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The Indian Institute
Indian Institute
in central Oxford, England
England
is located at the north end of Catte Street
Catte Street
on the corner with Holywell Street
Holywell Street
and facing down Broad Street from the east.[1] Sir Monier Monier-Williams started the Institute in the University of Oxford
Oxford
in 1883 to provide training for the Indian Civil Service of the British Raj.[2][3]

Contents

1 History and building 2 Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library 3 Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Museum 4 Accusations of racism 5 The Institute's aim 6 See also 7 Further reading 8 References 9 External links

History and building[edit]

Corner cupola with elephant weathervane

In June 1881, plans were submitted to the University of Oxford's Hebdomadal Council to build an Indian Institute. The original site was occupied by four old buildings. The building was designed by Basil Champneys and the first section opened in 1884. Originally there was a low shop to the south, but neighbouring Hertford College
Hertford College
has now encroached on the Institute with a much taller building. The Institute was built of Milton stone
Milton stone
in the style of the English Renaissance, with different oriental details to the designs of Champneys. In 1974 Nikolaus Pevsner
Nikolaus Pevsner
observed that the rounded corner cupola made an excellent point de vue at the east end of Broad Street. Along with the library (see below), the institute contained lecture rooms and a museum. Some contents of the museum are now present in the Ashmolean and Pitt Rivers Museums. The original Indian Institute building is now the Oxford
Oxford
Martin School of the University of Oxford, the History Faculty having moved to the old City of Oxford
Oxford
School building on George Street and its library to the Bodleian site. Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library[edit] Main article: Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library The Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library
Library
opened in 1886. It became a dependent library of the Bodleian Library, the main library of the University, in 1927. It specialises in the history and culture of South Asia, especially the Himalayas
Himalayas
and Tibet.[4] The library was formerly located in the Indian Institute
Indian Institute
building, but was moved to the top floor of the New Bodleian Library. Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Museum[edit] The Museum
Museum
was an integral part of Monier-Williams’ design, modelled to some extent on the India Museum
Museum
in South Kensington. Monier-Williams acquired some pieces during his fund-raising and collecting tour of India in 1883-1884, including from the International Exhibition, at Calcutta, and arranged for regional representatives to send objects to Oxford. Babu T.N. Mukharji was commissioned to catalogue the collections in 1886 (never finished). The installation of the museum was done by Dr Heinrich Lüders, assisted by Mr. Long of the Pitt Rivers Museum, and completed in 1898. When Monier-Williams died in 1899, no financial provision had been made for running the museum. Gradually, the collections were dispersed: entomological and zoological collections to the University Museum; and many pieces to the Pitt Rivers Museum
Museum
and the Ashmolean Museum. A summary catalogue of the museum was prepared by Mr A. Rost (for a short handbook to the Institute, by Prof Arthur Macdonell, 1922, but never published).[5] Accusations of racism[edit] The building was financed entirely by private donors in India and Britain, for the sole purpose of constructing an edifice to house study for and on the Indian sub-continent. There was consequently great controversy in 1968, when the University's governing council evicted the Indian Institute
Indian Institute
from the premises without compensation, and then made a gift of the premises to the History Faculty, which specialises in European history to the exclusion of Indian history. The government of India filed a formal protest on behalf of the families of the original donors, who felt defrauded by the University's actions. The Oxford
Oxford
University Student Union went further still, accusing the University administration of racism in the decision. The Institute's aim[edit] The aim of the Indian Institute
Indian Institute
was:

The work of fostering and facilitating Indian studies in the University; the work of making Englishmen, and even Indians themselves, appreciate better than they have done before the languages, literature and industries of India.[6]

See also[edit]

University of Oxford Departments of the University of Oxford Buildings and structures in Oxford Oxford
Oxford
Centre for Hindu Studies Hertford College Oxford
Oxford
Martin School (currently housed in the old Indian Institute building)

Further reading[edit]

A Record of the Establishment of the Indian Institute
Indian Institute
in the University of Oxford: Being an Account of the Circumstances which led to its Foundation (Oxford: Compiled for the Subscribers to the Indian Institute Fund, 1897) Symonds, Richard, Oxford
Oxford
and Empire: The Last Lost Cause? (New York: St Martins Press, 1986) The Oxford
Oxford
Chronicle and Berks and Bucks Gazette, 5 May 1883 Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Archives, Bodleian Library, Oxford Monier Monier Williams, 'Notes of a long life's journey', unpublished memoir, Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library, Oxford. Evison, Gillian, 'The Orientalist, his Institute and the Empire: the rise and subsequent decline of Oxford
Oxford
University's Indian Institute', unpublished paper, December 2004.

References[edit]

^ "1911 Encyclopedia reference on Indian Institute". Archived from the original on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-03-02.  ^ "From the extract of Kelly's directory for 1900". Retrieved 2012-08-03. [dead link] ^ http://www.open.ac.uk/researchprojects/makingbritain/content/indian-institute ^ Bodleian Library: Department of Oriental Collections: 'Indian Institute Library', http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/oriental/iil.htm, accessed 2007-02-14. ^ Andrew Topsfield, History of the Indian Collections, in Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum, A catalogue of the Ashmolean’s collection of Indian art by J. C. Harle and Andrew Topsfield (published Oxford, 1987).http://jameelcentre.ashmolean.org/collection/7/10230/10260 ^ "Aim of the Indian Institute". Retrieved 2007-03-02. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indian Institute, Oxford.

Old Indian Institute, Broad Street, Oxford
Oxford
(including photographs) Indian Studies at Oxford
Oxford
from the Oxford
Oxford
Centre for Hindu Studies Indian Institute
Indian Institute
Library
Library
now in the Bodleian Library The Oxford
Oxford
Centre for Hindu Studies

Coordinates: 51°45′17.5″N 1°15′15.0″W / 51.754861°N 1.254167°W / 51

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