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The Hutt Valley
Hutt Valley
is the large area of fairly flat land in the Hutt River valley in the Wellington
Wellington
region of New Zealand. Like the river that flows through it, it takes its name from Sir William Hutt, a director of the New Zealand
New Zealand
Company in early colonial New Zealand. The river flows roughly along the course of an active geologic fault, which continues to the south to become the main instrument responsible for the uplift of the South Island's Southern Alps. For this reason, the land rises abruptly to the west of the river; to the east two floodplains have developed. The higher of these is between 15 and 22 km from the mouth of the river. Beyond this, the river is briefly confined by a steep-sided gorge near Taita, before the land opens up into a long triangular plain close to the outflow into Wellington
Wellington
Harbour. The lower valley contains the city of Lower Hutt, administered by Hutt City Council, while the adjacent, larger but less populous city of Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
has its centre on the smaller plain above the Taita Gorge. The valley forms a major dormitory suburban area for Wellington, and is a location for manufacturing and heavy industry, educational and recreational facilities, and the region's motor camps. Petone, on the Wellington Harbour
Wellington Harbour
shoreline, was proposed as the initial site for the settlement of Wellington
Wellington
by the New Zealand Company. However, as the chosen site was soon seen to be prone to river flooding, early settlement was relocated to Wellington. A small settlement remained at the Petone
Petone
site as the whole valley was believed to be well suited as farm land. In 1846 there was fighting between Māori tribes and the Government, known as the Hutt Valley
Hutt Valley
Campaign. Almost the whole valley was clearfelled and converted to pasture or market gardens before the urbanisation of the 20th century. A small remnant of the early podocarp forest is preserved in Barton's Bush
Barton's Bush
in Upper Hutt. External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hutt Valley.

Hutt City Council
Hutt City Council
( Lower Hutt
Lower Hutt
area) Upper Hutt City Council
Hutt City Council
( Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
area)

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Coordinates: 41°09′57″S 174°58′23″E / 41.1657°S 174.973°E /

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