Ilok (Croatian pronunciation: [ilok]) is the easternmost town and
municipality in northeastern Croatia. Located in the
Syrmia region, it
lies on a hill overlooking the
Danube river, which forms the border
Bačka region of Serbia. The population of the town of Ilok
is 5,072, while the total municipality population is 6,767 (census
2011). The town is home to a
Franciscan monastery and
which is a popular day trip for domestic tourists.
3.1 Town of Ilok
3.2.1 1991 census
6 External links
In Croatian, the town is known as Ilok, in German as Illok, in
Hungarian as Újlak and in Turkish as Uyluk. In Hungarian language
"Újlak" means "new dwelling or lodge".
The area of present-day
Ilok was populated since the neolithic and
Bronze Ages. The Romans settled there in the 1st or 2nd century and
built Cuccium, the first border fortification on the Danube. The Slavs
settled here in the 6th century. The area was later ruled by the
Bulgarian Empire, until it was included into the medieval Kingdom of
In 12th and 13th centuries the market-town of
Ilok was mentioned in
documents under various names (Iwnlak, Vilak, Vylok, Wyhok, Wylak). At
the end of the 13th century, Hungarian kings gave the Vylak castrum to
the powerful Csák noble family. In the 13th and 14th centuries, Ilok
was a capital of the semi-independent medieval state of Upper Syrmia
ruled by Ugrin Csák.
After 1354, the town of
Ilok belonged to Nicholas and Paul Garay (in
Croatian references Gorjanski), and then to Nicholas Kont of Orahovica
and his descendants, among which was his great-grandson Nicholas and
the last member of the Iločki family - Laurence of Ilok. Nicholas of
Ilok was the
Ban of All Slavonia from 1457–63, and his son, Laurence
was a duke of
Syrmia from 1477 to 1524.
Since 1526, the town was under Ottoman rule. During this time, it was
mainly populated by Muslims. In 1566-69,
Ilok had 238 Muslim and 27
Christian houses. In 1572, it had 386 Muslim, and 18 Christian houses.
In 1669, the population of
Ilok numbered 1,160 houses, and town
possessed two mosques. It was kaza centre in Sanjak of Syrmia.
Habsburg army firstly occupied
Ilok in 1688, but Ottomans recaptured
it in 1690. In 1697, Habsburg army definitively retook
Ilok from the
Ottomans and the Muslim population fled.
During the Habsburg rule,
Ilok belonged to the Kingdom of Slavonia, a
Habsburg province that belonged to both the Kingdom of Croatia, and
the Kingdom of Hungary. Between 1849-68, the
Kingdom of Slavonia
Kingdom of Slavonia was
completely separate Habsburg crownland, and in 1868 it was joined with
the Kingdom of
Croatia to form the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. In the
late 19th and early 20th century,
Ilok was a district capital in the
Syrmia County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.
Ilok first became part of the State of Slovenes,
Serbs, and then part of the
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (in
1929 renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia). From 1929-39,
Ilok was part of
Danube Banovina and, from 1939–41, of the Banovina of Croatia
within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Between 1941-44, during the Axis
occupation of Yugoslavia, it belonged to the Independent State of
Croatia. From 1945 onward, it was part of the People's Republic of
Croatia within Socialist Yugoslavia.
On 17 October 1991 during the beginning of the Croatian War of
Serbs fled as the
Yugoslav National Army
Yugoslav National Army led by
Serbs paramilitaries occupied the area, but spared it from destruction
due to its rapid surrounding and occupation. Between 1991-95,
part of the Republic of Serb Krajina. The area was peacefully
Croatia in 1998.
Town of Ilok
According to the 2011 census, town of
Ilok had 6,767 inhabitants.
Note: It became independent administrative unit (town) in 2001 census,
from the old Comune of Vukovar.
Population by settlements
Population by ethnicity
According to the 2011 census, settlement of
Ilok had 5,072
Croats 4,248 (62.70%)
Slovaks 1,157 (17.07%)
Serbs 484 (7.14%)
Yugoslavs 474 (6.99%)
Hungarians 105 (1.54%)
Ruthenians 28 (0.41%)
Albanians 10 (0.14%)
Muslims 10 (0.14%)
Macedonians 9 (0.13%)
Montenegrins 8 (0.11%)
Germans 5 (0.07%)
Czechs 2 (0.02%)
Slovenes 2 (0.02%)
Ukrainians 1 (0.01%)
others 2 (0.02%)
nondeclared 145 (2.14%)
regionaly declared 7 (0.10%)
unknown 78 (1.15%)
Panoramic view of the
Danube in Ilok.
^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Ilok".
Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian
Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
^ a b
^ a b - Republika Hrvatska - Državni zavod za statistiku: Naselja i
stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857.-2001.
^ Book: "Ethnic and religious composition of population of Croatia,
1880-1991: by settlements", author: Jakov Gelo, publisher: Zagreb,
Croatian bureau of statistics, 1998., ISBN 953-6667-07-X,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilok.
Town of Ilok
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Subdivisions of Vukovar-Srijem County
List of islands in the Danube
List of crossings o