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ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.

Contents

1 Parts 2 Editions 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency

3.1 Members

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Parts[edit] It consists of three parts:[1]

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three, and used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions, e.g. uk instead of GB for United Kingdom). ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the alpha-2 codes. ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division, with the advantage of script (writing system) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.

ISO 3166-2, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country
Country
subdivision code, defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. ISO 3166-3, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code
Code
for formerly used names of countries, defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974.

Editions[edit] The first edition of ISO 3166 was published in 1974, which included only alphabetic country codes. The second edition, published in 1981, also included numeric country codes, with the third and fourth editions published in 1988 and 1993 respectively. The fifth edition, published between 1997 and 1999, was expanded into three parts to include codes for subdivisions and former countries.[2] ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency[edit] The ISO 3166 standard is maintained by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), located at the ISO central office in Geneva, Switzerland. Originally it was located at the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) in Berlin, Germany. Its principal tasks are:[3]

To add and to eliminate country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and to assign code elements to them; To publish lists of country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and code elements; To maintain a reference list of all country code elements and country subdivision code elements used and their period of use; To issue newsletters announcing changes to the code tables; To advise users on the application of ISO 3166.

Members[edit] There are fourteen experts with voting rights on the ISO 3166/MA.[4] Eight are representatives of national standards organizations:

Association française de normalisation (AFNOR) – France American National Standards Institute
American National Standards Institute
(ANSI) – United States British Standards Institution
British Standards Institution
(BSI) – United Kingdom Deutsches Institut für Normung
Deutsches Institut für Normung
(DIN) – Germany Japanese Industrial Standards Committee (JISC) - Japan Kenya
Kenya
Bureau of Standards (KEBS) - Kenya Standardization
Standardization
Administration of China
China
(SAC) - China Swedish Standards Institute (SIS) – Sweden

The other six are representatives of major United Nations agencies or other international organizations who are all users of ISO 3166-1:

International Atomic Energy Agency
International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) International Civil Aviation Organization
International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO) International Telecommunication Union
International Telecommunication Union
(ITU) Internet
Internet
Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Universal Postal Union
Universal Postal Union
(UPU) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
(UNECE)

The ISO 3166/MA has further associated members who do not participate in the votes but who, through their expertise, have significant influence on the decision-taking procedure in the maintenance agency. See also[edit]

FIPS 10-4 ISO 639 – Codes for the representation of names of languages ISO 4217
ISO 4217
– Currency codes ISO 15924 – Codes for the representation of names of scripts

References[edit]

^ "What is ISO 3166?". International Organization for Standardization (ISO).  ^ "Development of ISO 3166". ISO.  ^ "Tasks of ISO 3166/MA". ISO.  ^ "Members of ISO 3166/MA". ISO. 

External links[edit]

ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO)

v t e

ISO 3166 codes for the names of countries and their subdivisions

ISO codes for the names of countries and their (administrative) subdivisions

ISO 3166-1 country codes

alpha-2 alpha-3 numeric

ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes

AD AE AF AG AI AL AM AO AQ AR AS AT AU AW AX AZ BA BB BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BL BM BN BO BQ BR BS BT BV BW BY BZ CA CC CD CF CG CH CI CK CL CM CN CO CR CU CV CW CX CY CZ DE DJ DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG EH ER ES ET FI FJ FK FM FO FR GA GB GD GE GF GG GH GI GL GM GN GP GQ GR GS GT GU GW GY HK HM HN HR HT HU ID IE IL IM IN IO IQ IR IS IT JE JM JO JP KE KG KH KI KM KN KP KR KW KY KZ LA LB LC LI LK LR LS LT LU LV LY MA MC MD ME MF MG MH MK ML MM MN MO MP MQ MR MS MT MU MV MW MX MY MZ NA NC NE NF NG NI NL NO NP NR NU NZ OM PA PE PF PG PH PK PL PM PN PR PS PT PW PY QA RE RO RS RU RW SA SB SC SD SE SG SH SI SJ SK SL SM SN SO SR SS ST SV SX SY SZ TC TD TF TG TH TJ TK TLa TM TN TO TR TT TV TW TZ UA UG UM US UY UZ VA VC VE VG VI VN VU WF WS YE YT ZA ZM ZW

Deleted

AN CSb

ISO 3166-3 codes for former names of countries

List

a Changed from TP b Changed from YU

v t e

ISO standards by standard number

List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards

1–9999

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31

-0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13

128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639

-1 -2 -3 -5 -6

646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166

-1 -2 -3

3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16

8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995

10000–19999

10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303

-11 -21 -22 -28 -238

10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211

-1 -2

13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496

-2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20

14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444

-3

15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706

-2

15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831

20000+

20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000

-1 -2 -3

Category

v t e

Geocoding systems

Administrative codes

HASC NUTS (EU) ONS MARC country codes SGC codes (Canada) UN M.49 (UN)

Airport codes

IATA airport code ICAO airport code

Country
Country
codes

IANA country code ISO 3166-1

alpha-2 alpha-3 numeric

IOC country code FIFA country code

Geodesic place codes

Global

Geohash Geohash-36 GEOREF Geotude SALB Marsden square Military Grid Reference System Munich Orientation Convention Natural Area Code Open Location Code QDGC UN/LOCODE UTM what3words WMO squares

North America

FIPS country code (FIPS 10-4) FIPS place code (FIPS 55) FIPS county code (FIPS 6-4) FIPS state code (FIPS 5-2) SGC codes

Postal codes

Natural Area Code Postal Index Number
Postal Index Number
(India) ZIP Code
Code
(United States)

Telephony

ITU-R country codes ITU-T country calling codes ITU-T mobile calling codes

Radio broadcasting

Maidenhead Locator System Historical : QRA locator

Sport

IOC country codes

.