their lives, particularly since their father's death
Rebbie, Tito, Jackie, Jermaine and
Janet Jackson have also had
children, who have come under varying degrees of media focus. Austin
Brown (b. 1985), the only son of Rebbie Jackson, is a singer and
songwriter who has released several successful singles in the
pop/R&B genre. Tito Jackson's three sons, Toriano Adaryll "Taj"
Jackson, Jr. (b. 1973),
Taryll Adren Jackson
Taryll Adren Jackson (b. 1975), and Tito Joe
"TJ" Jackson (b.1978) make up the R&B/pop music group 3T. 3T has
released three studio albums and has gone on to have moderate success
in the industry, primarily outside of the United States. Sigmund
"Siggy" Jackson Jr. (b. 1977), the eldest son to Jackie Jackson, is a
hip-hop artist who goes under the name "Dealz". Siggy has been a
ghostwriter for a number of independent artists and has obtained mild
success as a solo artist. Jermaine La Jaune "Jay" Jackson Jr. (b.
1977), the eldest son to Jermaine Jackson, portrayed his father in the
1992 miniseries, The Jacksons: An American Dream, a biopic about the
Jackson family. On January 3, 2017, at the age of 50, Janet gave birth
to Eissa Al Mana, the newest member to the Jackson Family.
Jackson family tree
Prince Albert Scruse (1907–1997)
Martha Bridges (1907–1990)
Samuel Jackson (1893–1993)
Crystal Lee King (1907–1992)
Hattie Mae Whitehead
Jackson (née Kattie B. Scruse)
Joseph Walter Jackson (b. 1928)
Joh'Vonnie Jackson (b. 1974)
Maureen Reillette "Rebbie" Jackson (b. 1950)
Delores "Dee Dee" Martes
Toriano Adaryll "Tito" Jackson, Sr. (b. 1953)
La Toya Yvonne Jackson (b. 1956)
Deborah Jeanne "Debbie" Rowe (b. 1958)
Michael Joseph Jackson, Sr. (1958–2009)
Janet Damita Jo Jackson (b. 1966)
Wissam Al Mana
Nathaniel Austin Brown
Prince Michael Joseph Jackson, Jr.
Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson
Prince Michael "Blanket" Jackson II
Eissa Al Mana
London Blue Salas
Toriano Adaryll "Taj" Jackson, Jr.
Taryll Adren Jackson
Tito Joe "TJ" Jackson
Brandon Jackson (b. 1957; d. 1957)
Marlon David Jackson, Sr.
Carol Ann Parker
Sigmund Esco "Jackie" Jackson, Sr.
Brittany Shauntee Jackson
Marlon David Jackson, Jr.
Sigmund Esco "Siggy" Jackson, Jr.
Jermaine La Jaune Jackson, Sr.
Alejandra Genevieve Oaziaza
Steven Randall "Randy" Jackson, Sr.
Jermaine La Jaune Jackson, Jr.
Autumn Joy Jackson
Genevieve Katherine Jackson
Steven Randall Jackson, Jr.
^ Moreover, as a unit, they were one of the few black groups to
achieve "teen idol" status among music fans of all races, with hits
such as I Want You Back, ABC, I'll Be There, Dancing Machine, Blame It
on the Boogie, Heartbreak Hotel, and Can You Feel It.Takiff, Johnathan
(1984-08-31). "Victory at Hand". Philadelphia Daily News.
^ a b Pruter, Robert (1992). Chicago Soul. University of Illinois
Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-252-06259-0.
^ When a brother and sister want to spend some time together it rarely
requires a journey to a galaxy far, far away, but if they're reigning
members of the royal family of pop, and the meeting is a music video,
it's got to be out of this world. The siblings in question are Michael
and Janet Jackson, and their first video collaboration, "Scream," is
the space odyssey that earned a record 11 nominations at this year's
MTV Video Music Awards, winning for Best Dance Video, Best
Choreography, and Best Art Direction, the latter a nod to the talents
of production designer Tom Foden. Boepple, Leanne (November 1995).
"Video/production design: Scream". Theatre Crafts International. 29
(9). p. 52. ISSN 1063-9497.
^ "InfoDisc : Les Certifications (Singles) du SNEP (les Disques
d'Or)". Infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on 2014-09-24.
^ George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection
booklet. Sony BMG. pp 51.
^ de Moraes, Lisa (August 26, 2009). "Jackson Series Prolongs
A&E's 'Family' Affair". The Washington Post. Retrieved December
^ a b "Joseph Jackson Biography". Joseph Jackson Biography.
Biography.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
^ a b "
Katherine Jackson Biography".
Katherine Jackson Biography.
Biography.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
^ Krishnamurthy, Sowmya. "
Katherine Jackson Loses Custody Of Michael
Jackson's Children". mtv.com. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
^ Paquette, Danielle. "
Katherine Jackson to split custody of kids with
T.J. Jackson". latimes.com. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
^ a b c d e f g h i Jackson, Katherine; Rich Wiseman (1990). My
Family, the Jacksons. St. Martin's Paperbacks.
^ Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American Women: book II.
VNR AG. p. 323. ISBN 9780810391772.
Giambusso, David (June 25, 2009). "
Michael Jackson memorabilia owner
recalls turbulent past with musical family". The Star-Ledger. New
Media related to
Jackson family at Wikimedia Commons
Joseph Walter Jackson: 1928
Katherine Esther Jackson (neé Scruse): 1930
Maureen Reillette (Rebbie): 1950
Sigmund Esco (Jackie): 1951
Toriano Adaryll (Tito): 1953
Jermaine La Jaune: 1954
La Toya Yvonne: 1956
Marlon David: 1957
Michael Joseph: 1958–2009
Steven Randall (Randy): 1961
Janet Damita Jo: 1966
T. J. Jackson: 1978
Austin Brown: 1985
Paris Jackson: 1998
The Jackson 5/The Jacksons
The Jacksons: An American Dream
The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty
The Jacksons: Next Generation