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Ilok
Ilok
(Croatian pronunciation: [ilok]) is the easternmost town and municipality in northeastern Croatia. Located in the Syrmia
Syrmia
region, it lies on a hill overlooking the Danube
Danube
river, which forms the border with the Bačka
Bačka
region of Serbia. The population of the town of Ilok is 5,072, while the total municipality population is 6,767 (census 2011).[1] The town is home to a Franciscan
Franciscan
monastery and Ilok
Ilok
Castle, which is a popular day trip for domestic tourists.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Town of Ilok 3.2 Ilok
Ilok
(settlement)

3.2.1 1991 census

4 Gallery 5 References 6 External links

Name[edit] In Croatian, the town is known as Ilok, in German as Illok, in Hungarian as Újlak and in Turkish as Uyluk. In Hungarian language "Újlak" means "new dwelling or lodge". History[edit] The area of present-day Ilok
Ilok
was populated since the neolithic and Bronze Ages. The Romans settled there in the 1st or 2nd century and built Cuccium, the first border fortification on the Danube. The Slavs settled here in the 6th century. The area was later ruled by the Bulgarian Empire, until it was included into the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. In 12th and 13th centuries the market-town of Ilok
Ilok
was mentioned in documents under various names (Iwnlak, Vilak, Vylok, Wyhok, Wylak). At the end of the 13th century, Hungarian kings gave the Vylak castrum to the powerful Csák noble family. In the 13th and 14th centuries, Ilok was a capital of the semi-independent medieval state of Upper Syrmia ruled by Ugrin Csák. After 1354, the town of Ilok
Ilok
belonged to Nicholas and Paul Garay (in Croatian references Gorjanski), and then to Nicholas Kont of Orahovica and his descendants, among which was his great-grandson Nicholas and the last member of the Iločki family - Laurence of Ilok. Nicholas of Ilok
Ilok
was the Ban of All Slavonia from 1457–63, and his son, Laurence was a duke of Syrmia
Syrmia
from 1477 to 1524. Since 1526, the town was under Ottoman rule. During this time, it was mainly populated by Muslims. In 1566-69, Ilok
Ilok
had 238 Muslim and 27 Christian houses. In 1572, it had 386 Muslim, and 18 Christian houses. In 1669, the population of Ilok
Ilok
numbered 1,160 houses, and town possessed two mosques. It was kaza centre in Sanjak of Syrmia. Habsburg army firstly occupied Ilok
Ilok
in 1688, but Ottomans recaptured it in 1690. In 1697, Habsburg army definitively retook Ilok
Ilok
from the Ottomans and the Muslim population fled. During the Habsburg rule, Ilok
Ilok
belonged to the Kingdom of Slavonia, a Habsburg province that belonged to both the Kingdom of Croatia, and the Kingdom of Hungary. Between 1849-68, the Kingdom of Slavonia
Kingdom of Slavonia
was completely separate Habsburg crownland, and in 1868 it was joined with the Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
to form the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Ilok
Ilok
was a district capital in the Syrmia
Syrmia
County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. In 1918, Ilok
Ilok
first became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs, and then part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(in 1929 renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia). From 1929-39, Ilok
Ilok
was part of the Danube
Danube
Banovina and, from 1939–41, of the Banovina of Croatia within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Between 1941-44, during the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, it belonged to the Independent State of Croatia. From 1945 onward, it was part of the People's Republic of Croatia
Croatia
within Socialist Yugoslavia. On 17 October 1991 during the beginning of the Croatian War of Independence, non- Serbs
Serbs
fled as the Yugoslav National Army
Yugoslav National Army
led by Serbs
Serbs
paramilitaries occupied the area, but spared it from destruction due to its rapid surrounding and occupation. Between 1991-95, Ilok
Ilok
was part of the Republic of Serb Krajina. The area was peacefully reintegrated into Croatia
Croatia
in 1998. Demographics[edit] Town of Ilok[edit] According to the 2011 census, town of Ilok
Ilok
had 6,767 inhabitants.[2]

Population[3]

1857 1869 1880 1890 1900 1910 1921 1931 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

5,954 7,040 6,547 7,699 7,865 8,451 9,130 9,458 8,839 9,280 10,049 10,449 9,891 9,748 8,351 6,767

Note: It became independent administrative unit (town) in 2001 census, from the old Comune of Vukovar.

Population by settlements 1991 2001 2011

Bapska 1,624 1,313 928

Ilok 6,775 5,897 5,072

Mohovo 344 303 239

Šarengrad 1,005 838 528

Total 9,748 8,351 6,767

Population by ethnicity 1991 2001 2011

Croats 6,848 (70.25%) 6,425 (76.94%) 5,189 (76.68%)

Slovaks 1,192 (12.22%) 1,044 (12.50%) 935 (13.82%)

Serbs 680 (6.97%) 566 (6.78%) 439 (6.49%)

Hungarians 115 (1.17%) 98 (1.17%) 78 (1.15%)

others 913 (9.36%) 218 (2.61%) 126 (1.86%)

Total 9,748 8,351 6,767

Ilok
Ilok
(settlement)[edit] According to the 2011 census, settlement of Ilok
Ilok
had 5,072 inhabitants.[2]

Population[3]

1857 1869 1880 1890 1900 1910 1921 1931 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

3,110 3,776 3,489 4,288 4,387 4,856 5,475 5,809 5,361 5,696 6,193 6,683 6,700 6,775 5,897 5,072

1991 census[edit]

Ilok[4]

1991

total: 6,775    Croats
Croats
4,248 (62.70%)    Slovaks
Slovaks
1,157 (17.07%)    Serbs
Serbs
484 (7.14%)    Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
474 (6.99%)    Hungarians
Hungarians
105 (1.54%)    Ruthenians
Ruthenians
28 (0.41%)    Albanians
Albanians
10 (0.14%)    Muslims
Muslims
10 (0.14%)   Macedonians 9 (0.13%)    Montenegrins
Montenegrins
8 (0.11%)    Germans
Germans
5 (0.07%)    Czechs
Czechs
2 (0.02%)    Slovenes
Slovenes
2 (0.02%)    Ukrainians
Ukrainians
1 (0.01%)   others 2 (0.02%)   nondeclared 145 (2.14%)   regionaly declared 7 (0.10%)   unknown 78 (1.15%)

Gallery[edit]

Panoramic view of the Danube
Danube
in Ilok.

References[edit]

^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Ilok". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ a b https://www.dzs.hr/Hrv/censuses/census2011/results/htm/H01_01_01/h01_01_01_zup16_1546.html ^ a b - Republika Hrvatska - Državni zavod za statistiku: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857.-2001. ^ Book: "Ethnic and religious composition of population of Croatia, 1880-1991: by settlements", author: Jakov Gelo, publisher: Zagreb, Croatian bureau of statistics, 1998., ISBN 953-6667-07-X, ISBN 978-953-6667-07-9;

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilok.

v t e

Town of Ilok

Settlements:

Bapska
Bapska
 • Ilok
Ilok
 • Mohovo
Mohovo
 • Šarengrad

Former settlements:

Novak

v t e

Subdivisions of Vukovar-Srijem County

Towns

Ilok Otok Vinkovci Vukovar
Vukovar
(seat) Županja

Municipalities

Andrijaševci Babina Greda Bogdanovci Borovo Bošnjaci Cerna Drenovci Gradište Gunja Ivankovo Jarmina Lovas Markušica Negoslavci Nijemci Nuštar Privlaka Stari Jankovci Stari Mikanovci Štitar Tompojevci Tordinci Tovarnik Trpinja Vođinci Vrbanja

v t e

The Danube

Countries

Germany Austria Slovakia Hungary Croatia Serbia Bulgaria Romania Moldova Ukraine

Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings o

.