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Istat
Logo istat.png
V Balbo - v Depretis - ISTAT P1070315.JPG
Istat headquarters in Rome
Institute overview
Formed1926 (1926)
JurisdictionItalian Government
HeadquartersRome, Italy
Institute executive
Websitewww.istat.it/en/

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.[1] Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, economic and environmental surveys and analyses. Istat is by far the largest producer of statistical information in Italy, and is an active member of the European Statistical System, coordinated by Eurostat.[2]

Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.[3]

History

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (IT ISTAT) was founded, in compliance with the law decree no. 1162 issued on 9 Jul 1926, as Central Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto Centrale di Statistica) in order to replace the General Statistics Division of the Ministry for Agriculture (now known as Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari, forestali e del turismo). The direction of the institution, which was subordinated to the head of State, was given to Corrado Gini.

The ISTAT institute, with a staff of about 170 workers, was supposed to update the figures of the censuses that were formerly carried out by the General Statistics Divistion (that were updated only to 1921), by publishing, as a result, the figures of the 6th general population census. After an acceleration of the duties of the institute in the early 30s, the national statistics operations were rather slowed down by the economical fines that had been caused by the Ethiopian offensive, that virtually stopped any further publications of the economical-financial figures.

In 1937 the figures that had been already collected yet not shared during that period, were eventually published, although the activity of the institute ceased after only two years.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, the publications decreased due to the lack of personnel, that had mainly been called up for military service, that led to a consequent postponement of the 9th population census, that would indeed be held in 1951. Furthermore, due to the Cassibile Armistice in 1943, the venue of the inst

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.[1] Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, economic and environmental surveys and analyses. Istat is by far the largest producer of statistical information in Italy, and is an active member of the European Statistical System, coordinated by Eurostat.[2]

Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.[3]

History

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (IT ISTAT) was founded, in compliance with the law decree no. 1162 issued on 9 Jul 1926, as Central Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto Centrale di Statistica) in order to

Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.[3]

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (IT ISTAT) was founded, in compliance with the law decree no. 1162 issued on 9 Jul 1926, as Central Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto Centrale di Statistica) in order to replace the General Statistics Division of the Ministry for Agriculture (now known as Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari, forestali e del turismo). The direction of the institution, which was subordinated to the head of State, was given to Corrado Gini.

The ISTAT institute, with a staff of about 170 workers, was supposed to update the figures of the censuses that were formerly carried out by the General Statistics Divistion (that were updated only to 1921), by publishing, as a result, the figures of the 6th general population census. After an acceleration of the duties of the institute in the early 30s, the national statistics operations were rather slowed down by the economical fines that had been caused by the Ethiopian offensive, that virtually stopped any further publications of the economical-financial figures.

In 1937 the figures that had been already collected yet not shared during that period, were eventually published, although the activity of the institute ceased after only two years.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, the publications decreased due to the lack of personnel, that had mainly been called up for military service, that led to a consequent postponement of the 9th population census, that would indeed be held in 1951. Furthermore, due to the Cassibile Armistice in 1943, the venue of the institution was moved to the boundaries of the Republic of Salò.[4]

During the late 40s, the archives were retrieved and moved back to Rome, letting the institure restart completely its activity. With the post-war reconstruction, the ICS mainly focused on collecting new data concerning national development, that eventually allowed for the publication, in 1950, of the volume National Revenue Studies (Studi sul reddito nazionale).The ISTAT institute, with a staff of about 170 workers, was supposed to update the figures of the censuses that were formerly carried out by the General Statistics Divistion (that were updated only to 1921), by publishing, as a result, the figures of the 6th general population census. After an acceleration of the duties of the institute in the early 30s, the national statistics operations were rather slowed down by the economical fines that had been caused by the Ethiopian offensive, that virtually stopped any further publications of the economical-financial figures.

In 1937 the figures that had been already collected yet not shared during that period, were eventually published, although the activity of the institute ceased after only two years.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, the publications decreased due to the lack of personnel, that had mainly been called up for military service, that led to a consequent postponement of the 9th population census, that would indeed be held in 1951. Furthermore, due to the Cassibile Armistice in 1943, the venue of the institution was moved to the boundaries of the Republic of Salò.[4]

During the late 40s, the archives were retrieved and moved back to Rome, letting the institure restart completely its activity. With the post-war reconstruction, the ICS mainly focused on collecting new data concerning national development, that eventually allowed for the publication, in 1950, of the volume National Revenue Studies (Studi sul reddito nazionale).[5]

The Law Decree no. 322 published on 6 September 1989 gave life to the National Statistics System (IT Sistema statistico nazionale, Sistan) and changed the name of the institution to National Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto nazionale di statistica), without changing though its acronym, which indeed remained ISTAT.[6]

Many and important are the individuals involved in the administration of the institute:

  • President: appointed by the President of the Republic upon the President

    Central Institute of Statistics (in Italian, Istituto Centrale di Statistica) (until 1989):

    • Alberto Canaletti Gaudenti (1945 - 1949)
    • Lanfranco Maroi (1949 - 1961)
    • Giuseppe De Meo (1961 - 1980)
    • Guido Maria Rey (1980 - 1989)

    National Institute of Statistics (in Italian, Istituto Nazionale di Statistica) (since 1989):

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