ITZHAK KATZENELSON (Hebrew : יצחק קצנלסון, Yiddish :
(יצחק קאַצ(ע)נעלסאָן(זון; also transcribed
Icchak-Lejb Kacenelson, Jizchak Katzenelson; Yitzhok Katznelson) (1
July 1886 – 1 May 1944) was a Jewish teacher, poet and dramatist. He
was born in 1886 in
Minsk , and was murdered May 1,
* 1 Biography
* 2 Published works
* 3 References
* 4 External links
Soon after his birth Katzenelson's family moved to
where he grew up. He worked as a teacher, founding a school, and as a
dramatist in both Yiddish and Hebrew, starting a theatre group which
Lithuania . Following the German invasion of Poland
in 1939 he and his family fled to
Warsaw , where they got trapped in
the Ghetto . There he ran an underground school for Jewish children.
His wife and two of his sons were deported to the Treblinka
extermination camp and murdered there.
Katzenelson participated in the
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising starting on
April 18, 1943. To save his life, friends supplied him and his
surviving son with forged Honduran passports. They managed to leave
the ghetto but later surrendered to the Germans at the
Hotel Polski .
He was deported to a detention camp in
France , where the
Nazis held American and British citizens and nationals of other Allied
and neutral countries, for possible later prisoner exchange.
In Vittel, Katzenelson wrote Dos lid funem oysgehargetn yidishn folk
("Song of the Murdered Jewish People"). He put the manuscript in
bottles and buried them under a tree, from where it was recovered
after the war. A copy was sewn into the handle of a suitcase and later
In late April 1944,
Itzhak Katzenelson and his son Zvi were sent on a
transport to the
Auschwitz concentration camp , where they were
murdered on May 1, 1944.
The Ghetto Fighters\' House
Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage
Israel , is named in his memory. "The Song of the Murdered
Jewish People" has been translated into numerous languages and
published as an individual volume.
Vittel Diary (22.v.43 – 16.9.43),
Israel : Ghetto Fighters\'
House , 1964. Translated from the Hebrew by Dr. Myer Cohen; includes
biographical notes and appendix of terms and place names.
* Le Chant du peuple juif assassiné,
France : Bibliothèque Medem ,
2005. Yiddish-French edition, French translation by Batia Baum,
introduction by Rachel Ertel.
* ^ Gilbert, Martin (2002). The Routledge Atlas of the Holocaust.
Psychology Press . p. 10. ISBN 978-0-415-28145-4 .
* Nine poems by Yitzkhok