II Corps (United Kingdom)
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The II Corps was an
army corps Corps (; plural ''corps'' ; from French , from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known ...

army corps
of the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
formed in both the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...
and the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
. There had also been a short-lived II Corps during the Waterloo Campaign.


Napoleonic precursor

Assembling an army in the Southern Netherlands to fight Napoleon's resurgent forces in the spring of 1815, the
Duke of Wellington Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish people, Anglo-Irish soldier and Tories (British political party), Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political f ...

Duke of Wellington
formed it into army corps, deliberately mixing units from the Anglo-Hanoverian, Dutch and German contingents so that the weaker elements would be stiffened by more experienced or reliable troops. As he put it: ‘It was necessary to organize these troops in brigades, divisions, and corps d’armee with those better disciplined and more accustomed to war’. He placed II Corps under the command of Lord Hill. However, Wellington did not use the corps as tactical entities, and continued his accustomed practice of issuing orders directly to divisional and lower commanders. When he drew up his army on the ridge at
Waterloo Waterloo most commonly refers to: * Battle of Waterloo, a battle on 18 June 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat :* Waterloo, Belgium, a municipality in Belgium from which the battle took its name *London Waterloo station, the UK's largest an ...

Waterloo
, elements of the various corps were mixed up, and although he gave Hill command of the left wing, this included elements of I Corps. Subsequent to the battle, the corps structure was re-established for the advance into France, and Wellington issued orders through Hill and the other corps commanders.


Composition of II Corps in the Waterloo Campaign

GOC: Lieut-Gen Lord Hill * 2nd (British) Division (Anglo-Hanoverian) * 4th (British) Division (Anglo-Hanoverian) *1st (Netherlands) Division (Dutch) *Netherlands Indian Contingent


Before the First World War

After the Waterloo campaign the army corps structure disappeared from the British Army for a century, except for ad hoc corps assembled during annual manoeuvres (e.g.
Army Manoeuvres of 1913The Army Manoeuvres of 1913 was a large exercise held by the British Army in the English Midlands, Midlands in September 1913. Learning from the Army Manoeuvres of 1912, many more spotter aircraft were used. The Manoeuvres highlighted John French, 1s ...
). In 1876 a mobilization scheme for eight army corps was published, with 'Second Corps' based at Aldershot and composed of regular and militia troops. In 1880 its organization was: *1st Division (Aldershot) **1st Brigade (Aldershot) ***2nd Bn. 19th Foot (Aldershot),
41st Foot The 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1719. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot to form the Welch Regiment in 1881. History Early histo ...
(Aldershot), 45th Foot (Aldershot) **2nd Brigade (Aldershot) *** 75th Foot (Aldershot), 96th Foot (Aldershot), 109th Foot (Aldershot) **Divisional Troops ***2nd Bn.
18th Foot 18 (eighteen) is the natural number following 17 (number), 17 and preceding 19 (number), 19. In mathematics * Eighteen is a composite number, its divisors being 1 (number), 1, 2 (number), 2, 3 (number), 3, 6 (number), 6 and 9 (number), 9. Three ...
(Aldershot),
Berkshire Yeomanry The Berkshire Yeomanry was an auxiliary regiment of the British Army formed in 1794 to counter the threat of invasion during the French Revolutionary Wars. It was the Royal County of Berkshire's senior volunteer unit with over 200 years of volunt ...
(Hungerford), 17th Comp.
Royal Engineers The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the ''Sapper A sapper, also called pioneer Pioneer commonly refers to a settler who migrates to previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited ...
(Aldershot) **Artillery ***K/3rd Brigade RA (Woolwich), H/4th Brigade RA (Aldershot), M/2nd Brigade RA (Aldershot) *2nd Division (Guildford) **1st Brigade (Guildford) *** 26th Foot (Aldershot),
53rd Foot The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot was a British Army regiment, raised in 1755. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers), 85th (King's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot to form the King's Shro ...
(Aldershot), 1st Bn.
Rifle Brigade The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, Reconnaissance, scouts, and skirmishers. They were soon rena ...
(Aldershot) **2nd Brigade (Guildford) *** 32nd Foot (Jersey), 108th Foot (Portsmouth) **Divisional Troops ***
52nd Foot :''For other units with the same regimental number, see 52nd Regiment of Foot (disambiguation)'' The 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot was a light infantry regiment of the British Army throughout much of the 18th and 19th centuries. The regiment ...
(Aldershot), Oxfordshire Yeomanry (Woodstock) **Artillery ***L/2nd Brigade RA (Aldershot), E/1st Brigade RA (Aldershot), K/4th Brigade RA (Aldershot) *3rd Division (Dorking) **1st Brigade (Dorking) ***Ayr and Wigtown Militia (Ayr), Renfrew Militia (Paisley), Perth Militia (Perth) **2nd Brigade (Dorking) ***Galway Militia (Longbrea), North Cork Militia (Mallow), South Cork Militia (Bandon) **Divisional Troops ***Armagh Militia (Armagh), Middlesex Militia (Uxbridge) **Artillery ***E/5th Brigade RA (Bristol), P/5th Brigade RA (Trowbridge), L/3rd Brigade RA (Woolwich) *Cavalry Brigade (Lewes) **
11th Hussars The 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) was a cavalry regiment Historically, cavalry (from the French word ''cavalerie'', itself derived from "cheval" meaning "horse") are soldier A soldier is a person who is a member of a profe ...
(Aldershot),
5th Dragoon Guards The 5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Dragoon Guards was a Cavalry regiments of the British Army, British army cavalry regiment, officially formed in January 1686 as Shrewsbury's Regiment of Horse. Following a number of name changes, it became t ...
(Aldershot),
16th Lancers The 16th The Queen's Lancers was a cavalry regiment Historically, cavalry (from the French word ''cavalerie'', itself derived from "cheval" meaning "horse") are soldier A soldier is a person who is a member of a professional arm ...
(Brighton),
Hampshire Yeomanry The Hampshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry cavalry regiment formed by amalgamating older units raised between 1794 and 1803 during the French Revolutionary Wars. It served in a mounted role in the Second Boer War and World War I, and in the air defence ...
(Winchester), A Battery A Brigade RHA (Aldershot) *Corps Artillery (Artillery) **C Battery A Brigade RHA (Aldershot), G Battery C Brigade RHA (Christchurch), D Battery C Brigade RHA (Dorchester) **A/1st Brigade RA (Devonport), A/6th Brigade RA (Woolwich) *Corps Engineers (Aldershot) **15th Company Royal Engineers and Field Park (Kensington) This scheme had been dropped by 1881. The Stanhope Memorandum of 1891 (drawn up by
Edward Stanhope Edward Stanhope Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, PC (24 September 1840 – 21 December 1893) was a British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party politician who was Secretary of State for War from 1887 to 1892. Background and e ...

Edward Stanhope
when secretary of state for war) laid down the policy that after providing for garrisons and India, the army should be able to mobilise three army corps for home defence, two of regular troops and one partly of militia, of three divisions each. Only after those commitments, it was hoped, two army corps might be organised for the unlikely eventuality of deployment abroad. The 1901 Army Estimates introduced by St John Brodrick allowed for six army corps based on the six regional commands, of which only I Corps (
Aldershot Command Aldershot Command was a Home Command of the British Army. History After the success of the Chobham Manoeuvres of 1853, reformers of the British Army decided to create a permanent training camp at Aldershot. To begin the preliminary work a small ...
and II Corps ( Southern Command on Salisbury Plain) would be entirely formed of regular troops. However, these arrangements remained theoretical. The
Haldane Reforms The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, Richard Burdon Haldane. They were the first major re ...
of 1907 established a six-division British Expeditionary Force (BEF) for deployment overseas, which did not envisage any intermediate headquarters between GHQ and the infantry divisions.


First World War

On mobilisation in August 1914 it was decided that the BEF would have two-division army corps like the French armies with which the BEF was to operate but only one corps HQ existed, two were improvised. II Corps proceeded to France in August 1914 under the command of Sir
James Grierson James Grierson may refer to: * James Grierson (British Army officer), British Army general * James Grierson (minister, born 1662), Moderator of the General Assembly in 1719 * James Grierson (minister, born 1791), Moderator of the General Asse ...
but Grierson died suddenly on the train to the front on 17 August. Sir
John French
John French
( GOCinC BEF) wanted Sir
Herbert Plumer Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, (13 March 1857 – 16 July 1932) was a senior British Army officer of the First World War. After commanding V Corps (United Kingdom), V Corps at th ...
to succeed Grierson, but the secretary of state for war, Earl
Kitchener
Kitchener
, instead chose Sir
Horace Smith-Dorrien General (United Kingdom), General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, (26 May 1858 – 12 August 1930) was a British Army General. One of the few British survivors of the Battle of Isandlwana as a young officer, he also distinguished himself in t ...

Horace Smith-Dorrien
, transferred from Southern Command. Smith-Dorrien caught up with his HQ at Bavai on 21 August. II Corps was first engaged two days later at the
Battle of Mons A battle is an occurrence of in between opposing of any number or size. A usually consists of multiple battles. In general, a battle is a that is well defined in duration, area, and force commitment. An engagement with only limited commi ...

Battle of Mons
and remained on the
Western FrontWestern Front or West Front may refer to: Military frontiers *Western Front (World War I), a military frontier to the west of Germany *Western Front (World War II), a military frontier to the west of Germany *Western Front (Russian Empire), a major ...

Western Front
throughout the war.


Composition of II Corps in the First World War

The composition of army corps changed frequently. Some representative orders of battle for II Corps are given here. Order of Battle at Mons 23 August 1914: GOC:
Lieut-Gen
Lieut-Gen
Sir
Horace Smith-Dorrien General (United Kingdom), General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, (26 May 1858 – 12 August 1930) was a British Army General. One of the few British survivors of the Battle of Isandlwana as a young officer, he also distinguished himself in t ...

Horace Smith-Dorrien
(Took command 21 August 1914) *
Brigadier-General #REDIRECT Brigadier general #REDIRECT Brigadier general #REDIRECT Brigadier general Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) or brigade general is a military rank used in many countries. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sit ...

Brigadier-General
, General Staff: G.T. Forestier-Walker *Brigadier-General,
Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery Artillery is a class of heavy military ranged weapons built to launch Ammunition, munitions far be ...
: A.H. Short *
Colonel Colonel (; abbreviated as Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social rel ...
,
Royal Engineers The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the ''Sapper A sapper, also called pioneer Pioneer commonly refers to a settler who migrates to previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited ...
: Brig-Gen E.A. Sandbach * 3rd Division *
5th Division In military terms, 5th Division may refer to: Infantry divisions *5th Division (Australia) The 5th Division was an infantry Division (military), division of the Australian Army which served during the First World War, First and Second World Wa ...
*Army Troops attached (20 August 1914) **2nd Army HQ Signal Company,
Royal Engineers The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the ''Sapper A sapper, also called pioneer Pioneer commonly refers to a settler who migrates to previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited ...
***E (Air Line) Section ***M, O & P (Cable) Sections **No 2 Bridging Train, Royal Engineers **C Squadron,
North Irish Horse The North Irish Horse is a yeomanry Yeomanry is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citi ...
**Company, 1st Bn Cameron Highlanders **A Section, No 19 Field Ambulance,
RAMC The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps Corps (; plural ''corps'' ; from French , from the Latin "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organization. A military innovation by Napoleon, the formation was fi ...
Order of Battle on the Somme (Battle of Bazentin Ridge 14–17 July 1916) GOC:
Maj-Gen
Maj-Gen
Claud Jacob Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Sir Claud William Jacob, (21 November 1863 – 2 June 1948) was a British Indian Army officer. He served in the First World War as commander of the Dehra Dun Brigade, as General Officer Commanding 21s ...
* 1st Division * 23rd Division * 34th Division Order of Battle at the start of the final advance in Flanders (27 September 1918) GOC:
Lieut-Gen
Lieut-Gen
Sir
Claud Jacob Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Sir Claud William Jacob, (21 November 1863 – 2 June 1948) was a British Indian Army officer. He served in the First World War as commander of the Dehra Dun Brigade, as General Officer Commanding 21s ...
*
9th (Scottish) Division The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored warfare, armored forces. Also kno ...
* 29th Division *
36th (Ulster) Division The 36th (Ulster) Division was an infantry Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored warfare, armored forces. Also known ...
.


Second World War

On the outbreak of the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, II Corps was mobilised at
Salisbury Salisbury ( ) is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of t ...

Salisbury
with two unprepared infantry divisions, under the command of Lieut-General
Sir ''Sir'' is a formal English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually becom ...

Sir
Alan Brooke Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air f ...
from Southern Command. II Corps' insignia, designed by its Chief of Staff, Vyvyan Pope, was a visual pun on the name of its commander, who was also a keen fisherman: it depicted a red leaping salmon upon three wavy blue bands against a white background, all in an oblong red border. The corps crossed to France to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) at the end of September 1939 and at once moved up to the French frontier. It took part in the advance into
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe. The region's countries and territories vary depending on cont ...

Belgium
, and was then pushed back with the rest of the BEF to
Dunkirk Dunkirk ( , ; french: Dunkerque ; vls, label=French Flemish French Flemish (French Flemish: , Dutch language, Standard Dutch: , french: flamand français) is a West Flemish dialect spoken in the north of contemporary France. Place names at ...
. During the retreat, II Corps covered the vulnerable left flank of the BEF. On 29 May 1940, Brooke was ordered back to Britain to form a new force, and he handed over temporary command of II Corps to Maj-Gen
Bernard Montgomery Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army and as such few persons are appointed to it. I ...
of 3rd Division. Under Montgomery, II Corps was evacuated from Dunkirk in June 1940.


Composition of II Corps in the Second World War

Order of Battle at Dunkirk
GOC:
Lieutenant-General Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed con ...
Alan Brooke Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air f ...
(until 30 May 1940)
Maj-General
Bernard Montgomery Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army and as such few persons are appointed to it. I ...
(acting from 30 May 1940) * 3rd Infantry Division * 4th Infantry Division * 5th Infantry Division (in GHQ Reserve on 10 May) *
50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored warfare, armored forc ...
*
Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery Artillery is a class of heavy military ranged weapons built to launch Ammunition, munitions far be ...
** 60th (North Midland) Army Field Regiment ** 88th (2nd West Lancashire) Army Field Regiment (attached to 1st Division 28 May) ** 53rd (London) Medium Regiment, ** 59th (4th West Lancashire) Medium Regiment ** 53rd (King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment ** 2nd Survey Regiment * II Corps Troops, Royal Engineers ** 222nd, 234th (Northumbrian) Field Company, Royal Engineers, 234th, 240th Army Field Companies ** 108th Corps Field Park Company ** 14th Corps Field Survey Company * 2nd (London) Corps Signals, Royal Corps of Signals * Infantry—Machine Guns ** List of Royal Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War II#2, 2nd Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers ** 2nd and 1st/7th Battalions, Middlesex Regiment


Deception plans

After commanding forces in the United Kingdom, from Lower Hare Park near Newmarket, Suffolk, Newmarket within Eastern Command (United Kingdom), Eastern Command, II Corps was being disbanded in early 1944 when selected to be one of the two corps comprising the notional Fourth Army (United Kingdom), British Fourth Army, which under the deception plan Operation Fortitude, Fortitude North was supposed to attack Norway. For this operation II Corps was supposedly headquartered at Stirling in Scotland, and notionally consisted of the genuine 3rd Infantry Division (shortly replaced by the notional 58th (2/1st London) Division, 58th Infantry Division), the genuine 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division in Northern Ireland, and the genuine 113th Brigade (United Kingdom), 113th Independent Infantry Brigade in Orkney. Under Fortitude North II Corps was supposedly to attack Stavanger, with the 3rd Division (later the 58th) and supporting commandos and paratroops seizing the airfields, the 55th (West Lancashire) Division joining as followup; the genuine XV Corps (United States), U.S. XV Corps from Northern Ireland would augment the force, which would advance on Oslo. The corps was transferred to First United States Army Group (FUSAG) in early June 1944 and moved to Lincolnshire; restored to Fourth Army when that formation joined FUSAG for Fortitude South II, headquarters now at Royal Tunbridge Wells, Tunbridge Wells in Kent, with under command the British 55th and 58th divisions and the 35th Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), British 35th Armoured Brigade. It was notionally transferred to France in late September, consisting of the essentially notional 55th Division, the genuine 79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 79th Armoured Division, and the notional 76th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 76th Infantry Division; also apparently at times the genuine 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division, disbanded but notionally kept alive. It was notionally part of First Canadian Army in the deception Operation Trolleycar II (threatening an attack on the Germans in the Netherlands) in November 1944.


Post Second World War

After the Second World War, as a genuine corps it was based in the Middle East, controlling British forces around the Suez Canal. Following the British withdrawal from Egypt, II Corps was also the controlling force for the invasion of the country during the Suez Crisis, seemingly controlling 3rd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Infantry Division and 16th Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 16th Parachute Brigade. Lt Gen Hugh Stockwell commanded the corps during 'Musketeer.'


General Officers Commanding

Commanders have included: * 1 October 1901 – 31 December 1904 General Sir Evelyn Wood (British Army officer), Evelyn Wood * Aug 1914 Lieutenant-General
James Grierson James Grierson may refer to: * James Grierson (British Army officer), British Army general * James Grierson (minister, born 1662), Moderator of the General Assembly in 1719 * James Grierson (minister, born 1791), Moderator of the General Asse ...
* Aug–Dec 1914 Lieutenant-General
Horace Smith-Dorrien General (United Kingdom), General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, (26 May 1858 – 12 August 1930) was a British Army General. One of the few British survivors of the Battle of Isandlwana as a young officer, he also distinguished himself in t ...

Horace Smith-Dorrien
* Jan 1915 – May 1916 Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet, Charles Fergusson * Sep 1916 – Sep 1919 Lieutenant-General
Claud Jacob Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Sir Claud William Jacob, (21 November 1863 – 2 June 1948) was a British Indian Army officer. He served in the First World War as commander of the Dehra Dun Brigade, as General Officer Commanding 21s ...
Claud Jacob at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
/ref> * Sep 1919 - Nov 1919 Lieutenant-General Sir Alexander Godley * 1939–1940 Lieutenant-General Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Sir Alan Brooke * May–Jun 1940 Lieutenant-General
Bernard Montgomery Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army and as such few persons are appointed to it. I ...
* 1940–1941 Lieutenant-General Edmund Osborne * 1941–1942 Lieutenant-General Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, Kenneth Anderson * Apr–Sep 1942 Lieutenant-General James Steele (British Army officer), James Steele * 1942–1943 Lieutenant-General Gerald Templer * Jul–Oct 1943 Lieutenant-General Herbert Lumsden * 1943–1944 Lieutenant-General Desmond Anderson, Sir Desmond Anderson


Notes


References

* Sir Arthur Bryant, ''The Turn of the Tide, based on the War Diaries of Field Marshal Viscount Alanbrooke'', (London, 1959). * Lt-Col Ewan Butler & Maj J.S. Bradford, ''The Story of Dunkirk'', (London, nd). * * Colonel John K, Dunlop, ‘’The Development of the British Army 1899–1914’’, London, Methuen (1938). * Peter Hofschroer, ‘’1815: The Waterloo Campaign: Wellington, his German Allies and the Battles of Ligny and Quatre Bras’’, London: Greenhill Books (1998) (). * Peter Hofschroer, ‘’1815: The Waterloo Campaign: The German Victory’’, London: Greenhill Books (1999) (). * JPS Cigarette card series, ''Army, Corps and Divisional Signs 1914–1918'', John Player and sons, 1920s. * Viscount Montgomery,''The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Montgomery'', (London, 1958). * * Official History 1914: Brigadier-General Sir James E. Edmonds, ''Military Operations France and Belgium, 1914'' Volume I: ''Mons, the Retreat to the Seine, the Marne and the Aisne, August–October 1914'' 3rd revised edn 1933 (reprint Imperial War Museum, 1992) (). * Official History 1918: Brigadier-General Sir James E. Edmonds and Lieutenant-Colonel R. Maxwell-Hyslop, ''Military Operations France and Belgium, 1918'', Volume V: ''26 September-11 November: The Advance to Victory'', 1947 (reprint Imperial War Museum, 1993) (). *Official History 1939-40: Lionel Ellis, Major L. F. Ellis, ''History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series: The War in France and Flanders 1939-1940'', London: HMSO, 1954.


External sources


''The Long Long Trail''''Official History 1939-40''
* National Archives
II Corps and other files from Operation Musketeer
1956-58 {{DEFAULTSORT:02 Corps British field corps Corps of the British Army in World War I Corps of the British Army in World War II Military units and formations of the British Empire in World War II