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Inner Asia
Asia
refers to regions within East Asia
East Asia
and North Asia
North Asia
that are today part of western China, Mongolia
Mongolia
and eastern Russia. It overlaps with some definitions of Central Asia, mostly the historical ones, but certain regions of Inner Asia
Asia
(such as Northeast China) are not considered a part of Central Asia
Central Asia
by any of its definitions. Inner Asia
Asia
may be considered as the "frontier" of China, and as bounded by East Asia, which consists of China, Japan, and Korea.[1] The extent of Inner Asia
Asia
was seen differently in different periods. "Inner Asia" is sometimes contrasted to " China
China
Proper", that is, the original provinces, those with majority Han Chinese
Han Chinese
populations. In 1800 it consisted of four main areas, namely Manchuria
Manchuria
(modern Northeast China
China
and Outer Manchuria), Mongolia
Mongolia
(Inner and Outer), Xinjiang
Xinjiang
and Tibet. These areas had been recently conquered by the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
but were governed through different administrative structure[2] not as regular provinces during most of the Qing period. The Qing government agency known as the Lifan Yuan was established to supervise the empire's Inner Asian regions.

Contents

1 Definition and usage 2 Different languages 3 Related terms

3.1 Central Asia 3.2 Central Eurasia

4 See also 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources

6 External links

Definition and usage[edit] Inner Asia
Asia
has a range of definitions and usages.[3] One such is how Denis Sinor
Denis Sinor
used Inner Asia
Asia
in contrast to agricultural civilizations, noting its changing borders, such as when a Roman province was taken by the Huns, areas of North China
China
was occupied by the Mongols, or when Anatolia
Anatolia
came under Turkish influence, eradicating Hellenistic culture.[4] Another is how scholars or historians of the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
such as those of the New Qing History often use the term "Inner Asia" when studying Qing interests or reigns outside China
China
proper.[5] Different languages[edit] In French, "Asie centrale" can mean both "Central Asia" and "Inner Asia"; Mongolia
Mongolia
and Tibet
Tibet
by themselves are termed "Haute-Asie" (High Asia, or Upper Asia).[6] The terms meaning "Inner Asia" in the languages of Inner Asian peoples are all modern loan translations of European, mostly Russian, terms.[citation needed] Related terms[edit] Central Asia[edit] "Central Asia" normally denotes the western, Islamic part of Inner Asia; that is, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan, with Afghanistan
Afghanistan
sometimes also included as part of Central Asia. However, The Library of Congress
The Library of Congress
subject classification system treats "Central Asia" and Inner Asia
Asia
as synonymous.[7] Central Eurasia[edit] According to Morris Rossabi, the term "Inner Asia" is the well-established term for the area in the literature. However, because of its deficiencies, including the implication of an "Outer Asia" that does not exist, Denis Sinor
Denis Sinor
has proposed the neologism "Central Eurasia", which emphasizes the role of the area in intercontinental exchange.[8] According to Sinor:[9]

The definition that can be given of Central Eurasia
Eurasia
in space is negative. It is that part of the continent of Eurasia
Eurasia
that lies beyond the borders of the great sedentary civilizations.... Although the area of Central Eurasia
Eurasia
is subject to fluctuations, the general trend is that of diminution. With the territorial growth of the sedentary civilizations, their borderline extends and offers a larger surface on which new layers of barbarians will be deposited.

See also[edit]

China
China
proper Chinese Tartary Western Regions Tang dynasty in Inner Asia Yuan dynasty in Inner Asia Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
in Inner Asia Nomadic empire Eurasianism Silk Road Turco-Mongols Turanism Tartary Division of the Mongol Empire

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Bulag, Uradyn E. (October 2005). "Where is East Asia? Central Asian and Inner Asian Perspectives on Regionalism". Japan Focus.  ^ The Cambridge History of China: Volume 10, Part 1, by John K. Fairbank, p37 ^ Book
Book
Abstaract: "Inner Asia: Making a Long-Term U.S. Commitment." Authors: Carol D. Clair; Army War Coll Carlisle Barracks Pa. Retrieved: 22 August 2009. ^ The Cambridge history of early Inner Asia, Volume 1 By Denis Sinor. Retrieved: 22 August 2009. ^ New Qing Imperial History: The Making of Inner Asian Empire at Qing Chengde, edited by Ruth W. Dunnell, Mark C. Elliott, Philippe Foret, James A Millward ^ Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies (RIFIAS). Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. Retrieved: 22 August 2009. ^ Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies (RIFIAS). Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. Retrieved: 22 August 2009. ^ Rossabi, Morris (1975). China
China
and Inner Asia: from 1368 to the present day. Pica Press. p. 10.  ^ Sinor, Denis (1997). Inner Asia: History, civilization, languages: a syllabus. p. 4. 

Sources[edit]

Di Cosmo, Nicola. 1999. "State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History". Journal of World History 10 (1). University of Hawai'i Press: 1–40. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20078749. Rogers, J. Daniel. 2012. "Inner Asian States and Empires: Theories and Synthesis". Journal of Archaeological Research 20 (3). Springer: 205–56. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41680525.

External links[edit]

The Association for Asian Studies (AAS): The China
China
and Inner Asia Council (CIAC). Indiana University at Bloomington: Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies (RIFIAS). University of Cambridge: Mongolia
Mongolia
and Inner Asia
Asia
Studies Unit (MIASU).

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Asia
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Protectorate General to Pacify the North West

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in Inner Asia

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Central

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Trans- Karakoram
Karakoram
Tract

Siachen Glacier

North

Inner Asia Northeast Far East

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Extreme North Siberia

Baikalia
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(Lake Baikal) Transbaikal Khatanga Gulf Baraba steppe

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East

Japanese archipelago

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China
proper Manchuria

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China
Plain Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

North China
China
Plain

Yan Mountains

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Tibet

Tarim Basin Northern Silk Road Hexi Corridor Nanzhong Lingnan Liangguang Jiangnan Jianghuai Guanzhong Huizhou Wu Jiaozhou Zhongyuan Shaannan Ordos Loop

Loess Plateau Shaanbei

Hamgyong Mountains Central Mountain Range Japanese Alps Suzuka Mountains Leizhou Peninsula Gulf of Tonkin Yangtze River Delta Pearl River Delta Yenisei Basin Altai Mountains Wakhan Corridor Wakhjir Pass

West

Greater Middle East

MENA MENASA Middle East

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Mountains

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South

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Valley Pir Panjal Range

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Tract Wakhan Corridor Wakhjir Pass Lakshadweep Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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West

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Northern

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East

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North

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South

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West

Andes

Tropical Andes Wet Andes Dry Andes Pariacaca mountain range

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Arctic
Ocean

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Greenland
Sea Gulf of Boothia Kara Sea Laptev Sea Lincoln Sea Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Pechora Sea Queen Victoria Sea Wandel Sea White Sea

Atlantic Ocean

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Indian Ocean

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Timor
Sea

Pacific Ocean

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China
Sea Gulf of Alaska Gulf of Anadyr Gulf of California Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Fonseca Gulf of Panama Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin Halmahera Sea Koro Sea Mar de Grau Molucca Sea Moro Gulf Philippine Sea Salish Sea Savu Sea Sea of Japan Sea of Okhotsk Seto Inland Sea Shantar Sea Sibuyan Sea Solomon Sea South China
China
Sea Sulu Sea Tasman Sea Visayan Sea Yellow Sea

Southern Ocean

Amundsen Sea Bellingshausen Sea Cooperation Sea Cosmonauts Sea Davis Sea D'Urville Sea King Haakon VII Sea Lazarev Sea Mawson Sea Riiser-Larsen Sea Ross Sea Scotia Sea Somov Sea Weddell Sea

Landlocked seas

Aral Sea Caspian Sea Dead Sea Salton Sea

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