Hutt County was one of the former counties of New Zealand. It occupied
the south-western corner of the North Island, extending south from the
Waikanae River and lying to the west of the summits of the Rimutaka
Ranges. The county's name arises from the fact that a large amount of
its land area lies in the Hutt River catchment.
The county initially had 8 ridings : Belmont, Epuni, Horokiwi,
Makara, Mungaroa, Porirua, Wainui-o-mata and Whareroa. By 1895,
each riding elected one councillor, except Porirua, which elected two,
Hutt County Council. One of the elected councillors was
appointed as chairman of the Council.
Hutt County was administered by the
Hutt County Council, which was
first established in 1876, but it was eventually dissolved in 1989
when local government was reformed and the few remaining constituent
ridings were amalgamated into adjacent cities. Between 1908 and 1962
the Makara Riding was separately administered as Makara County.
During its time, several towns, boroughs, districts, and eventually
cities developed within the county. While the town of
already a separately incorporated local body at the time the county
was established, its jurisdiction did not then extend beyond the town
belt on the hills around Lambton Harbour. The boroughs of Melrose,
Onslow, Karori, Miramar, Johnsonville and Tawa Flat initially
developed in parts of
Hutt County just outside Wellington. Those
boroughs were eventually incorporated into
Wellington city, as the
county that had been the Makara Riding later was, after
a borough in 1961 and a city in 1965.
Hutt Valley towns developed into boroughs at Eastbourne,
Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt, with the latter two eventually
becoming cities. As these urban areas developed and grew, the
urbanised areas of
Hutt County were incorporated into these cities and
boroughs. Despite this, significant communities also developed in
Stokes Valley north-east of Lower Hutt, the
Wainuiomata valley east of
Lower hutt, and Heretaunga–Pinehaven in the southern part of the
Upper Hutt basin.
Small coastal communities on the
Kapiti Coast were established early
on, though major development around
Waikanae was not
significant until the 1970s and 1980s after land closer to Wellington
had been developed.
Hutt County had become so fragmented that the only reasonable
reform (as part of the abolition of all mainland counties) was to
incorporate the various remaining communities into adjoining cities.
Hutt County Council The Cyclopedia of
New Zealand [Wellington
Provincial District], The Cyclopedia Company, Limited, 1897,
Wellington. Retrieved from The
New Zealand Electronic Text Centre on
24 January 2011.
List of former territorial authorities in New Zealand#Counties
List of counties of New Zealand
List of counties of
New Zealand (1966)
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