Hungarian Academy of Sciences
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The Hungarian Academy of Sciences ( hu, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA)) is the most important and prestigious
learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exists to promote an discipline (academia), academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the ...
of
Hungary Hungary ( hu, Magyarország ) is a in . Spanning of the , it is bordered by to the north, to the northeast, to the east and southeast, to the south, and to the southwest and to the west. Hungary has a population of 10 million, mostl ...

Hungary
. Its seat is at the bank of the
Danube The Danube ( ; ) is the List of rivers of Europe#Longest rivers, second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia. It flows through much of Central Europe, Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea. It ...

Danube
in
Budapest Budapest (, ) is the capital and the List of cities and towns of Hungary, most populous city of Hungary, and the Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits, ninth-largest city in the European Union by population with ...

Budapest
, between Széchenyi rakpart and Akadémia utca. Its main responsibilities are the cultivation of
science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of ...

science
, dissemination of scientific findings, supporting
research and development Research and development (R&D, R+D), known in Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geogra ...
and representing Hungarian science domestically and around the world.


History

The history of the academy began in 1825 when Count
István Széchenyi
István Széchenyi
offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a ''Learned Society'' at a district session of the
Diet Diet may refer to: Food * Diet (nutrition) In nutrition Nutrition is the biochemical Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. A sub-discipline of both chemistr ...
in
Pressburg
Pressburg
(Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the
Hungarian Parliament The National Assembly ( hu, Országgyűlés, lit=Country Assembly) is the parliament of Hungary. The unicameral body consists of 199 (386 between 1990 and 2014) members elected to 4-year terms. Election of members is done using a hybrid system ...

Hungarian Parliament
at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the
Hungarian language Hungarian () is a Uralic language The Uralic languages (; sometimes called Uralian languages ) form a language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spoken language), gestures (Sig ...
and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845. Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in
Renaissance Revival architecture Renaissance Revival architecture (sometimes referred to as "Neo-Renaissance") is a group of 19th century architectural revival styles which were neither Greek Revival The Greek Revival was an architectural upright=1.45, alt=Plan d ...
style. The architect was
Friedrich August Stüler Friedrich August Stüler (28 January 1800 – 18 March 1865) was an influential Prussia Prussia, , Old Prussian: ''Prūsa'' or ''Prūsija'' was a historically prominent Germans, German state that originated in 1525 with Duchy of Prussia, a duc ...
.


Sections

A scientific section is a unit of the Academy organized by one or some closely related branches of science. A scientific section follows with attention, promotes and evaluates all scientific activities conducted within its field(s) of science; takes a stand on scientific issues as well as in matters concerning science policy and research organization, submits opinion on the activities of the Academy's research institutes, and on those of university chairs and other research units that are supported by the Academy, and participates in the procedure of awarding the title of ''Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences'', the post-
Ph.D A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known a ...
academic degree, the D.Sc degree in Hungary. Today it has eleven main sections: * I. Section of Linguistics and Literary Scholarship * II. Section of Philosophy and Historical Sciences * III. Section of Mathematics * IV. Section of Agricultural Sciences * V. Section of Medical Sciences * VI. Section of Engineering Sciences * VII. Section of Chemical Sciences * VIII. Section of Biological Sciences * IX. Section of Economics and Law * X. Section of Earth Sciences * XI. Section of Physical Sciences


Research institutes until 2019

* MTA Centre for Agricultural Research * MTA Chemical Research Center * MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences (involved with
Konkoly Observatory Konkoly Observatory ( hu, Konkoly Thege Miklós Csillagászati Intézet; List of observatory codes, obs. code: IAU code#053, 053) is an astronomy, astronomical observatory located in Budapest, Hungary is part of the Research Centre for Astr ...
) * MTA Szeged Research Centre for Biology * MTA Institute for Computer Science and Control * MTA Centre for Ecological Research * MTA Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies * MTA Centre for Energy Research * MTA Research Centre for the Humanities * MTA Research Institute for Linguistics * MTA Rényi Institute of Mathematics * MTA Institute of Experimental Medicine * MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences * MTA Institute of Nuclear Research * MTA Wigner Research Centre for Physics * MTA Centre for Social Sciences


Presidents of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences


Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts

The Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts ( hu, Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia) was created in 1992 as an academy associated yet independent from the HAS. Some of the known members are
György Konrád György (George) Konrád (2 April 1933 – 13 September 2019) was a HungarianHungarian may refer to: * Hungary, a country in Central Europe * Kingdom of Hungary, state of Hungary, existing between 1000 and 1946 * Hungarians, ethnic groups in H ...
, Magda Szabó, Péter Nádas writers, Zoltán Kocsis pianist,
Miklós Jancsó Miklós Jancsó (; 27 September 192131 January 2014) was a Hungarian people, Hungarian film director and screenwriter. Jancsó achieved international prominence starting in the mid-1960s with works including ''Szegénylegények, The Round-Up'' ...
,
István Szabó István Szabó (; born 18 February 1938) is a Hungarian film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of th ...
film directors. The last president was
Károly Makk Károly Makk (December 22, 1925 – August 30, 2017) was a Hungarian film director and screenwriter. Five of his films were nominated for the ''Palme d'Or'' at the Cannes Film Festival; however, he won lesser awards at Cannes and elsewhere. He was ...
, film director, who succeeded László Dobszay (resigned on April 20, 2011Lemond a Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia két vezetője
MTI).


See also

*
Open access in Hungary Open access to scholarly communication in Hungary has developed in recent years through open access repositories, digital repositories and academic publishers, among other means. In 2008 several academic libraries founded the Hungarian Open Access ...


References


External links

*
Brief history of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in English)

Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in English)
also available i
Hungarian

Picture of its central building
-
additional picture

homepage
of the Széchenyi Academy
The palace of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
{{Authority control
HungariaHungaria or Hungária may refer to: *Latin for Hungary, a European country **For historical entities (from 895) see: Hungary (disambiguation) *Lady of Hungaria, the national personification of Hungary *Hungaria (Liszt), ''Hungaria'' (Liszt), a symph ...
HungariaHungaria or Hungária may refer to: *Latin for Hungary, a European country **For historical entities (from 895) see: Hungary (disambiguation) *Lady of Hungaria, the national personification of Hungary *Hungaria (Liszt), ''Hungaria'' (Liszt), a symph ...
Academy of Sciences An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded. Some state funded academies are tuned into national academy, national or royal (in ...
Academy of Sciencesea Buildings and structures in Budapest, Academy of Sciences Organizations established in 1825 Scientific organizations established in 1825 1825 establishments in Hungary Members of the International Council for Science Members of the International Science Council