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Iskanderkul
Iskanderkul
is a mountain lake of glacial origin in Tajikistan's Sughd Province. It lies at an altitude of 2,195 metres (7,201 ft) on the northern slopes of the Gissar Range
Gissar Range
in the Fann Mountains. Triangular in shape, it has a surface area of 3.4 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi) and is up to 72 metres (236 ft) deep. Claimed to be one of the most beautiful mountain lakes in the former Soviet Union, it is a popular tourist destination. It was formed by the congestion of the Saratogh river. It is 134 km from Dushanbe
Dushanbe
and 23 km from the Dushanbe—Khujand road.[1] The lake takes its name from Alexander the Great: Iskander is the Persian pronunciation of Alexander, and kul is lake in Tajik. The outflow of the lake is the Iskander Darya, which joins the Yaghnob River to form the Fan Darya, a major left tributary of the Zeravshan River. Birds[edit] A 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi) tract of land including the lake and surrounding mountains has been designated a nature reserve. As well as the lake itself, habitats found in the reserve include rivers, water meadows, broad-leaved and juniper forests, mountain shrubland and sub-alpine meadows. Over half of the reserve, comprising 177 square kilometres (68 sq mi), has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area
Important Bird Area
because it supports significant numbers of the populations of various bird species, either as residents, or as breeding or passage migrants. These include Himalayan snowcocks, saker falcons, cinereous vultures, yellow-billed choughs, Hume's larks, sulphur-bellied warblers, wallcreepers, Himalayan rubythroats, white-winged redstarts, white-winged snowfinches, alpine accentors, rufous-streaked accentors, brown accentors, water pipits, fire-fronted serins, plain mountain-finches, crimson-winged finches, red-mantled rosefinches and white-winged grosbeaks.[2] Notes[edit]

^ Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan, Kamoludin Abdullaev and Shahram Akbarzadeh. The Scarecrow Press, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, and London. 2002, p. 95. ^ " Iskanderkul
Iskanderkul
lake and mountains". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 

References[edit]

Lake
Lake
Iskanderkul, Big Soviet Encyclopedia on Yandex (Russian) Lake
Lake
Iskanderkul
Iskanderkul
— the heart of the Fann Mountains
Fann Mountains
(Russian) Photo of Lake
Lake
Iskanderkul
Iskanderkul
on Panoramio Lake
Lake
Iskanderkul: p

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