Idiolect is an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, including speech. This unique usage encompasses vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Idiolect is the variety of language unique to an individual. This differs from a dialect, a common set of linguistic characteristics shared among some group of people. The term idiolect refers to the language of an individual. It is etymologically related to the Greek. prefix idio- (meaning own, personal, private, peculiar, separate, distinct) and a back-formation of dialect.
1 Language 2 Forensic linguistics 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
The notion of language is used as an abstract description of the
language use, and of the abilities of individual speakers and
listeners.[better source needed] According to this view,
a language is an "ensemble of idiolects ... rather than an entity per
se". Linguists study particular languages, such as English or
Xhosa, by examining the utterances produced by the people who speak
This contrasts with a view among non-linguists, at least in the United
States, that languages as ideal systems exist outside the actual
practice of language users: Based on work done in the US, Nancy
Niedzielski and Dennis Preston describe a language ideology that
appears to be common among American English speakers. According to
Niedzielski and Preston, many of their subjects believe that there is
one "correct" pattern of grammar and vocabulary that underlies
Standard English, and that individual usage comes from this external
Linguists who understand particular languages as a composite of
unique, individual idiolects must nonetheless account for the fact
that members of large speech communities, and even speakers of
different dialects of the same language, can understand one another.
All human beings seem to produce language in essentially the same
way. This has led to searches for universal grammar, as well as
attempts to further define the nature of particular languages.
Main article: Forensic linguistics
The scope of forensic linguistics includes attempts to identify
whether a certain person did or did not produce a given text by
comparing the style of the text with the idiolect of the individual.
The forensic linguist may conclude that the text is consistent with
the individual, rule out the individual as the author, or deem the
Max Appedole relied in part on an analysis of Rafael
Sebastián Guillén Vicente's writing style to identify him as
Subcomandante Marcos, a leader of the Zapatista movement. Though the
^ a b Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2006), "A New Vision for 'Israeli Hebrew':
Theoretical and Practical Implications of Analysing Israel's Main
Look up idiolect in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry
The Online Dictionary of