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The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Udara (TNI-AU), literally "Indonesian National Military-Air Force") is the aerial branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
is headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia. Its order of battle is split into three Air Force Operational Commands (Komando Operasi TNI Angkatan Udara /KOOPSAU). Most of its airbases are located on the island of Java.[2] The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
also has its ground force unit, called Air Force Special
Special
Forces Corps (Paskhas). In addition, While not part of the Air Force, most of Indonesian National Air Defense Forces Command (Kohanudnas) personnel are picked from the Air Force and its commander is always an Air Force two-star Marshal. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
has 37,850 personnel and equipped with 110 combat aircraft. The inventory includes Su-27
Su-27
and Su-30
Su-30
as the main fighters (from Russia) supplemented by F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcons (from the US).[3] The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
will purchase 11 Sukhoi Su-35[4] and around 50 KF-X[5] as a replacement for the already-aging US Northrop F-5 Tiger
F-5 Tiger
light fighters in its inventory.[6][7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Before Indonesian independence (1941–1945) 1.2 Indonesian War of Independence / Netherlands 'Police Action' (1945–1949) 1.3 Action against rebellions (1950–1961) 1.4 Soviet influence (1962–1965) 1.5 30 September movement and the overthrow of Sukarno
Sukarno
(1966–1970) 1.6 Rebirth (1970–1980) 1.7 Influence of American and allied products (1980–1998) 1.8 Embargoes 1998–2006 1.9 Minimum Essential Force (MEF) 2010–present

2 Administrative and operational organization

2.1 Leadership Elements 2.2 Assistant for Leadership Element 2.3 Other Service Elements as may be organized under the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 2.4 Central Executive Agencies under Air Force Headquarters 2.5 Main Command

3 Speciality Corps 4 Force structure

4.1 Aircraft

5 Chief of Staff of the Air Force 6 Rank Structure

6.1 Officers 6.2 Enlisted personnel

7 Notable incidents 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Before Indonesian independence (1941–1945)[edit] After World War II ended, Indonesia
Indonesia
became the second country (after Thailand) in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
to acquire an air force. Indonesian pilots fought against the colonial forces of the Netherlands during 1945–1949 with former Japanese aircraft abandoned at the end of World War II, as well as aircraft of the Netherlands East Indies Air Force (including Curtiss P-36 Hawk
Curtiss P-36 Hawk
(P-36 Mohawk), Brewster F2A
Brewster F2A
Buffalo and Fokker D.XXI
Fokker D.XXI
fighters; Martin B-10
Martin B-10
bombers; Fokker C.X reconnaissance floatplanes) left before the Japanese occupation in 1941.

Indonesian War of Independence / Netherlands 'Police Action' (1945–1949)[edit] Captured Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar
Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar
used by the Indonesians in the War of Independence. Note the early roundel version. After the Japanese announced their surrender at the end of WWII, Indonesian nationalist leader Sukarno
Sukarno
declared Indonesian Independence on 17 August 1945. Several days later, Indonesian People's Security Force (Badan Keamanan Rakyat) was formed to undertake security duties. The Air Division of this force was also formed, using ex-Japanese planes scattered everywhere, especially in the island of Java, including Bugis Air Base in Malang
Malang
(Established on 18 September 1945). The most numerous of these aeroplanes were the Yokosuka K5Y1 Willow (Cureng) trainers, which were hastily used to train newly recruited cadets. At the time of the founding, there was only one Indonesian holding a multi-engine pilot license from the pre-war Dutch Flying School, Agustinus Adisucipto (but did not have an opportunity to fly during the 3.5-year Japanese occupation). He was assisted by a few Japanese pilots who decided to stay in the newly born country. The new roundel was created simply by painting white on the lower part of the Japanese Hinomaru, reflecting the red and white of the Indonesian flag. The People's Security Force was then re-organized to form a formal armed force. This marked the birth of the Indonesian Air Force on 9 April 1946. However, tensions rose as the Dutch tried to re-claim their former colony and launched an assault on 21 July 1947, destroying most of the planes on the ground. Some planes survived though and were hidden in remote bases. 29 July 1947 was date of the first air operation by the newborn air force as three surviving aircraft, comprising two Yokosuka K5Y1 Willow (Cureng) and a Mitsubishi Ki-51
Mitsubishi Ki-51
Sonia (the fourth aircraft, a Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar (Hayabusa) flown by Air Cadet Bambang Saptoadji, should also have been involved in the raid as an escort, but as of when it was launched, the aircraft was not airworthy due to engine troubles)[8] conducted air raids at dawn on the Dutch Army barracks in Semarang, Salatiga and Ambarawa, dropping incendiary bombs. Tactically, these raids did not have any effect on the Dutch positions, but psychologically, it was a great success as it proved that the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
still existed. The Dutch had previously claimed the destruction of Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
in their assault before and they never expected any attack from the sky. Dutch Curtiss P-40E Warhawks tried to find all the guerrillas' planes, but they were too late to find those "ghost" aircraft which landed quickly in Maguwo Air Base, near Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta
(now, Adisucipto International Airport). Indonesian pro-independence guerrillas tried to save captured aircraft in a number of remote areas, including examples of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen "Zeke", Aichi D3A
Aichi D3A
"Val", and Mitsubishi G4M
Mitsubishi G4M
"Betty". Under pressure from the United Nations, the Dutch finally agreed to acknowledge Indonesian independence. Following the 1949 Round Table Conference, sovereignty was officially transferred to the United States of Indonesia. The Dutch armed forces left (but remained in West Papua until 1963) and the aeroplanes were handed over to the Indonesians. These comprised, among others, North American
North American
P-51 Mustang, North American
North American
B-25 Mitchell, North American
North American
T-6 Texan, Douglas A-26 Invader, Douglas C-47 Dakota
Douglas C-47 Dakota
and Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina, which served as the main forces of the Indonesian Air Force for the following decade. During this era, Indonesia
Indonesia
received its first jet aircraft; De Havilland DH-115 Vampire. It was also during this era that the national roundels were changed to the red and white pentagon (which was supposed to signify Indonesia's national ideology of "Panca Sila", or the "Five Principles", created by Sukarno
Sukarno
in 1945).

Action against rebellions (1950–1961)[edit] B-25 Mitchell
B-25 Mitchell
bombers of the AURI in the 1950s Political instability meant that the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
saw action against several regional rebellions in Indonesia
Indonesia
such as PRRI, Permesta, Darul Islam-Tentara Islam Indonesia
Indonesia
(DI/TII) and the Republic of South Maluku
Republic of South Maluku
separatists. Several Indonesian pilots scored their first kills, including Captain Ignatius Dewanto with his North American
North American
P-51 Mustang, who in 1958 shot down a Permesta Douglas B-26 Invader over Ambon. Its pilot, Allen Pope, an American CIA agent, was captured and tried in Jakarta, thus revealing the significant involvement of the CIA's "Operation Haik" in the rebellion. The most famous Indonesian fighter pilot in this era was Rusmin Nurjadin, who became Chief of Staff of the Air Force from 1966–69. Nurjadin commanded MiG-21
MiG-21
squadrons in 1962–65 and founded an acrobatic team in 1962 that flew the MiG-17F/PF Fresco over some cities in Indonesia. Small numbers of Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
pilots gained their reputation as aces in this era.

Soviet influence (1962–1965)[edit] Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
MiG-21
MiG-21
in the Air Force Museum The rise of the communist party in Indonesia
Indonesia
(Communist Party of Indonesia) drew Indonesia
Indonesia
closer to the Eastern Bloc. Several Soviet-built aircraft began to arrive in the early 1960s including the MiG-15UTI
MiG-15UTI
from Czechoslovakia, MiG-17F/PF, MiG-19S and MiG-21F-13, in addition to Ilyushin Il-28, Mil Mi-4, Mil Mi-6, Antonov An-12
Antonov An-12
and Avia 14 also from Czechoslovakia. Indonesia
Indonesia
also received Lavochkin La-11. Some Tupolev Tu-2
Tupolev Tu-2
from China also arrived, intended to replace the B-25, but they never reached operational status. These aircraft served along with the remaining American aircraft such as North American B-25 Mitchell, Douglas A-26 Invader, Douglas C-47 Dakota, and North American
North American
P-51 Mustang. It was during this period that the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
became the first Air Force in Southeast Asia which acquired the capability of strategic bombing by acquiring the new Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-16
in 1961, before the acquisition of Ilyushin Il-28
Ilyushin Il-28
by Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Air Force. Around 25 Tu-16KS were delivered complete with AS-1 air-surface missiles. One crashed at the end of 1962.[9][10] This era also marked the last confrontation with the Dutch in Papua, before the Dutch, again under pressure of the United Nations, left in 1963. Several missions of Taiwan-based Lockheed U-2s from 35th Squadron flew over Maluku (Mollucas) and reported to Dutch military that there was a strong possibility that Dutch would lose their air superiority over Papua if they continued the war.[11][12] During Operation Trikora, the air force was deployed as follows:

7 P-51Ds based at Laha airbase, Ambon. One aircraft piloted by Second Air Lieutenant Prasetyo lost due to engine failure during the ferry flight from Makassar
Makassar
to Ambon. The pilot, Second Air Lieutenant Prasetyo, died after bailing out from the aircraft and landed in a high-tide seas and couldn't be rescued by the Air Forces' PBY-5 Catalina due to the extreme weather after Prasetyo's accident[12] 40 MiG-17F/PF aircraft on three airfields: Morotai
Morotai
(in northern Maluku), Amahai
Amahai
(in Seram) and Letfuan (in Banda islands, located in the southwest of Papua). The aircraft had been stationed at Morotai before Operation Trikora
Operation Trikora
for actions against PRRI-PERMESTA and the Republic of South Maluku
Republic of South Maluku
separatists. The primary role of these aircraft were to provide air cover for the airlift and logistics aircraft during the early infiltration to Papua.[13] If the war broke out, these MiG-17F/PF would provide the air cover for Tu-16 anti-shipping missions and Il-28 bombing missions,[14] also for intercepting Netherlands' Hawker Hunters based in Numfor, Biak.[15] Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
B-25 Mitchell
B-25 Mitchell
at the Jakarta
Jakarta
Armed Forces Museum 4 B-25 Mitchells and two A-26 Invaders at Letfuan airbase. Their primary role was for transport and providing air cover for the airlift, until this role was assumed by the P-51Ds and MiG-17F/PFs.[13] Dutch Lockheed PV-2 Neptunes were known as the strongest rival for these Letfuan-based units.[16] 18 Il-28s stationed first at Laha airbase, but then moved to Amahai airbase, due to the shortness of runway at Laha for the landing of the aircraft.[17] 26 Tu-16s stationed in Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
airbase near Ngawi, Jawa Timur in 41st and 42nd Squadron. Six aircraft were scrambled to Morotai
Morotai
airbase for the operation. These units were to threaten the Dutch naval fleet in Papua including HNLMS Karel Doorman (R81), the only aircraft carrier of the Dutch naval fleet. 24 Douglas C-47 Dakotas stationed at three airfields; Laha, Amahai
Amahai
and Letfuan. One aircraft piloted by Air Captain Djalaludin Tantu and co-pilot Second Air Lieutenant Sukandar, was downed by a Dutch PV-2.[13] All crews bailed out safely from the aircraft, but were soon captured by the Dutch forces after hiding in Papua[16] 10 Lockheed C-130
C-130
Herculess stationed at Halim Perdanakusumah airbase at Jakarta. Despite the warning from United States to not use the aircraft for the operation, it soon scrambled over the Papua for the airlift mission, due to the loss of C-47s, to Dutch Hawker Hunters and PV-2s. The C-130's high altitude flying capability made it less vulnerable to interception.[13] 6 Douglas DC-3s and one Convair 240, under Wing Garuda 011. The aircraft were modified from civilian use for airlift operations.[17] 6 anti-submarine Fairey Gannet
Fairey Gannet
AS.4s, several PBY-5 Catalinas and two Grumman HU-16 Albatross
HU-16 Albatross
(UF-1 variant). These aircraft belonged to the Indonesian Naval Air Force, but supporting the air forces for the Operation. Aircraft were stationed in Liang airbase at Seram, then moved to Morotai
Morotai
airbase. One Gannet AS.4 was lost due to an accident when it crashed into a mountain in Seram island, killing three crew members.[17] Several Bell 47s, Mil Mi-4
Mil Mi-4
and Mil Mi-6
Mil Mi-6
helicopters were planned to be used for the operation, but were not ready during the early phase of infiltration of the operation.[17] Indonesian MiG pilots received training to fly their fighter aircraft in Egypt
Egypt
before the infiltration campaign.[18] During the infiltration of the airlift campaign, the air forces' special forces, Pasukan Gerak Tjepat (PGT) (now known as Paskhas) landed in Klamono-Sorong, Papua.[19] Also during this period, the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
also took part in the confrontation with the Malaysian Federation (which was backed by the United Kingdom) along the border of Kalimantan, the Malacca Strait and near the Singapore
Singapore
Border.

30 September movement and the overthrow of Sukarno
Sukarno
(1966–1970)[edit] The coup attempt led by the 30 September Movement
30 September Movement
in 1965 changed everything and a new anti-communist regime from the Army, led by Major General Suharto, took power. The Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Air Marshall Omar Dani
Omar Dani
was removed from his position and court-martialed for his purported involvement in the coup. Ties with the Eastern bloc countries were cut, and thus support and spare parts for the planes became short. By August 1968 the situation was critical, and in early 1970, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Suwoto Sukandar, said that the spare parts situation meant that only 15–20 percent of aircraft were airworthy.[20] The MiG force made its farewell flight with a flypast of Jakarta
Jakarta
in 1970. The relatively new MiG-19s were sold to Pakistan. By October 1970, only one Tu-16 was still flying, but after an in-flight engine failure, it too was grounded.[21]

Rebirth (1970–1980)[edit] An Australian-built CAC Sabre, as used by the Indonesian Air Force. The Air Force began to be re-equipped by receiving former Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) CAC Sabres — an Australian re-design of the F-86
F-86
Sabre — to replace the MiG-21s. The Sabre was used by the TNI-AU until 1982. In 1973, the United States supplied military assistance including T33s trainers and UH-34D helicopters in exchange for four old MiG-21F-13s. Pakistan
Pakistan
Air Force took over the responsibility to train Indonesian pilots in the Sabre and in logistical aspects of the Air Force. Over the next three years, the US supplied 16 North American
North American
Rockwell OV-10 Broncos counter-insurgency aircraft and F-5E/F Tiger II fighters, in exchange for which the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
handed over the majority of its remaining MiG-21F-13s, which were used to form a US Air Force Aggressor squadron.[22] Indonesia
Indonesia
also purchased BAE Hawk
BAE Hawk
Mk 53s from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in the 1970s. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
took part in the 1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor.

Influence of American and allied products (1980–1998)[edit] A-4E Skyhawk of the Indonesian Air Force In the early 1980s, the Air Force, needing modern strike aircraft, organised Operation Alpha to clandestinely acquire ex-Israeli Air Force A-4 Skyhawks. Air Force personnel were sent in secret by different routes and eventually Indonesia
Indonesia
received 32 aircraft.[23] In 1982, Indonesia
Indonesia
purchased 16 Northrop F-5E/F Tiger II from the United States to replace their Sabres. These were upgraded in Belgium from 1995. During 1986–88, there was a competition for the contract to provide a new fighter bomber, between the General Dynamics F-16
F-16
and Dassault Mirage 2000. Indonesia
Indonesia
eventually ordered 12 F-16A/B Fighting Falcon Block 15 OCU as a new fighter in 1989. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
had originally planned to acquire 60 F-16s to cover and defend its 12 million square kilometres of territory.[24] A total of 10 F-16A and F-16B are still in service with Indonesian Air Force: 2 planes crashed in two different accidents. A follow-up order for 9 more F-16A Block-15 OCU was cancelled in favour of 24 Su-30 MKK,[25] but this order was also cancelled due to the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
ordered eight BAE Hawk
BAE Hawk
Mk 109s and 32 Mk 209s in 1993. The last of these was delivered by January 1997.

Embargoes 1998–2006[edit] An Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Lockheed C-130H-30 at Adisucipto International Airport In 1999, the Indonesian Military staged a military intervention following the East Timor's referendum. The result was that more than 1,500 were civilians killed and 70 percent of Dili's infrastructure razed. In response, the United States and the European Union both imposed arms embargoes. Although the European Union chose not to renew its ban in 2000, the United States did not lift its embargo until November 2005. During this embargo the Indonesian government turned to Russia
Russia
to supply them with arms including fighters, helicopters, missiles, radars and other equipment. In 2002, the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
conducted operations against separatists, such as the Free Aceh Movement
Free Aceh Movement
("Gerakan Aceh Merdeka", GAM) and Free Papua Movement
Free Papua Movement
(Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM). In the conflict with GAM in Aceh, the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
utilised OV-10Fs for counter-insurgency actions along with BAe Hawk 53 and 209. In that same year, the Air Force received two Sukhoi Su-27s and two Sukhoi Su-30s from Russia. The fighters were partly paid for in Indonesian palm oil. The purchase, however, did not include any weaponry. Seven KT-1B Korean basic trainers were also purchased. By 2005 the Air Force was experiencing a logistical crisis. The F-16s and A-4s, which accounted for 80% of its air combat assets, were at the minimum or nil level of combat readiness. To respond to the crisis, in 2006, the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
ordered three Sukhoi Su-27SKM and three Su-30MK2 to complete a full squadron. It was also made public that the four aircraft procured in 2003 were inactive and awaiting an upgrade of their communication systems, as they were incompatible with the Indonesian systems in use. The additional aircraft were ordered with systems complying with the Indonesian and international standards and would also include new weaponry for all variants.[25] A further 12 KT-1b Korean basic trainers were also ordered in 2006. Until 2008, the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
had only purchased four types of missiles: KS-1 Komet, Vympel K-13, AIM-9 Sidewinder
AIM-9 Sidewinder
and AGM-65 Maverick. Starting from 2008, it started receiving more advanced Russian made Vympel R-73
Vympel R-73
and Vympel R-77
Vympel R-77
air-to-air missiles for its new Su-27
Su-27
and Su-30
Su-30
fighters. Also a limited number of Kh-29, Kh-31 and Kh-59
Kh-59
air-to-ground missiles were delivered for Su-30
Su-30
strike fighters.[26] Local weapons are being developed such as P-100 air-to-ground bomb manufactured by CV Sari Bahari Malang, East Java. P-100 has been successfully tested in Su-27
Su-27
and Su-30
Su-30
for ground attack missions. Large-scale production is subject to approval from Ministry of Defence.[citation needed]

Minimum Essential Force (MEF) 2010–present[edit] During the visit of US President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
on 9–10 November 2010 in Jakarta, the TNI-AU Force was offered 24 ex-USAF F-16
F-16
Block 25 aircraft as part of the Peace Bima-Sena II agreement.[27][28] In October 2011, the House of Representatives approved the grant. The jets will be upgraded similar to the latest Block 50/52 variant with payment.[29] The TNI-AU is also progressing with the reactivation of all 10 units of F-16 Block 15 OCU, which resulted in the reactivation of TS-1606, TS-1609 and TS-1612 recently.[30] To replace the Fokker F-27s, the TNI-AU has ordered nine Spanish CASA C-295
CASA C-295
in joint production with PT. Dirgantara Indonesia. New unmanned aerial vehicles will also be purchased to strengthen TNI-AU aerial observation and will be based at Supadio Air Force Base, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat. Starting in 2010,[31] Minister of Defence Purnomo Yusgiantoro stated that TNI-AU will gradually purchase a total of 180 Su-27s and Su-30s to complete the needs of 10 squadrons.[32] India also offered TNI-AU Indian-Russian made BrahMos
BrahMos
missiles to equip its Su-27s and Su-30s.[33]

TNI-AU Boeing 737-2X9 in 2011 Indonesia
Indonesia
signed a memorandum of understanding to participate in the South Korean KF-X
KF-X
programme in July 2010 and the terms of agreement was signed in 2011. Indonesia
Indonesia
will finance 20 percent of the project and will receive 50 jets in return, while South Korea will get 200 jets. A Defence ministry spokesman claimed that the jet would be more capable than the F-16
F-16
but less capable that the F-35. The project was started in 2009 and the first prototype is expected to roll out in the second half of 2020.[34] But payment problems and technical difficulties had caused several delays and postponement of the KAI KF-X
KF-X
project.[34] Indonesia
Indonesia
has also signed an MOU with China to produce C-705 missiles which will arm the Sukhoi jets.[35] In April 2011,[36] Indonesia
Indonesia
confirmed that it will buy 16 supersonic KAI T-50 Golden Eagle
KAI T-50 Golden Eagle
trainer jets from South Korea for up to $400 million after an evaluation of the Yakovlev Yak-130, Guizhou JL-9/FTC-2000 Mountain Eagle and Aero L-159 Alca. The T-50 would replace the BAE Hawk
BAE Hawk
MK-53 trainer jets. Deliveries were completed by January 2014 and were commissioned on 13 February 2014.[37] In June 2011, Indonesia
Indonesia
signed the final contract for 8 Super Tucano as the replacement for the OV-10 Bronco in the counter-insurgency role [38] with a second contract for a further 8 aircraft in July 2012.[39] The first four units arrived in March 2012 with deliveries to complete by 2014.[40] In August 2011,[41] Indonesia
Indonesia
announced that it would acquire 18 Grob G120TP for its basic trainer requirements which would likely replace the FFA AS-202 Bravo
FFA AS-202 Bravo
and Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
trainers. On 29 December 2011 Indonesia
Indonesia
committed to purchase 6 Su-30MK2 jet fighters in a $470 million procurement contract signed by the Defence Ministry and Russia's JSC Rosoboronexport.[42] Deliveries will reportedly start after 2013.[43]

TNI-AU Su-30
Su-30
on take off In January 2012, the Australian and Indonesian governments agreed to the transfer of four used C-130H Hercules aircraft from the Royal Australian Air Force to the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
in 2012, which was approved by the US as the Hercules' producer.[44] In January 2014, Defence Minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro
Purnomo Yusgiantoro
said that he hoped to start the replacement of the F-5 fighters under the upcoming 2015 to 2020 strategic plan. The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
shortlisted five candidates for the replacement, comprising the Sukhoi Su-35S, Saab JAS 39 Gripen[45]', Dassault Rafale, Eurofighter Typhoon, and F-16C/D Block 60.[46] In September 2014, Head of Indonesian National Armed Forces
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Public Relations and Media Office (Kapuspen TNI), Major General
Major General
(TNI) Mochamad Fuad Basya explained the Minimum Essential Forces (MEF) Plan of TNI-AU consist of: 11 Fighter Squadrons, 6 Transport Squadrons, 2 VIP/VVIP Squadrons, 2 Patrol Squadrons, 4 Helicopter
Helicopter
Squadrons, 2 Training Squadrons and 2 UAV Squadrons.[47] In September 2015, Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said Indonesian had chosen the Su-35 Flanker-E to replace the F-5 Tiger
F-5 Tiger
II. Although in recent times, the deal to purchase Su-35 is in limbo due to Russia's refusal to give transfer of technology to Indonesia
Indonesia
owing its small number of orders in addition to Indonesian concerns over price.[6] In January 2017, Indonesia
Indonesia
approved for the acquisition of 5 Airbus A400M Atlas multi-role aircraft worth US$2 billion, as part of the plans to boost the country's military capabilities. They are to be acquired in both transport and utility configurations and will be operated by the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(TNI-AU) Aviation Squadrons 31 and 32.[48] In 12 May 2017, Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu confirm that Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(TNI-AU) will sign contract to buy 10 units Su-35. Russia
Russia
will open the factory for Sukhoi Spare Part in Indonesia as part in the contract.[49] In 28 November 2017, Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu confirm that Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(TNI-AU) have completed procurement process of 11 units Su-35.[50] In 14 February 2018, Defence Ministry have signed purchase agreement of 11 units of Su-35 fighters with Rostec, which will replace the F-5s.[51]

Administrative and operational organization[edit] The Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
is structured into the following in accordance with Presidential decree No. 62/ 2016:[52]

Leadership Elements[edit] Chief of Staff of the Air Force, position held by a four-star air marshal. Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force, position held by a three-star air marshal. Assistant for Leadership Element[edit] Office of the Inspector General of the Air Force, position held by a two-star air marshal. Air Force Expert Advisor, position held by two-star or one-star air marshal Air Force Planning and Budgeting Advisor Air Force Security Advisor Air Force Operations Advisor Air Force Human Resources Advisor Air Force Supply and Materiel Advisor Air Potency and Resources Advisor Other Service Elements as may be organized under the Chief of Staff of the Air Force[edit] Central Executive Agencies under Air Force Headquarters[edit] IDAF Airmen Air Force Finance Corps (Dinas Keuangan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Information and Data Processing Service (Dinas Informasi dan Pengolahan Data TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Research and Development Service (Dinas Penelitian dan Pengembangan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Signal and Security Service (Dinas Pengamanan dan Sandi TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Aerial Survey
Aerial Survey
and Photography Service ( Dinas Survei dan Pemotretan Udara TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Public Relations and Media Directorate ( Dinas Penerangan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Operation Development Service ( Dinas Pengembangan Operasi TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Occupational and Aviation safety
Aviation safety
Service ( Dinas Keselamatan Terbang dan Kerja TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Air Potential and Resources Service (Dinas Potensi Kedirgantaraan) Air Force Justice Service (Dinas Hukum TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Personnel Administration Service ( Dinas Administrasi Personel TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Education Command ( Dinas Pendidikan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Personnel Maintenance Service ( Dinas Perawatan Personel TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Medical Department ( Dinas Kesehatan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Psychology Service ( Dinas Psikologi TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Materiel Service ( Dinas Materiil TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Aeronautics
Aeronautics
Services Division ( Dinas Aeronautika TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force academy cadets (left), Air Force Military Police (center), and Air Force female personnel (right) Air Force Communication and Electronics Department ( Dinas Komunikasi dan Elektronika TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Facility and Construction Service ( Dinas Fasilitas dan Konstruksi TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Armaments and Equipment Procurement Service (Dinas Pengadaan TNI Angkatan Udara;) Air Force Operations and Training Command ( Dinas Operasi dan Latihan TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Space and Aviation Medicine Agency "Saryanto" ( Lembaga Kesehatan Penerbangan dan Ruang Angkasa "Saryanto" (Lakespra "Saryanto")) Air Force Military Police
Military Police
Command (Pusat Polisi Militer TNI Angkatan Udara /POMAU), POMAU also serve as Air Base Security Force and operate K9 brigade Indonesian Air Force Academy
Indonesian Air Force Academy
(Akademi TNI Angkatan Udara (AAU)) Air Force Staff College ( Sekolah Staf dan Komando TNI Angkatan Udara (Seskoau)) Main Command[edit] Air Force Operational Commands ( Komando Operasi TNI Angkatan Udara ) Air Force Operational Command 1 West Air Force Base Type A: Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
Air Base, Jakarta Atang Senjaya Air Base, Bogor Roesmin Nurjadin Air Base, Pekanbaru Supadio Air Base, Pontianak Suyadarma Air Base, Subang Air Force Base Type B: Sultan Iskandar Muda Air Base, Banda Aceh Soewondo Air Base, Medan Husein Sastranegara Air Base, Bandung Sutan Sjahrir Air Base, Padang Sri Mulyono Herlambang Air Base, Palembang Raden Sadjad Air Base, Natuna Maimun Saleh Air Base, Sabang Raja Haji Fisabilillah Air Base, Tanjungpinang Air Force Base Type C: Hang Nadim Air Base, Batam Pangeran M. Bunyamin Air Base, Lampung Haji Abdullah Sanusi Hanandjoeddin Air Base, Belitung Wiriadinata Air Base, Tasikmalaya Sugiri Sukani Air Base (id), Cirebon General Soedirman Air Base, Purbalingga Harry Hadisoemantri Air Base (id), Bengkayang Air Force Operational Command 2 Central Air Force Base Type A: Sultan Hasanuddin Air Base, Makassar Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Base, Madiun Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Base, Malang I Gusti Ngurah Rai Air Base, Denpasar Mulyono Air Base, Surabaya Air Force Base Type B: Dhomber Air Base, Balikpapan Sam Ratulangi Air Base, Manado Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Madjid Air Base, Mataram Anang Busra Air Base, Tarakan Syamsuddin Noor Air Base, Banjarmasin Air Force Base Type C: Iskandar Air Base, Pangkalan Bun Haluoleo Air Base, Kendari Air Force Operational Command 3 East Air Force Base Type A: Manuhua Air Base, Biak Silas Papare Air Base, Jayapura El Tari Air Base, Kupang Air Force Base Type B: Johannes Abraham Dimara Air Base, Merauke Pattimura Air Base, Ambon Air Force Base Type C: Leo Wattimena Air Base, Morotai Dumatubin Air Base, Tual Yohanis Kapiyau Air Base, Timika Air Force Doctrine, Education and Training Command (Komando Pembinaan Doktrin, Pendidikan dan Latihan TNI Angkatan Udara) Flight Education Wing (Wing Pendidikan Terbang (Wingdikterbang)), in Adisutjipto Air Base, Yogyakarta General Education Wing (Wing Pendidikan Umum (Wingdikum)), in Halim Perdanakusuma Air Base, Jakarta
Jakarta
and Atang Senjaya Air Base, Bogor Technical, Supply and Ordnance Education Wing (Wing Pendidikan Teknik dan Pembekalan (Wingdiktekkal)) in Suryadarma Air Base, Subang and Husein Sastranegara Air Force Base, Bandung Air Force Material Maintenance Command (Komando Pemeliharaan Materiil TNI Angkatan Udara) Air Force Depot Maintenance 10 in Husein Sastranegara Air Base, Bandung Air Force Depot Maintenance 20 in Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Base, Madiun Air Force Depot Maintenance 30 in Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Base, Malang Air Force Depot Maintenance 40 in Sulaiman Airbase (id), Bandung Air Force Depot Maintenance 50 in Adi Soemarmo Air Base, Surakarta Air Force Depot Maintenance 60 in Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Base, Madiun Air Force Depot Maintenance 70 in Sulaiman Airbase (id), Bandung Air Force Infantry Corps Paskhas
Paskhas
commandos in formation before parade in an Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
base for commemorating the Corp's anniversary Paskhas
Paskhas
(Indonesian: Korps Pasukan Khas) Main article: Paskhas
Paskhas
Paskhas is the air force infantry and special forces of the Indonesian Air Force ("TNI-AU"). The corps is also known as the Orange Berets (Baret Jingga in Indonesian) because of their distinctive colour of their service headgear. Paskhas
Paskhas
personnel is qualified for Para-Commando and land warfare. And, Paskhas
Paskhas
is trained to seize and defend airfields from enemy forces known as Operasi Pembentukan dan Pengoperasian Pangkalan Udara Depan (OP 3 UD) (Frontline Air Base Establishment and Management Operation), airborne operations, and other specific military operations within the scope of the Indonesian Air Force. Paskhas
Paskhas
detachment consists of: Paskhas
Paskhas
Escort and Protocol unit (Satwalkol Paskhas) - Air Force HQs Paskhas
Paskhas
Matra Detachment (Denmatra Paskhas) Paskhas
Paskhas
Air Defense Detachment (Denhanud Paskhas) Para-Commandos Troop (461th-469th Commando Battalion) Paskhas
Paskhas
Combat Support Regiment (Menbanpur Paskhas) Paskhas
Paskhas
Training Centre (Pusdiklat Paskhas) Bravo Detachment 90, The Special
Special
Operations Unit (commando) of the Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(TNI-AU) is known as Satuan Bravo 90 (SatBravo 90) which is the special operations detachment originating its members from the best chosen soldiers from the Paskhas
Paskhas
air force corps. "SatBravo 90" is a specialized unit for hostage rescue of Aircraft hijacking, Anti-terror, and paralyzing heavy enemy equipment. Speciality Corps[edit] Pilot Corps (Korps Penerbang, abbrv: (PNB)), such as Fighter Pilot, Transport Pilot, and Helicopter
Helicopter
Pilot. Navigator
Navigator
Corps (Korps Navigator, abbrv: (NAV)) Aviation Engineering Corps (Korps Teknik, abbrv: (TEK)), such as Aircraft Engineer, Armaments Engineer and General Construction Engineering. Electronics Corps (Korps Elektronika, abbrv: (LEK)), This corps is in charge of Avionics, RADAR, Communication and Air Traffic Control Administration Corps (Korps Administrasi, abbrv: (ADM)), includes : Personnel Administration, Secretariat Administration and Finance Administration. Supply Corps (Korps Perbekalan, abbrv: (KAL)) Air Force Military Police
Military Police
Corps (Korps Polisi Militer Angkatan Udara / POMAU, abbrv: (POM)) Medical Service Corps of the Air Force (Korps Kesehatan, abbrv: (KES)), includes: Medical Corps, Psychology and Physical Fitness and Sports Service Bureau. Special
Special
Corps (Korps Dinas Khusus, abbrv: (SUS)), consist of Intelligence, Judge Advocate General's Corps, Military Band Service of the Air Force, Information and Communications Technology, Facility and Instrument, Electronic Data Processing, Foreign Language and Meteorology. Air Force Infantry Corps (Korps Pasukan, abbrv: (PAS)), dedicated corps for Paskhas. Air Force Women's Service Corps (Wanita Angkatan Udara, abbrv: (WARA)). Force structure[edit]

Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Squadrons

Squadron

Base

Planes

Notes

Combat Squadron

1st Air Squadron (Skuadron Udara 1)Equatorial Eagle

Supadio Air Force Base

BAE Systems Hawk

3rd Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 3) Dragon's Nest

Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Force Base

General Dynamics F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcon

11th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 11) The Thunder

Sultan Hasanuddin Air Force Base

Sukhoi Su-27 Sukhoi Su-30
Su-30
MKK

12th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 12) Black Panther

Roesmin Nurjadin Air Force Base

BAE Systems Hawk

14th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 14)The Eagle

Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Force Base

Northrop F-5

All F-5 are for reserve use only[6]

15th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 15)The Typhoon

Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Force Base

KAI T-50 Golden Eagle

16th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 16)The Rydder[53]

Roesmin Nurjadin Air Force Base

General Dynamics F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcon[54]

21st Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 21)Tucano Nest

Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Force Base

Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano

Transport and Logistic Squadron

2nd Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 2)Flying Horse

Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
Air Force Base

EADS CASA C-295[55] CASA/IPTN CN-235 Fokker F27 Friendship

4th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 4)Swift

Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Force Base

CASA C-212

27th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 27)

Manuhua Air Force Base

. CASA/IPTN CN-235

31st Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 31)Eagle

Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
Air Force Base

Lockheed L-100 Hercules Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules

32nd Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 32)

Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Force Base

Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules Lockheed Martin KC-130

33rd Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 33)

Sultan Hasanuddin Air Force Base

. Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules

Helicopter
Helicopter
and Non-Fixed-Wing Aircraft Squadron

6th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 6)Flying Geese

Atang Senjaya Air Force BaseBogor

MBB Bo 105 MBB/Kawasaki BK 117

7th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 7)Dynamic Pegasus

Suryadarma Air Force Base

Bell 204/205 Eurocopter EC120 Colibri

8th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 8)Flying Elephant

Atang Senjaya Air Force BaseBogor

Aérospatiale Puma

VIP Air Lift Squadrons

17th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 17)Royal Chariot

Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
Air Force Base

Boeing 707 Fokker F27 Friendship Fokker F28 Fellowship Lockheed L-100 Hercules Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules

45th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 45)Crowned Pigeon

Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
Air Force Base

Eurocopter AS332
AS332
Super Puma

Maritime Patrol, Reconnaissance and Electronic Warfare Squadron

5th Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 5)Black Mermaid

Sultan Hasanuddin Air Force Base

Boeing 737 CASA/IPTN CN-235
CASA/IPTN CN-235
MPA

51st Air Squadron (Skadron Udara 51)Scouting Eagles

Supadio Air Force Base

Aerostar
Aerostar
TUAV Wulung UAV

Training Squadron

101st Air Force Academy Squadron (Skadron Pendidikan 101)

Adisucipto Air Force Base

Grob G 120TP-A FFA AS-202-18A Bravo Cessna T-41D

102nd Air Force Academy Squadron (Skadron Pendidikan 102)

Adisucipto Air Force Base

KKAI T-1B Woongbi Beechcraft T-34C

Aircraft[edit] Main article: Equipment of the Indonesian Air Force Chief of Staff of the Air Force[edit] Main article: Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Air Force Rank Structure[edit] Main article: Indonesian military ranks In the Air Force, as well as in other armed forces branches in Indonesia, the rank consists of officer known as in Indonesian: "Perwira", NCO "Bintara" and enlisted "Tamtama". The proper title to address of rank on official document are as follows, all high-ranking officers (Marshal) use their rank followed by "(TNI)", while other officers use their rank followed by respective branch/corps abbreviation. For example, an Air Force colonel from Flying Corps use the title "Kolonel (PNB)", while an Air Force Marshal from Flying Corps use the title "Marsekal (TNI)". Enlisted airmen are not required to put their respective branch/corps specialty. Note: Indonesia
Indonesia
is not a member of NATO, so there is not an official equivalence between the Indonesian military ranks and those defined by NATO. The displayed parallel is approximate and for illustration purposes only.

Officers[edit]

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Indonesia(Edit)

Marsekal Besar

Marsekal

Marsekal Madya

Marsekal Muda

Marsekal Pertama

Kolonel

Letnan Kolonel

Mayor

Kapten

Letnan Satu

Letnan Dua

Marshal of the Air Force

Air Chief Marshal

Air Marshal

Air Vice Marshal

Air Commodore

Colonel

Lieutenant Colonel

Major

Captain

First Lieutenant

Second Lieutenant

Enlisted personnel[edit]

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Indonesia
Indonesia
(Edit)

Pembantu Letnan Satu

Pembantu Letnan Dua

Sersan Mayor

Sersan Kepala

Sersan Satu

Sersan Dua

Kopral Kepala

Kopral Satu

Kopral Dua

Prajurit Kepala

Prajurit Satu

Prajurit Dua

Chief Warrant Officer

Warrant Officer

Sergeant
Sergeant
Major

Master Sergeant

Staff Sergeant

Sergeant

Master Corporal

Corporal

Lance Corporal

Senior Airman

Airman
Airman
First Class

Airman

Notable incidents[edit] A Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules crashed on 20 November 1985, killing all 10 crew on board. The aircraft crashed into Mount Sibayak. The aircraft was conducting routine air patrol over Sumatra. A Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules crashed in Jakarta
Jakarta
on 5 October 1991, killing 132 people comprising 119 passengers, 11 crew, and 2 people on ground. Only 1 survivor.[56] A Fokker F-27
Fokker F-27
crashed on 6 April 2009, killing all 24 occupants comprising 6 crew, an instructor and 17 special forces trainees on board.[57] A Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules, Model 382G-57C, A-1325, c/n 4917[58][59] crashed on 20 May 2009, killing at least 97 people and injuring 15 others, including some on the ground.[59][60] The aeroplane was carrying 98 passengers and 14 crew at the time[61] and was travelling from Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
International Airport in Jakarta
Jakarta
to West Papua via Sulawesi.[60] Officials have stated that the plane crashed at about 6:30 a.m. around 5–7 kilometres from Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
Air Force Base.[60] An official statement has not been released.[59] A Fokker 27 crashed on 21 June 2012, 10 people were killed including all 7 crew on board the aircraft and 3 people on the ground. The aircraft crashed into a complex of military housing, and eight buildings were damaged or destroyed. The aircraft was conducting a routine training exercise. On 30 June 2015, a Lockheed C-130
C-130
Hercules crashed near a residential neighbourhood with 12 crew and 109 passengers on board shortly after taking off from Medan, killing all aboard, along with 22 people on the ground. 20 December 2015: An Indonesian Airforce T-50i Golden Eagle fighter plane had crashed in a flight demonstration during airshow in Adisutjipto Air Force Base in Yogyakarta, killing its two pilots.[62] On 18 December 2016 a Lockheed C-130
C-130
crashed while landing at Wamena Airport, killing all 13 passengers and crew aboard. See also[edit] Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Academy Indonesian Army Indonesian Navy References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit] Aero-News Network. " Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Grounds OV-10 Bronco Fleet" 25 July 2007 Angkasa (Sky) magazine, Gramedia, Jakarta
Jakarta
No. 7 Year XVII April 2008 Crouch, Harold (2007) The Army and Politics in Indonesia, Equinox, Jakarta
Jakarta
ISBN 979-3780-50-9 Davies, Steve (2008) Red Eagles: America's Secret MiGs Osprey Publishing ISBN 9781846039706 F. Djoko Poerwoko (2001) My Home My Base: Perjalanan Sejarah Pangkalan Udara Iswahjudi 1939–2000, Publisher – Iswahjudi Air Force Base, No ISBN Indonesian Embassy, Ottawa: US to help RI in repair/refurbishing 15 of 24 RI's C-130
C-130
transport Grodin, Yefim & Rigmat, Vladimir (2004) Tupelov Tu-16 Badger , Aerofax, London ISBN 1-85780-177-6 Scramble Magazine. "Indonesian Air Arms Overview" Willis, David (Ed). Aerospace Encyclopedia of the World's Air Forces. Aerospace Publishing, London, 1999 ISBN 1-86184-045-4 Further reading[edit] Carlo Kopp, 'Indonesia's Air Capacity of Critical Concern to Australia,' Australian Aviation magazine, April 1993, pages 32–41 External links[edit]

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Major
Operation Commands National Air Defence Forces Command (Kohanudnas) Army Strategic Command (Kostrad) Military Region Commands (Kodam) Fleet Forces Commands (Koarmada) Military Sealift Command (Kolinlamil) Air Force Operational Commands (Koopsau) Military Academies Military Academy Naval Academy Air Force Academy Other topics Ranks Awards History Military Police Peacekeeping Contingent Equipment Army Navy Air Force

vte Missiles of the Republic of IndonesiaSurface-to-surfaceCruise missilesMedium Range Land Attack Astros II MLRS Short Range Land Attack RM-70 R-HAN 122 Anti-Ship Supersonic Yakhont Anti-Ship Subsonic C-802 C-705 Exocet Anti-tank missiles AT-13 Metis-M AT-5 Spandrel MBT LAW PF-98 C90-CR (M3) Torpedoes AEG SUT A244-S Mark 46 Anti-submarine weapon RBU-6000 Bofors ASR 375 Air-to-surfaceCruise missilesMedium Range Land Attack Kh-59 Short Range Land Attack Kh-29 AGM-65K2 Maverick Anti-Ship Supersonic Kh-31A Anti-Ship Subsonic AGM-84 Harpoon Anti-Radiation Kh-31P Anti-tank missiles AT-9 Spiral-2 Guided Bombs BTN-250 OFAB-100 Mk 82 Surface-to-airMedium Range SAM Pantsir-S1 NASAMS 2 Short Range SAM Mistral Starstreak TD-2000B Grom Sea Cat SA-N-5 MANPADS Mistral QW-3 RBS-70 Air-to-airVisual Range R-73 AIM-9 Sidewinder MAA-1 Piranha Igla-1V Beyond Visual Range R-77 R-27

vteMilitaries of the Association of Southeast Asian NationsRoyal Brunei
Brunei
Armed Forces Royal Brunei
Brunei
Land Forces Royal Brunei
Brunei
Air Force Royal Brunei
Brunei
Navy Royal Cambodian Armed Forces Royal Cambodian Army Royal Cambodian Air Force Royal Cambodian Navy Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia Indonesian National Armed Forces Indonesian Army Indonesian Air Force Indonesian Navy
Indonesian Navy
(Indonesian Marine Corps) Lao People's Armed Forces Lao People's Army Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force Lao People's Navy Malaysian Armed Forces Malaysian Army Royal Malaysian Air Force Royal Malaysian Navy Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Myanmar
Myanmar
Armed Forces Myanmar
Myanmar
Army Myanmar
Myanmar
Air Force Myanmar
Myanmar
Navy Myanmar
Myanmar
Police Force Armed Forces of the Philippines Philippine Army Philippine Air Force Philippine Navy Philippine Marine Corps Philippine Coast Guard Singapore
Singapore
Armed Forces Singapore
Singapore
Army Republic of Singapore
Singapore
Air Force Republic of Singapore
Singapore
Navy Royal Thai Armed Forces Royal Thai Army Royal Thai Air Force Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Marine Corps Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Armed Forces Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Ground Force Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Air Force Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Navy Vietnam
Vietnam
Border Defence Force Vietnam
Vietnam
Coast Guard

ASEAN member states Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam

vteList of air forces Abkhazia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo DR Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea-Bissau Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa South Korea South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam Yemen

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