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Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
(German pronunciation: [ˈɪŋɡɔlˌʃtat] ( listen); Austro-Bavarian [ˈɪŋl̩ʃtɔːd]) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany. It is located along the banks of the River Danube, in the centre of Bavaria. As of 31 December 2014[update], Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
had 131,002 citizens. It is part of the Munich
Munich
Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of more than 5 million. The Illuminati, a Bavarian secret society, was founded in Ingolstadt in the late 18th century. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is a setting in the novel Frankenstein
Frankenstein
by Mary Shelley, where the scientist Victor Frankenstein
Frankenstein
creates his monster. It is the site of the headquarters of the German automobile manufacturer Audi, defence aircraft manufacturer Airbus (formerly Cassidian Air Systems), and electronic stores Media Markt
Media Markt
and Saturn. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
Central Station has been connected to Nuremberg
Nuremberg
by a high-speed rail link since May 2006. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
also has a second passenger station at Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
Nord.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History and culture 3 Demographics 4 Cityscape

4.1 Main sights 4.2 Parks and natural areas

5 Schools

5.1 Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
School of Management 5.2 THI University of Applied Sciences

6 Sports 7 Literary references 8 International relations 9 Organizations and clubs 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] Covering an urban area of 133.35 square kilometres (51.49 sq mi), Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is geographically Bavaria's fourth-largest city after Munich, Nuremberg
Nuremberg
and Augsburg. At its largest point the city is about 18 km (11 miles) from east to west and from north to south about 15 km (9 miles). The city boundary has a length of 70 km (43 miles). The city boundary is about 14 km (9 mi) away from the geographic centre of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Kipfenberg. The old town is approximately 374 metres (1,227 feet) above sea level and the highest point, located in the district of Pettenhofen, is 410.87 m (1,348.00 ft). The lowest point of the Schutter confluence with the Danube
Danube
is at 362 m (1,188 ft) above sea level. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
uses Central European Time
Central European Time
as throughout Germany; the average time lag is 14 minutes. The city is expanding at the northern and southern banks of the Danube in a wide flat bowl. The Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
basin borders the Jura foothills, located south and is to the north of the Donau-Isar-Hügelland. In the southwest is the Donaumoos while in the east the lowland forests of the Danube
Danube
reach into the urban area. It is the second largest hardwood floodplain on the Danube. The Sandrach, the former Southern main branch of the Danube, partly forms the Southern city border. In the north, the Schutter flows through from the west reaching the Danube
Danube
near to the Altstadt. History and culture[edit]

Old City Hall

Church of Our Lady

The Kreuztor

Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
was first mentioned in a document of Charlemagne
Charlemagne
on 6 February 806 as "Ingoldes stat", the place of Ingold. Circa 1250, Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
was granted city status. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
was the capital of the Duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
Bavaria-Ingolstadt
between 1392 and 1447. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
was then united with Bavaria-Landshut. Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
ordered the building of the New Castle, whose form was strongly influenced by French Gothic architecture. In 1472 Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
founded the University of Ingolstadt which became the Ludwig-Maximilians-University. In 1800 it was moved to Landshut
Landshut
and in 1826 eventually to Munich. The University of Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
was an important defender of the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation era, led by such notable scholars as Johann Eck. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is where William IV, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
wrote and signed the Bavarian Reinheitsgebot
Reinheitsgebot
in 1516. In the Battle of Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
in May 1525, the Black Company
Black Company
– a unit of Franconian farmers and knights fighting on the side of the peasants during the German Peasants' War
German Peasants' War
– took their last stand at Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
against the Swabian League, all eventually being defeated and killed. On 30 April 1632, the German field marshal Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly died at Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
during a Swedish siege of the city. The field marshal had been badly wounded in a previous engagement with the Swedes under King Gustavus Adolphus. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
proved to be the first fortress in Germany
Germany
that held out for the entire length of the Swedish siege, and the Swedes eventually withdrew. The remains of Gustavus Adolphus' horse can be seen in the City Museum. The horse was shot from under the king by one of the cannons inside the fortress, a cannon known as "The Fig". When the Swedes withdrew, the city preserved the remains of the king's horse, eventually putting the form on display. It has remained thus for almost 400 years. In 1748, Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Order of Illuminati, was born in Ingolstadt. After the French invasion in 1799 the fortress was demolished and the university was relocated to Landshut. Originally a fortress city, Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is enclosed by a medieval defensive wall. The Bavarian fortress (1537–1930) now holds the museum of the Bavarian army. During World War I, future French president Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
was detained there as a prisoner of war. A sappers' drill ground lies next to the river, and two military air bases are located nearby, one used for testing aircraft. The long military tradition of the city is reflected in today's civil and cultural life. Former "off-limit" military training areas have been converted into well-used public parks. Adolf Scherzer composed the "Bayerischen Defiliermarsch". Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
Frankenstein
was set at the Ingolstädter Alte Anatomie (Old Anatomy Building), now a museum for medical history. Marieluise Fleißer set her play Pioneers in Ingolstadt (1928) in the city. In 1945, the car manufacturer Auto Union
Auto Union
first arrived in the city. The company's original factories in Chemnitz
Chemnitz
and Zwickau
Zwickau
(both then in Soviet controlled East Germany) were shattered during the war, and were seized by the Russians as reparations. Auto Union
Auto Union
executives initially started a spare parts operation in Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
in the immediate post war period, with a view to relocating the entire company to the region. With the help of Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan
aid, Auto Union was formally re-founded in Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
in 1949, ultimately evolving into the modern-era Audi
Audi
company, after it was taken over by Volkswagen
Volkswagen
in 1964. Today, Audi
Audi
is the region's largest employer and now dominates the economy of the city. Demographics[edit]

Largest groups of foreign residents[2]

Nationality Population (2018)

 Turkey 4,438

 Romania 2,583

 Greece 1,405

 Croatia 1,332

 Italy 1,155

 Kosovo 1,126

 Poland 1,103

 Hungary 942

Cityscape[edit] Main sights[edit] As one of five ducal residences of medieval Bavaria
Bavaria
— besides Landshut, Munich, Straubing
Straubing
and Burghausen — the city of Ingolstadt features many Gothic buildings, such as the Herzogskasten ('old ducal castle', ca. 1255) and the New Castle, which was built from 1418 onwards. The largest church is the Gothic hall church of Our Lady, which was begun in 1425. Also the churches of Saint Maurice (1235) and of the Gnadenthal and Franciscans monasteries date from the Gothic era. The Kreuztor (1385) is one of the remaining gates of the old city wall. The Gothic Old City Hall was constructed in the 14th century, and later altered several times. The Baroque era is represented by the Old Anatomy Building of the university (1723–1736, designed by Gabriel de Gabrieli) and the church St. Maria de Victoria, which was built by the Asam brothers (1732–1736). The church of the Augustinians of Johann Michael Fischer (1736) was completely destroyed in World War II. Many buildings of the neo-classical fortification of Leo von Klenze have been preserved, such as the Reduit Tilly and the towers Baur and Triva. As well as being the home of the headquarters of the car manufacturer Audi, the town is also home to Audi's museum mobile, which is open to the public and presents historic exhibits and offers guided tours. Parks and natural areas[edit] Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is a green city with numerous parks, green spaces and forests. The most prominent of these is the "Glacis", formerly an open space in front of the city walls, now surrounding the historic city center. It functions as a "green belt" and a buffer area between traffic, residential areas and schools. It is possible to traverse it using spacious paths for pedestrians and cyclists, with a good view of the site of the former fortifications, including a well-preserved section of the ditch. The biggest park in the city, the Klenzepark, which contained the former Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
State Fortress, and was the site of the Landesgartenschau in 1992, is also a part of the Glacis. The biggest forest in Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is the Auwald ("riverside forest", also called "Schüttel"). It is found on both the northern and southern banks of the Danube, and is one of the biggest well-preserved river forests in Germany, extending mainly from Neuburg to Ingolstadt with extensions to the city center. The forest serves as a natural reserve, with parts containing unique vegetation or acting as a wildlife reserve. Schools[edit] Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
School of Management[edit] Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is home to the Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
School of Management, which is the department of business administration and economics of the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. In national rankings, the business school regularly scores among the top ten.[citation needed] The faculty maintains a large network of partner universities for international educational exchange. The Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
School of management offers bachelor's and master's degrees in business administration. Among the academic programs offered are also an executive MBA and doctoral degrees. THI University of Applied Sciences[edit] The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is a university for technology, computer sciences and business administration. With approximately 6,000 students, it is the biggest educational institution in Ingolstadt[3]. Several scholarship programmes supported by companies such as Siemens and Conti Temic (Continental AG) provide gifted students with financial assistance during their studies. These students deepen their practical experience by working at these organizations. The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
offers several undergraduate and graduate programmes. Every programme is listed under the top 10 in Germany.[citation needed] Sports[edit] The sports life of the city is based on the 83 registered sports clubs. The biggest sports club is the MTV 1881 Ingolstadt, with over 3000 registered members in 16 branches. In total, the sports clubs in Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
have more than 41,000 members. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is especially known for ice hockey and association football. ERC Ingolstadt, founded in 1964, plays in the German Ice Hockey League since the 2002-03 season. With the exception of its season of debut and 2007–08, the club has reached the national play-offs every year as of 2014[update], and has reached the semi-finals three times. They won the German Ice Hockey League Championship in 2014. The football club FC Ingolstadt 04
FC Ingolstadt 04
came into existence in 2004 after the merger of the football branches of MTV Ingolstadt
MTV Ingolstadt
and ESV Ingolstadt. In the 2007-08 season, it was promoted from the third highest division at the time, Regionalliga Süd to 2. Bundesliga. In the 2008-09 season, it was relegated at the penultimate place, but was promoted again in 2010-11 and remained in 2. Bundesliga
2. Bundesliga
till 2015. In 2015, Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
won the 2. Bundesliga
2. Bundesliga
and were promoted to the country's highest league, the Bundesliga. During their first season in the Bundesliga, Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
finished in 11th place. They were relegated to 2. Bundesliga
2. Bundesliga
by the end of the 2016-17 season. Literary references[edit] Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is one of the many settings in Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein. Primarily, Victor Frankenstein
Frankenstein
attends university in Ingolstadt. The musical version of the novel, Frankenstein
Frankenstein
– A New Musical has many scenes set in Ingolstadt. Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is also a pivotal location in The Illuminatus! Trilogy
The Illuminatus! Trilogy
by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson. The sixth scene of "Mother Courage and Her Children" by "Bertolt Brecht" is set in Ingolstadt, when count Tilly died in 1632, during the "Thirty Years War" Rainer Werner Fassbinder's 1971 film Pioneers in Ingolstadt is set in the town. The X-Files
The X-Files
episode "The Post-Modern Prometheus" makes a reference to the University of Ingolstadt. This was an allusion to Frankenstein, as the episode contained numerous Frankenstein
Frankenstein
references, and the full title of Frankenstein
Frankenstein
is "Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus". In the Terra Ignota series, Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
is the capital of Gordian, one of the world's seven Hives. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Several other cities are sister cities to Ingolstadt:

Győr, Hungary Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland Grasse, PACA, France

Carrara, Tuscany, Italy Kragujevac, Serbia Manisa, Turkey

Opole, Poland
Poland
[4] Moscow, Central Administrative Okrug, Russia Murska Sobota, Slovenia Foshan, Guangdong, China
China
(since 2013)[5][6]

Organizations and clubs[edit]

MTV 1881 Ingolstadt, Ingolstadt's major sports club FC Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
04, Footballclub in Bundesliga
Bundesliga
(I) Grün-Weiß Ingolstadt, Footballclub in Kreisklasse (IX) Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
Schanzer, Baseball team in 2. Bundesliga
2. Bundesliga
(II) ERC Ingolstadt, Ice hockey
Ice hockey
team in DEL (I) The Bavarian Illuminati Ingolstadt Dukes American football
American football
in GFL (I)

See also[edit]

University of Ingolstadt

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ "Bevölkerung" [Population] (pdf) (in German). Stadt Ingolstadt. pp. 34–38. Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "Facts and Figures". THI. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola". Urzad Miasta Opola (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ http://www2.ingolstadt.de/index.phtml?object=tx%7C1842.55.1&NavID=1842.86&Aktuell_ID=13449 ^ http://www.augsburger-allgemeine.de/neuburg/Ingolstadt-und-Foshan-id27503787.html

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ingolstadt.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ingolstadt.

Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
Official website of the city (in German) Virtual tour through Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
(in German, but more images than text) Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt University of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschule) Museum of the Bavarian Army (in German) Audi A history of Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
by Kurt Scheurer (in German) A biography of Marieluise Fleißer
Marieluise Fleißer
(in German) Pioniere in Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
by Marieluise Fleißer
Marieluise Fleißer
(in

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Coburg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Landshut Memmingen München (Munich) Nürnberg (Nuremberg) Passau Regensburg Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden Würzburg

Rural districts

Aichach-Friedberg Altötting Amberg-Sulzbach Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bad Kissingen Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Bamberg Bayreuth Berchtesgadener Land Cham Coburg Dachau Deggendorf Dillingen Dingolfing-Landau Donau-Ries Ebersberg Eichstätt Erding Erlangen-Höchstadt Forchheim Freising Freyung-Grafenau Fürstenfeldbruck Fürth Garmisch-Partenkirchen Günzburg Haßberge Hof Kelheim Kitzingen Kronach Kulmbach Landsberg Landshut Lichtenfels Lindau Main-Spessart Miesbach Miltenberg Mühldorf München (Munich) Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Neumarkt Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Neustadt an der Waldnaab Neu-Ulm Nürnberger Land Oberallgäu Ostallgäu Passau Pfaffenhofen Regen Regensburg Rhön-Grabfeld Rosenheim Roth Rottal-Inn Schwandorf Schweinfurt Starnberg Straubing-Bogen Tirschenreuth Traunstein Unterallgäu Weilheim-Schongau Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Wunsiedel Würzburg

v t e

The Danube

Countries

Germany Austria Slovakia Hungary Croatia Serbia Bulgaria Romania Moldova Ukraine

Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings of the Danube

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132524888 LCCN: n80128697 GN

.