Józef Potocki (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjuzɛf
pɔˈtɔt͡skʲi]; 1673–1751) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic),
Hetman of the Crown.
Józef was considered as the richest magnate in
Poland at that time.
Kijów Voivodship from 1702 to 1744, Regimentarz
generalny of the Crown Army since 1733, Great Crown
Hetman since 1735,
voivod of Poznań Voivodship since 1743, castellan of
1748 and starost of Halicz, Warsaw, Leżajsk, Kołomyja,
Śniatyn and Bolemów.
In 1703 he suppressed a peasant revolt led by
Semen Paliy in Ukraine.
He was originally a supporter of King August II of
Poland but in 1705
he changed sides and became a supporter of King Stanisław I
Józef was defeated at the battles of Kalisz 1706 and Koniecpol in
1708 and since 1709 after the
Battle of Poltava
Battle of Poltava he lived in exile in
Hungary and Turkey. In 1714 he came back to
Poland and became together
with Teodor Potocki, the leader of the opposition to the "Familia" and
the royal court. As part of this opposition, he contributed to the
breaking-up of 9 sejms and prevented an increase of the army.
In 1733 during the
War of the Polish Succession
War of the Polish Succession he again supported
Stanisław I Leszczyński. He became a regimentarz of the
Confederation of Dzików and guided the Polish confederate army
against Russian and Saxon forces in several battles. On 28 February
1735  he recognized August III as King of Poland, becoming the
Hetman of the Crown, but conspired against him and the royal
court with Turkey, Sweden and Prussia.
In 1719 he was granted the Order of the White Eagle, the highest
decoration in Poland, and in 1742 became a chevalier of the Russian
Orders of St. Andrew and St. Alexander Nevsky.
^ Dunin-Borkowski, Jerzy; Dunin-Wąsowicz, Mieczysław (1910).
Elektorowie królów Władysława IV., Michała Korybuta, Stanisława
Leszczyńskiego i spis stronników Augusta III. Lwów.
^ Konopczyński, Władysław (1936). Dzieje Polski nowożytnej.
^ Kawalerowie i statuty Orderu Orła Białego 1705–2008. 2008.
Great Crown Hetmans of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki
Dymitr Jerzy Wiśniowiecki
Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski
Feliks Kazimierz Potocki
Hieronim Augustyn Lubomirski
Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski
Stanisław Mateusz Rzewuski
Jan Klemens Branicki
Franciszek Ksawery Branicki