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The International League
International League
(IL) is a Minor League Baseball
Baseball
league that operates in the eastern United States
United States
and is headquartered in Dublin, Ohio. Like the Pacific Coast League
Pacific Coast League
and the Mexican League, it plays at the Triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball. It was so named because throughout its history the International League has had teams in Canada, Cuba, and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
as well as those in the United States. However, since the relocation of the Ottawa Lynx to Allentown, Pennsylvania, to become the Lehigh Valley IronPigs
Lehigh Valley IronPigs
for the 2008 season, all of the league's teams are now based in the U.S. Today, the league is composed of 14 teams across 9 states stretching from Indianapolis, Indiana, to Pawtucket, Rhode Island, and from Rochester, New York, to Lawrenceville, Georgia. A league champion is determined at the end of every season. The Rochester Red Wings
Rochester Red Wings
have won 19 International League
International League
titles, the most in the league's history, followed by the Buffalo Bisons
Buffalo Bisons
(12) and the Toronto Maple Leafs (11). Since the introduction of the Governors' Cup in 1933, the most cup titles have been won by Rochester and the Columbus Clippers
Columbus Clippers
(10), followed by the Syracuse Chiefs
Syracuse Chiefs
(8) and the Montreal Royals
Montreal Royals
(7). After the season, the IL champion plays in the Triple-A National Championship Game
Triple-A National Championship Game
against the Pacific Coast League champion to determine an overall champion of Triple-A baseball. The Columbus Clippers
Columbus Clippers
have won two national championships, more than any other IL teams.

Contents

1 History 2 Structure and season

2.1 Championship and interleague play

3 Current teams

3.1 Current team rosters 3.2 Defunct teams

4 League timeline 5 Champions

5.1 Championship wins by team

6 Awards

6.1 MVP Award 6.2 Most Valuable Pitcher Award 6.3 Rookie of the Year Award 6.4 Manager of the Year Award 6.5 Executive of the Year Award 6.6 Spirit of the International League
International League
Award

7 Hall of fame 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

International League
International League
baseball executives in 1915

The International League
International League
was created from the mergers of member teams from three precursor leagues: the Eastern League, which was itself a re-organization of the Interstate Association of 1883; the New York State League, formed in 1885; and the Ontario League, also organized in 1885. The New York State and Ontario leagues merged in 1886 to form the International League, and in 1887 the Eastern League was absorbed to create a 10-club league. The league collapsed soon afterwards, when the northern teams claimed that it was too onerous to travel to the south and formed the International Association. Teams and league names came and went over the years. The league was also affected by the effort to establish the Federal League
Federal League
as a new third major league from 1914 to 1915, with franchises being added and dropped and new ballparks built. In 1954, a franchise was awarded to Havana, Cuba, but due to political upheaval in that country it had to be moved — to Jersey City, New Jersey
Jersey City, New Jersey
— in the middle of the 1960 season. Another foray into the Caribbean failed when the newly created team in San Juan, Puerto Rico, added in 1961, had to be moved to Charleston, West Virginia, in mid-season. In 1971, an International League
International League
all-star team beat the New York Yankees in an exhibition game in Rochester, New York, before 11,000 people. In 1984, the all-stars lost to the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
in 11 innings before 11,032 fans in Columbus, Ohio, to commemorate the league's 100th anniversary. The International League
International League
and the American Association, another Triple-A league that operated in the Midwest, voted in 1988 to play interleague games as part of the Triple-A Alliance.[1] The league also split into two divisions that year. The interleague concept ended in 1992, but the two league divisions remained. In 1998, with the addition of three new teams from the disbanded American Association and the Durham Bulls
Durham Bulls
who previously played in the Carolina League, the International League
International League
reorganized into three divisions for the first time. Structure and season[edit] The International League
International League
is divided into three divisions: the North Division, South Division, and West Division. The North Division consists of six teams, while the South and West Divisions each have four teams.[2] The teams are slated to play 140 games in 2018, reduced from 142 in 2017 and 144 during the years 1998-2016.[3] The season typically begins during the first week of April and concludes on Labor Day.[4] The league plays by the same rules listed in the Official Baseball
Baseball
Rules published by Major League Baseball.[5] Championship and interleague play[edit]

IL All-Stars at the 2015 Triple-A All-Star Game

At the end of each season, the three divisional leaders and a wild card team square off in best-of-five series playoffs to determine a league champion, with the winner awarded the Governors' Cup, the league's championship trophy. Under this format, the North Division champion plays the wild card team, while the champions of the South and West Divisions play one another in best-of-five series. The winners then play each other in a best-of-five series to determine the champion.[6] Since 2006, the IL champion has played against the Pacific Coast League's champion in the Triple-A National Championship Game, a single game to determine an overall champion of Triple-A baseball. Previously, the IL champion also competed in the Triple-A World Series (1983, 1998–2000), Junior World Series (1919), and other sporadic postseason competitions throughout the league's history. Other interleague play occurs during the Triple-A All-Star Game. Traditionally, the game has taken place on the day after the mid-summer Major League Baseball
Baseball
All-Star Game.[7] The game is meant to mark a symbolic halfway-point in the season (though not the mathematical halfway-point which, for most seasons, is usually one month prior). During the All-Star break, no regular-season games are scheduled for two days before the All-Star Game itself.[8] Current teams[edit]

North Division Bisons Red Wings Chiefs RailRiders IronPigs Red Sox South Division Tides Bulls Knights Stripers West Division Clippers Mud Hens Indians Bats

Division Team Founded[a] MLB Affiliation Affiliated City Stadium Capacity[b]

North Buffalo Bisons 1985 Toronto Blue Jays 2013 Buffalo, New York Coca-Cola Field 16,907

Lehigh Valley IronPigs 2008 Philadelphia Phillies 2007 Allentown, Pennsylvania Coca-Cola Park 10,100

Pawtucket Red Sox 1973 Boston Red Sox 1970 Pawtucket, Rhode Island McCoy Stadium 10,031

Rochester Red Wings 1899 Minnesota Twins 2003 Rochester, New York Frontier Field 13,500

Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders 1989 New York Yankees 2007 Moosic, Pennsylvania PNC Field 10,000

Syracuse Chiefs 1961 Washington Nationals 2009 Syracuse, New York NBT Bank Stadium 11,071

South Charlotte Knights 1993 Chicago White Sox 1999 Charlotte, North Carolina BB&T Ballpark 10,200

Durham Bulls 1998 Tampa Bay Rays 1998 Durham, North Carolina Durham Bulls
Durham Bulls
Athletic Park 10,000

Gwinnett Stripers 2009 Atlanta Braves 1965 Lawrenceville, Georgia Coolray Field 10,427

Norfolk Tides 1969 Baltimore Orioles 2007 Norfolk, Virginia Harbor Park 11,856

West Columbus Clippers 1977 Cleveland Indians 2009 Columbus, Ohio Huntington Park 10,100

Indianapolis Indians 1902 Pittsburgh Pirates 2005 Indianapolis, Indiana Victory Field 14,230

Louisville Bats 1982 Cincinnati Reds 2000 Louisville, Kentucky Louisville Slugger Field 13,131

Toledo Mud Hens 1965 Detroit Tigers 1987 Toledo, Ohio Fifth Third Field 10,300

a Indicates current IL franchise's first year in current city. Some franchises have prior history in other cities, or had local predecessor franchises at other levels that shared their current name. b Many stadiums have lawn seating; thus, capacity is approximate.

Current team rosters[edit] Main article: International League
International League
rosters Defunct teams[edit] Main article: List of defunct International League
International League
teams (1912–)

League timeline[edit]

Current team Former team Champions[edit] Main article: List of International League
International League
champions The International League
International League
has crowned a league champion each season since 1884. Through 1932, the championship was awarded to the regular season pennant winner. In 1933, the league introduced a postseason playoff system to determine a champion. The winner is awarded the Governors' Cup. Championship wins by team[edit] Active International League
International League
teams appear in bold.

Wins Team Championship years

19 Rochester Bronchos/Red Wings 1899, 1901, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1939, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1988, 1990, 1997

12 Buffalo Bisons 1891, 1904, 1906, 1915, 1916, 1927, 1933, 1936, 1957, 1961, 1998, 2004

11 Toronto Maple Leafs 1897, 1902, 1907, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1926, 1934, 1960, 1965, 1966

10 Baltimore Orioles 1908, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1944, 1950

10 Columbus Clippers 1979, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1996, 2010, 2011, 2015

8 Montreal Royals 1898, 1941, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1958

8 Syracuse Chiefs 1935, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1954, 1969, 1970, 1976

5 Durham Bulls 2002, 2003, 2009, 2013, 2017

5 Newark Bears 1932, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1945

5 Providence Grays/Clamdiggers 1894, 1905, 1896, 1900, 1914

5 Richmond Braves
Richmond Braves
(Gwinnett Stripers) 1978, 1986, 1989, 1994, 2007

5 Tidewater Tides
Tidewater Tides
(Norfolk Tides) 1972, 1975, 1982, 1983, 1985

4 Pawtucket Red Sox 1973, 1984, 2012, 2014

3 Toledo Mud Hens 1967, 2005, 2006

2 Charlotte Knights 1993, 1999

2 Detroit Wolverines 1889, 1890

2 Indianapolis Indians 1963, 2000

2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees/RailRiders 2008, 2016

2 Syracuse Stars 1885, 1888

1 Atlanta Crackers 1962

1 Binghamton Bingoes 1892

1 Charleston Charlies 1977

1 Erie Blackbirds 1893

1 Havana
Havana
Sugar Kings 1959

1 Jacksonville Suns 1968

1 Jersey City Skeeters 1903

1 Louisville RiverBats
Louisville RiverBats
(Louisville Bats) 2001

1 Newark Indians 1913

1 Newark Little Giants 1886

1 Ottawa Lynx 1995

1 Springfield Maroons 1895

1 Trenton Trentonians 1884

1 Utica Pent-Ups 1887

Awards[edit]

Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Famer Red Schoendienst
Red Schoendienst
won the IL Most Valuable Player Award in 1943.[9]

The IL recognizes outstanding players and team personnel annually near the end of each season. MVP Award[edit] Main article: International League
International League
Most Valuable Player Award The Most Valuable Player Award, first awarded in 1932, is given to honor the best player in the league.[9] Most Valuable Pitcher Award[edit] Main article: International League
International League
Most Valuable Pitcher Award The Most Valuable Pitcher Award, first awarded in 1953, serves to recognize the league's best pitcher. Pitchers were eligible to win the MVP award from 1932 to 1952 as no award was designated solely for pitchers.[9] Rookie of the Year Award[edit] Main article: International League
International League
Rookie of the Year Award The Rookie of the Year Award, created in 1950, is given to the best player with no prior IL experience.[9] Manager of the Year Award[edit] Main article: International League
International League
Manager of the Year Award The Manager of the Year Award, started in 1967, is given to the league's top manager.[9] Executive of the Year Award[edit] The Executive of the Year Award, first awarded in 1964, honors team executives who have contributed to the success of the league.[9] Spirit of the International League
International League
Award[edit] The Spirit of the International League
International League
Award, first awarded in 2010, honors team executives who have exhibited dedication to creating and maintaining positive fan experiences when visiting IL games.[9][10] Hall of fame[edit] Main article: International League
International League
Hall of Fame The International League Hall of Fame
International League Hall of Fame
was established in 1947 to honor league players, managers, and executives who have made significant contributions to the league. The Hall of Fame inducted its first class of 9 men in 1947. A plaque was unveiled at the IL's New York City offices located in the Ruppert Building at 535 Fifth Avenue. Today, the plaque has no permanent home, but exists as a traveling display which visits a number of the league's ballparks each season. The Hall became dormant after 1963, but was revived in 2007. New members are elected before the start of each season.[11] See also[edit]

Baseball
Baseball
portal

International League
International League
baseball awards List of sports attendance figures Harry Simmons

References[edit]

^ "Notable Events in American Association History". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved May 24, 2017.  ^ " International League
International League
Current Standings". milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ Pawtucket Red Sox
Pawtucket Red Sox
(October 12, 2017). "Fireworks Every Saturday Night, Special
Special
Gifts Every Friday Highlight Pawtucket Red Sox
Pawtucket Red Sox
2018 Schedule". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 23 October 2017.  ^ "Official 2017 International League
International League
Schedule" (PDF). milb.com. Minor League Baseball. September 15, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ "MiLB.com Frequently Asked Questions". The Official Site of Minor League Baseball. 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ " International League
International League
Personnel and Staff". International League. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ "Omaha Storm Chasers and Werner Park to Host 2015 Triple-A Baseball All-Star Game". Omaha Storm Chasers. Minor League Baseball. March 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Durham Lands 2014 Triple-A ASG". Minor League Baseball. February 20, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g " International League
International League
Award Winners". International League. Retrieved July 21, 2017.  ^ "IL honors Syracuse's Don Waful". International League. March 30, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2017.  ^ " International League
International League
Hall of Fame". International League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved February 29, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to International League.

International League
International League
official website Triple-A Baseball
Baseball
official website

v t e

International League

North Division

Buffalo Bisons Lehigh Valley IronPigs Pawtucket Red Sox Rochester Red Wings Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders Syracuse Chiefs

South Division

Charlotte Knights Durham Bulls Gwinnett Stripers Norfolk Tides

West Division

Columbus Clippers Indianapolis Indians Louisville Bats Toledo Mud Hens

All-Star Game Champions Defunct teams Governors' Cup Hall of Fame Manager of the Year Award MVP Award Most Valuable Pitcher Award Rookie of the Year Award Rosters Stadiums Triple-A Championship

v t e

International League
International League
seasons (1990-2016)

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

v t e

Professional baseball leagues

Americas

Major

Major League Baseball

American League National League

Minor

Triple-A

International League Pacific Coast League Mexican League

Double-A

Eastern League Southern League Texas League

Class A Advanced

California League Carolina League Florida State League

Class A

Midwest League South Atlantic League

Class A Short Season

New York–Penn League Northwest League

Rookie Advanced

Appalachian League Pioneer League

Rookie

Arizona League Dominican Summer League Gulf Coast League

Independent

American Association Atlantic League Can-Am League Empire League Frontier League Pacific Association Pecos League United Shore League

Off-season

MLB-affiliated

Arizona Fall League Dominican Professional Baseball
Baseball
League Liga Paralela Mexican Pacific League Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Baseball
Baseball
League Venezuelan Professional Baseball
Baseball
League

Independent

Colombian Professional Baseball
Baseball
League Nicaraguan Professional Baseball
Baseball
League Panamanian Professional Baseball
Baseball
League Veracruz Winter League

Defunct Major Leagues

All-American Girls Professional Baseball
Baseball
League American Association Continental League Cuban League Federal League National Association Negro league baseball Players' League Union Association United States
United States
Baseball
Baseball
League

Defunct minor leagues

Asia

China

Major

China Baseball
Baseball
League

Japan

Major

Nippon Professional Baseball

Central League Pacific League

Minor

Eastern League Western League

Off-season

Miyazaki Phoenix League

Independent

Baseball
Baseball
Challenge League Shikoku Island League Plus

Women's

Japan Women's Baseball
Baseball
League

South Korea

Major

KBO League

Minor

KBO Futures League

Taiwan

Major: Chinese Professional Baseball
Baseball
League Minor: Popcorn League

Europe

Euro

Euro League Baseball

Italy

Major

Italian Baseball
Baseball
League 1D

Minor

Italian Baseball
Baseball
League 2D

Netherlands

Major

Honkbal Hoofdklasse

Minor

Honkbal Overgangsklasse

Rookie

Honkbal Rookie League

Oceania

Australia

MLB-affiliated:

Australian Baseball
Baseball
League

Inter-league and Professional National Team Championships

Asia Professional Baseball
Baseball
Championship Caribbean
Caribbean
Series Triple-A National Championship Game Worl

.