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Ipanema
Ipanema
(Portuguese pronunciation: [ipaˈnẽmɐ]) is a neighborhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), between Leblon
Leblon
and Arpoador. The beach at Ipanema
Ipanema
became known internationally with the popularity of the bossa nova jazz song, "The Girl from Ipanema" ("Garota de Ipanema"), written by Antônio Carlos Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Character 4 Beach 5 Posto 9 6 Feira Hippie
Hippie
de Ipanema 7 References 8 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "Ipanema" comes from the Tupi language
Tupi language
and possibly means "stinky lake", from upaba ("lake") and nem ("stinky") or "bad water; river without fish" from y ("water") and panema ("bad").[1][2][3] History[edit] Ipanema
Ipanema
today consists mostly of land that once belonged to José Antonio Moreira Filho, Baron of Ipanema. The name "Ipanema" did not refer originally to the beach, but to the homeland of the baron at São Paulo. Ipanema
Ipanema
gained fame with the rise of the popular bossa nova sound, when residents Antônio Carlos Jobim
Antônio Carlos Jobim
and Vinicius de Moraes created their ode to the neighbourhood, "The Girl from Ipanema." The song was written in 1962, with music by Jobim and Portuguese lyrics by de Moraes; English lyrics were written later by Norman Gimbel. Its popularity has seen a resurgence with Diana Krall's song "Boy from Ipanema", released in 2008.[citation needed] Character[edit]

Works by Brazilian painter Emilia Castellan at the weekly “Hippie Fair” at Ipanema.

Ipanema
Ipanema
is adjacent to Copacabana and Leblon
Leblon
Beach, but it is distinct from its neighbour. It is relatively easy to navigate because the streets are aligned in a grid. Ipanema's beach culture includes surfers and sun bathers who gather daily at the beach. Every Sunday, the roadway closest to the beach is closed to motor vehicles allowing local residents and tourists to ride bikes, roller skate, skateboard, and walk along the ocean. Ipanema
Ipanema
is one of Rio's most expensive districts to live in; private investment has led to the building of world-class restaurants, shops, and cafes. Ipanema
Ipanema
has played a cultural role in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
since the city's beginning, with its own universities, art galleries, theaters and cafes. It holds a street parade, the Banda de Ipanema, during Carnival festivities separate from those of Rio de Janeiro, attracting up to 50,000 people to the streets of Ipanema.

Vieira Souto - Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas, seagull

Beach[edit] The beach at Ipanema
Ipanema
is known for its elegant development and its social life. Two mountains called the Dois Irmãos (Two Brothers) rise at the western end of the beach, which is divided into segments delineated by postos, or lifeguard towers. Beer is sold everywhere, along with the traditional cachaça. There are always circles of people playing football, volleyball, and footvolley, a locally invented sport that is a combination of volleyball and football. In the winter the surf can reach nine feet. The water quality varies from clear light-blue water to a more murky green after heavy rains. Constant swells help keep the water clean, and the often treacherous beach break regularly forms surfable barrels. Just west of this colorful section, towards Leblon, Rio de Janeiro, is another popular stretch of sand known as Posto 10, referring to the #10 lifeguard station. The beach is one of many areas that suffers from the city's poor waste treatment. In its waters, "fecal coliform bacteria sometimes spike at 16 times the Brazilian government's 'satisfactory' level."[4] Large amounts of pollutants are still dumped into the sea through the nearby marine outfall pipe, a matter of increasing concern to ecologists.[5] Beachgoers often applaud the sunset in the summer.[6] The Travel Channel listed Ipanema
Ipanema
Beach as the sexiest beach in the world. Posto 9[edit]

Sunset at Ipanema, with Vidigal in the background

Posto 9 is the section of the beach around the #9 lifeguard station, across from Joana Angelica Street. Its notoriety began around 1979 when Fernando Gabeira, now a federal deputy for the State of Rio de Janeiro, returned from political exile in France and was photographed there in a thong.[7] He had been a member of the leftist urban guerilla group MR8, which kidnapped the American ambassador, Charles Burke Elbrick, in 1969 and demanded the release of fifteen political prisoners in exchange for his life.[8][9] Gabeira became a political celebrity with the publication of a memoir about his experiences as a guerilla and his years in exile. In 1979, he was photographed wearing a skimpy purple swimsuit at Ipanema, and gave an interview to a gay and lesbian newspaper, inciting rumors that he was gay, which he neither confirmed nor denied. His going to the beach at Posto 9 made it famous throughout the country.[7][10] Posto 9 inherited its status as a gathering spot for counter-cultural types from the area near Farme de Amoedo Street, next to the dunes called Dunas do Barato and a pier that was demolished in the 1970s. It has a long history of public pot smoking (illegal in Brazil), police raids, and gatherings of left-wing intellectuals. It is still popular with students, artists, actors, and liberal-minded people. Feira Hippie
Hippie
de Ipanema[edit] A group of hippies started a Sunday market in Ipanema
Ipanema
in 1968 and the traditional fair continues with over 700 stalls set up at the Feira Hippie
Hippie
de Ipanema
Ipanema
( Ipanema
Ipanema
Hippie
Hippie
Market). References[edit]

^ "Curso De Tupi Antigo". Fflch.usp.br. Archived from the original on 2012-08-09. Retrieved 2012-09-10.  ^ "Língua guarani". Girafamania.com.br. 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2012-09-10.  ^ "Areia de Praia". Areiadepraia.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2012-09-10.  ^ Ravenscroft, Nick (2 January 2014). "Filthy waters around Rio spark safety fears for Brazil
Brazil
Olympic sea sports". ITV News. ITV plc. Retrieved 25 May 2016.  ^ [1] ^ Robinson, Joe (24 July 2013). "8 of Brazil's best beaches". CNN.com. Retrieved 17 September 2014. Beachgoers in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
have been known to break into applause as the sun sets after a particularly fine day of bronzing.  ^ a b Zuenir Ventura (1 January 2005). Minhas histórias dos outros. Planeta. p. 117. ISBN 978-85-7665-076-8.  ^ Rebecca J. Atencio (25 June 2014). Memory’s Turn: Reckoning with Dictatorship in Brazil. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-0-299-29724-4.  ^ Thomas E. Skidmore (8 March 1990). The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-1985. Oxford University Press. p. 500. ISBN 978-0-19-028167-0.  ^ Rebecca J. Atencio (25 June 2014). Memory’s Turn: Reckoning with Dictatorship in Brazil. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 39–40. ISBN 978-0-299-29724-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ipanema.

'let's go back to Rio', RGSSA blog post, contains image of Ipanema Beach, 1904 Ipanema
Ipanema
Beach

v t e

Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
city neighbourhoods

Central Zone

Benfica Caju Catumbi Centro Cidade Nova Estácio Gamboa São Cristóvão Lapa Mangueira Paquetá Rio Comprido Santa Teresa Santo Cristo Saúde Vasco da Gama

South Zone

Botafogo Catete Copacabana Cosme Velho Flamengo Gávea Glória Humaitá Ipanema Jardim Botânico Lagoa Laranjeiras Leblon Leme Rocinha São Conrado Urca Vidigal

North Zone

Abolição Acari Água Santa Alto da Boa Vista Anchieta Andaraí Bancários Barros Filho Bento Ribeiro Bonsucesso Brás de Pina Cachambi Cacuia Cavalcanti Campinho Cascadura Cidade Universitária Cocotá Coelho Neto Colégio Complexo do Alemão Cordovil Costa Barros Del Castilho Encantado Engenheiro Leal Engenho da Rainha Engenho de Dentro Engenho Novo Freguesia (Ilha do Governador) Galeão Grajaú Guadalupe Higienópolis Honório Gurgel Irajá Inhaúma Jacaré Jacarezinho Jardim América Jardim Carioca Jardim Guanabara Lins de Vasconcelos Madureira Manguinhos Maracanã Maré Marechal Hermes Maria da Graça Méier Moneró Olaria Oswaldo Cruz Parada de Lucas Parque Anchieta Pavuna Penha Penha Circular Piedade Pilares Pitangueiras Praça da Bandeira Praia da Bandeira Portuguesa Quintino Bocaiuva Ramos Riachuelo Ribeira Ricardo de Albuquerque Rocha Rocha Miranda Sampaio São Francisco Xavier Tauá Tijuca Todos os Santos Tomás Coelho Turiaçu Vaz Lobo Vicente de Carvalho Vigário Geral Vila Cosmos Vila da Penha Vila Isabel Vila Kennedy Vista Alegre Zumbi

West Zone

Anil Bangu Barra da Tijuca Barra de Guaratiba Camorim Campo dos Afonsos Campo Grande Cidade de Deus Cosmos Curicica Deodoro Freguesia (Jacarepaguá) Gardênia Azul Gericinó Grumari Guaratiba Inhoaíba Itanhangá Jacarepaguá Jardim Sulacap Joá Magalhães Bastos Paciência Padre Miguel Pedra de Guaratiba Praça Seca Pechincha Realengo Recreio dos Bandeirantes Santa Cruz Santíssimo Senador Camará Senador Vasconcelos Sepetiba Tanque Taquara Vargem Grande Vargem Pequena Vila Militar Vila Valqueire

Islands

Ilha do Fundão Ilha do Governador Paquetá Villegaignon

Favelas

Cantagalo–Pavão–Pavãozinho Complexo do Alemão Morro da Babilônia Dona Marta Jacarezinho Mangueira Manguinhos Maré Rocinha Tavares Bastos Vidigal Vila Vintém

Unofficial

Aldeia Campista Arpoador Bairro Araújo Bairro Peixoto Boca do Mato Buraco do Padre Castelo Colônia Consolação Dadur Distrito Industrial Bairro de Fátima Fazenda Botafogo Fazenda da Bica Fonte da Saudade Horto Jabour Jardim Boiúna Jardim Oceânico Largo do Machado Manguariba Mallet Mariópolis Mato Alto Muda Parque Colúmbia Península Praça do Carmo Providência Rio das Pedras Rio Grande Silvestre Terreirão do Rio Bonito Triagem Usina Vila Alia

.