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Ildibad
Ildibad
(sometimes rendered Hildebad or Heldebadus) (died 541) was a king of the Ostrogoths
Ostrogoths
in Italy
Italy
in 540–541.

Contents

1 Biography 2 References

2.1 Citations 2.2 Sources

Biography[edit] Ildibad
Ildibad
was a nephew of Theudis, one of the Visigothic kings in Spain. This relationship led Peter Heather to suggest that both belonged to a powerful, non-royal clan.[1] In the 540, the Ostrogothic king Witiges was taken prisoner by Belisarius
Belisarius
in Ravenna. Ildibad's children were also taken prisoner.[2] Ildibad
Ildibad
was one of the Goths north of the Po river who still refused to surrender to Roman authority. Following Witiges' capture however, Ildibad
Ildibad
had attempted to negotiate terms of surrender with Belisarius, perhaps because of the fate of his children.[2] After Witiges's capture, the leading candidate for the Ostrogothic throne became Uraias, who was Witiges' nephew, a skilled military commander and in charge of Ticinum
Ticinum
(Pavia). Uraias however declined because his family lacked "royal fortune", and instead suggested Ildibad, who was at that time in charge of Verona.[2] These were the only cities still held by the Ostrogoths
Ostrogoths
at this time.[3] After being elected king in 540, Ildibad
Ildibad
moved his capital to Pavia. Ildibad
Ildibad
again attempted to negotiate a surrender, but after Belisarius
Belisarius
sailed to Constantinople along with Witiges
Witiges
and Ildibad's family, the war resumed.[2] The Gothic territory at this time consisted only of a narrow strip of land between Pavia
Pavia
and Verona, while the army consisted of barely 1,000 men, although this number was growing.[2] The lack of coordination between the remaining Byzantine commanders enabled Ildibad
Ildibad
to extend his authority throughout Liguria
Liguria
and Venetia.[3] In 541 AD he was engaged outside the heavily defended city of Treviso
Treviso
by its military commander Vitalius
Vitalius
and a sizable body of Heruli.[2] The battle was a decisive victory for the Goths, with Vitalius
Vitalius
barely escaping while the Heruli
Heruli
leader was killed.[3] His nephew Totila
Totila
then became military commander of Treviso.[2] Ildibad was subsequently able to extend his authority across the entire Po Valley. The victory gave him increased support among the Goths, while the ruinous Roman taxation of the provinces and lack of coordination between generals enabled him to acquire many Roman deserters.[2] In 541, Ildibad
Ildibad
had Uraias murdered.[3] According to Procopius, Uraias's murder had been instigated by Ildibad's wife, who felt insulted by the lavish lifestyle of Uraias' wife.[3] Herwig Wolfram suggests that this is an invention by Procopius
Procopius
to "personalize" the causes of political events, and that the real reason for Uraias' murder was that the Witiges
Witiges
clan had allied with non-Gothic barbarians, including the Rugii
Rugii
and probably Gepids, to conspire against Ildibad's rule.[2] In any case, Ildibad
Ildibad
was in May 541 murdered at a royal banquet by his Gepid bodyguard.[3] The lack of a suitable Gothic successor enabled the Rugians to make their chief Eraric
Eraric
king of the Goths.[2] Eraric
Eraric
however betrayed the Goths and secretly offered to surrender the Gothic kingdom to the Byzantines in return for money.[3] As a result, the Goths at Pavia
Pavia
offered Ildibad's nephew Totila
Totila
the throne.[2] Totila
Totila
was at that point himself negotiating with the imperial commander at Ravenna, and demanded the killing of Eraric
Eraric
if he was to accept the throne.[2] After Eraric
Eraric
was killed in October 541, Totila
Totila
became king of the Ostrogoths, which he would be for more than ten years.[2] References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Heather 1998, p. 242 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wolfram 1990, pp. 349–353 ^ a b c d e f g Bury 2013, pp. 227–228

Sources[edit]

Bury, J. B. (23 April 2013). History of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. 2: From the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian. Courier Corporation. ISBN 0486143392. Retrieved 15 June 2015.  Heather, Peter (8 June 1998). books.google.com/books?id=eCf0Tjg0BukC. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0631209328.  Wolfram, Herwig (1 January 1990). books.google.com/books?id=xsQxcJvaLjAC. University of California Press. ISBN 0520069838. 

Regnal titles

Preceded by Witiges King of the Ostrogoths 540–541 Succeeded by Eraric

v t e

Kings of Italy
Italy
between 476 and 1556

Non-dynastic

Odoacer
Odoacer
(476–493)

Ostrogoths

Theoderic (493–526) Athalaric
Athalaric
(526–534) Theodahad
Theodahad
(534–536) Vitiges
Vitiges
(536–540) Ildibad
Ildibad
(540–541) Eraric
Eraric
(541) Totila
Totila
(541–552) Teia
Teia
(552–553)

Lombards

Alboin
Alboin
(568–572) Cleph
Cleph
(572–574) Interregnum (574–584) Authari
Authari
(584–590) Agilulf
Agilulf
(590–616) Adaloald
Adaloald
(616–626) Arioald
Arioald
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Rothari
(636-652) Rodoald
Rodoald
(652–653) Aripert I
Aripert I
(653–661) Godepert
Godepert
(661–662) Perctarit
Perctarit
(661–662) Grimoald (662–671) Garibald
Garibald
(671) Perctarit
Perctarit
(671–688) Cunipert
Cunipert
(688–689) Alahis
Alahis
(689) Cunipert
Cunipert
(689–700) Liutpert
Liutpert
(700–702) Raginpert
Raginpert
(701) Aripert II
Aripert II
(702–712) Ansprand
Ansprand
(712) Liutprand (712–744) Hildeprand
Hildeprand
(744) Ratchis
Ratchis
(744–749) Aistulf
Aistulf
(749–756) Desiderius
Desiderius
(756–774)

Carolingians

Charles I (774–814) Pepin (781–810) Bernard (810–818) Lothair I
Lothair I
(818–855) Louis I (855–875) Charles II (875–877) Carloman (877–879) Charles III (879–887) Arnulf (896–899) Ratold (896)

Non-dynastic (title disputed 887–933)

Unruochings: Berengar I (887–924) Guideschi: Guy (889–894) Lambert (891–897) Welfs: Rudolph (922–933) Bosonids: Louis II (900–905) Hugh (926–947) Lothair II (945–950) Anscarids: Berengar II (950–963) Adalbert (950–963)

Kingdom of Italy
Italy
within the Holy Roman Empire (962–1556)

Otto I (962–973) Otto II (980–983) Otto III (996–1002) Arduin I (1002–1014) Henry II (1004–1024) Conrad II (1026–1039) Henry III (1039–1056) Henry IV (1056–1105) Conrad II (1093–1101) Henry V (1106–1125) Lothair III (or II) (1125–1137) Conrad III (1138–1152) Frederick I (1154–1186) Henry VI (1186–1197) Otto IV (1209–1212) Frederick II (1212–1250) Henry VII (1311–1313) Louis IV (1327–1347) Charles IV (1355–1378) Sigismund (1431–1437) Frederick III (1452–1493) Charles V (1530–1556)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 95481

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