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The Hungarian Working People's Party
Hungarian Working People's Party
(Hungarian: Magyar Dolgozók Pártja, MDP) was the ruling communist party of Hungary
Hungary
from 1948 to 1956. It was formed by a merger of the Hungarian Communist Party
Hungarian Communist Party
(MKP) and the Hungarian Social Democratic Party.[1] Ostensibly a union of equals, the merger had actually occurred as a result of massive pressure brought to bear on the Social Democrats by both the Hungarian Communists, as well as the Soviet Union. The few independent-minded Social Democrats who had not been sidelined by Communist salami tactics were pushed out in short order after the merger, leaving the party as essentially the MKP under a new name. Its leader was Mátyás Rákosi
Mátyás Rákosi
until 1956, then Ernő Gerő
Ernő Gerő
in the same year for three months, and eventually János Kádár
János Kádár
until the party's dissolution. Other minor legal Hungarian political parties were allowed to continue as independent coalition parties until late 1949, but were completely subservient to the MDP. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the party was reorganised into the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
(MSZMP) by a circle of communists around Kádár and Imre Nagy. The new government of Nagy declared to assess the uprising not as counter-revolutionary but as a "great, national and democratic event" and to dissolve State Security Police (ÁVH). Hungary's declaration to become neutral and to exit the Warsaw Pact, caused the second Soviet intervention on 4 November 1956. After 8 November 1956, the MSZMP, under Kádár's leadership, fully supported the Soviet Union. Chief functionaries of the Hungarian Working People's Party[edit] First Secretary: (titled as general secretary 1948-1953):

Mátyás Rákosi
Mátyás Rákosi
1948 - 18 July 1956 Ernő Gerő
Ernő Gerő
18 July 1956 - 25 October 1956 János Kádár
János Kádár
25 October 1956 - 31 October 1956

Chairman (merely formal post, abolished in 1950): Árpád Szakasits 1948 - 1950 References[edit]

^ Neubauer, John, and Borbála Zsuzsanna Török. The Exile and Return of Writers from East-Central Europe: A Compendium. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009. p. 140

See also[edit]

History of Hungary Politics of Hungary List of political parties in Hungary Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
politics

v t e

Ruling communist parties of the Eastern Bloc

Soviet Union: Communist Party of the Soviet Union Ukraine: Communist Party of Ukraine Byelorussia: Communist Party of Byelorussia

   

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