The Info List - Issyk Kurgan

The Issyk kurgan, in south-eastern Kazakhstan, less than 20 km east from the Talgar alluvial fan, near Issyk, is a burial mound discovered in 1969. It has a height of six meters and a circumference of sixty meters. It is dated to the 4th or 3rd century BC (Hall 1997). A notable item is a silver cup bearing an inscription. The finds are on display in Astana.


1 "Golden man" 2 The Issyk inscription 3 Golden treasures in the kurgan 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

"Golden man" Situated in eastern Scythia
just north of Sogdiana, the kurgan contained a skeleton, warrior's equipment, and assorted funerary goods, including 4,000 gold ornaments. Although the sex of the skeleton is uncertain, it may have been an 18-year-old Saka
(Scythian) prince or princess. The richness of the burial items led the skeleton to be dubbed the "golden man" or "golden princess", with the "golden man" subsequently being adopted as one of the symbols of modern Kazakhstan. A likeness crowns the Independence Monument on the central square of Almaty. Its depiction may also be found on the Presidential Standard of Nursultan Nazarbayev. The Issyk inscription Main article: Issyk inscription A text was found on a silver bowl in Issyk kurgan, dated approximately VI BC. The context of the burial gifts indicates that it may belong to Saka
tribes. The Issyk inscription
Issyk inscription
is not yet certainly deciphered, and is probably in a Scythian
dialect, constituting one of very few autochthonous epigraphic traces of that language. Harmatta (1999), using the Kharoṣṭhī
script, identifies the language as Khotanese Saka dialect spoken by the Kushans.[1] Golden treasures in the kurgan

"Golden Man"

Elk. Burial mound Issyk (5th–4th centuries BC)

Horse. Burial mound Issyk (5th–4th centuries BC)

Head of tiger, burial mound Issyk (5th–4th centuries BC)

Flying elk with griffin burial mound Issyk (5th–4th centuries BC)


^ Ahmet Kanlidere, in: M. Ocak, H. C. Güzel, C. Oğuz, O. Karatay: The Turks: Early ages. Yeni Türkiye 2002, p.417.


Hall, Mark E. Towards an absolute chronology for the Iron Age of Inner Asia. Antiquity 71 (1997): 863-874. Harmatta, Janos. History of Civilization of Central Asia. Volume 2, Motilal Banarsidass (1999), ISBN 81-208-1408-8, p. 421 [1][2]

External links

Archaeology magazine - Chieftain or Warrio