The Info List - International Union Of Immunological Societies

mostly means something (a company, language, or organization) involving more than a single country. The term international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries. For example, international law, which is applied by more than one country and usually everywhere on Earth, and international language which is a language spoken by residents of more than one country.


1 Origin of the word 2 Meaning in particular fields 3 See also 4 References 5 External links 6 Sources

Origin of the word[edit] The term international was coined by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham
Jeremy Bentham
in his Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation, which was printed for publication in 1780 and published in 1789. Bentham wrote: "The word international, it must be acknowledged, is a new one; though, it is hoped, sufficiently analogous and intelligible. It is calculated to express, in a more significant way, the branch of law which goes commonly under the name of the law of nations.[1] The word was adopted in French in 1801.[2] Thomas Erskine Holland
Thomas Erskine Holland
noted in his article on Bentham in the 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
that "Many of Bentham's phrases, such as 'international,' 'utilitarian,' 'codification,' are valuable additions to our language; but the majority of them, especially those of Greek derivation, have taken no root in it." Meaning in particular fields[edit]

In team sports, "international" is a match between two national teams, or two players capped by a national team. In politics, "The International" may refer to a political international. In law, "international" may refer to several disciplines of International law
International law
like public international law, international criminal law etc. In linguistics, an international language is one spoken by the people of more than one nation, usually by many. Also called world language. English, Spanish, French and Arabic are considered to be world languages.[3] In interlinguistics, international often has to do with languages rather than nations themselves. An "international word" is one that occurs in more than one language. These words are collected from widely spoken source or control languages, and often used to establish language systems that people can use to communicate internationally, and sometimes for other purposes such as to learn other languages more quickly. The vocabulary of Interlingua
has a particularly wide range, because the control languages of Interlingua
were selected to give its words and affixes their maximum geographic scope.[4] In part, the language Ido is also a product of interlinguistic research. In arts, an international art movement is an art movement with artists from more than one country, usually by many. Some international art movements are Letterist International, Situationist International, Stuckism

"International" is also sometimes used as a synonym for "global". See also[edit]

Globalization International
community International
relations Multilateralism Multinational corporation Multinational state Supranational Transnational (other) United Nations World community


^ Oxford
English Dictionary. ^ Le Nouveau Petit Robert 2010. ^ Language
Map ^ Gode, Alexander, Interlingua: A Grammar of the International Language. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1951.

External links[edit]

Look up international in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Meaning of international on The Free Dictionary Meaning of international on Cambridge
dictionary Meaning of international on Oxford


Ankerl, Guy (2000). Global communication without universal civilization. INU societal research. Vol.1: Coexisting contemporary civilizations : Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. Geneva: INU Press. ISBN 2-88155-