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Józef Potocki
Józef Potocki
(Polish pronunciation: [ˈjuzɛf pɔˈtɔt͡skʲi]; 1673–1751) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), magnate, Great Hetman
Hetman
of the Crown. Józef was considered as the richest magnate in Poland
Poland
at that time. He was Voivode
Voivode
of Kijów Voivodship
Kijów Voivodship
from 1702 to 1744, Regimentarz generalny of the Crown Army since 1733, Great Crown Hetman
Hetman
since 1735, voivod of Poznań Voivodship since 1743, castellan of Kraków
Kraków
since 1748 and starost of Halicz, Warsaw, Leżajsk, Kołomyja, Czerwonogród, Śniatyn
Śniatyn
and Bolemów. In 1703 he suppressed a peasant revolt led by Semen Paliy
Semen Paliy
in Ukraine. He was originally a supporter of King August II of Poland
Poland
but in 1705 he changed sides and became a supporter of King Stanisław I Leszczyński. Józef was defeated at the battles of Kalisz 1706 and Koniecpol in 1708 and since 1709 after the Battle of Poltava
Battle of Poltava
he lived in exile in Hungary and Turkey. In 1714 he came back to Poland
Poland
and became together with Teodor Potocki, the leader of the opposition to the "Familia" and the royal court. As part of this opposition, he contributed to the breaking-up of 9 sejms and prevented an increase of the army. In 1733 during the War of the Polish Succession
War of the Polish Succession
he again supported Stanisław I Leszczyński.[1] He became a regimentarz of the Confederation of Dzików and guided the Polish confederate army against Russian and Saxon forces in several battles. On 28 February 1735 [2] he recognized August III as King of Poland, becoming the Grand Hetman
Hetman
of the Crown, but conspired against him and the royal court with Turkey, Sweden and Prussia. In 1719 he was granted the Order of the White Eagle, the highest decoration in Poland, and in 1742 became a chevalier of the Russian Orders of St. Andrew and St. Alexander Nevsky.[3] References[edit]

^ Dunin-Borkowski, Jerzy; Dunin-Wąsowicz, Mieczysław (1910). Elektorowie królów Władysława IV., Michała Korybuta, Stanisława Leszczyńskiego i spis stronników Augusta III. Lwów.  ^ Konopczyński, Władysław (1936). Dzieje Polski nowożytnej.  ^ Kawalerowie i statuty Orderu Orła Białego 1705–2008. 2008. 

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Great Crown Hetmans of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Mikołaj Kamieniecki Mikołaj Firlej Jan Tarnowski Mikołaj Sieniawski Jerzy Jazłowiecki Mikołaj Mielecki Jan Zamoyski Stanisław Żółkiewski Stanisław Koniecpolski Mikołaj Potocki Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki Jan Sobieski Dymitr Jerzy Wiśniowiecki Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski Feliks Kazimierz Potocki Hieronim Augustyn Lubomirski Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski Stanisław Mateusz Rzewuski Józef Potocki Jan Klemens Branicki Wacław Rzewuski Franciszek Ksawery Branicki Piotr Ożarowski

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 164916470 GND

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