Iraqi Navy (IqN) is one of the components of the military of Iraq.
Its primary responsibilities are the protection of Iraq's coastline
and offshore assets. Initially called the Iraqi Coastal Defense Force,
its official name was changed on 12 January 2005.
As of February 2011, the navy had approximately 5,000 sailors and
marines which form an Operational headquarters, five afloat squadrons,
and two marine battalions.
Rear Admiral Muhammad Jawad, the navy had plans to build six
Al Uboor-class patrol boats in Baghdad, with the first of the boats to
enter service in September 2005. This project however, was ultimately
canceled. Additionally, two Assad-class corvettes built for
the 1980s by
Italy were originally planned to be delivered sometime
around 2006–2007. The ships however, were found to be in a worse
state than originally believed, forcing the Iraqi navy to reconsider
the deal and instead buy 4, newer, smaller modified-Diciotti class
vessels. The 5 British corvettes and 1 Soviet patrol boat operated by
the Saddam Hussein-era
Iraqi Navy were destroyed in the 1991 Persian
Gulf War and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, respectively.
Iraqi Navy is designed for coastal water protection; preventing
the smuggling of people, oil and weapons; and to protect the country's
oil platforms. As a result, it mainly needs patrol boats. These may be
backed up by fast attack craft. The patrol boats need to have the
ability to launch rigid-inflatable boats (RIBs) for boarding ships and
also possibly be able to accommodate a helicopter which would increase
their patrol capability. The
Iraqi Navy is building a second Marine
battalion. In 2016 the
Iraqi Navy awarded money to a ship
maintenance company to sustain its current fleet of ships.
1.1 Kingdom of Iraq
1.2 Iraqi Republic (pre-2003)
1.3 Republic of
4.1 Patrol and Coastal Combatants
4.2 Assad Class Corvettes
4.3 Saettia Mk4 Class
4.5 Predator Class
4.6 Support Vessels
5 Future procurement
6 See also
8 External links
Kingdom of Iraq
Iraqi Navy was formed in 1937 as a small four-ship force
headquartered in Basra. Between 1937 and 1958, it was primarily a
Iraqi Republic (pre-2003)
Ba'athist-era Iraqi naval flag, used until 2003.
14 July Revolution
14 July Revolution of 1958, the
Iraqi Navy began to
expand. Operationally based in the port of Umm Qasr, the
Academy for Sea Studies was established in Basra, which offered a
bachelor's degree in war and engineering naval studies. By 1988, the
Navy grew to a force of 5,000, but played a relatively small role
during the 1980–1988 Iran–
Iraq War. Much of the Navy was destroyed
during Operation Pearl.
Between 1977 and 1987, the
Iraqi Navy received eight Osa-class missile
boats, armed with Styx anti-ship missiles, from the Soviet Union. It
also purchased four Lupo-class frigates and six Assad-class corvettes
from Italy, although these were never delivered because of
international sanctions following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in
Iraqi Navy was almost completely destroyed during the
Gulf War of
1991. The force had 19 ships sunk and 6 vessels damaged. In total,
more than 100 Iraqi ships were destroyed. The Navy was not rebuilt and
played little part in the
Iraq War (2003). One exception was two mine
warfare vessels captured by US Navy and Coast Guard units during the
assault on Al Faw; The tug Jumariya, towing a well camouflaged
minelaying barge, and the tug Al Raya, which had been outfitted as a
minelayer itself. Of the units that remained by late 2002, most
were in a poor state of repair and the crews were in a poor state of
readiness. Whatever units that remained after 1991 were used primarily
for safeguarding Saddam's palaces on the
In January 2004, the Iraqi Coastal Defense Force (ICDF) officially
began training its first 214 volunteers.
On 30 September 2004, the ICFD assumed the responsibility of
protecting the Iraqi coastline, with actual patrol operations
beginning the following day, on 1 October 2004.
On 11 November 2008,
Rear Admiral Muhammad Jawad signed the historic
non-legally binding Khawr Abd Allah Protocols or "KAA Protocols" at
the Kuwait Naval Base. The protocols were the concept of the
British Royal Navy in 2008 when in command of Combined Task Force 158
operating in the northern Gulf region and specifically within Iraqi
territorial waters for the protection of the Iraqi oil terminals Al
Basrah Oil Terminal and in support of Iraqi maritime boundaries. They
are a non-legally binding military agreement aiding deconfliction
between the maritime forces of Kuwait and
Iraq in the Khawr Abd Allah
waterway and are reflected in a former United Kingdom Hydrographic
Office chart and which was re-titled the "KAA Interoperability
The protocols were developed, written and mediated by a British Royal
Lieutenant Colonel David Hammond, RM; working
alongside the heads and staffs of both the
Kuwaiti Navy and Iraqi Navy
and which saw the historic first meeting on board a British warship
HMS Chatham (F87)
HMS Chatham (F87) on 8 May 2008. The protocols were historically
ratified and signed on 11 November 2008 at Kuwait Naval Base in the
Vice-Admiral William Gortney, USN; commander of the United
States Naval Forces Central Command based in
Bahrain and remain an
enduring success story in the region highlighting co-operation and
co-ordination between the two countries.
On 30 April 2010, Iraqi naval forces took over responsibility for the
protection of the Khawr al-Amaya and
Basra oil terminals, as well as
the ports of
Umm Qasr and al-Zubair.
Iraqi Naval Headquarters:
Baghdad (Camp Victory).
May move to Umm Qasr.
Operational Headquarters: Umm Qasr
Tactical Operations Center: Khawr al-Amaya Platform
Tactical Operations Center: Al Basrah Platform
Naval Training Center: Umm Qasr
Swiftboat Crew Training Course
Maritime Academy: Basrah
Diving Squadron: Umm Qasr
Patrol Squadron: Umm Qasr
PS701, PS702, PS703, PS704, PB301, PB302, PB303, and 5x U/I PBs.
Patrol Squadron: planned
Patrol Squadron: planned
Patrol Squadron: planned
Small Boat Squadron: Umm Qasr
Squadron equipped with American Defender Class boats.
Support & Auxiliary Squadron: Umm Qasr
1st Marine Brigade
Special Troops Battalion: Basrah Log City
In December 2010 was redesignated 1st and moving to Basrah Log City.
Reached full strength in 2011.
1st Marine (Wolverines) Battalion: Umm Qasr
2nd Marine Battalion: Umm Qasr/Az Zubayr
3rd Marine Battalion: Basrah Log City
1st Marine Bde Base Support Unit: Basrah Log City
2nd Marine Brigade
Special Troops Battalion: planned
Iraq (30 Sept. 2004), Iraqi sailors celebrate as they get
underway for the first time.
1,500 sailors and officers, in addition to 800 in the Iraqi Naval
Battalion (marines) who guard the platforms and the port of Umm Qasr.
Vice Admiral Ali Hussain Ali
2009 to present
Rear Admiral Muafaq Najim Abid
2009 to present
OF(D) & Student officer
Admiral of the fleet
رقيب أول (Rayiys eurafa)
نائب عريف (Nāyīb arīf)
جندي أول (Jundi 'Awwal)
Chief Petty Officer
Petty Officer First Class
Petty Officer Second Class
Iraqi Predator Class patrol craft in 2004
Patrol and Coastal Combatants
2 x 63.3-meter
Assad-class corvette (F210), (F212)
4 x 53.4-meter
Saettia MK4 class
Saettia MK4 class offshore patrol vessels (PS 701),(PS
702), (PS 703), (PS 704)
2 x 60-meter Al Basrah Class offshore support vessels (OSV 401) and
12 of 15 x 35-meter
Swiftships Model 35PB1208 E-1455
Swiftships Model 35PB1208 E-1455 (P-301), (P-302),
(P-303), (P-304), (P-305), (P-306), (P-307), (P-308), (P-309),
(P-310), (P-311), (P-312), (P-313), (P-314), (P-315)
5 x 27-meter Predator Class patrol boats (P-101), (P-102), (P-103),
24 Fast Aluminum Boats
10 Rigid-hulled inflatable boats
Assad Class Corvettes
A total of six ships were ordered by
Iraq in the 1980s, but were never
delivered as a result of the arms embargo imposed after the Gulf War
in 1991. Four of the six ships were eventually purchased by the Royal
Malaysian Navy in October 1995 as the Laksamana-class corvette, while
the remaining two were mothballed at La Spezia. On 19 May 2017, it was
reported that the remaining two vessels would be delivered to the Iraq
Navy after 26 years. They eventually left
La Spezia on a
semi-submersible carrier Eide Trader on 22 May and reached
Saettia Mk4 Class
Patrol Boat Type Saettia
On 15 February 2006 the
Iraqi Navy signed a $101 million contract with
Italian Government to provide four Saettia MK4 class
This is a modified
Diciotti class offshore patrol boat, as originally
used by the Guardia Costiera. The vessels are to be built by
Fincantieri at Riva Trigoso, with modifications including increased
crew capacity of 38. The contract also comprises the provision of
logistical support and crew training with each crew completing a
7-week training course. In cooperation with the Marina Militare
(Italian Navy), each commissioning crew is provided with a week’s
bridge simulator course at the Academy in Livorno.
An Iraqi patrol craft in Manama,
Bahrain prior to being delivered to
the Iraqi Navy
In May 2009, the first vessel, Patrol Ship 701 named Fatah (
Opening), was handed over at the Muggiano,
La Spezia shipyard. The
crew had been training since January 2009, and would now be heading
for Umm Qasr, a 20-day/5,000 nautical miles journey via the
Suez Canal and Red Sea. There, additional training
will be completed, before the vessel takes over duties from the
Royal Marine patrols, who will then revert to a training role
of new crew. The vessels will be used to patrol the exclusive
economic zone, control maritime traffic, for search and rescue and
In September 2009, the
Iraqi Navy awarded a $181 million contract to
Swiftships Shipbuilders of
Morgan City, Louisiana
Morgan City, Louisiana for the construction
of nine Model 35PB1208 E-1455 coastal patrol vessels. The vessels
are purchased under Foreign Military Sales. The
Iraqi Navy is
expected by the end of the year to award a $109 million contract to
build two 60-meter Off-Shore Support Vessels. The FMS program will
contribute $82 million. The ships will provide logistical support for
securing the oil platforms, to the Interceptor boats and more than 60
Fast Attack boats.
The five 27-meter Predator (NHS615) Class patrol boats: (P-101),
(P-102), (P-103), (P-104), (P-105); were built by Wuhan Nanhua
High-speed Ship Engineering Co., Ltd. and delivered in 2002, they were
to be the new ICDF's first ships and were to be purchased under the
oil-for-food program. Due to their military compatibilities they were
not allowed to enter
Iraq until 2003. The vessel has one(1) continuous
freeboard main deck with camber and slight fore sheer, one deck house
and wheelhouse.The hull below main deck is divided by transversal
bulkheads into 4 spaces. The speed of the vessel under sea trial
conditions is 32 knots. Crew: 14.
1 offshore supply vessel
Al Shams (Sun):
September 2006, an Iraqi marine company will deliver a new ship (Al
Shams or the Sun) which was bought from Iraqi aquatic transportation
company to be employed as guiding afloat station across the sea in
order. In March 2010, the
Iraqi Navy awarded a USD70 million contract
through FMS to RiverHawk Fast Sea Frames, LLC, Tampa, Florida for two
60-metre offshore support vessels. The two vessels were delivered
on 20 December 2012.
2 x 60-metre offshore support vessels
401 Al Basra
402 Al Fayhaa
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2011)
Iraqi Navy will reportedly be purchasing ScanEagle UAVs in the
near future for maritime reconnaissance support. Exact numbers and
delivery dates are still unknown as of January 2012.
Iraqi Air Force
Iraqi Security Forces
^ John Pike. "Iraqi Navy". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 13 November
^ "Measuring Stability and Security in
Iraq – February 2006 Report
to Congress," (PDF). 17 February 2006. p. 45. Retrieved 26 May
^ DJ Elliott (4 July 2008). "
Iraqi Security Forces Order of Battle:
July 2008 Update". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 13 November
^ "Iraqi Navy". Global Security. 7 September 2005. Retrieved 25 May
^ "Ship to Shore Logistics – 04 (History – 2003 Iraq)". Think
Defence. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
^ "Iraqi Navy".
^ a b Biography for use by organization and for public information and
dissemination (2013). "David Hammond, Barrister-at-law (Biography)"
(PDF). Uploads. 100 Series Rules. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
^ "Press Release". Cusnc.navy.mil. 2 December 2008. Archived from the
original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
^ "Iraq's Assad corvettes delivered after 26-year delay". IHS Janes.
Retrieved 16 July 2017.
^ a b "
Iraqi Navy Patrol Ship 701 named Fatah handed over at
Fincantieri". defpro.com. 16 May 2009. Archived from the original on
18 May 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
^ a b c Owen, Richard (16 May 2009). "Iraq's fledgling navy takes
possession of its first naval patrol boat". London: The Times.
Retrieved 16 May 2009.
^ "Patrol Vessel". Fincantieri.it. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
^ 10-Dec-2009 12:49 EST (10 December 2009). "Swiftships to Build Up
Iraqi Navy's Coastal Patrol Capabilities". Defenseindustrydaily.com.
Retrieved 13 November 2010.
^ "19--COASTAL PATROL BOATS - Federal Business Opportunities:
Opportunities". Retrieved 10 November 2014.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 May 2013.
^ "Senators move to promote offshore wind development". Retrieved 10
^ "'Every brigade has its own drone': An interview with Major General
Jeff Buchanan". Retrieved 10 November 2014.
David Axe – On Its Own: The
Iraqi Navy in 2005 – Proceedings,
David Axe – Resurrection – Sea Power, November 2005
Iraqi security forces
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