Internet Architecture Board
   HOME

TheInfoList



The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is "a committee of the
Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization A standards organization, standards body, standards developing organization (SDO), or standards setting organization (SSO) is an organization whose primary function ...
(IETF) and an advisory body of the
Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a col ...
(ISOC). Its responsibilities include architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the
Request for Comments A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication in a series, from the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconn ...
(RFC) Editor. The IAB is also responsible for the management of the IETF protocol parameter registries." The IAB is responsible for: *Providing architectural oversight of Internet protocols and procedures *Liaising with other organizations on behalf of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) *Reviewing appeals of the Internet standards process *Managing Internet standards documents (the RFC series) and protocol parameter value assignment *Confirming the Chair of the IETF and the IETF Area Directors *Selecting the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) Chair *Acting as a source of advice and guidance to the Internet Society. In its work, the IAB strives to: *Ensure that the Internet is a trusted medium of communication that provides a solid technical foundation for privacy and security, especially in light of pervasive surveillance, *Establish the technical direction for an Internet that will enable billions more people to connect, support the vision for an
Internet of things The Internet of things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects—"things" or objects—that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over ...

Internet of things
, and allow mobile networks to flourish, while keeping the core capabilities that have been a foundation of the Internet's success, and *Promote the technical evolution of an open Internet without special controls, especially those which hinder trust in the network.


History and Origin

The body which eventually became the IAB was created originally by the
United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-g ...
's
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development Research is " creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of in ...
with the name Internet Configuration Control Board in 1979. Later, in 1983, the ICCB was reorganized by Dr. Barry Leiner,
Vint Cerf Vinton Gray Cerf (; born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "List of Internet pioneers, the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. He has received honorary degrees ...

Vint Cerf
's successor at DARPA, around a series of task forces considering different technical aspects of internetting. The re-organized group was named the Internet Activities Board. The IAB set for itself seven principal foci for the period of 1989 to 1990. These were namely: *Operational Stability *User Services *OSI Coexistence *Testbed Facilities *Security *Getting Big *Getting Fast It finally became the ''Internet Architecture Board'', under ISOC, during January 1992, as part of the Internet's transition from a U.S.-government entity to an international, public entity.


Activities

Activities of the IAB include: Workshops * COVID-19 Network Impacts Workshop, 2020 * Exploring Synergy between Content Aggregation and the Publisher Ecosystem Workshop 2019 * Design Expectations vs. Deployment Reality in Protocol Development Workshop 2019 * Position Papers: DEDR Workshop * Explicit Internet Naming Systems (EName) Workshop 2017 * Internet of Things Software Update Workshop (IoTSU) 2016 * IoT Semantic Interoperability Workshop 2016 * Managing Radio Networks in an Encrypted World (MaRNEW) Workshop 2015 * Coordinating Attack Response at Internet Scale (CARIS) Workshop 2015 * Call For Papers * Agenda: Coordinating Attack Response at Internet Scale (CARIS) Workshop * IAB Workshop on Stack Evolution in a Middlebox Internet (SEMI) 2015 * W3C/IAB workshop on Strengthening the Internet Against Pervasive Monitoring (STRINT) 2014 * IAB Workshop on Internet Technology Adoption and Transition (ITAT) 2013 * IAB / IRTF Workshop on Congestion Control for Interactive Real-Time Communication 2012 * Workshop on Congestion Control: Position Papers * Congestion Control Workshop Agenda and Materials * Interconnecting Smart Objects with the Internet Workshop 2011 * Tutorial on Interconnecting Smart Objects with the Internet * Position Papers * Agenda * Internet Privacy Workshop 2010 * Slides Presentations * Minutes of the IAB/W3C/ISOC/MIT Internet Privacy Workshop * Meeting Minutes * Accepted Position Papers * Routing and Addressing Workshop 2006 * Unwanted Traffic Workshop 2006 * IAB Wireless Internetworking Workshop 2000 Technical programs and administrative support groups * RFC Editor Program: The RFC Series Oversight Committee (RSOC) * RFC Editor Future Development Program * Plenary Planning Program * Internet Threat Model (model-t) Program * IETF-IANA Group * Evolvability, Deployability, & Maintainability (EDM) Program * Concluded Programs * Security Program * Privacy Program * Privacy Reviews * IPv6 Privacy Survey * Privacy and Security Program * Names and Identifiers Program * Liaison Oversight Program * ITU-T Coordination Program * IP Stack Evolution Program * IP Evolution * Internationalization Program * IETF Protocol Registries Oversight Committee (IPROC) * IAB Tools and Processes Program * Emergency Services IAB appointments and confirmations * Community Coordination Group (CCG): Russ Housley (2017-2021), Barry Leiba (2017-2021), Tim Wicinski (2018-2022) * IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG): Russ Housley, Lynn St Amour * ICANN Board of Directors Liaison: Harald Alvestrand: (2018–present) * ICANN Root Zone Evolution Review Committee (RZERC): Tim (April, 2020–2021) * ICANN NomCom: Peter Koch, 2020 * ICANN Technical Liaison Group (TLG) : Warren Kumari (2019-2021), Petr Špaček (2020-2022)


Responsibilities

The IAB's current responsibilities include: *Architectural Oversight: The IAB provides oversight of, and occasional commentary on, aspects of the architecture for the
network protocols A communication protocol is a system of rules that allows two or more entities of a communications system 400px, Communication system A communications system or communication system is a collection of individual telecommunications network ...
and procedures used by the Internet. *Standards Process Oversight and Appeal: The IAB provides oversight of the process used to create Internet Standards. The IAB serves as an appeal board for complaints of improper execution of the standards process, through acting as an appeal body in respect of an
Internet Engineering Steering Group The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization, which develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the technical standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It has no formal ...
(IESG) standards decision. *
Request for Comments A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication in a series, from the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconn ...
series: The IAB is responsible for editorial management and publication of the Request for Comments (RFC) document series. *
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a standards organization that oversees global IP address An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label such as that is connected to a computer network A computer ne ...
: In conjunction with the
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN ) is an American multistakeholder governance, multistakeholder group and nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases ...

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
(ICANN), the IAB is responsible for the administration of the assignment of IETF protocol parameter values by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). *External Liaison: The IAB acts as representative of the interests of the IETF in liaison relationships with other organizations concerned with standards and other technical and organizational issues relevant to the worldwide Internet. *Advice to the Internet Society: The IAB acts as a source of advice and guidance to the board of trustees and Officers of ISOC concerning technical, architectural, procedural, and (where appropriate) policy matters pertaining to the Internet and its enabling technologies. *Internet Engineering Steering Group Confirmation: The IAB confirms the IETF Chair and IESG Area Directors, from nominations provided by the IETF Nominating Committee. *Internet Research Task Force Chair: The IAB selects a chair of the IRTF for a renewable two-year term.


RFC1087 – Ethics and the Internet and a rise to modernity

The IAB takes a formal stance on what constitutes proper use of the Internet in their 1989 memo, RFC 1087: “Ethics and the Internet.” They introduce their contemporary version of the Internet, which at the time was in its nascent stages, serving primarily as a tool for communication of research in the scientific community, and identify the use of this internet as a “privilege.” The IAB then proclaims as unethical any activity which: * seeks to gain unauthorized access to the resources of the Internet, * disrupts the intended use of the Internet, * wastes resources (people, capacity, computer) through such actions, * destroys the integrity of computer-based information * compromises the privacy of users. This memo was written at a time during which the Internet existed in the general research milieu, but since that time the Internet has evolved greatly and expanded in its user-base. The IAB has accordingly taken new stances on ethical and secure Internet use, such as in RFC 8890, where the IAB identifies protecting end users as the first priority in their maintenance of the Internet. As such, though their core principles are the same, the IAB's priority for protection has shifted from the technical and scientific community to the community of day-to-day users. In another memo RFC7624, the IAB takes a firm stance against pervasive mass surveillance through the use of the Internet on the part of national intelligence agencies, saying that it is necessary that the Internet technical community, including itself, “address the vulnerabilities exploited y mass surveillance campaigns..to ensure that the Internet can be trusted by
ts
ts
users.”


RFC 2850 - Charter of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

RFC 2850 establishes the structure and purpose of the IAB. The RFC specifies the following: * IAB membership: the IAB has 13 members, 1 being the chair of the
Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization A standards organization, standards body, standards developing organization (SDO), or standards setting organization (SSO) is an organization whose primary function ...
(IETF). These members are appointed to 2 year terms. * The Role of the IAB: The IAB serves to provide Architectural Oversight for Internet procedures, and to provide oversight in the process of creating Internet standards, including appeals. Furthermore, the IAB acts as a liaison to the
Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a col ...
(ISOC) to advice regarding architectural and technical issues. * IAB Organization: The 13 members of the IAB choose 1 member to serve as the chair of the IAB for a 1-year term. There is no limit to the number of terms that the chair can serve. The executive director of the IAB is chosen by the chair. The IAB also has the power to designate the chair of the
Internet Research Task Force{{Infobox organization , name = Internet ResearchTask Force , image = Irtf-logo.svg , image_border = , size = 225px , caption = , map = , msize = , mcaption = , abbreviation = IRT ...
(IRTF) for a 2-year term. * Decision-making: in most situations, the IAB aims to come to unanimous decisions on matters. When this is not possible, the IAB must come to a consensus of at least 7 members before taking action. * Openness and confidentiality: The IAB makes all meetings open to the public by making it available online, and also publishes RFCs regularly to make its conclusions generally available. In some situations, however, confidential information is excluded for privacy reasons.


RFC 2026 - The Internet Standards Process

The Internet Standards process is an activity of the Internet Society that is organized and managed on behalf of the Internet community by the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) and the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). The Internet Standards Process is concerned with all protocols, procedures, and conventions that are used in or by the Internet. The process of creating an Internet Standard is straightforward: a specification undergoes a period of development and several iterations of review by the Internet community and revision based upon experience, is adopted as a Standard by the appropriate body (either the IAB or the IESG), and is published. Each distinct version of an Internet standards-related specification is published as part of the "Request for Comments" (RFC) document series. This archival series is the official publication channel for Internet standards documents and other publications of the IESG, IAB, and Internet community. The complete Internet Standards Process is itself specified by an RFC, namely RFC 2026.


RFC 8980 - Workshop on Design Expectations vs. Deployment Reality in Protocol Development

The RFC 8980 workshop was held in February 2021, where the IAB discussed several topics around security protocols, including: • Email standards, which presumed many providers running in a largely uncoordinated fashion but have seen both significant market consolidation and a need for coordination to defend against spam and other attacks. The coordination and centralized defense mechanisms scale better for large entities; these have fueled additional consolidation. • The Domain Name System (DNS), which presumed deep hierarchies but has often been deployed in large, flat zones, leading to the nameservers for those zones becoming critical infrastructure. Future developments in DNS may see concentration through the use of globally available common resolver services, which evolve rapidly and can offer better security. Paradoxically, concentration of these queries into a few services creates new security and privacy concerns. • The Web, which is built on a fundamentally decentralized design but is now often delivered with the aid of Content Delivery Networks (CDNs). Their services provide scaling, distribution, and prevention of denial of service in ways that new entrants and smaller systems operators would find difficult to replicate. While truly small services and truly large services may each operate using only their own infrastructure, many others are left with the only practical choice being the use of a globally available commercial service. The workshop resulted in the following recommendations by the IAB: • Develop and document a modern threat model. • Continue discussion of consolidation/centralization issues. • Document architectural principles, e.g., (re)application of the end-to-end principle.


Chairs

The following people have served as chair of the IAB: *
David D. Clark David Dana "Dave" Clark (born April 7, 1944) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer who has been involved with Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconnected co ...
– 1981 to July 1989 *
Vint Cerf Vinton Gray Cerf (; born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "List of Internet pioneers, the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. He has received honorary degrees ...

Vint Cerf
– July 1989 to July 1991 * Lyman Chapin – July 1991 to March 1993 * Christian Huitema – March 1993 to July 1995 * Brian Carpenter (Internet engineer), Brian Carpenter – July 1995 to March 2000 * John Klensin – March 2000 to March 2002 * Leslie Daigle – March 2002 to March 2007 * Olaf Kolkman – March 2007 to March 2011 * Bernard Aboba – March 2011 to March 2013 * Russ Housley- March 2013 to March 2015 * Andrew Sullivan (Internet infrastructure), Andrew Sullivan – March 2015 to March 2017 * Ted Hardie – March 2017 to March 2020 * Mirja Kühlewind - March 2020 to present = Current Members =


Related Organizations

* IETF Administration LLC - This organization provides legal advice for the IAB * Request for Comments, Request for Comments (RFC) Editor - The RFC series contains documents released by 4 organizations: The Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF), and Independent Submissions * Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) * Internet Research Task Force, Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) - The IRTF works on long-term projects related to the Internet * The IETF Trust - The IETF Trust holds intellectual property licensing and other licensing related to the Internet * Internet Society, The Internet Society (ISOC)


References


Further reading

* Carpenter, Brian (editor), ''Charter of the Internet Architecture Board'' (RFC 2850, May 2000) * Kozierok, Charles,
The TCP/IP Guide
' (Sep 2005) * Comer, Douglas, ''Internetworking with TCP/IP vol I: Principles, Protocols, and Architecture'' (1991)


External links

* *
List of IAB Members
{{DEFAULTSORT:Architecture Board Organizations established in 1979, Internet Architecture Board Internet architecture, Board Internet ethics Internet governance organizations 1979 establishments in the United States DARPA projects